Abstract

In a multiview video plus depth (MVD) based three-dimensional (3D) video system, the generation of the contents with simultaneous resolution and depth adjustments is very challenging. In this paper, we have presented a Multiview Video plus Depth ReTargeting (MVDRT) technique for stereoscopic 3D (S3D) displays. The main motivation of this work is to optimize the resolution and depth of original MVD data so that it is suitable for view synthesis. Our method takes shape preservation, line bending and visual comfort constraints into account, and simultaneously optimizes the horizontal, vertical and depth coordinates in display space. The retargeted MVD data is used to generate the contents for S3D displays. Experimental results demonstrate our method can achieve a better view synthesis performance than other approaches that still preserve the original depth information after retargeting, leading to promising S3D experience.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals

Feng Shao, Qiuping Jiang, Randi Fu, Mei Yu, and Gangyi Jiang
Opt. Express 24(11) 11640-11653 (2016)

Autostereoscopic 3D display system with dynamic fusion of the viewing zone under eye tracking: principles, setup, and evaluation [Invited]

Ki-Hyuk Yoon, Min-Koo Kang, Hwasun Lee, and Sung-Kyu Kim
Appl. Opt. 57(1) A101-A117 (2018)

Stereoscopic 3D display with color interlacing improves perceived depth

Joohwan Kim, Paul V. Johnson, and Martin S. Banks
Opt. Express 22(26) 31924-31934 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Baek and C. Lee, “Depth perception estimation of various stereoscopic displays,” Opt. Express 24(21), 23618–23634 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. K. Moorthy and A. C. Bovik, “A survey on 3D quality of experience and 3D quality assessment,” Proc. SPIE 8651, 86510M (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Fast MVC prediction structure selection for interactive multiview video streaming,” in Proc. Picture Coding Symp. (2013), pp. 169–172.
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. S. Farid, M. Lucenteforte, and M. Grangetto, “Depth image based rendering with inverse mapping,” in Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (2013), pp. 135–140.
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Avidan and A. Shamir, “Seam carving for content-aware image resizing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 118 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  18. G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Utsugi, T. Shibahara, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “Seam carving for stereo images,” in Proc. of 3DTV-Conference: The True Vision -Capture, Transmission and Display of 3D Video (2010), pp. 1–4.
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. K. Y. Lee, C. D. Chung, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Scene warping: Layer-based stereoscopic image resizing,” in Proc. of IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2012), pp. 49–56.
  26. F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  31. Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
    [Crossref]
  32. D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  35. F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).
  36. P. G. Gottschalk and J. R. Dunn, “The five-parameter logistic: a characterization and comparison with the four-parameter logistic,” Anal. Biochem. 343(1), 54–65 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. VSRS-1D-Fast. [Online]. Available: https://hevc.hhi.fraunhofer.de/svn/ svn_3DVCSoftware , 2014.
  38. ITU-T P.910, “Subjective video quality assessment methods for multimedia applications,” (1999).
  39. ITU-R BT-500.11, “Methodology for the subjective assessment of the quality of television pictures,” (2012).

2016 (4)

S. Baek and C. Lee, “Depth perception estimation of various stereoscopic displays,” Opt. Express 24(21), 23618–23634 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Moorthy and A. C. Bovik, “A survey on 3D quality of experience and 3D quality assessment,” Proc. SPIE 8651, 86510M (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Avidan and A. Shamir, “Seam carving for content-aware image resizing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 118 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. G. Gottschalk and J. R. Dunn, “The five-parameter logistic: a characterization and comparison with the four-parameter logistic,” Anal. Biochem. 343(1), 54–65 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akeley, K.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avidan, S.

T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Avidan and A. Shamir, “Seam carving for content-aware image resizing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baek, S.

Banks, M. S.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barkowsky, M.

M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bovik, A. C.

A. K. Moorthy and A. C. Bovik, “A survey on 3D quality of experience and 3D quality assessment,” Proc. SPIE 8651, 86510M (2013).
[Crossref]

Chakareski, J.

A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. H.

C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chellappan, K. V.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. C.

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

Cheng, M. M.

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chuang, Y. Y.

C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Y. Lee, C. D. Chung, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Scene warping: Layer-based stereoscopic image resizing,” in Proc. of IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2012), pp. 49–56.

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

Chung, C. D.

K. Y. Lee, C. D. Chung, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Scene warping: Layer-based stereoscopic image resizing,” in Proc. of IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2012), pp. 49–56.

Dai, Q.

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

De Abreu, A.

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Fast MVC prediction structure selection for interactive multiview video streaming,” in Proc. Picture Coding Symp. (2013), pp. 169–172.
[Crossref]

Dekel Basha, T.

T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, L. Y.

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, J. R.

P. G. Gottschalk and J. R. Dunn, “The five-parameter logistic: a characterization and comparison with the four-parameter logistic,” Anal. Biochem. 343(1), 54–65 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erden, E.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

Fang, K.

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

Farid, M. S.

M. S. Farid, M. Lucenteforte, and M. Grangetto, “Depth image based rendering with inverse mapping,” in Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (2013), pp. 135–140.
[Crossref]

Fiandrotti, A.

A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
[Crossref]

Fortuin, M.

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frossard, P.

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
[Crossref]

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Fast MVC prediction structure selection for interactive multiview video streaming,” in Proc. Picture Coding Symp. (2013), pp. 169–172.
[Crossref]

Fu, R.

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, W.

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Girshick, A. R.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gottschalk, P. G.

P. G. Gottschalk and J. R. Dunn, “The five-parameter logistic: a characterization and comparison with the four-parameter logistic,” Anal. Biochem. 343(1), 54–65 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grangetto, M.

M. S. Farid, M. Lucenteforte, and M. Grangetto, “Depth image based rendering with inverse mapping,” in Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (2013), pp. 135–140.
[Crossref]

Gross, M.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gutierrez, D.

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

Heynderickx, H.

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, D. M.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hornung, A.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hou, C.

J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, S. M.

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, T.

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, T. K.

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. H.

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

Hur, N.

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

IJsselsteijn, W.

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, G.

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

Jiang, Q.

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y. J.

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. D.

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, W. J.

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

Lambooij, M.

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lang, M.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lau, R. W. H.

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Le Callet, P.

M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

Lee, K. Y.

K. Y. Lee, C. D. Chung, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Scene warping: Layer-based stereoscopic image resizing,” in Proc. of IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2012), pp. 49–56.

Lee, S.

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, T. Y.

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lei, J.

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, B.

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, C. K.

C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang, J. B.

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. H.

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. W.

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, S. S.

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lucenteforte, M.

M. S. Farid, M. Lucenteforte, and M. Grangetto, “Depth image based rendering with inverse mapping,” in Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (2013), pp. 135–140.
[Crossref]

Martin, R. R.

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Merkle, P.

P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
[Crossref]

Moorthy, A. K.

A. K. Moorthy and A. C. Bovik, “A survey on 3D quality of experience and 3D quality assessment,” Proc. SPIE 8651, 86510M (2013).
[Crossref]

Moses, Y.

T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, K.

P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
[Crossref]

Peng, Z.

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pereira, F.

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Fast MVC prediction structure selection for interactive multiview video streaming,” in Proc. Picture Coding Symp. (2013), pp. 169–172.
[Crossref]

Poulakos, S.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiao, X.

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ro, Y. M.

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rubinstein, M.

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shamir, A.

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Avidan and A. Shamir, “Seam carving for content-aware image resizing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shao, F.

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

Smolic, A.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
[Crossref]

Sohn, H.

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sorkine, O.

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

Speranza, F.

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

Surman, P.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Urey, H.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Urvoy, M.

M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, M. Wang, B. Wang, K. Fan, and C. Hou, “Projection-based disparity control for toed-in multiview images,” Opt. Express 22(9), 11192–11204 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, O.

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wiegand, T.

P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, T.

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

You, Z.

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.

F. Shao, Q. Jiang, R. Fu, M. Yu, and G. Jiang, “Optimizing visual comfort for stereoscopic 3D display based on color-plus-depth signals,” Opt. Express 24(11), 11640–11653 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

Zang, D.

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G. X.

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. H.

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. J.

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (3)

M. Lang, A. Hornung, O. Wang, S. Poulakos, A. Smolic, and M. Gross, “Nonlinear disparity mapping for stereoscopic 3D,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(4), 75 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Rubinstein, D. Gutierrez, O. Sorkine, and A. Shamir, “A comparative study of image retargeting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 160 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Avidan and A. Shamir, “Seam carving for content-aware image resizing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

P. G. Gottschalk and J. R. Dunn, “The five-parameter logistic: a characterization and comparison with the four-parameter logistic,” Anal. Biochem. 343(1), 54–65 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Telecommun. (1)

M. Urvoy, M. Barkowsky, and P. Le Callet, “How visual fatigue and discomfort impact 3D-TV quality of experience: A comprehensive review of technological, psychophysical, and psychological factors,” Ann. Telecommun. 68(11–12), 641–655 (2013).
[Crossref]

Comput. Graph. Forum (1)

G. X. Zhang, M. M. Cheng, S. M. Hu, and R. R. Martin, “A shape-preserving approach to image resizing,” Comput. Graph. Forum 28(7), 1897–1906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Comput. Visual Media (1)

M. Wang, X. J. Zhang, J. B. Liang, S. H. Zhang, and R. R. Martin, “Comfort-driven disparity adjustment for stereoscopic video,” Comput. Visual Media 2(1), 3–17 (2016).
[Crossref]

Displays (1)

F. Shao, Z. Li, Q. Jiang, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Z. Peng, “Visual discomfort relaxation for stereoscopic 3D images by adjusting zero-disparity plane for projection,” Displays 39, 125–132 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. (1)

F. Shao, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and Q. Dai, “Depth map coding for view synthesis based on distortion analyses,” IEEE J. Em. Sel. Top. C. 4(1), 106–117 (2014).

IEEE Signal Process. Lett. (1)

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Optimized MVC prediction structures for interactive multiview video streaming,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 20(6), 603–606 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. (2)

H. Sohn, Y. J. Jung, S. Lee, F. Speranza, and Y. M. Ro, “Visual comfort amelioration technique for stereoscopic images: Disparity remapping to mitigate global and local discomfort causes,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 745–758 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Lin, C. H. Lin, S. H. Chang, and T. Y. Lee, “Object-coherence warping for stereoscopic image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 24(5), 759–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (1)

B. Li, L. Y. Duan, C. W. Lin, T. Huang, and W. Gao, “Depth-preserving warping for stereo image retargeting,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 24(9), 2811–2826 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Multimed. (1)

C. H. Chang, C. K. Liang, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Content-aware display adaptation and interactive editing for stereoscopic images,” IEEE Trans. Multimed. 13(4), 589–601 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (1)

T. Dekel Basha, Y. Moses, and S. Avidan, “Stereo seam carving a geometrically consistent approach,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 35(10), 2513–2525 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Comput. Vis. (1)

T. Yan, R. W. H. Lau, Y. Xu, and L. Huang, “Depth mapping for stereoscopic videos,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 102(1–3), 293–307 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (2)

F. Shao, W. Lin, W. Lin, G. Jiang, M. Yu, and R. Fu, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided seam carving for stereoscopic image retargeting,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(1), 22–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lei, S. Li, B. Wang, K. Fang, and C. Hou, “Stereoscopic visual attention guided disparity control for multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 373–379 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Imaging Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Lambooij, M. Fortuin, H. Heynderickx, and W. IJsselsteijn, “Visual discomfort and visual fatigue of stereoscopic displays: A review,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 53(3), 030201 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

D. Li, X. Qiao, D. Zang, L. Wang, and M. Zhang, “On adjustment of stereo parameters in multiview synthesis for planar 3D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(10), 491–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vis. (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE 99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (4)

A. K. Moorthy and A. C. Bovik, “A survey on 3D quality of experience and 3D quality assessment,” Proc. SPIE 8651, 86510M (2013).
[Crossref]

W. J. Kim, S. D. Kim, J. Kim, and N. Hur, “Resizing of stereoscopic images for display adaptation,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72371S (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. You, and W. Xu, “Rate-prediction structure complexity analysis for multi-view video coding using hybrid genetic algorithms,” Proc. SPIE 6508, 650804 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fiandrotti, J. Chakareski, and P. Frossard, “Popularity-aware rate allocation in multi-view video coding,” Proc. SPIE 7744, 77440Q (2010).
[Crossref]

Signal Process. Image Commun. (1)

Q. Jiang, F. Shao, G. Jiang, M. Yu, Z. Peng, and C. Yu, “A depth perception and visual comfort guided computational model for stereoscopic 3D visual saliency,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 38, 57–69 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

Y. H. Huang, T. K. Huang, Y. H. Huang, W. C. Chen, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Warping-based novel view synthesis from a binocular image for autostereoscopic displays,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (2012), pp. 302–307.
[Crossref]

VSRS-1D-Fast. [Online]. Available: https://hevc.hhi.fraunhofer.de/svn/ svn_3DVCSoftware , 2014.

ITU-T P.910, “Subjective video quality assessment methods for multimedia applications,” (1999).

ITU-R BT-500.11, “Methodology for the subjective assessment of the quality of television pictures,” (2012).

K. Y. Lee, C. D. Chung, and Y. Y. Chuang, “Scene warping: Layer-based stereoscopic image resizing,” in Proc. of IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2012), pp. 49–56.

P. Merkle, A. Smolic, K. Muller, and T. Wiegand, “Multi-view video plus depth representation and coding,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (2007), pp. 201–204.
[Crossref]

M. S. Farid, M. Lucenteforte, and M. Grangetto, “Depth image based rendering with inverse mapping,” in Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (2013), pp. 135–140.
[Crossref]

A. De Abreu, P. Frossard, and F. Pereira, “Fast MVC prediction structure selection for interactive multiview video streaming,” in Proc. Picture Coding Symp. (2013), pp. 169–172.
[Crossref]

K. Utsugi, T. Shibahara, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “Seam carving for stereo images,” in Proc. of 3DTV-Conference: The True Vision -Capture, Transmission and Display of 3D Video (2010), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Illustration of our proposed MVD retargeting framework.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Illustration of camera geometry in different spaces.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Example of the 3D saliency map and the depth sensitivity map.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Examples of the retargeted depth maps and the corresponding synthesized images with and without depth remapping step.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison between our method and the SCL, SSC and SLW on ‘Poznan_Street’ test sequence.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison between our method and the SCL, SSC and SLW on ‘Undo_Dancer’ test sequence.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison between our method and the SCL, SSC and SLW on ‘Newspaper’ test sequence.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main properties of the representative works

Tables Icon

Table 2 Selected views for experiment.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Quantitative subjective assessment results of different MVD sequences.

Equations (21)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

z x,y = 1 D x,y 255 ( 1 z near 1 z far )+ 1 z far
z x,y [ u L v L 1 ]=[ f u 0 u 0 0 f v v 0 0 0 1 ][ r 11 r 12 r 13 t x r 21 r 22 r 23 t y r 31 r 32 r 33 t z ][ X Y Z ]
[ X Y Z ]=[ r 11 r 12 r 13 r 21 r 22 r 23 r 31 r 32 r 33 ] [ f u 0 u 0 0 f v v 0 0 0 1 ] 1 [ u L v L 1 ] z x,y +[ t x t y t z ] = R 1 A 1 1 [ u L v L 1 ] z x,y + T 1
[ u' v' w' ]= A 2 R 2 1 [ X Y Z ] A 2 R 2 1 T 2
d= u V u L
{ X D = d e ( u L + d e 2 ) d e d(W/R) d e 2 Y D = d e v L d e d(W/R) Z D = d e L D d e d(W/R)
E SP ( V k )= ρ k V k V ˜ k 2
ρ k = ( A k T A k ) 1 A k T b ˜ k
A k =[ X k 1 Y k 1 0 1 0 0 Y k 1 X k 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 Z k 1 0 0 1 X k 4 Y k 4 0 1 0 0 Y k 4 X k 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 Z k 4 0 0 1 ], b ˜ k =[ X ˜ k 1 Y ˜ k 1 Z ˜ k 1 X ˜ k 4 Y ˜ k 4 Z ˜ k 4 ]
E SD = V k V S(k) A k ( A k T A k ) 1 A k T b ˜ k b ˜ k 2 = V k V S(k) C k b ˜ k 2
S i (k)= ζ i (k)+α ψ i (k)
Δ( e ^ )= s e e e ^ 2
Δ( e ^ )= e ( e T e) 1 e T e ^ e ^ 2
E LB = v i , v j V (e ( e T e) 1 e T I) e ^ 2
Z max = d e L D d e η 1 L D , Z min = d e L D d e η 2 L D
K= Z max Z min Z D far Z D near
f( Z D )=K( Z D Z D near )+ Z min
E VC = V k V i=1 4 ω( Z k i ) f( Z k i ) Z ˜ k i 2
ω( Z k i )=exp( | Z k i L D | Z D far Z D near )
argmin V ˜ ( E SP + E VC + E LB )
f(D)= β 1 ( 1 2 1 1+exp( β 2 (D β 3 )) )+ β 4 D+ β 5

Metrics