Abstract

A nanoparticle (NP) doping technique was developed for fabricating erbium (Er)- and holmium (Ho)-doped silica-based optical fibers for high energy lasers. Slope efficiencies in excess of 74% were realized for Er NP doping in a single mode fiber based master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) and 53% with multi-Watt-level output in a resonantly cladding-pumped power oscillator laser configuration based on a double-clad fiber. Cores comprising Ho doped LaF3 and Lu2O3 nanoparticles exhibited slope efficiencies as high as 85% at 2.09 µm in a laser configuration. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of a holmium nanoparticle doped fiber laser as well as the highest efficiency and power output reported from an erbium nanoparticle doped fiber laser.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
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    [Crossref]
  5. D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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  11. J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for Radiative and Nonradiative Decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157(2), 262–272 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  13. O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).
  18. C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, J. R. Peele, W. Kim, J. S. Sanghera, J. Zhang, M. Dubinskii, and Y. Chen, “Nanoparticle doping for high power lasers at eye-safer wavelengths,” Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM3A.1.
    [Crossref]
  19. P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kucera, B. Kokuoz, D. Edmondson, D. Griese, M. Miller, A. James, W. Baker, and J. Ballato, “Designer emission spectra through tailored energy transfer in nanoparticle-doped silica preforms,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2339–2341 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), G119–G124 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for Radiative and Nonradiative Decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157(2), 262–272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Aallos, V.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Askins, C. G.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Baker, C. C.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Baker, W.

Ballato, J.

Blanc, W.

Boivin, D.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bowman, S. R.

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. G.

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burov, E.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Carton, A.

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Cassaignon, S.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cavani, O.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Chanéac, C.

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

Cheneac, C.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cheney, F.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Collet, C.

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Condon, N. J.

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dajani, I. A.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

Diamente, P. R.

P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dubinskii, M.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Dussardier, B.

Edmondson, D.

Edsall, P.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Euzen, P.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fabian, H.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fontana, J. P.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

Foret, M.

Friebele, E. J.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Froidefond, C.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gagllano, D. A.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gonnet, C.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Griese, D.

Grzesik, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Haken, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Heitmann, W.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Honzatko, P.

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

Humbach, O.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hunt, M. P.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ihalainen, H.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jacquier, B.

James, A.

Jolivet, J. P.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jolivet, J.-P.

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Jurdyc, A.-M.

Kasik, I.

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Kokki, T.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kokuoz, B.

Koponen, J.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kucera, C.

Lempereur, S.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lund, D. J.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Marcheschi, B. A.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Mart, C.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

Matejec, V.

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Merkle, L. D.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Miller, M.

Monnom, G.

Mrazek, J.

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Connor, S.

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oh, E.

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pastouret, A.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

Pattnaik, R. K.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Paul, J.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Peele, J. R.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Peretti, R.

Peterka, P.

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

Petit, L.

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Podrazky, O.

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poole, S. B.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pospisilova, M.

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pottier, A.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Raudsepp, M.

P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
[Crossref]

Roberts, A.

Sanghera, J.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sillard, P.

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stuck, B. E.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Tronc, E.

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

van Veggel, F. C.

P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for Radiative and Nonradiative Decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157(2), 262–272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wright, B. M.

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

Zuclich, J. A.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zwick, H.

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

P. R. Diamente, M. Raudsepp, and F. C. van Veggel, “Dispersible Tm3+-doped nanoparticles that exhibit strong 1.47 μm photoluminescence,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(3), 363–368 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Curr. Nanosci. (1)

I. Kasik, P. Peterka, J. Mrazek, and P. Honzatko, “Silica Optical Fibers Doped with Nanoparticles for Fiber Lasers and Broadband Sources,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 277–290 (2016).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. P. Jolivet, C. Froidefond, A. Pottier, C. Cheneac, S. Cassaignon, E. Tronc, and P. Euzen, “Size tailoring of oxide nanoparticles by precipitation in aqueous medium. A semi-quantitative modelling,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(21), 3281–3288 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Koponen, L. Petit, T. Kokki, V. Aallos, J. Paul, and H. Ihalainen, “Progress in direct nanoparticle deposition for the development of the next generation fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for Radiative and Nonradiative Decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157(2), 262–272 (1967).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. (1)

O. Podrazky, I. Kasik, M. Pospisilova, and V. Matejec, “Use of nanoparticles for preparation of rare-earth doped silica fibers,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 6(10), 2228–2230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (6)

A. Pastouret, C. Gonnet, C. Collet, O. Cavani, E. Burov, C. Chanéac, A. Carton, and J.-P. Jolivet, “Nanoparticle Doping Process for Improved Fibre Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951X (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Boivin, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, C. Gonnet, O. Cavani, S. Lempereur, and P. Sillard, “Performance Characterization of New Erbium-doped Fibers using MCVD Nanoparticle Doping Process,” Proc. SPIE 7914, 791423 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, J. R. Peele, B. M. Wright, N. J. Condon, S. O’Connor, C. G. Brown, and S. R. Bowman, “Ho-Doped Fiber for High Energy Laser Applications,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896120 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Zuclich, D. A. Gagllano, F. Cheney, B. E. Stuck, H. Zwick, P. Edsall, and D. J. Lund, “Ocular effects of penetrating IR laser wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 112–125 (1995).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. C. Baker, C. G. Askins, J. P. Fontana, M. P. Hunt, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, E. Oh, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Erbium nanoparticle-doped fibers for efficient, resonantly-pumped Er-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 934412 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. P. Hunt, J. P. Fontana, J. R. Peele, B. A. Marcheschi, W. Kim, J. Sanghera, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, M. Dubinskii, Y. Chen, I. A. Dajani, and C. Mart, “Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 9728, 97280T (2016).

Other (3)

C. C. Baker, E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, J. R. Peele, W. Kim, J. S. Sanghera, J. Zhang, M. Dubinskii, and Y. Chen, “Nanoparticle doping for high power lasers at eye-safer wavelengths,” Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM3A.1.
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, B. A. Marcheschi, C. C. Baker, W. Kim, J. R. Peele, J. Zhang, R. K. Pattnaik, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, ”Nanoparticle Doping for Improved Power Scaling of Resonantly-Pumped, Yb-Free Er-Doped Fiber Lasers” in SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Conference (2014).

W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical and electronic properties of rare earth ions in glasses,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed., Michel J.F. Digonnet ed. (Marcel Dekker, Inc. 2001).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Laser measurement set-up for resonantly clad-pumped Er NP doped fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 TEM and corresponding XRD patterns for various phases of Er aluminum doped nanoparticles synthesized in this work. a.) blue peaks correspond to bayerite Al(OH)3 b.) blue peaks correspond to boehmite AlOOH, green to Er2O3, pink to Er4Al2O9 c.) red peaks correspond to Er4Al2O9, blue to Er2O3. The pink and white layers of precipitate are described in the text.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Refractive index profile and corresponding fluorescence intensity profile for a Er:Al nanoparticle doped preform.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Fluorescence lifetime as a function of fluorescence intensity for Er nanoparticle and solution doped preform samples.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption spectrum for a Er:Al2O3 NP doped fiber and slope efficiency for NP-doped fibers vs. peak Er3+ absorption at 1532 nm. Precursor Al:Er ratios of 50:1 are circled.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Er doped NP containing fiber with an octagonal pump cladding. The core/clad diameters are 23/127 µm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Er:Al2O3 NP laser spectrum and slope efficiency of a resonantly-pumped, dual clad Er doped NP containing fiber with an octagonal pump cladding.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Absorption spectrum for Ho:LaF3 nanoparticle doped fiber.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Ho:LaF3 NP doped fiber with an optical-to-optical slope efficiency of 82.3% and a Ho:Lu2O3 NP doped fiber with an optical to optical slope efficiency of 85.2% at a wavelength of 2.09 µm.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Slope efficiencies and properties of Er3+:NP doped fibers. Gain and laser measurements were done with either a core pumped MOPA (for single mode fibers) or clad pumped power oscillator configuration. The latter were used with either Bragg grating or high reflectivity mirror (HRM) as a pump-end mirror.

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Table 2 Measured luminescent lifetimes and properties of the NP- and solution-doped samples. **Excessive scattering

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