Abstract

With the classical ensemble method, the correlated-electron dynamics of Mg atom from a doubly excited, transition Coulomb complex in few-cycle circularly polarized (CP) laser field at low laser intensity is theoretically investigated. The low energy transfer during the recollision process indicates that the two electrons cannot release directly, but it can pass through a doubly excited state, and then escape with the ionization time difference. The numerical results show that the feature of the sequential double ionization (SDI) can be observed in the nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) process. The SDI-like results demonstrate that the intermediate state has lost any memory of its formation dynamics. The distribution of the angle between the two release directions of the two electrons also depends on the ionization time difference. Finally, the influence of e-e Coulomb repulsion is discussed.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, and X. Wang, “Transition of correlated-electron emission in nonsequential double ionization of Ar atoms,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7044–7052 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Li, B. Yul, Q. Tang, X. Wang, D. Hua, A. Tong, C. Jiang, G. Ge, Y. Li, and J. Wan, “Transition of recollision trajectories from linear to elliptical polarization,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6469–6479 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11382–11390 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  13. S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. C. Huang, W. Guo, Y. Zhou, and Z. Wu, “Role of Coulomb repulsion in correlated-electron emission from a doubly excited state in nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013416 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. Van Woerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 073002 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  30. Q. Tang, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization of molecules by mid-infrared fields,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19580–19588 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  34. X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. D. I. Bondar, G. L. Yudin, W.-K. Ivanov, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013420 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2016 (7)

A. S. Maxwell and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Controlling below-threshold nonsequential double ionization via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, W. Guo, Y. Zhou, and Z. Wu, “Role of Coulomb repulsion in correlated-electron emission from a doubly excited state in nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013416 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, B. Yul, Q. Tang, X. Wang, D. Hua, A. Tong, C. Jiang, G. Ge, Y. Li, and J. Wan, “Transition of recollision trajectories from linear to elliptical polarization,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6469–6479 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

Z. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, and X. Wang, “Transition of correlated-electron emission in nonsequential double ionization of Ar atoms,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7044–7052 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11382–11390 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Tang, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization of molecules by mid-infrared fields,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19580–19588 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. I. Bondar, G. L. Yudin, W.-K. Ivanov, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013420 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 073002 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. Van Woerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abu-samha, M.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arissian, L.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, L.

Baltuska, A.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bandrauk, A. D.

D. I. Bondar, G. L. Yudin, W.-K. Ivanov, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013420 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bardon, A. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben, S.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bondar, D. I.

D. I. Bondar, G. L. Yudin, W.-K. Ivanov, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013420 (2011).
[Crossref]

Büttiker, M.

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camus, N.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaloupka, J. L.

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandre, C.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 073002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirelli, C.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J. R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deipenwisch, J.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimitrovski, D.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorn, A.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckle, P.

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Feuerstein, B.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

A. S. Maxwell and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Controlling below-threshold nonsequential double ionization via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, B.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fleischer, A.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, L.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, L. B.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, G.

Ge, X. L.

T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gillen, G. D.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. Van Woerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, X.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, W.

C. Huang, W. Guo, Y. Zhou, and Z. Wu, “Role of Coulomb repulsion in correlated-electron emission from a doubly excited state in nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013416 (2016).
[Crossref]

Haan, S. L.

Hao, X. L.

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrwerth, O.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hickstein, D. D.

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, P. J.

B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

Höhr, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hua, D.

Huang, C.

Ivanov, W.-K.

D. I. Bondar, G. L. Yudin, W.-K. Ivanov, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Nonsequential double ionization below laser-intensity threshold: Anticorrelation of electrons without excitation of parent ion,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013420 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ji, Q.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

Jin, M.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Johnson, N. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R. R.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamor, A.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartashov, D.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kitzler, M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kling, M. F.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kremer, M.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kübel, M.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W. D.

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Liao, Q.

Liu, J

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L. R.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. S.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

Lv, H.

W. Zuo, S. Ben, H. Lv, L. Zhao, J. Guo, X. S. Liu, H. Xu, M. Jin, and D. Ding, “Experimental and theoretical study on nonsequential double ionization of carbon disulfide in strong near-IR laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Madsen, L. B.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mauger, F.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 073002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maxwell, A. S.

A. S. Maxwell and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Controlling below-threshold nonsequential double ionization via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meckel, M.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Möller, M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moshammer, R.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neumayer, P.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panfili, R.

Paulus, G. G.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, A. N.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rathje, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rippert, A.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roither, S.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rottke, H.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sayler, A. M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlup, P.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schöffler, M.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schöffler, M. S.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schöter, C. D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senftleben, A.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smolarski, M.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76–80 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nat. Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staudte, A.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schöffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dörner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4, 565–570 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Eckle, A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H. G. Muller, M. Büttiker, and U. Keller, “Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium,” Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, Q.

Tian, J.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, A.

Trump, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uzer, T.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 073002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Van Woerkom, L. D.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. Van Woerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, M. A.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. Van Woerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wan, J.

Wang, B.

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

S. Ben, T. Wang, T. T. Xu, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7525–7533 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. L. Ge, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Sensitivity of strong-field double ionization to the initial ensembles in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(3), 033420 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Li, B. Yul, Q. Tang, X. Wang, D. Hua, A. Tong, C. Jiang, G. Ge, Y. Li, and J. Wan, “Transition of recollision trajectories from linear to elliptical polarization,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6469–6479 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, and X. Wang, “Transition of correlated-electron emission in nonsequential double ionization of Ar atoms,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7044–7052 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wittmann, M.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schöter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wörner, H. J.

A. Fleischer, H. J. Wörner, L. Arissian, L. R. Liu, M. Meckel, A. Rippert, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and A. Staudte, “Probing angular correlations in sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(11), 113003 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent Coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, H. Pan, J. Ding, J. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Strong-field dissociative double ionization of acetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(24), 243001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

C. Huang, W. Guo, Y. Zhou, and Z. Wu, “Role of Coulomb repulsion in correlated-electron emission from a doubly excited state in nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013416 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wustelt, P.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, P. Wustelt, M. Möller, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. M. Sayler, A. Baltuska, G. G. Paulus, and M. Kitzler, “Laser-subcycle control of sequential double-ionization dynamics of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 93(6), 063421 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xin, G. G.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
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Xu, H.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The “knee” structure of NSDI (The red dot line) is clearly shown in classical simulation. The red dash line is inserted by hand to indicate the SDI predicted by ADK theory. The pink shadow region marks out the enhancement of double ionization due to electron correlation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Energy of electrons versus time. Because of its low recollision energy the first ionizing electron becomes bound during the process and the DEC is created. The gray area roughly marks out the DEC formation. (b) Two typical electron energy trajectories (not the average of all). Δt1 is the delay time between recollision and ionizing of the one electron and Δt2 is the other. Δt is the ionization time difference of the two electrons. The distribution is on a logarithmic.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The distribution of Δt1 and Δt2 (Attach each projection as shown by red line). (b) The distribution of ionization time difference Δt (red line). Three typical range mainly explored in this paper are marked by I, II and III (See details in the text).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The distribution of the angle between the two releases direction of the two electrons, where the solid lines and the dashed lines show the distribution of θ and the distribution of ωΔt. The red, blue and green lines correspond to the three ionization time difference areas I, II and III, respectively. The inset illustrates the effect of enlarging the angle by the e-e Coulomb repulsion with a shorter ionization time difference (circumstance in area I).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The ion momentum distribution. (a) All of the counts. (b)–(c) Correspond to area I, II and III. The insets illustrate the relationship that small angle Δθ leads to a large radius ring structure, and vice versa due to ion-electron system with zero net momentum. The distributions are normalized.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H 0 = i 2 ( | p i | 2 2 2 | r i | 2 + a 2 ) + 1 | r 1 r 2 | 2 + b 2 = E tot ,
H = H 0 + ( r 1 + r 2 ) E ( t ) .
E ( t ) = E 0 f ( t ) [ x ^ cos ( ω t + φ ) + y ^ sin ( ω t + φ ) ] ,
Δ θ = ω Δ t

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