Abstract

We present the design of a plasmonic lens (PL) which is composed of pixelated nano-grooves on a gold film for the coupling and focusing of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) into multiple focal spots on the optical axis. The pixelated grooves are arranged along the y-axis and the x-position of each groove is optimized by the simulated annealing algorithm. PLs that implement two and three on-axis foci are presented and the designed structures have been validated with FDTD simulations. We also successfully constructed a long-focal-depth PL with a longitudinal FWHM of the focus that reached 25 plasmonic wavelengths, while its transverse field profile is maintained over 15 µm distance. The presented design method constitutes a new basis for plasmonic beam engineering, and the proposed particular SPP focal fields have potential applications in multiple imaging, particle manipulating, and plasmonic on-chip signal transmission.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Sub-one-third wavelength focusing of surface plasmon polaritons excited by linearly polarized light

Jiayuan Wang and Jiasen Zhang
Opt. Express 26(11) 14626-14635 (2018)

Plasmonic quadrant lens for beam-position sensing

Jiayuan Wang, Jing Yang, Zhenjian Bai, and Jiasen Zhang
Opt. Express 24(19) 21566-21576 (2016)

Manipulation of the Steering and Shaping of SPPs via Spatially Inhomogeneous Polarized Illumination

Tzu-Hsiang Lan and Chung-Hao Tien
Opt. Express 18(22) 23314-23323 (2010)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Grating (Springer, 1988).
  2. A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  18. B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,” Nature 332(6165), 615–617 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Ekberg, A. Sunesson, M. Bergkvist, A. Gustavsson, J. Isberg, H. Bernhoff, P. Skytt, J. Bengtsson, S. Hård, and M. Larsson, “Laser-triggered high-voltage plasma switching with diffractive optics,” Appl. Opt. 40(16), 2611–2617 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Creating a spherical focal spot with spatially modulated radial polarization in 4Pi microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2444–2446 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. B. Gu, Y. Pan, J. L. Wu, and Y. Cui, “Manipulation of radial-variant polarization for creating tunable bifocusing spots,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31(2), 253–257 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. S. H. Chang, S. Gray, and G. Schatz, “Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3150–3165 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Plasmonic demultiplexer and guiding,” ACS Nano 4(11), 6433–6438 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. J. Wang, C. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Multifunctional and multi-output plasmonic meta-elements for integrated optical circuits,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22753–22762 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Binary plasmonics: launching surface plasmon polaritons to a desired pattern,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2417–2419 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. C. E. Garcia-Ortiz, V. Coello, Z. Han, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Generation of diffraction-free plasmonic beams with one-dimensional Bessel profiles,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 905–907 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin, “Optimization of finite diffraction gratings for the excitation of surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(12), 124301 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  34. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  36. K. Xiao, S. Wei, C. Min, G. Yuan, S. W. Zhu, T. Lei, and X.-C. Yuan, “Dynamic cosine-Gauss plasmonic beam through phase control,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13541–13546 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. E. Gazzola, G. Ruffato, and F. Romanato, “Propagation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons and cosine–Gauss beam generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(8), 1564–1569 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

2013 (2)

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Garcia-Ortiz, V. Coello, Z. Han, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Generation of diffraction-free plasmonic beams with one-dimensional Bessel profiles,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 905–907 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (2)

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Plasmonic demultiplexer and guiding,” ACS Nano 4(11), 6433–6438 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Creating a spherical focal spot with spatially modulated radial polarization in 4Pi microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2444–2446 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Binary plasmonics: launching surface plasmon polaritons to a desired pattern,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2417–2419 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin, “Optimization of finite diffraction gratings for the excitation of surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(12), 124301 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Chang, S. Gray, and G. Schatz, “Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3150–3165 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1992 (1)

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,” Nature 332(6165), 615–617 (1988).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abeysinghe, D. C.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudrion, A.-L.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bengtsson, J.

Bergkvist, M.

Bernhoff, H.

Bogy, D. B.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

C. E. Garcia-Ortiz, V. Coello, Z. Han, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Generation of diffraction-free plasmonic beams with one-dimensional Bessel profiles,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 905–907 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, D. B.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, S. H.

S. H. Chang, S. Gray, and G. Schatz, “Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3150–3165 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Creating a spherical focal spot with spatially modulated radial polarization in 4Pi microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2444–2446 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cluzel, B.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coello, V.

Cui, Y.

de Fornel, F.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dellinger, J.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

Doskolovich, L. L.

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ekberg, M.

Eng, L. M.

J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Ortiz, C. E.

Gazzola, E.

Gelatt, C. D.

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golub, M. A.

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

González, M. U.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grafström, S.

J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gray, S.

Gray, S. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gu, B.

Gustavsson, A.

Han, Z.

Hao, F.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hård, S.

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

Isberg, J.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kazanskiy, N. L.

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kharitonov, S. I.

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kirkpatrick, S.

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knoll, W.

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,” Nature 332(6165), 615–617 (1988).
[Crossref]

Koller, D.

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larsson, M.

Lee, H.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, T.

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon polariton microscope with parabolic reflectors,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2414–2416 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lerman, G. M.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lévêque, G.

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin, “Optimization of finite diffraction gratings for the excitation of surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(12), 124301 (2006).
[Crossref]

Levy, U.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maradudinc, A. A.

A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin, “Optimization of finite diffraction gratings for the excitation of surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(12), 124301 (2006).
[Crossref]

Min, C.

Nelson, R. L.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nomura, W.

W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohtsu, M.

W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Pan, Y.

Park, Y.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peng, Q.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renger, J.

J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Romanato, F.

Rothenhäusler, B.

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,” Nature 332(6165), 615–617 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ruffato, G.

Rydh, A.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schatz, G.

Schatz, G. C.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shin, W.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skytt, P.

Smolyaninovb, I. I.

A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

Soifer, V. A.

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

Song, W.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srituravanich, W.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steele, J. M.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. L.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sunesson, A.

Ulin-Avila, E.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Vecchi, M. P.

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, C. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Multifunctional and multi-output plasmonic meta-elements for integrated optical circuits,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22753–22762 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. M.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Weeber, J.-C.

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wei, S.

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. L.

Wu, X.

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, K.

Xiong, S.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Xiong, Y.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yanai, A.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yatsui, T.

W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yuan, G.

Yuan, X.-C.

Zayatsa, A. V.

A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zeng, L.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Zhan, Q.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Creating a spherical focal spot with spatially modulated radial polarization in 4Pi microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2444–2446 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Wang, C. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Multifunctional and multi-output plasmonic meta-elements for integrated optical circuits,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22753–22762 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Plasmonic demultiplexer and guiding,” ACS Nano 4(11), 6433–6438 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Binary plasmonics: launching surface plasmon polaritons to a desired pattern,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2417–2419 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhu, S. N.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. W.

Zhu, X.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

C. Zhao and J. Zhang, “Plasmonic demultiplexer and guiding,” ACS Nano 4(11), 6433–6438 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22(45), 5120–5124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S. H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in au films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(3), 467–469 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Efficiency of local light-plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3665–3667 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Weeber, M. U. González, A.-L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(22), 221101 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Nomura, M. Ohtsu, and T. Yatsui, “Nanodot coupler with a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181108 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Luo, and Q. Gong, “Subwavelength-resolved bidirectional imaging between two and three dimensions using a surface plasmon launching lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(8), 081116 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin, “Optimization of finite diffraction gratings for the excitation of surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(12), 124301 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. A. Golub, L. L. Doskolovich, N. L. Kazanskiy, S. I. Kharitonov, and V. A. Soifer, “Computer generated diffractive multi-focal lens,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(6), 1245–1251 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (4)

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (3)

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,” Nature 332(6165), 615–617 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayatsa, I. I. Smolyaninovb, and A. A. Maradudinc, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3–4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Renger, S. Grafström, and L. M. Eng, “Direct excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in nanopatterned metal surfaces and thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 045431 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Cluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Cosine-Gauss plasmon beam: a localized long-range nondiffracting surface wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 093904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Collimated plasmon beam: nondiffracting versus linearly focused,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 046807 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

L. Pan, Y. Park, Y. Xiong, E. Ulin-Avila, Y. Wang, L. Zeng, S. Xiong, J. Rho, C. Sun, D. B. Bogy, and X. Zhang, “Maskless plasmonic lithography at 22 nm resolution,” Sci. Rep. 1(11), 175 (2011).
[PubMed]

Science (2)

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by simulated annealing,” Science 220(4598), 671–680 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Grating (Springer, 1988).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the PL. (a) The PL consists of multiple pixelated nano-grooves along the y-direction with groove dimensions along x and y directions given by w and Δy, respectively. For a PL with a given length L, the x-positions xn of all the Ly grooves are optimized to focus SPPs into foci F1,F2,…,Fi, where xn = nλSPP/P with n is chosen from 0,1,2,…,P-1 (P≥2). The device is fabricated on a thin gold film on a dielectric substrate. A laser beam is incident upon the PL from the air-side (inset).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 PL with two on-axis foci. (a) Lens structure. (b) FDTD simulated intensity distribution for the designed lens. (c) Longitudinal intensity profiles through the foci. (d) Transverse intensity profiles through the foci. (e) FDTD simulated SPP intensity distributions for incident wavelengths λ = 780, 880, and 960 nm. (f) Focal lengths versus incident wavelengths.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 PL with three on-axis foci. (a) Lens structure. (b) FDTD simulated intensity distribution for the designed lens. (c) Longitudinal intensity profiles through the foci. (d) Transverse intensity profiles through the foci.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 PL with an ultra-long focus. (a) Lens structure. (b) FDTD simulated intensity distribution for the designed lens. (c) Longitudinal intensity profiles through the foci. (d) Transverse FWHM of the focus and the comparable cosine-Gauss beam versus propagation distance. (e-f) Transverse intensity profiles at specific distances.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E( r,r' )=A( r' )( z ^ i k z k SPP rr' | rr' | ) cos( φ S ) | rr' | exp( i k SPP | rr' | )Δy
F cost = i=1 M ( | I i I total,i 1 |+ w i | I i I aver 1 | )

Metrics