Abstract

We demonstrate all-optical regeneration of both the phase and the amplitude of a 10 GBaud quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) signal using two nonlinear stages. First we regenerate the phase using a wavelength converting phase sensitive amplifier and then we regenerate the amplitude using a saturated single-pump parametric amplifier, returning the signal to its original wavelength at the same time. We exploit the conjugating nature of the two processing stages to eliminate the intrinsic SPM distortion of the system, further improving performance.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. V. Mamyshev, “All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect,” in Proceedings of 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475–476.
  2. T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, “On multi-channel operation of phase-preserving 2R amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Commun. 322, 114–117 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. K. Lucek and K. Smith, “All-optical signal regenerator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1226–1228 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. Li, and S. Radic, “Demonstration of phase-regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express 13, 3945–3950 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Lundström, B. Corcoran, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase and amplitude characteristics of a phase-sensitive amplifier operating in gain saturation,” Opt. Express 20, 21400–21412 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.
  11. K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.
  13. K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.
  15. J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
    [Crossref]
  16. K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, “On multi-channel operation of phase-preserving 2R amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Commun. 322, 114–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. Li, and S. Radic, “Demonstration of phase-regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express 13, 3945–3950 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Akasaka, Y.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[Crossref]

Almaiman, A.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Andrekson, P. A.

C. Lundström, B. Corcoran, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase and amplitude characteristics of a phase-sensitive amplifier operating in gain saturation,” Opt. Express 20, 21400–21412 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bottrill, K.

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bottrill, K. R.

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

Bottrill, K. R. H.

K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Chitgarha, M. R.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Corcoran, B.

Croussore, K.

Cvecek, K.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, Y.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hesketh, G.

K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jones, L.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

Kakande, J.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

Kakarla, R.

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

Kim, C.

Kim, I.

Lakoba, T. I.

T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, “On multi-channel operation of phase-preserving 2R amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Commun. 322, 114–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Langrock, C.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Leuchs, G.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Lucek, J. K.

Lundström, C.

C. Lundström, B. Corcoran, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase and amplitude characteristics of a phase-sensitive amplifier operating in gain saturation,” Opt. Express 20, 21400–21412 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, “All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect,” in Proceedings of 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475–476.

Meissner, M.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mohajerin-Ariaei, A.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

O’Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

Phelan, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

Richardson, D.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

K. R. H. Bottrill, G. Hesketh, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optimisation of amplitude limiters for phase preservation based on the exact solution to degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 2774–2787 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
[Crossref]

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

Schmauss, B.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sekiya, M.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Slavik, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

Slavík, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, K.

Sponsel, K.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Striegler, A.

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sugawara, M.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sugizaki, R.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takasaka, S.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Touch, J. D.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Tur, M.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Vasilyev, M.

T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, “On multi-channel operation of phase-preserving 2R amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Commun. 322, 114–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Venkitesh, D.

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Yang, J. Y.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

Ziyadi, M.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, “NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639–641 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Bottrill, R. Kakarla, F. Parmigiani, D. Venkitesh, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase regeneration of QPSK signal in SOA using single-stage, wavelength converting PSA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 105–108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5, 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, “On multi-channel operation of phase-preserving 2R amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Commun. 322, 114–117 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

P. V. Mamyshev, “All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect,” in Proceedings of 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 475–476.

A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, Y. Akasaka, J. Y. Yang, M. R. Chitgarha, M. Ziyadi, Y. Cao, A. Almaiman, J. D. Touch, M. Tur, M. Sekiya, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. E. Willner, “Bit-rate-tunable regeneration of 30-Gbaud QPSK data using phase quantization and amplitude saturation,” in Proceedings of The European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–3.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Optical predistortion enabling phase preservation in optical signal processing demonstrated in fwm-based amplitude limiter,” J. Lightwave Technol. (in press) (2016).
[Crossref]

K. R. Bottrill, L. Jones, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “FWM-based, idler-free phase quantiser with flexible operating power,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. W4C.3.

G. Hesketh, K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “On the role of signal-pump ratio in FWM-based phase preserving amplitude regeneration,” in International Conference on Optical Networks ICTON ’15.

K. R. H. Bottrill, F. Parmigiani, L. Jones, G. Hesketh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Phase and amplitude regeneration through sequential PSA and FWM saturation in HNLF,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2015), p. We.3.6.3.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, “All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. OW1I.3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Left: Spectra (a) Before PSA; (b) After PSA; (c) Before amplitude regeneration; (d) After amplitude regeneration. Right: Process resulting in corresponding spectra.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup of the regenerator showing the two underlying phase and amplitude regenerative stages.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Spectrum identifying the pump to signal power ratio, P1 : S. (b) Plot of output OSNR of regenerated signal against P1 : S for three different total launch powers into the fibre.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Δϕ, ΔMag and EVM for three different noise scenarios.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Constellation plots; (b) BER curves for the complete system with both sub-systems combined.

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