Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a continuously tunable all-optical microwave filter using a silicon opto-mechanical microring resonator (MRR). By finely adjusting the pump light with submilliwatt power level, transmission spectrum of the MRR could be continuously shifted based on the nonlinear effects, including the opto-mechanical effect and thermo-optic effect. Therefore, in the case of optical single sideband (OSSB) modulation, the frequency intervals between the optical carrier (near one MRR resonance) and the corresponding resonance could be flexibly manipulated, which is the critical factor to achieve continuously tunable microwave photonic filter (MPF). In the experiment, the central frequency of the MPF could be continuously tuned from 6 GHz to 19 GHz with the pump power lower than −2.5 dBm. The proposed opto-mechanical device is competent to process microwave signals with dominant advantages, such as compact footprint, all-optical control and low power consumption. In the future, using light to control light, the opto-mechanical structure on silicon platforms might have many other potential applications in microwave systems, such as microwave switch.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Low-power all-optical microwave filter with tunable central frequency and bandwidth based on cascaded opto-mechanical microring resonators

Li Liu, Zhi Chen, Xing Jin, Yue Yang, Zhihua Yu, Jingjing Zhang, Lijun Zhang, and Hong Wang
Opt. Express 25(15) 17329-17342 (2017)

Silicon-on-insulator-based microwave photonic filter with widely adjustable bandwidth

Lu Xu, Jie Hou, Haitao Tang, Yuan Yu, Yu Yu, Xuewen Shu, and Xinliang Zhang
Photon. Res. 7(2) 110-115 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Yao, “Microwave Photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 314–335 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(23), 1775–1777 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 23–25 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Sancho, N. Primerov, S. Chin, Y. Antman, A. Zadok, S. Sales, and L. Thévenaz, “Tunable and reconfigurable multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on dynamic Brillouin gratings in fibers,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6157–6162 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Widely tunable single-bandpass microwave photonic filter employing a non-sliced broadband optical source,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18423–18429 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1678–1687 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. S. Rasras, K. Y. Tu, D. M. Gill, Y. K. Chen, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, and J. Michel, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Ge, A. K. Mathews, M. P. Fok, and A. E. James, “Optically controlled microwave photonic dual-band filter with ultrafast reconfigurable capability,” In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STh1F.6.
  18. D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, M. Pagani, R. Pant, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-power, chip-based stimulated Brillouin scattering microwave photonic filter with ultrahigh selectivity,” Optica 2(2), 76–83 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Long and J. Wang, “All-optical tuning of a nonlinear silicon microring assisted microwave photonic filter: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17758–17771 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. A. Casas-Bedoya, B. Morrison, M. Pagani, D. Marpaung, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable narrowband microwave photonic filter created by stimulated Brillouin scattering from a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4154–4157 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. A. Byrnes, R. Pant, E. Li, D. Y. Choi, C. G. Poulton, S. Fan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based tunable and reconfigurable narrowband microwave photonic filter using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18836–18845 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. L. Liu, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Chip-integrated all-optical 4-bit Gray code generation based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21414–21423 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. N. N. Feng, P. Dong, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, J. B. Luff, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “Thermally-efficient reconfigurable narrowband RF-photonic filter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24648–24653 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. D. Van Thourhout and J. Roels, “Optomechanical device actuation through the optical gradient force,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 211–217 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  33. J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  34. Y. F. Yu, M. Ren, J. B. Zhang, T. Bourouina, C. S. Tan, J. M. Tsai, and A. Q. Liu, “Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18005–18015 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. P. T. Rakich, M. A. Popović, and Z. Wang, “General treatment of optical forces and potentials in mechanically variable photonic systems,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18116–18135 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. M. L. Povinelli, M. Lončar, M. Ibanescu, E. J. Smythe, S. G. Johnson, F. Capasso, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Evanescent-wave bonding between optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 30(22), 3042–3044 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  40. P. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper,” Opt. Express 13(3), 801–820 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  42. D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, R. Pant, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and B. J. Eggleton, “Si3N4 ring resonator-based microwave photonic notch filter with an ultrahigh peak rejection,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23286–23294 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. Y. Long and J. Wang, “Ultra-high peak rejection notch microwave photonic filter using a single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17739–17750 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. A. Biberman, M. J. Shaw, E. Timurdogan, J. B. Wright, and M. R. Watts, “Ultralow-loss silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4236–4238 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  45. L. Martinez and M. Lipson, “High confinement suspended micro-ring resonators in silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6259–6263 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. A. Griffith, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “High quality factor and high confinement silicon resonators using etchless process,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21341–21345 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  47. G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Compact silicon microring resonators with ultra-low propagation loss in the C band,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14467–14475 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  49. Y. Zhang, D. Li, C. Zeng, Z. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Huang, Y. Wu, J. Yu, and J. Xia, “Silicon optical diode based on cascaded photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1370–1373 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  50. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 506–538 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  51. Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
    [Crossref]
  52. D. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Li, K. Cui, F. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandstop microwave photonic filter based on integrated microrings and Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3668–3675 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  53. Y. Yu, E. Xu, J. Dong, L. Zhou, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Switchable microwave photonic filter between high Q bandpass filter and notch filter with flat passband based on phase modulation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25271–25282 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

2014 (2)

Y. Zhang, D. Li, C. Zeng, Z. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Huang, Y. Wu, J. Yu, and J. Xia, “Silicon optical diode based on cascaded photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1370–1373 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, R. Pant, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and B. J. Eggleton, “Si3N4 ring resonator-based microwave photonic notch filter with an ultrahigh peak rejection,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23286–23294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Li, K. Cui, F. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandstop microwave photonic filter based on integrated microrings and Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3668–3675 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (9)

J. Sancho, N. Primerov, S. Chin, Y. Antman, A. Zadok, S. Sales, and L. Thévenaz, “Tunable and reconfigurable multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on dynamic Brillouin gratings in fibers,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6157–6162 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yu, M. Ren, J. B. Zhang, T. Bourouina, C. S. Tan, J. M. Tsai, and A. Q. Liu, “Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18005–18015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Byrnes, R. Pant, E. Li, D. Y. Choi, C. G. Poulton, S. Fan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based tunable and reconfigurable narrowband microwave photonic filter using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18836–18845 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Griffith, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “High quality factor and high confinement silicon resonators using etchless process,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21341–21345 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Biberman, M. J. Shaw, E. Timurdogan, J. B. Wright, and M. R. Watts, “Ultralow-loss silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4236–4238 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (6)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Van Thourhout and J. Roels, “Optomechanical device actuation through the optical gradient force,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 211–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. N. Feng, P. Dong, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, J. B. Luff, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “Thermally-efficient reconfigurable narrowband RF-photonic filter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24648–24653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, E. Xu, J. Dong, L. Zhou, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Switchable microwave photonic filter between high Q bandpass filter and notch filter with flat passband based on phase modulation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25271–25282 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (7)

J. Yao, “Microwave Photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 314–335 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. S. Rasras, K. Y. Tu, D. M. Gill, Y. K. Chen, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, and J. Michel, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. T. Rakich, M. A. Popović, and Z. Wang, “General treatment of optical forces and potentials in mechanically variable photonic systems,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18116–18135 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (4)

2005 (3)

Agarwal, A.

Antman, Y.

Arakawa, Y.

Arcizet, O.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banwell, T.

Barclay, P.

Biberman, A.

Bourouina, T.

Byrnes, A.

Cai, H.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

Capmany, J.

Cardenas, J.

Casas-Bedoya, A.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. K.

Chin, S.

Choi, D. Y.

Choi, D.-Y.

D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, M. Pagani, R. Pant, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-power, chip-based stimulated Brillouin scattering microwave photonic filter with ultrahigh selectivity,” Optica 2(2), 76–83 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choudhary, A.

Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
[Crossref]

Chu, T.

Cui, K.

Cunningham, J. E.

Deléglise, S.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, L.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dong, B.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Chip-integrated all-optical 4-bit Gray code generation based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21414–21423 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, E. Xu, J. Dong, L. Zhou, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Switchable microwave photonic filter between high Q bandpass filter and notch filter with flat passband based on phase modulation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25271–25282 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, P.

Eggleton, B.

Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fan, S.

Fathpour, S.

Feng, D.

Feng, N. N.

Feng, X.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Li, K. Cui, F. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandstop microwave photonic filter based on integrated microrings and Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3668–3675 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Galán, J. V.

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, D.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gasulla, I.

Gavartin, E.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gill, D. M.

Gondarenko, A.

G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griffith, A.

Gu, Y. D.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, M.

L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Heideman, R.

Hochberg, M.

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoekman, M.

Hu, X.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Q.

Huang, Y.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Li, K. Cui, F. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandstop microwave photonic filter based on integrated microrings and Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3668–3675 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

Ibanescu, M.

Ishida, S.

Jalali, B.

Jiang, X.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Khan, M. H.

Kippenberg, T. J.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kropelnicki, P.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D. L.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, D. C.

Lee, J. H.

Leinse, A.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, E.

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Byrnes, R. Pant, E. Li, D. Y. Choi, C. G. Poulton, S. Fan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based tunable and reconfigurable narrowband microwave photonic filter using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18836–18845 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

Li, M.

M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Liang, H.

Lin, J.

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yu, M. Ren, J. B. Zhang, T. Bourouina, C. S. Tan, J. M. Tsai, and A. Q. Liu, “Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18005–18015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Chip-integrated all-optical 4-bit Gray code generation based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21414–21423 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
[Crossref]

Lloret, J.

Lo, G. Q.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Loncar, M.

Long, Y.

Luff, J. B.

Luo, X.

H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Byrnes, R. Pant, E. Li, D. Y. Choi, C. G. Poulton, S. Fan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based tunable and reconfigurable narrowband microwave photonic filter using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18836–18845 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madden, S. J.

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, M. Pagani, R. Pant, D.-Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, S. J. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-power, chip-based stimulated Brillouin scattering microwave photonic filter with ultrahigh selectivity,” Optica 2(2), 76–83 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Casas-Bedoya, B. Morrison, M. Pagani, D. Marpaung, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable narrowband microwave photonic filter created by stimulated Brillouin scattering from a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 4154–4157 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, R. Pant, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and B. J. Eggleton, “Si3N4 ring resonator-based microwave photonic notch filter with an ultrahigh peak rejection,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23286–23294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
[Crossref]

Martí, J.

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 23–25 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez, L.

Mekis, A.

Menendez, R.

Michel, J.

Minasian, R. A.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(23), 1775–1777 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morrison, B.

Ng, G. I.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ortega, B.

Pagani, M.

Painter, O.

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper,” Opt. Express 13(3), 801–820 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palací, J.

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pant, R.

Pastor, D.

Patel, S. S.

Pernice, W. H.

M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pernice, W. H. P.

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piqueras, M. A.

Poitras, C. B.

Poon, A. W.

H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Popovic, M. A.

Poulton, C. G.

Povinelli, M. L.

Primerov, N.

Pu, M.

Qi, M.

Qian, W.

Raj, K.

Rakich, P. T.

Randles, A. B.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rasras, M. S.

Ren, M.

Rivière, R.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roeloffzen, C.

Roels, J.

D. Van Thourhout and J. Roels, “Optomechanical device actuation through the optical gradient force,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 211–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rosenberg, J.

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sales, S.

Sancho, J.

Schliesser, A.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaw, M. J.

Shen, H.

Shubin, I.

Smythe, E. J.

Soref, R.

R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1678–1687 (2006).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, K.

Su, Y.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Suo, Z. G.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tan, C. S.

Tang, H. X.

M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, M.

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tao, J.

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tao, J. F.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thacker, H.

Thévenaz, L.

Timurdogan, E.

Toliver, P.

Tsai, J. M.

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yu, M. Ren, J. B. Zhang, T. Bourouina, C. S. Tan, J. M. Tsai, and A. Q. Liu, “Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18005–18015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tu, K. Y.

Vahala, K. J.

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Van Thourhout and J. Roels, “Optomechanical device actuation through the optical gradient force,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 211–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vidal, B.

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Vidal, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Martí, “Tunable and reconfigurable photonic microwave filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 23–25 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villanueva, G. E.

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, T.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Watts, M. R.

Weis, S.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, A. E.

Wiederhecker, G. S.

G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woodward, T. K.

Wright, J. B.

Wu, J.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Xia, J.

Xiao, S.

Xiong, C.

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, E.

Xu, M.

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xue, X.

Yamada, H.

Yang, T.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

Yu, J.

Yu, Y.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, E. Xu, J. Dong, L. Zhou, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Switchable microwave photonic filter between high Q bandpass filter and notch filter with flat passband based on phase modulation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25271–25282 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Y. F.

Yvind, K.

Zadok, A.

Zeng, C.

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Li, K. Cui, F. Liu, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandstop microwave photonic filter based on integrated microrings and Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3668–3675 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. B.

Zhang, Q.

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(23), 1775–1777 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zheng, A.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, B.

Zhou, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. Yu, J. Zhang, T. Bourouina, and A. Liu, “Optical-force-induced bistability in nanomachined ring resonator systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(9), 093108 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Cai, B. Dong, J. F. Tao, L. Ding, J. M. Tsai, G. Q. Lo, A. Q. Liu, and D. L. Kwong, “A nanoelectromechanical systems optical switch driven by optical gradient force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 023103 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, H. Cai, G. I. Ng, P. Kropelnicki, J. M. Tsai, A. B. Randles, M. Tang, Y. D. Gu, Z. G. Suo, and A. Q. Liu, “A nanoelectromechanical systems actuator driven and controlled by Q-factor attenuation of ring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. Lin, and A. Liu, “A nanomachined optical logic gate driven by gradient optical force,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113104 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, X. Luo, and A. W. Poon, “Cavity-enhanced photocurrent generation by 1.55 μm wavelengths linear absorption in a p-i-n diode embedded silicon microring resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171111 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1678–1687 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Compact notch microwave photonic filters using on-chip integrated microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, J. Wu, T. Wang, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and Y. Su, “Push-pull optical nonreciprocal transmission in cascaded silicon microring resonators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 2200307 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Palací, G. E. Villanueva, J. V. Galán, J. Martí, and B. Vidal, “Single bandpass photonic microwave filter based on a notch ring resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1276–1278 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang and R. A. Minasian, “Widely tunable single-passband microwave photonic filter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(23), 1775–1777 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

D. Van Thourhout and J. Roels, “Optomechanical device actuation through the optical gradient force,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 211–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

G. S. Wiederhecker, L. Chen, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “Controlling photonic structures using optical forces,” Nature 462(7273), 633–636 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Li, W. H. P. Pernice, C. Xiong, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and H. X. Tang, “Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits,” Nature 456(7221), 480–484 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

B. Morrison, D. Marpaung, R. Pant, E. Li, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using on-chip stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 313, 85–89 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, M. He, and J. Dong, “Compact continuously tunable microwave photonic filters based on cascaded silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 363, 128–133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (18)

J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sancho, N. Primerov, S. Chin, Y. Antman, A. Zadok, S. Sales, and L. Thévenaz, “Tunable and reconfigurable multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on dynamic Brillouin gratings in fibers,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6157–6162 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Widely tunable single-bandpass microwave photonic filter employing a non-sliced broadband optical source,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18423–18429 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, “Chip-integrated all-optical 4-bit Gray code generation based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21414–21423 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. N. Feng, P. Dong, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, J. B. Luff, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “Thermally-efficient reconfigurable narrowband RF-photonic filter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24648–24653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Long and J. Wang, “All-optical tuning of a nonlinear silicon microring assisted microwave photonic filter: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17758–17771 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Byrnes, R. Pant, E. Li, D. Y. Choi, C. G. Poulton, S. Fan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based tunable and reconfigurable narrowband microwave photonic filter using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18836–18845 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. T. Rakich, M. A. Popović, and Z. Wang, “General treatment of optical forces and potentials in mechanically variable photonic systems,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18116–18135 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yu, M. Ren, J. B. Zhang, T. Bourouina, C. S. Tan, J. M. Tsai, and A. Q. Liu, “Force-induced optical nonlinearity and Kerr-like coefficient in opto-mechanical ring resonators,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18005–18015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper,” Opt. Express 13(3), 801–820 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, B. Morrison, R. Pant, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and B. J. Eggleton, “Si3N4 ring resonator-based microwave photonic notch filter with an ultrahigh peak rejection,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23286–23294 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Long and J. Wang, “Ultra-high peak rejection notch microwave photonic filter using a single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17739–17750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, E. Xu, J. Dong, L. Zhou, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Switchable microwave photonic filter between high Q bandpass filter and notch filter with flat passband based on phase modulation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25271–25282 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Martinez and M. Lipson, “High confinement suspended micro-ring resonators in silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6259–6263 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Griffith, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “High quality factor and high confinement silicon resonators using etchless process,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21341–21345 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Compact silicon microring resonators with ultra-low propagation loss in the C band,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14467–14475 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Li, W. H. Pernice, and H. X. Tang, “Reactive cavity optical force on microdisk-coupled nanomechanical beam waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(22), 223901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330(6010), 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Ge, A. K. Mathews, M. P. Fok, and A. E. James, “Optically controlled microwave photonic dual-band filter with ultrafast reconfigurable capability,” In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STh1F.6.

Y. Liu, A. Choudhary, D. Marpaung, and B. Eggleton, “Dynamic optical tuning of an on-chip RF photonic delay line,” In Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM5C.3.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the opto-mechanical MRR. (b) Cross-sectional illustration of the deflected MRR influenced by the optical gradient force.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Operation principle of the tunable MPF. (a)(b) Pump off: central frequency of the MPF is f1. (c)(d) pump on: central frequency of the MPF is f2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SEM images of (a) the free-hanging MRR and (b) the grating coupler, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured transmission spectrum of the opto-mechanical MRR. (b) Zoom in resonant peak of 1547.49 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured transmission spectra of the MRR under different pump powers. (b) The red-shifts of the MRR resonance under different input pump powers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulations of frequency responses of the tunable MPF.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Schematic illustration of the experimental setup. The blue solid lines: optical path, The red dotted lines: the electrical path. LD: laser diode, PC: polarization controller, PM: phase modulator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, VOA: variable optical attenuator, PD: photodetector, EA: electrical amplifier, VNA: vector network analyzer.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Illustration of the OSSB signal generation.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Measured notch MPFs with tunability of central frequency. (b) Features of rejection ratio and 3dB bandwidth.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance comparisons of recent on-chip tunable MPFs using nonlinear effects

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F=L P m c n eff g
δ λ 1 g om 2 P m /k
δ λ 2 λ 0 n g δ n TO
δ n TO = Γ th k th R th P t
δλ=δ λ 1 +δ λ 2 P pump
E out (t)= E o e j[ ω o t+γcos( ω r t)]
E out (t)= E o [j J 1 (γ) e j( ω o ω r )t + J 0 (γ) e j ω o t +j J 1 (γ) e j( ω o + ω r )t ]
E(ω)=2π E o [ J 0 (γ)H( ω o )+j J 1 (γ)H( ω o + ω r )]
i AC 4 π 2 j E o 2 J 0 (γ) J 1 (γ) H * ( ω o )H( ω o + ω r )

Metrics