Abstract

A novel all-optical control scheme is proposed to continuously tune the THz radiation polarization, where the driving laser is based on a three-pulse configuration with adjustable time delays or intensity ratio. With this scheme, not only is the circularly polarized THz radiation realized, the continuous tuning from circular polarization to linear polarization can also be obtained conveniently just by adjusting time delays or intensity ratio. Moreover, the left or the right chirality of THz radiation can be transformed between each other with suitable time delays.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
  3. M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).
  4. X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005 (2006).
    [PubMed]
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  6. I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  7. C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of intense supercontinuum THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(12), 123902 (2013).
    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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  21. V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
    [PubMed]
  22. S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).
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    [PubMed]
  24. Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, “Off-axis phase-matched terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 183902 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  25. P. Béjot, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, M. Moret, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrafast gaseous “half-wave plate”,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7564–7570 (2008).
    [PubMed]
  26. O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  27. J. Dai and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave generation from gas plasma using a phase compensator with attosecond phase-control accuracy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021117 (2009).
  28. D. Dietze, J. Darmo, S. Roither, A. Pugzlys, J. N. Heyman, and K. Unterrainer, “Polarization of terahertz radiation from laser generated plasma filaments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(11), 2016–2027 (2009).

2016 (2)

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

2015 (1)

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

2013 (5)

C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of intense supercontinuum THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(12), 123902 (2013).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, J. Rolle, and C. Köhler, “Enhanced self-compression of mid-infrared laser filaments in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023816 (2013).

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, “Mechanism of elliptically polarized terahertz generation in two-color laser filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 38(7), 1034–1036 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (2)

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, and K. Y. Kim, “Two-dimensional plasma current and optimized terahertz generation in two-color photoionization,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19778–19786 (2012).
[PubMed]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, “Off-axis phase-matched terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced plasma filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 183902 (2012).
[PubMed]

2010 (2)

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (5)

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[PubMed]

J. Dai and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave generation from gas plasma using a phase compensator with attosecond phase-control accuracy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021117 (2009).

D. Dietze, J. Darmo, S. Roither, A. Pugzlys, J. N. Heyman, and K. Unterrainer, “Polarization of terahertz radiation from laser generated plasma filaments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(11), 2016–2027 (2009).

2008 (4)

P. Béjot, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, M. Moret, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrafast gaseous “half-wave plate”,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7564–7570 (2008).
[PubMed]

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

G. Rodriguez, A. R. Valenzuela, B. Yellampalle, M. J. Schmitt, and K.-Y. Kim, “In-line holographic imaging and electron density extraction of ultrafast ionized air filaments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 1988–1997 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005 (2006).
[PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

Aarts, J.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Andreeva, V. A.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Anzin, V. B.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Babushkin, I.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

Bartel, T.

Béjot, P.

Bergé, L.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, J. Rolle, and C. Köhler, “Enhanced self-compression of mid-infrared laser filaments in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023816 (2013).

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

Bonacina, L.

Borodin, A. V.

Casalbuoni, S.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Châteauneuf, M.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Chen, Y.

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Chin, S. L.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Cook, D. J.

Dai, J.

J. Dai and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave generation from gas plasma using a phase compensator with attosecond phase-control accuracy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021117 (2009).

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001 (2009).
[PubMed]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005 (2006).
[PubMed]

Darmo, J.

Dietze, D.

Dörner, R.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Dressel, M.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Drichko, N.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Dubois, J.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Dumm, M.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Eden, S.

Elsaesser, T.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005).
[PubMed]

Ergler, T.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Esaulkov, M.

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

Esaulkov, M. N.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Faltermeier, D.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Fu, W.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

Gaal, P.

Génier, S.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Gimpel, H.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Glownia, J. H.

González de Alaiza Martínez, P.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

Gorshunov, B. P.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Hauri, C. P.

C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of intense supercontinuum THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(12), 123902 (2013).
[PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

Hesselberth, M. B. S.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Heyman, J. N.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Kaiser, S.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Karpowicz, N.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001 (2009).
[PubMed]

Kasparian, J.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

P. Béjot, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, M. Moret, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrafast gaseous “half-wave plate”,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7564–7570 (2008).
[PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

Kim, K.-Y.

Köhler, C.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, J. Rolle, and C. Köhler, “Enhanced self-compression of mid-infrared laser filaments in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023816 (2013).

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

Kosareva, O.

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Kosareva, O. G.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Kreß, M.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Kress, M.

Kuehn, W.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

Lindenberg, A. M.

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[PubMed]

Liu, Y.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

Löffler, T.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1120–1122 (2004).
[PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

Makarov, V.

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Makarov, V. A.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Marceau, C.

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Moret, M.

Morgner, U.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Moshammer, R.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Nieuwenhuys, G. J.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Nuter, R.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

Oh, T. I.

Panov, N.

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization rotation due to femtosecond filamentation in an atomic gas,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2904–2906 (2010).
[PubMed]

Panov, N. A.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Perezhogin, I.

Petit, Y.

Prokhorov, A. S.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Pugzlys, A.

Reimann, K.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005).
[PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

Roither, S.

Rolle, J.

L. Bergé, J. Rolle, and C. Köhler, “Enhanced self-compression of mid-infrared laser filaments in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023816 (2013).

Roskos, H. G.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1120–1122 (2004).
[PubMed]

Ruchert, C.

C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of intense supercontinuum THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(12), 123902 (2013).
[PubMed]

Savel’ev, A.

Schlarb, H.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Schmidt, B.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Schmitt, M. J.

Schmüser, P.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Shipilo, D. E.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

Shkurinov, A.

M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

Shkurinov, A. P.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

A. V. Borodin, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, V. A. Andreeva, M. N. Esaulkov, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, S. L. Chin, and X.-C. Zhang, “Transformation of terahertz spectra emitted from dual-frequency femtosecond pulse interaction in gases,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1906–1908 (2013).
[PubMed]

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, C. Köhler, I. Babushkin, and J. Herrmann, “3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073901 (2013).
[PubMed]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

Solyankin, P. M.

V. A. Andreeva, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. E. Shipilo, P. M. Solyankin, M. N. Esaulkov, P. González de Alaiza Martínez, A. P. Shkurinov, V. A. Makarov, L. Bergé, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroad terahertz spectrum generation from an air-based filament plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(6), 063902 (2016).
[PubMed]

Spektor, I. E.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Steffen, B.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Taylor, A. J.

Théberge, F.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

Thomson, M.

Thomson, M. D.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Ullrich, J.

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

Unterrainer, K.

Valenzuela, A. R.

Vicario, C.

C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of intense supercontinuum THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(12), 123902 (2013).
[PubMed]

Vitukhnovskii, D. A.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Vongtragool, S.

A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

Wang, T.

Wen, H.

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[PubMed]

Winter, A.

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, “Numerical studies on the electro-optic sampling of relativistic electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.-Ac. 11(7), 072802 (2008).

Woerner, M.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053903 (2010).
[PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005).
[PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

P. Béjot, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, M. Moret, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrafast gaseous “half-wave plate”,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7564–7570 (2008).
[PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

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X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
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X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Dai and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave generation from gas plasma using a phase compensator with attosecond phase-control accuracy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021117 (2009).

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M. Esaulkov, O. Kosareva, V. Makarov, N. Panov, and A. Shkurinov, “Simultaneous generation of nonlinear optical harmonics and terahertz radiation in air: polarization discrimination of various nonlinear contributions,” Front. Optoelectron. 8(1), 73–80 (2015).

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A. S. Prokhorov, V. B. Anzin, D. A. Vitukhnovskiĭ, E. S. Zhukova, I. E. Spektor, B. P. Gorshunov, S. Vongtragool, M. B. S. Hesselberth, J. Aarts, G. J. Nieuwenhuys, M. Dumm, D. Faltermeier, S. Kaiser, S. Yasin, M. Dressel, and N. Drichko, “Terahertz spectroscopy of AuFe spin glasses,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 103(6), 887–896 (2006).

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Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2, 327–331 (2006).

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Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4283–4287 (2009).

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J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001 (2009).
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L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 71, 109801 (2008).

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Generation of circularly polarized THz waves under time delays of (a) td x = + 20 fs, td y = −20 fs, and (b) td x = −20 fs, td y = + 20 fs. Linearly polarized THz wave is generated under no time delays of (c) td x = 0 fs, td y = 0 fs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a)Elliptically polarized THz waves on the x-y plane for different groups of time delays. (b) Ellipticity versus one time delay tdx when tdx = - tdy is kept.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Largely elliptically polarized THz waves on the x-y plane under the same time delays (td x = + 25 fs and td y = −15 fs) but with different intensity ratios.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 THz yield versus time delays, td x and td y .
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Polarization state evolution of THz wave from linear to elliptical when the relative phase between ω and 2ω components changes by 2π. The violet bold solid line is the polarization of the THz wave with an ellipticity of e≈0.5 at the relative phase of θr = 162°.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Generation of (a) largely elliptically and (c) circularly polarized THz wave. Polarization of (b) elliptically and (d) circularly polarized THz wave and corresponding fitting curves, which indicate the ellipticity e≈0.77 and e≈1, respectively.

Equations (5)

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E x ( t ) = E ω x exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t d x ) 2 τ ω 2 ] cos [ ω ( t t d x ) ] , + E 2 ω exp [ 2 ln 2 t 2 ( 2 τ ω ) 2 ] cos ( 2 ω t + θ ) E y ( t ) = E ω y exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t dy ) 2 τ ω 2 ] cos [ ω ( t t dy ) + φ ]
t J e x + ν e J e x = e 2 m ρ e E x , t J e y + ν e J e y = e 2 m ρ e E y
W ( t ) = 4 ω a ( U N 2 U H ) 5 / 2 E a E L ( t ) exp [ 2 E a 3 E L ( t ) ( U N 2 U H ) 3 / 2 ] ,
E THz d J e / d t .
E x ( t ) = E ω x exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t d x 1 ) 2 τ ω 2 ] cos [ ω ( t t d x 1 ) ] + E 2 ω x exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t d x 2 ) 2 ( 2 τ ω ) 2 ] cos [ 2 ω ( t t d x 2 ) + θ 1 ] , E y ( t ) = E ω y exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t d y 1 ) 2 τ ω 2 ] cos [ ω ( t t d y 1 ) + φ ] + E 2 ω y exp [ 2 ln 2 ( t t d y 2 ) 2 ( 2 τ ω ) 2 ] cos [ 2 ω ( t t d y 2 ) + θ 2 ]

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