Abstract

We have fabricated electrically injected InAs/InGaAs/GaAs quantum-dot (QD) photonic-crystal (PC) surface-emitting lasers (SELs) and successfully demonstrated room-temperature lasing emissions at 1.3-μm wavelength for the first time. The PCSEL device fabrication was greatly simplified by deposition of transparent conducting layer of indium-tin-oxide over “PC slab-on-substrate” structure. The threshold current density per QD layer was as low as 50 A/cm2/layer; however, the optical output was limited to 2 mW. The band-edge lasing mode was identified and near-circular beam with narrow divergence angle less than 2° was achieved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

Asano, T.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bewley, W. W.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bordas, F.

Canedy, C. L.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. Y.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. W.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. S.

Cheng, J.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dupuy, E.

Fan, S.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujita, M.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gendry, M.

Hains, C. P.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Herfort, J.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hirose, K.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, K. B.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hsu, M. Y.

Huang, X.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Imada, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ishizaki, K.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwahashi, S.

Iwamoto, S.

Jianglin, Y.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kao, C. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kao, T. T.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kitamura, K.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korotkov, A. L.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kumagai, N.

Kunishi, W.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, H. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kurosaka, Y.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. P.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. L.

Liang, Y.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, C. Peng, K. Sakai, S. Iwahashi, and S. Noda, “Three-dimensional coupled-wave analysis for square-lattice photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with transverse-electric polarization: finite-size effects,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15945–15961 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C. H.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, G.

T. S. Chen, Z. L. Li, M. Y. Hsu, G. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with quantum dot active region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4547–4552 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, L. F.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. D.

Lindle, J. R.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. T.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, T. C.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Malloy, K. J.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsubara, H.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, J. R.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miyai, E.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mochizuki, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

Murata, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, C. Peng, K. Sakai, S. Iwahashi, and S. Noda, “Three-dimensional coupled-wave analysis for square-lattice photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with transverse-electric polarization: finite-size effects,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15945–15961 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nomura, M.

Ohnishi, D.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okano, T.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okino, T.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ota, Y.

Pan, C. H.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, C.

Perera, A. G. U.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ploog, K. H.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rahmani, A.

Regreny, P.

Saito, H.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakai, K.

Sasaki, G.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schaff, W. J.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

Shen, W. Z.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Steel, M. J.

Stintz, A.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, T.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tandaechanurat, A.

Tokuda, T.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Viktorovitch, P.

Vurgaftman, I.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, A.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshimoto, S.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Sakaguchi, W. Kunishi, S. Arimura, K. Nagase, E. Miyai, D. Ohnishi, E. Miyai, K. Sakai, and S. Noda, “Surface-Emitting Photonic-Crystal Laser with 35W Peak Power,” in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO, 2009), paper CTuH1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic layer structure, along with QD active region, of investigated sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Electrically injected PCSEL with its (a) schematic cross-section, (b) tilted-angle cross-sectional image from SEM, and (c) top-view image from SOM
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) L-I-V characteristics and (b) lasing spectra of 390-nm period QD PCSEL.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Angle-dependent spectra along Γ-X and Γ-M with angular step of 2°. (b) Emission spectra below and above threshold current.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The refractive index profile of investigated structure with corresponding electrical field intensity distribution along crystal growth direction.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) NFP, (b) FFP and (c) PP of QD PCSEL with lattice period of 390 nm.

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