Abstract

We have developed an electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe master oscillator power amplifier with nanosecond pulse operation. The amplifier system produced a broad tuning range from 2.26 to 2.66 μm and an output energy exceeding 50 mJ was obtained over a tuning range of 100 nm. The maximum energy conversion reached 46.6% at a wavelength of 2.41 μm when the pump fluence was 1.4 J/cm2. In addition, we show that Cr:ZnSe is an excellent gain medium for pulsed laser amplifiers to obtain high pulse energy in the broad mid-IR region and high extraction efficiency under low input fluence of 100 mJ/cm2 order.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2016 (2)

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

2015 (3)

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe laser pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25009–25016 (2015).
[PubMed]

2012 (2)

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

2002 (4)

A. C. Chiang, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, and M. Babzien, “Laser-induced damage threshold at chemical vapor deposition-grown diamond surfaces for 200-ps CO2 laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 164–166 (2002).
[PubMed]

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

1997 (1)

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

1996 (3)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

S. Wada, K. Akagawa, and H. Tashiro, “Electronically tuned Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(10), 731–733 (1996).
[PubMed]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

1991 (1)

1981 (1)

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

1974 (1)

I. C. Chang, “Nonlinear acousto-optic filter with large angular aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 370372 (1974).

Adetunji, O. O.

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

Aitchison, J. S.

Akagawa, K.

Aoki, A.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Babzien, M.

Burger, A.

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

Cankaya, H.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

Cha, S.

Chan, K. P.

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

I. C. Chang, “Nonlinear acousto-optic filter with large angular aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 370372 (1974).

Chattopadhyay, K.

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

Chen, K. T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

Chiang, A. C.

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

Fedorov, V. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Gafarov, O.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Ganikhanov, F.

Gapontsev, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Huang, Y. C.

Ichinose, S.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Ito, H.

Izumi, Y.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Kato, M.

Killinger, D. K.

Konstantinov, V. I.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Kurt, A.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

Levechenko, V. I.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Lin, T.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Lin, Y. Y.

Maffetone, J. P.

Major, A.

Martinez, A.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Martyshkin, D.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Martyshkin, D. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Mikhailov, V. P.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Mirov, M.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Mirov, M. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Mirov, S. B.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Miyamoto, K.

Mizutani, K.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Moskalev, I. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Nagasaka, K.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Nakajima, S.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Ndap, J. O.

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

Nikolakakos, I.

Page, R. H.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

Peppers, J.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Postnova, L. I.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Ruderman, W.

Saito, N.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe laser pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25009–25016 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

N. Saito, M. Kato, S. Wada, and H. Tashiro, “Automatic continuous scanning and random-access switching of mid-infrared waves generated by difference-frequency mixing,” Opt. Lett. 31(13), 2024–2026 (2006).
[PubMed]

Schaffers, K. I.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

Sennaroglu, A.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

Smith, P. W. E.

Smolski, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, “Cr2+-doped II-VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26, 395 (2004).

Takagi, U.

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe laser pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25009–25016 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

Tashiro, H.

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

Tomida, T.

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

Urata, Y.

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

Vasilyev, S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wada, S.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe laser pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25009–25016 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

N. Saito, M. Kato, S. Wada, and H. Tashiro, “Automatic continuous scanning and random-access switching of mid-infrared waves generated by difference-frequency mixing,” Opt. Lett. 31(13), 2024–2026 (2006).
[PubMed]

S. Wada, K. Akagawa, and H. Tashiro, “Electronically tuned Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(10), 731–733 (1996).
[PubMed]

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

Yakimovich, V. N.

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

Yoshino, F.

Yumoto, M.

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Electronically tuned Cr:ZnSe laser pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25009–25016 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

Zelmon, D. E.

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

Zwieback, I.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Operation of femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:ZnSe lasers with different dispersion compensation methods,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 887–892 (2012).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. C. Chang, “Nonlinear acousto-optic filter with large angular aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 370372 (1974).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 609 (1997).

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, Y. Urata, and S. Wada, “128 mJ/pulse, laser-diode pumped, Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1601305 (2015).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in Mid-IR Lasers Based on Cr and Fe Doped II-VI Chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1601719 (2015).

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

V. I. Levechenko, V. N. Yakimovich, L. I. Postnova, V. I. Konstantinov, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Preparation and properties of bulk ZnSe:Cr single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 198–199, 980–983 (1999).

J. O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176–184 (2002).

J. Electron. Mater. (2)

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-Metal-Doped Chalcogenide Lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

T. Lin, A. Aoki, N. Saito, M. Yumoto, S. Nakajima, K. Nagasaka, S. Ichinose, K. Mizutani, S. Wada, and Y. Izumi, “Dental hard tissue ablation using mid-infrared tunable nanosecond pulsed Cr:CdSe laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(10), 965–977 (2016).
[PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, “Cr2+-doped II-VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26, 395 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. Saito, M. Yumoto, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “All-solid-state rapidly tunable coherent 6-10 μm light source,” Proc. SPIE 8526, 852605 (2012).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, O. Gafarov, A. Martinez, J. Peppers, V. Smolski, S. Vasilyev, and V. Gapontsev, “Mid-IR gain media based on transition metal-doped II-VI chalcogenides,” Proc. SPIE 9744, 974440A (2016).

Other (5)

A. Zakel, G. J. Wagner, A. C. Sullivan, J. F. Wenzel, W. J. Alford, and T. J. Carrig, “High-brightness, rapidly-tunable Cr:ZnSe lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics2005, p. MD2.

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, and S. Wada, “High-efficient, high-energy-pulse generation in 2.2-2.6 µm by Cr:ZnSe single-pass amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics2016, OSA Technical Digest, paper JTu5A.37.

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, C. Fischer, and M. W. Sigrist, “Widely Tunable Cr2+:ZnSe Laser Source for Trace-Gas Sensing,” in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics2005, p. MD4.

M. Yumoto, N. Saito, T. Tomida, U. Takagi, and S. Wada, “Multi-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier pumped with Q-switched Tm:YAG laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics2013, OSA Technical Digest, paper CTu3D.2.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 6th Rev. Ed. (Springer, 2006), pp.158–171.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the single-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier. (b) Schematic diagram of the multi-stage (three-stage) Cr:ZnSe power amplifier.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output energy performance of single-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Tuning characteristics of the single-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output energy extracted from the Cr:ZnSe power amplifiers at each stage.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Input and output beam profiles of the multi-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier. (a) Beam profile input to first stage. (b), (c), and (d) Beam profiles extracted from first, second, and third stages, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output energy extracted from the multi-stage Cr:ZnSe power amplifier and filter tuning curve of the AOTF as a function of wavelength.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Dependence of extraction efficiency and output energy on input fluence in Cr:ZnSe and Ti:Al2O3 single-pass amplifiers.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Optical properties of Cr:ZnSe and Ti:Al2O3.

Equations (3)

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E out = E s ln{ G 0 [ Exp( E in E s )1 ]+1 }
G 0 =Exp( g 0 l )=Exp( E sto l E s )
η ext = E out E in E sto ,

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