Abstract

We propose 4D modulation with direct detection employing a novel Stokes vector Kramers Kronig transceiver. It shows that employing a Stokes vector receiver, transmitting a digital carrier and using Kramers Kronig detection offer an effective way to de-rotate polarization multiplexed complex double side band signal without using a local oscillator at receiver. The impact of system parameters and configurations including carrier-to-signal-power ratio, guard band of the digital carrier, digital oversampling ratio and real MIMO is experimentally investigated. Finally, a record net data rate of 400 Gb/s (a raw rate of 480 Gb/s including FEC overhead) over 80 km SSMF is achieved in a 60 Gbaud PDM-16QAM single carrier experiment with a BER below the threshold of 2.0x10−2.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (4)

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “Evaluation of real-time 8 × 56.25 Gb/s (400G) PAM-4 for inter-data center application over 80 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 955–962 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization demultiplexing for Stokes vector direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Four-dimensional modulation and Stokes direct detection of polarization division multiplexed intensities, inter polarization phase and inter polarization differential phase,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1585–1592 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, X. Chen, K. Kim, S. Chandrasekhar, Y.-K. Chen, and J. H. Sinsky, “128-Gb/s 100-km transmission with direct detection using silicon photonic Stokes vector receiver and I/Q modulator,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14208–14214 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, Q. Hu, and W. Shieh, “Linearization of direct detection optical channels using self-coherent subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 516–524 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

M. Faruk and K. Kikuchi, “Compensation for in-phase/quadrature imbalance in coherent-receiver front end for optical quadrature amplitude modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 7800110 (2013).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Antonelli, C.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Bayvel, P.

Cartledge, J. C.

Chagnon, M.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Four-dimensional modulation and Stokes direct detection of polarization division multiplexed intensities, inter polarization phase and inter polarization differential phase,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1585–1592 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chanrasekhar, S.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Che, D.

Chen, W.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.-K.

Dochhan, A.

Dong, P.

Eiselt, M. H.

Eiselt, N.

Elbers, J.

Erkilinc, M. S.

Faruk, M.

M. Faruk and K. Kikuchi, “Compensation for in-phase/quadrature imbalance in coherent-receiver front end for optical quadrature amplitude modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 7800110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Galdino, L.

Gao, Y.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gareau, S.

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

Griesser, H.

Hoang, T.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Hoang, T. M.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

Karar, A. S.

Kikuchi, K.

M. Faruk and K. Kikuchi, “Compensation for in-phase/quadrature imbalance in coherent-receiver front end for optical quadrature amplitude modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 7800110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Killey, R. I.

Kim, K.

Laperle, C.

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lau, A. P. T.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lessard, S.

Li, A.

Li, Z.

Liboiron-Ladouceur, O.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, C.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Man, J.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Monga, I.

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

Morsy-Osman, M.

Olmos, J. J. V.

Osman, M.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Paquet, C.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Paquet, S.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Patel, D.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

Plant, D. V.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Four-dimensional modulation and Stokes direct detection of polarization division multiplexed intensities, inter polarization phase and inter polarization differential phase,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1585–1592 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Poulin, M.

Qiu, M.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, K.

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

Samani, A.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Savory, S. J.

Shi, K.

Shieh, W.

Shtaif, M.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Sillekens, E.

Sinsky, J. H.

Sowailem, M.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Sowailem, M. Y. S.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, B. C.

Veerasubramanian, V.

Wang, Y.

Wei, J.

Winzer, P.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Woods, I.

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “100G and 200G single carrier transmission over 2880 and 320 km using an InP IQ modulator and Stokes vector receiver,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30485–30493 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Zeng, L.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhong, K. P.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhuge, Q.

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

K. Roberts, Q. Zhuge, I. Monga, S. Gareau, and C. Laperle, “Beyond 100 Gb/s: capacity, flexibility, and network optimization,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(4), C12–C24 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

M. Faruk and K. Kikuchi, “Compensation for in-phase/quadrature imbalance in coherent-receiver front end for optical quadrature amplitude modulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 7800110 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Sowailem, T. Hoang, M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “Impact of chromatics dispersion compensation in single carrier two-dimensional stokes vector direct detection,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 7203110 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “140 Gbit/s 20km transmission PAM-4 signal at 1.3mm for short reach communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1757–1760 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

N. Eiselt, J. Wei, H. Griesser, A. Dochhan, M. H. Eiselt, J. Elbers, J. J. V. Olmos, and I. T. Monroy, “Evaluation of real-time 8 × 56.25 Gb/s (400G) PAM-4 for inter-data center application over 80 km of SSMF at 1550 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 955–962 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Four-dimensional modulation and Stokes direct detection of polarization division multiplexed intensities, inter polarization phase and inter polarization differential phase,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1585–1592 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che, Q. Hu, and W. Shieh, “Linearization of direct detection optical channels using self-coherent subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 516–524 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and Kramers-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Cartledge and A. S. Karar, “100 Gb/s intensity modulation and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2809–2814 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. V. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using Stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization demultiplexing for Stokes vector direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (1)

Other (13)

S. T. Le, K. Schuh, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, R. Dischler, V. Aref, H. Buelow, and K. Engenhardt, “8x256 Gbps virtual-carrier assisted WDM direct-detection transmission over a single span of 200km,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), paper Th.PDP.B1.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “4x240 Gb/s dense WDM and PDM Kramers-Kronig detection with 125-km SSMF transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017), paper W.2.D.4.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chanrasekhar, and P. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

S. Tsukamoto, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK signals with 16-Ghz spacing after 200-km transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper PDP-29.

M. Birk, L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, C. Cole, C. Yu, M. Akashi, K. Hiramoto, X. Fu, P. Brooks, A. Schubert, T. Baldwin, R. Luking, and G. Pepper, “First 400GBASE-LR8 interoperability using CFP8 modules,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th5B.7.

Cisco Global Cloud Index, November (2016). https://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/global-cloud-index-gci/white-paper-c11-738085.pdf

K. P. Zhong, X. Zhou, Y. Wang, T. Gui, Y. Yang, J. Yuan, L. Wang, W. Chen, L. Zeng, C. Yu, A. P. T. Lau, and C. Lu, “Recent advances in short reach systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Tu2D.7.
[Crossref]

IEEE 802.3, [online], http://www.ieee802.org/3 .

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual-polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W1A.2.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “Linearization of direct detection optical channels using self-coherent subsystems,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015), paper Mo.4.5.2.

M. Chagnon and D. V. Plant, “504 and 462 Gb/s direct detect transceiver for single carrier short-reach data center applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper W3B.2.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. V. Plant, “Enabling high-capacity long reach direct detection transmission with QAM-PAM Stokes vector modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

K. Kikuchi, “Simple and efficient algorithm for polarization tracking and demultiplexing in dual-polarization IM/DD systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th1E.3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Evolution of direct detection over the last four years.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the proposed SVKK system including (a) the transmitter with DSP blocks to generate signals, and (b) the receiver with DSP blocks after the SVR to recover PDM signals, and constellations of 60 Gbaud 16QAM signals after 80km.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup. Inset is the optical spectrum of 60 Gbaud 16QAM after 0.4 nm optical filter.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Impact of CSPR and Guard band with PDM-16QAM 27 Gbaud in B2B, (b) BER versus OSNR for 27Gbaud in B2B.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Demonstration of Stokes polarization de-multiplexing: (a) the amplitude of transmitted |Ex|2 and received |Ex|2 during training period at 2 different SOP; (b) SNR versus SOP for 27 Gbaud DP-16QAM signals in B2B and 80 km cases.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Parametric study of SVKK. (a) BER versus baud rate employing 8QAM, 16QAM, 32QAM and 64QAM in B2B, (b) SNR versus roll-off-factor for 27 Gbaud 16QAM in B2B, (c) BER versus digital oversampling ratio with three CD compensation schemes, and (d) SNR versus distance for 27 Gbaud 16QAM. Inset: 16QAM constellations after 80 km using real and complex MIMO.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) BER versus baud rate of DP-16QAM signals. Inset: constellation of 60 Gbaud signal after 80km. (b) SNR versus digital oversampling ratio (samples/symbol) at various baud rate.

Equations (2)

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[ | E D+C tX | 2 | E D+C tY | 2 S 2 S 3 ]=[ m 11 m 12 m 13 m 14 m 21 m 22 m 23 m 24 m 31 m 32 m 33 m 34 m 41 m 42 m 43 m 44 ][ | E X r | 2 | E Y r | 2 2Re[ E D+C rX E D+C rY * ] 2Im[ E D+C rX E D+C rY * ] ]
[ E ' X t E ' Y t ]=[ | E D+C tX | e i Ø X mean(| E D+C tX | 2 ) | E D+C tY | e i Ø Y mean(| E D+C tY | 2 ) ] e iπBt

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