Abstract

The sensitive detection of terahertz (THz)-wave radiation from compact sources at room temperature is crucial for real-world THz-wave applications. Here, we demonstrate the nonlinear optical detection of THz-wave radiation from continuous-wave (CW) resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) at 0.58, 0.78, and 1.14 THz. The up-conversion process in a MgO:LiNbO3 crystal under the noncollinear phase-matching condition offers efficient wavelength conversion from a THz wave to a near-infrared (NIR) wave that is detected using a commercial NIR photodetector. The minimum detection limit of CW THz-wave power is as low as 5 nW at 1.14 THz, corresponding to 2-aJ energy and 2.7 × 103 photons within the time window of a 0.31-ns pump pulse. Our results show that the input frequency and power of RTD devices can be calibrated by measuring the output wavelength and energy of up-converted waves, respectively. This optical detection technique for compact electronic THz-wave sources will open up a new opportunity for the realization of real-world THz-wave applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2016 (5)

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asada and S. Suzuki, “Room-temperature oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes close to 2 THz and their functions for various applications,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 37(12), 1185–1198 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

T. Otsuji, “Trends in the research of modern terahertz detectors: plasmon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5(6), 1110–1120 (2015).

A. J. Lee and H. M. Pask, “Cascaded simulated polariton scattering in a Mg:LiNbO3 terahertz laser,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8687–8698 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

H. Ito, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Terahertz wave photonics,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 0701405 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Coherent detection of pulsed narrowband terahertz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aghasi, A.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asada, M.

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asada and S. Suzuki, “Room-temperature oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes close to 2 THz and their functions for various applications,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 37(12), 1185–1198 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Coherent detection of pulsed narrowband terahertz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. C.

Ducournau, G.

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, R.

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, Z.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, S.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heshmat, B.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikari, T.

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizuki, H.

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

H. Ito, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Terahertz wave photonics,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 0701405 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanaya, H.

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kaushik, S.

Kawase, K.

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khan, M. J.

Koyama, M.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, A. J.

Maekawa, T.

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

Matsukawa, T.

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Minamide, H.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, K.

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nagatsuma, T.

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nahata, A.

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Coherent detection of pulsed narrowband terahertz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Naqvi, S.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nawata, K.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Notake, T.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ogawa, Y.

Ohno, S.

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Otani, C.

Otsuji, T.

T. Otsuji, “Trends in the research of modern terahertz detectors: plasmon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5(6), 1110–1120 (2015).

Pask, H. M.

Qi, F.

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redo-Sanchez, A.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renaud, C. C.

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Romberg, J.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shikata, J.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hayashi, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, Y. Ogawa, J. Shikata, H. Ito, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Output power enhancement of a palmtop terahertz-wave parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 46(1), 117–123 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sogabe, R.

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, H.

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, S.

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asada and S. Suzuki, “Room-temperature oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes close to 2 THz and their functions for various applications,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 37(12), 1185–1198 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takida, Y.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Teranishi, A.

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tokizane, Y.

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Maekawa, H. Kanaya, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Oscillation up to 1.92 THz in resonant tunneling diode by reduced conduction loss,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 024101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. Suzuki, M. Asada, A. Teranishi, H. Sugiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Fundamental oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes above 1 THz at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(24), 242102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Coherent detection of pulsed narrowband terahertz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Guo, S. Ohno, H. Minamide, T. Ikari, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitive coherent detection of terahertz waves at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, J. Zhang, R. Guo, K. Miyamoto, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Highly-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves using nonlinear up-conversion in an organic 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121106 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Nawata, T. Notake, H. Ishizuki, F. Qi, Y. Takida, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, T. Taira, and H. Minamide, “Effective terahertz-to-near-infrared photon conversion in slant-stripe-type periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(9), 091125 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

H. Ito, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2013: Terahertz wave photonics,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 0701405 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

T. Otsuji, “Trends in the research of modern terahertz detectors: plasmon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5(6), 1110–1120 (2015).

J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves (3)

H. Kanaya, R. Sogabe, T. Maekawa, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Fundamental oscillation up to 1.42 THz in resonant tunneling diodes by optimized collector spacer thickness,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(5), 425–431 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Asada and S. Suzuki, “Room-temperature oscillation of resonant tunneling diodes close to 2 THz and their functions for various applications,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 37(12), 1185–1198 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infr. Millim. THz Waves 35(1), 25–37 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Qi, S. Fan, T. Notake, K. Nawata, T. Matsukawa, Y. Takida, and H. Minamide, “An ultra-broadband frequency-domain terahertz measurement system based on frequency conversion via DAST crystal with an optimized phase-matching condtion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(8), 085403 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. Minamide, “Ultrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperature,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5045 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Y. Takida, N. Shiba, T. Notake, K. Nawata, F. Qi, S. Fan, S. Hayashi, N. Hiromoto, and H. Minamide, “Effect of terahertz-wave interference on power calibration accuracy,” in Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), (2014), paper M5–P7.4.
[Crossref]

W. Robert, Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 2003), Chap. 2.

Y. Takida, K. Nawata, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, and H. Minamide, “Terahertz-wave differential detection based on simultaneous dual-wavelength up-conversion,” submitted.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Photograph and (b) schematic structure of typical RTD device. (c) Oscillation frequency of three RTD devices measured using a scanning Fabry-Pérot cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic experimental setup for nonlinear optical detection of THz-wave radiation from RTD devices with MgO:LiNbO3 crystals. PD: photodetector.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Optical spectra and (b) temporal profiles of pump wave (red) and up-converted wave (green) with 1.14-THz RTD device. Spontaneous parametric fluorescence was observed from the pump wave when the RTD device was turned off, as shown by the dashed curves in (a) and (b). The intensity difference between the up-converted wave and background fluorescence shown in (a) was 11 dB. The temporal waveforms of pump and up-converted waves shown in (b) are averages of 8 and 100 pulses, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured up-converted signal as a function of input THz-wave average power. The squares, triangles, and circles represent the experimental data obtained at 0.58, 0.78, and 1.14 THz, respectively. The dashed lines show the linear relationship between input THz-wave power and output up-converted signal with a slope of 1. The dotted horizontal line indicates the noise level. (b) Frequency dependence of minimum detectable average power on a logarithmic scale (left) and calculated parametric gain on a linear scale (right).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison between RTD (circles) and is-TPG (diamonds) at 1.14 THz. The input THz-wave pulse energy for the RTD device was calculated from the pump pulse duration of 0.31 ns. The dashed line shows the linear relationship between input THz-wave energy and output up-converted energy with a slope of 1. The dotted horizontal line indicates the noise level. The top horizontal scale shows the corresponding number of THz-wave photons.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of three RTD devices used in this study.

Metrics