Abstract

Near-infrared photoluminescence properties of PbS QDs embedded in glasses were investigated upon below-bandgap excitation. PbS QDs were precipitated in the glasses upon thermal treatment. Near-infrared anti-Stokes photoluminescence (ASPL) from PbS QDs was observed. Dependence of the ASPL on size and excitation power indicated that ASPL was phonon-assisted one-photon process. These near-infrared anti-Stokes photoluminescence of PbS QDs in glasses have potential applications for light conversion and laser cooling.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  3. W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. G. Soos and R. G. Kepler, “Two-photon-absorption spectrum of poly(di-n-hexylsilane) films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(14), 11908–11912 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Zegrya and V. Kharchenko, “New mechanism of Auger recombination of nonequilibrium current carriers in semiconductor heterostructures,” Sov. Phys. JETP 74(1), 173–181 (1992).
  8. W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
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  9. E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

2015 (1)

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2008 (1)

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

2007 (3)

C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. J. Fernée, P. Jensen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Unconventional photoluminescence upconversion from PbS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(4), 043112 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harbold and F. W. Wise, “Photoluminescence spectroscopy of PbSe nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125304 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

T. Fujino, T. Fujima, and T. Tahara, “Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15327–15331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

G. Zegrya and V. Kharchenko, “New mechanism of Auger recombination of nonequilibrium current carriers in semiconductor heterostructures,” Sov. Phys. JETP 74(1), 173–181 (1992).

1991 (1)

Z. G. Soos and R. G. Kepler, “Two-photon-absorption spectrum of poly(di-n-hexylsilane) films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(14), 11908–11912 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

1928 (1)

R. W. Wood, “XXIX. Anti-Stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids,” London Edinburgh Dublin Philos. Magazine J. Sci. 6(35), 310–312 (1928).
[Crossref]

Adam, J. L.

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

Aldana, J.

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bässler, H.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bovin, J.-O.

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

Buchwald, M. I.

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Collins, T.

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

Donegan, J.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Donegan, J. F.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Edwards, B. C.

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Epstein, R. I.

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Eychmüller, A.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fernée, M. J.

M. J. Fernée, P. Jensen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Unconventional photoluminescence upconversion from PbS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(4), 043112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Filonovich, S.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Filonovich, S. A.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fujima, T.

T. Fujino, T. Fujima, and T. Tahara, “Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15327–15331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujino, T.

T. Fujino, T. Fujima, and T. Tahara, “Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15327–15331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Göbel, E.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gomes, M.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gomes, M. J. M.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gosnell, T. R.

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Greiner, A.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, N.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Happ, M.

W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
[Crossref]

Harbold, J. M.

J. M. Harbold and F. W. Wise, “Photoluminescence spectroscopy of PbSe nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125304 (2007).
[Crossref]

Heesel, H.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Heimbrodt, W.

W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
[Crossref]

Henneberger, F.

W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
[Crossref]

Heo, J.

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jensen, P.

M. J. Fernée, P. Jensen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Unconventional photoluminescence upconversion from PbS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(4), 043112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Joly, A. G.

W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kachynski, A.

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kashyap, R.

Kasowski, R.

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kepler, R. G.

Z. G. Soos and R. G. Kepler, “Two-photon-absorption spectrum of poly(di-n-hexylsilane) films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(14), 11908–11912 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kharchenko, V.

G. Zegrya and V. Kharchenko, “New mechanism of Auger recombination of nonequilibrium current carriers in semiconductor heterostructures,” Sov. Phys. JETP 74(1), 173–181 (1992).

Kurz, H.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kuzmin, A.

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kwon, Y. K.

C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lemmer, U.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lenth, W.

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

Litton, C.

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mahler, W.

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

Mahrt, R.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Malm, J.-O.

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

McCready, D. E.

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Micic, O. I.

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mungan, C. E.

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nemova, G.

Nozik, A. J.

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Poles, E.

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P.

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pudavar, H.

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rakovich, Y. P.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, D.

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

Rischer, R.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rogach, A.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rogach, A. L.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

M. J. Fernée, P. Jensen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Unconventional photoluminescence upconversion from PbS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(4), 043112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Selmarten, D. C.

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

Silversmith, A.

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

Soos, Z. G.

Z. G. Soos and R. G. Kepler, “Two-photon-absorption spectrum of poly(di-n-hexylsilane) films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(14), 11908–11912 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, G.

G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

Suna, A.

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

Tahara, T.

T. Fujino, T. Fujima, and T. Tahara, “Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15327–15331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talapin, D.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tong, F.

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

J. M. Harbold and F. W. Wise, “Photoluminescence spectroscopy of PbSe nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125304 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “XXIX. Anti-Stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids,” London Edinburgh Dublin Philos. Magazine J. Sci. 6(35), 310–312 (1928).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yu, W. W.

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zegrya, G.

G. Zegrya and V. Kharchenko, “New mechanism of Auger recombination of nonequilibrium current carriers in semiconductor heterostructures,” Sov. Phys. JETP 74(1), 173–181 (1992).

Zhang, J.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

Zhao, X.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

Zhao, Z.

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

R. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw neodymium upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(16), 1300–1302 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. Kachynski, A. Kuzmin, H. Pudavar, and P. Prasad, “Three-dimensional confocal thermal imaging using anti-Stokes luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 023901 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Poles, D. C. Selmarten, O. I. Mićić, and A. J. Nozik, “Anti-Stokes photoluminescence in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(7), 971–973 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. J. Fernée, P. Jensen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Unconventional photoluminescence upconversion from PbS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(4), 043112 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, Y. K. Kwon, and J. Heo, “Temperature-dependent brightening and darkening of photoluminescence from PbS quantum dots in glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

U. Lemmer, R. Rischer, J. Feldmann, R. Mahrt, J. Yang, A. Greiner, H. Bässler, E. Göbel, H. Heesel, and H. Kurz, “Time-resolved studies of two-photon absorption processes in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) s,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 203(1), 28–32 (1993).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. (1)

N. Han, C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Xie, J. Han, X. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “Quantum dots in glasses: size-dependent Stokes shift by lead chalcogenide,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 6(4), 339–344 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

Y. Wang, A. Suna, W. Mahler, and R. Kasowski, “PbS in polymers. From molecules to bulk solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 87(12), 7315–7322 (1987).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, A. G. Joly, and D. E. McCready, “Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(22), 224708 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

N. Han, C. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Heo, and Y. Jiang, “Infrared photoluminescence from lead sulfide quantum dots in glasses enriched in sulfur,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 39–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, J. Heo, X. Zhang, and J. L. Adam, “Photoluminescence of PbS quantum dots embedded in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2), 618–623 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

T. Fujino, T. Fujima, and T. Tahara, “Femtosecond fluorescence dynamics imaging using a fluorescence up-conversion microscope,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15327–15331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

London Edinburgh Dublin Philos. Magazine J. Sci. (1)

R. W. Wood, “XXIX. Anti-Stokes radiation of fluorescent liquids,” London Edinburgh Dublin Philos. Magazine J. Sci. 6(35), 310–312 (1928).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377(6549), 500–503 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

J. M. Harbold and F. W. Wise, “Photoluminescence spectroscopy of PbSe nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125304 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, W. W. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Aldana, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 68(12), 125318 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. G. Joly, W. Chen, D. E. McCready, J.-O. Malm, and J.-O. Bovin, “Upconversion luminescence of CdTe nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 71(16), 165304 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Heimbrodt, M. Happ, and F. Henneberger, “Giant anti-Stokes photoluminescence from semimagnetic heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(24), R16326 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

Z. G. Soos and R. G. Kepler, “Two-photon-absorption spectrum of poly(di-n-hexylsilane) films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 43(14), 11908–11912 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Litton, D. Reynolds, T. Collins, and Y. Park, “Exciton-LO-Phonon Interaction and the Anti-Stokes Emission Line in CdS,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(23), 1619–1621 (1970).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

Y. P. Rakovich, S. A. Filonovich, M. J. M. Gomes, J. F. Donegan, D. V. Talapin, and A. L. Rogach, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II–VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. (1)

Y. P. Rakovich, S. Filonovich, M. Gomes, J. Donegan, D. Talapin, A. Rogach, and A. Eychmüller, “Anti-Stokes Photoluminescence in II-VI Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 229, 449–452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

G. Zegrya and V. Kharchenko, “New mechanism of Auger recombination of nonequilibrium current carriers in semiconductor heterostructures,” Sov. Phys. JETP 74(1), 173–181 (1992).

Other (1)

G. Su, X. Zhao, C. Liu, and X. Zhou, “Size-dependent photoluminescence of PbS QDs embedded in silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. Submitted.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 X-ray diffraction patterns of as-prepared and thermal treated glasses. The bottom line is the diffraction pattern of bulk PbS crystal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption and photoluminescence spectra of PbS QDs doped glasses heat-treated at different temperature and duration. The left numbers are the diameters of PbS QDs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectrum (solid line), photoluminescence spectrum (open square) excited at 800 nm, 1319 nm (solid circle) and 1532 nm (open circle) of PbS QDs (diameter 4.7 nm) doped glass recorded at room temperature.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Absorption spectrum (solid line), normal photoluminescence spectrum excited at 800 nm (open circle), and ASPL excited at 1532 nm (open square) with rising pump intensity of 5.3 nm-sized PbS QDs recorded at room temperature; (b) Absorption spectrum (solid line), normal photoluminescence spectrum excited at 800 nm (solid circle), and ASPL excited at 1532 nm with 0.2 W (solid square) and 1.0 W (open square) of 5.8 nm-sized PbS QDs recorded at room temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 ASPL photoluminescence spectra of (a) 3.9 nm (excited at 1319 nm), (b) 5.3 nm (excited at 1532 nm) and (c) 5.8 nm (excited at 1532 nm); (d) excitation power dependence of the integral ASPL intensities; (e) energies and (f) full width at half maximum of P1 and P2 bands obtained from dual Gaussian function simulation obtained from various sized PbS QDs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic diagram of the photoluminescence process of PbS QDs. The red dashed lines are the surface trap states (STS) and the dashed area represents the defect states (DS).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D= 0.89λ βcosθ
ΔE=[ E g 2 + 2 2 E g (π/r ) m * ] 1/2

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