Abstract

Recently, China is planning to construct a new large optical-infrared telescope (LOT), in which the aperture of the primary mirror is as large as 12m. China’s LOT is a general-purpose telescope, which is aimed to work with multiple scientific instruments such as spectrographs. Based on the requirements of LOT telescope, we have compared the performance of Ritchey–Chrétien (RC) design and Aplanatic-Gregorian (AG) design from the perspective of scientific performance and construction cost. By taking the primary focal ratio, Nasmyth focal ratio, and telescope’s site condition into consideration, we finally recommend a RC f/1.6 design configuration for LOT’s Nasmyth telescope system. Unlike the general identical configuration, we choose a non-identical configuration for the telescope system which has a shorter Cassegrain focal ratio compared to the designed Nasmyth focal ratio. The non-identical design can allow for a shorter back focal distance and therefore a shorter telescope fork to guarantee the gravitational stability of the whole telescope structure, as well as relatively lower construction cost. Detailed analysis for the feasibility of our recommended design is provided in this paper.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Feasibility studies for the alignment of the Thirty Meter Telescope

David C. Zimmerman
Appl. Opt. 49(18) 3485-3498 (2010)

Hyperbolic primary telescope configuration

Aden B. Meinel, Marjorie P. Meinel, and Ding-Qiang Su
Appl. Opt. 23(15) 2469-2471 (1984)

Low-order aberration correction of the TMT tertiary mirror prototype based on a warping harness

Linchu Han, Chengzhi Liu, Cunbo Fan, Zhenwei Li, Jingxu Zhang, and Xiaolin Yin
Appl. Opt. 57(7) 1662-1670 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. J. Schroeder, Astronomical Optics (Academic Press, 2000).
  4. J. E. Nelson, T. S. Mast, and S. M. Faber, “The design of the Keck observatory and telescope,” Keck Observatory Report No. 90, 1985.
  5. N. Kaifu, “Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 3352, 14–22 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. E. Nelson, “Design concepts for the California extremely large telescope (CELT),” Proc. SPIE 4004, 282–289 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. M. Hill and P. Salinari, “The large binocular telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 140–153 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Andersen, A. Ardeberg, and M. Owner-Petersen, eds., “Euro50: Design Study of a 50 m Adaptive Optics Telescope,” Lund Observatory, Sweden, 2003.
  10. D. Ma and Z. Cai, “Scientific performance analysis of the SYZ telescope design vs. the RC telescope design,” PASP 130(84), 025001 (2017).
  11. W. B. Wetherell and M. P. Rimmer, “General Analysis of Aplanatic Cassegrain, Gregorian, and Schwarzschild Telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 11(12), 2817–2832 (1972).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. V. Sacek, Notes on Amateur Telescope Optics (Web-published, 2006), Chap. 8.
  13. R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT),” Messenger (Los Angel.) 127, 11–19 (2007).
  14. J. Lubliner and J. E. Nelson, “Stressed mirror polishing. 1: A technique for producing nonaxisymmetric mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 19(14), 2332–2340 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. E. Nelson, G. Gabor, L. K. Hunt, J. Lubliner, and T. S. Mast, “Stressed mirror polishing. 2: Fabrication of an off-axis section of a paraboloid,” Appl. Opt. 19(14), 2341–2352 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
    [Crossref]
  19. W. Zhao and G. Cao, “Active cophasing and aligning testbed with segmented mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8670–8683 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. B. Delabre, “Optical design for an adaptive anastigmatic five-mirror extremely large telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 487(1), 389–397 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  26. I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Quattri, L. Zago, and F. Plätz, “Design evolution and performance evaluation of the VLT telescope structure,” in Proc. ESO Conf. on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation (1998), pp. 127 −146.
  28. “Personal communication” from Jerry Nelson.

2017 (2)

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Ma and Z. Cai, “Scientific performance analysis of the SYZ telescope design vs. the RC telescope design,” PASP 130(84), 025001 (2017).

2016 (1)

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

W. Zhao and G. Cao, “Active cophasing and aligning testbed with segmented mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8670–8683 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

B. Delabre, “Optical design for an adaptive anastigmatic five-mirror extremely large telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 487(1), 389–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT),” Messenger (Los Angel.) 127, 11–19 (2007).

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. M. Hill and P. Salinari, “The large binocular telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 140–153 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. E. Nelson, “Design concepts for the California extremely large telescope (CELT),” Proc. SPIE 4004, 282–289 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

N. Kaifu, “Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 3352, 14–22 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

1972 (1)

Adkins, S.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Aliado, T.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Andersen, D. R.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Angeli, G. Z.

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bai, H.

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baranec, C.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bendek, E.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigelow, B. C.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bolte, M.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brast, R.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Brims, G.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Butterley, T.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Buzzoni, B.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

D. Ma and Z. Cai, “Scientific performance analysis of the SYZ telescope design vs. the RC telescope design,” PASP 130(84), 025001 (2017).

Canfield, J. M.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, G.

Carr, M.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cohen, J. G.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Constanza, A.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Courteville, A.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Crampton, D.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cromer, J.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cromer, J. L.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Cui, X.

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Delabre, B.

B. Delabre, “Optical design for an adaptive anastigmatic five-mirror extremely large telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 487(1), 389–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Derie, F.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Dierickx, P.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Dingizian, A.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Doehring, T.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dohlen, K.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Döhring, T.

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

Dupuy, C.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Ellerbroek, B.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Epps, H.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Epps, H. W.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Esposito, S.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Esteves, R.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Frank, C.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Fucik, J.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Gabor, G.

Gath, P.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gilmozzi, R.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT),” Messenger (Los Angel.) 127, 11–19 (2007).

Gonte, F.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Guisard, S.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Harris, F. H.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hart, M.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartmann, P.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

Hill, J. M.

J. M. Hill and P. Salinari, “The large binocular telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 140–153 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hunt, L. K.

Jedamzik, R.

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

Johns, M.

M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jolissaint, L.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaifu, N.

N. Kaifu, “Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 3352, 14–22 (1998).
[Crossref]

Karban, R.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Kibrick, R. I.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kling, G.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Koenig, E.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Kolb, J.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Konidaris, N.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuhr, M.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kulas, K.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Kulesa, C.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Labrecque, S.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Langlois, M.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Lentes, F.

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

Liang, M.

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lloyd-Hart, M.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lubliner, J.

Lucarelli, S.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lucinio, R.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ma, D.

D. Ma and Z. Cai, “Scientific performance analysis of the SYZ telescope design vs. the RC telescope design,” PASP 130(84), 025001 (2017).

Mace, G.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Magnone, K.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Mast, T. S.

Matthews, K. Y.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, D.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McLean, I. S.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Miller, J.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Miller, J. S.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Milton, N. M.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Montoya, L.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Morris, S.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Myers, R.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nattermann, K.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nelson, J. E.

Nissly, C.

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noethe, L.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Nylund, M.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Oke, J. B.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pinna, E.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Plätz, F.

M. Quattri, L. Zago, and F. Plätz, “Design evolution and performance evaluation of the VLT telescope structure,” in Proc. ESO Conf. on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation (1998), pp. 127 −146.

Powell, K.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quattri, M.

M. Quattri, L. Zago, and F. Plätz, “Design evolution and performance evaluation of the VLT telescope structure,” in Proc. ESO Conf. on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation (1998), pp. 127 −146.

Radovan, M. V.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reyes, M.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Rimmer, M. P.

Rodriguez, H.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Rudie, G.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Salinari, P.

J. M. Hill and P. Salinari, “The large binocular telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 140–153 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schaal, W.

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

Seo, B.

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sheinis, A. I.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Spyromilio, J.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT),” Messenger (Los Angel.) 127, 11–19 (2007).

Stalcup, T.

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steidel, C. C.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Stoesz, J.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Su, D.

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Surdej, I.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Sutin, B. M.

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Szeto, K.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Thomas, A.

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

Thomas, P.

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tokovinin, A.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Trainor, R.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Troy, M.

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

Véran, J.-P.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, E.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Weber, B.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Weiss, J.

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

Wetherell, W. B.

Wilhelm, R.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Wilson, R.

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yaitskova, N.

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zago, L.

M. Quattri, L. Zago, and F. Plätz, “Design evolution and performance evaluation of the VLT telescope structure,” in Proc. ESO Conf. on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation (1998), pp. 127 −146.

Zhao, W.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

B. Delabre, “Optical design for an adaptive anastigmatic five-mirror extremely large telescope,” Astron. Astrophys. 487(1), 389–397 (2008).
[Crossref]

Messenger (Los Angel.) (1)

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio, “The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT),” Messenger (Los Angel.) 127, 11–19 (2007).

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (2)

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “A suggested 12-m telescope optical system configuration for China,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460(2), 2286–2295 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Su, M. Liang, X. Yuan, H. Bai, and X. Cui, “The optical system of the proposed Chinese 12-m optical/infrared telescope,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 469(4), 3792–3801 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. Hart, N. M. Milton, C. Baranec, K. Powell, T. Stalcup, D. McCarthy, C. Kulesa, and E. Bendek, “A ground-layer adaptive optics system with multiple laser guide stars,” Nature 466(7307), 727–729 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

PASP (4)

D. R. Andersen, J. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, N. M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J.-P. Véran, and R. Wilson, “Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,” PASP 118(849), 1574–1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Oke, J. G. Cohen, M. Carr, J. Cromer, A. Dingizian, F. H. Harris, S. Labrecque, R. Lucinio, W. Schaal, H. Epps, and J. Miller, “The Keck low-resolution imaging spectrometer,” PASP 107, 375–385 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. I. Sheinis, M. Bolte, H. W. Epps, R. I. Kibrick, J. S. Miller, M. V. Radovan, B. C. Bigelow, and B. M. Sutin, “ESI, a new Keck Observatory echellette spectrograph and imager,” PASP 114(798), 851–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Ma and Z. Cai, “Scientific performance analysis of the SYZ telescope design vs. the RC telescope design,” PASP 130(84), 025001 (2017).

Proc. SPIE (9)

T. Döhring, P. Hartmann, R. Jedamzik, A. Thomas, and F. Lentes, “Properties of Zerodur mirror blanks for extremely large telescopes,” Proc. SPIE 6148, 61480G (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Hartmann, K. Nattermann, T. Doehring, M. Kuhr, P. Thomas, G. Kling, P. Gath, and S. Lucarelli, “Strength aspects for the design of ZERODUR glass ceramics structures,” Proc. SPIE 6666, 666603 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Gonte, N. Yaitskova, F. Derie, A. Constanza, R. Brast, B. Buzzoni, B. Delabre, P. Dierickx, C. Dupuy, R. Esteves, C. Frank, S. Guisard, R. Karban, E. Koenig, J. Kolb, M. Nylund, L. Noethe, I. Surdej, A. Courteville, R. Wilhelm, L. Montoya, M. Reyes, S. Esposito, E. Pinna, K. Dohlen, M. Ferrari, and M. Langlois, “APE: a breadboard to evaluate new phasing technologies for a future European Giant Optical Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 5894, 58940Z (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Kaifu, “Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE 3352, 14–22 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. E. Nelson, “Design concepts for the California extremely large telescope (CELT),” Proc. SPIE 4004, 282–289 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. M. Hill and P. Salinari, “The large binocular telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 4837, 140–153 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Johns, “The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT),” Proc. SPIE 6986, 698603 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. S. McLean, C. C. Steidel, H. W. Epps, N. Konidaris, K. Y. Matthews, S. Adkins, T. Aliado, G. Brims, J. M. Canfield, J. L. Cromer, J. Fucik, K. Kulas, G. Mace, K. Magnone, H. Rodriguez, G. Rudie, R. Trainor, E. Wang, B. Weber, and J. Weiss, “MOSFIRE, the multi-object spectrometer for infra-red exploration at the Keck observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8446, 84460J (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Z. Angeli, B. Seo, C. Nissly, and M. Troy, “A convenient telescope performance metric for imaging through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 812709 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

M. Quattri, L. Zago, and F. Plätz, “Design evolution and performance evaluation of the VLT telescope structure,” in Proc. ESO Conf. on Very Large Telescopes and their Instrumentation (1998), pp. 127 −146.

“Personal communication” from Jerry Nelson.

T. Andersen, A. Ardeberg, and M. Owner-Petersen, eds., “Euro50: Design Study of a 50 m Adaptive Optics Telescope,” Lund Observatory, Sweden, 2003.

D. J. Schroeder, Astronomical Optics (Academic Press, 2000).

J. E. Nelson, T. S. Mast, and S. M. Faber, “The design of the Keck observatory and telescope,” Keck Observatory Report No. 90, 1985.

V. Sacek, Notes on Amateur Telescope Optics (Web-published, 2006), Chap. 8.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical system configuration for LOT: (a) SYZ design; (b) RC design; (b) AG design.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Layout scheme for LOT’s primary mirror
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 LOT’s Nasmyth optical system based on RC configuration (f/1.6)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Diagram for LOT’s Cassegrain system based on RC (f/1.6)

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The relative position of M3 for several RC telescopes.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Design data of LOT’s Nasmyth system.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Design data of LOT’s Cassegrain system.

Tables Icon

Table 4 Optical performance of LOT’s optical systems (Seeing = 0.9”).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ z(x,y)= α nm ρ n cosmθ m,n0,mn,nmeven α 20 = a 2 k [ 2K ε 2 4 ( 1K ε 2 ) 3/2 ] a 2 ( 1+K ε 2 )/( 2k );(focus) α 22 = a 2 k [ K ε 2 4 ( 1K ε 2 ) 3/2 ] a 2 K ε 2 4k ;(astigmatism) α 31 = a 3 k 2 [ Kε [ 1( K+1 ) ε 2 ] 1/2 ( 4K ε 2 ) 8 ( 1K ε 2 ) 3 ] a 3 Kε 2 k 2 ;(coma) ε= R k .
{ f( R )= 1 4( 1+ν ) [ ( 3+ν ) ( R+a k ) 2 ( 1+3ν ) ( Ra k ) 2 ] σ max = Eh 2( 1ν )k f( R )R>a .
θ( 80% )= 8KRaδR k 3 [ 1+ a 2 16 R 2 ] 1/2
θ( 80% )= 3.58K R 2 aδθ k 3 [ 1+ 0.31 a 2 R 2 ] 1/2
h= d f p d f p
o= | M1M3 | | M2M3 |
EE80=1.9FWHM
FWH M Tot = FWH M Aberr 2 +FWH M Seeing 2
{ d a 20 dK = a 2 R 2 2 k 3 d a 22 dK = a 2 R 2 4 k 3 d a 31 dK = a 3 R 2 k 3 .

Metrics