Abstract

In this paper we present an autostereoscopic 3D display using a directional subpixel rendering algorithm in which clear left–right images are expressed in real time based on a viewer's 3D eye positions. In order to maintain the 3D image quality over a wide viewing range, we designed an optical layer that generates a uniformly distributed light field. The proposed 3D rendering method is simple, and each pixel processing can be performed independently in parallel computing environments. To prove the effectiveness of our display system, we implemented 31.5” 3D monitor and 10.1” 3D tablet prototypes in which the 3D rendering is processed in the GPU and FPGA board, respectively.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  22. J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Park and D. Nam, “Active light field rendering in multi-view display systems,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers1, 36–39 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Lee, J. Park, J. Heo, B. Kang, D. Kang, H. Hwang, J. H. Lee, Y. Choi, K. Choi, and D. Nam, “Eye tracking based glasses-free 3D display by dynamic light field rendering,” Proc. Imaging and Appl. Opt. Congress, DM3E.6 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  27. H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

2015 (2)

S. K. Kim, K. H. Yoon, S. K. Yoon, and H. Ju, “Parallax barrier engineering for image quality improvement in an autostereoscopic 3D display,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13230–13244 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

2007 (1)

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “On the number of viewing zones required for head-tracked autostereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Q (2006).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Balogh, G.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Balogh, T.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Barré, R.

R. Barré, K. Hopf, S. Jurk, and U. Leiner, “TRANSFORMERS - Autostereoscopic displays running in different 3D operating modes,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 452–455 (2011).

Barsi, A.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bruder, F. K.

Buschbeck, S.

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Cao, B.

Chang, C. T.

H. Y. Wu, C. T. Chang, and C. L. Lin, “Dead-Zone-Free 2D/3D switchable barrier type 3D display, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 675–677 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, H. S.

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Davis, J.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dobranyi, Z.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Dodgson, N. A.

N. A. Dodgson, “On the number of viewing zones required for head-tracked autostereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Q (2006).
[Crossref]

Ezra, D.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fäcke, T.

Gaal, Z.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Guo, S.

Hagen, R.

Harrold, J.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, S.

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

Heidrich, W.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Higashi, A.

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

Holliman, N.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hopf, K.

R. Barré, K. Hopf, S. Jurk, and U. Leiner, “TRANSFORMERS - Autostereoscopic displays running in different 3D operating modes,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 452–455 (2011).

Hsu, C. Y.

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “High Resolution Time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers43, 301–304 (2012).

Huang, Y. P.

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “High Resolution Time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers43, 301–304 (2012).

Hwang, H.

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hwang, Y. S.

Hyodo, Y.

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y. J.

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jo, N. Y.

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

Jones, A.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jones, G.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ju, H.

Jurk, S.

R. Barré, K. Hopf, S. Jurk, and U. Leiner, “TRANSFORMERS - Autostereoscopic displays running in different 3D operating modes,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 452–455 (2011).

Kang, M. K.

Kasai, T.

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. Y.

Kim, E. S.

Kim, S. C.

Kim, S. K.

Kim, Y.

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koito, T.

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kovacs, P. T.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Kweon, I. S.

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, S.

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

Leiner, U.

R. Barré, K. Hopf, S. Jurk, and U. Leiner, “TRANSFORMERS - Autostereoscopic displays running in different 3D operating modes,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 452–455 (2011).

Li, H.

Lin, C. L.

H. Y. Wu, C. T. Chang, and C. L. Lin, “Dead-Zone-Free 2D/3D switchable barrier type 3D display, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 675–677 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

Liu, X.

Malzbender, T.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Megyesi, Z.

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

Moseley, R.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nam, D.

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D. S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Park and D. Nam, “Active light field rendering in multi-view display systems,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers1, 36–39 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nomura, T.

K. Yanaka, T. Nomura, and T. Yamanouchi, “Extended Fractional View Integral Photography Using Slanted Orthogonal Lenticular Lenses,” in Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Electrical Engineering and Computer Systems and Science (EECSS’16)), 112 (2016.
[Crossref]

Oka, S.

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

Olaya, J. C.

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Park, D.

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, D. S.

Park, J.

J. H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D. S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Park and D. Nam, “Active light field rendering in multi-view display systems,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers1, 36–39 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

Park, J. H.

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

Peng, Y.

Qin, S.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

Raskar, R.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sahm, H.

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Schwerdtner, A.

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Shen, W.

Shieh, H. P.

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “High Resolution Time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers43, 301–304 (2012).

Stolle, H.

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Sugiyama, H.

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. W.

Sung, G.

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

Surman, P.

Suzuki, D.

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

Takaki, Y.

Takizawa, K.

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

Walze, G.

Wang, H.

Wetzstein, G.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Woodgate, G.

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

Wu, H. Y.

H. Y. Wu, C. T. Chang, and C. L. Lin, “Dead-Zone-Free 2D/3D switchable barrier type 3D display, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 675–677 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xia, X.

Yamada, H.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamanouchi, T.

K. Yanaka, T. Nomura, and T. Yamanouchi, “Extended Fractional View Integral Photography Using Slanted Orthogonal Lenticular Lenses,” in Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Electrical Engineering and Computer Systems and Science (EECSS’16)), 112 (2016.
[Crossref]

Yanaka, K.

K. Yanaka, T. Nomura, and T. Yamanouchi, “Extended Fractional View Integral Photography Using Slanted Orthogonal Lenticular Lenses,” in Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Electrical Engineering and Computer Systems and Science (EECSS’16)), 112 (2016.
[Crossref]

Yang, C. H.

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “High Resolution Time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers43, 301–304 (2012).

Yang, Y.

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoon, K. H.

Yoon, S. K.

Yoshida, S.

Zhang, B.

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

Zhang, L.

Zheng, Y.

Zheng, Z.

Zhuang, Z.

ACM Trans. Graph. (2)

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360 light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuationbased light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 1–11 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (1)

H. Hwang, H. S. Chang, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “3D Display Calibration by Visual Pattern Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 26(5), 2090–2102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Proc. SPIE (3)

N. A. Dodgson, “On the number of viewing zones required for head-tracked autostereoscopic display,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Q (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, T. Malzbender, S. Qin, B. Zhang, C. Wu, and J. Davis, “Dynamic Mapping for Multiview Autostereoscopic Displays,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93911I (2015).

H. Stolle, J. C. Olaya, S. Buschbeck, H. Sahm, and A. Schwerdtner, “Technical solution for a full-resolution autostereoscopic 2D/3D display technology,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030Q (2008).

Signal Process. Image Commun. (1)

G. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. Jones, and R. Moseley, “Autostereoscopic 3D display systems with observer tracking,” Signal Process. Image Commun. 14(1-2), 131–145 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (12)

R. Barré, K. Hopf, S. Jurk, and U. Leiner, “TRANSFORMERS - Autostereoscopic displays running in different 3D operating modes,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 452–455 (2011).

T. Balogh, P. T. Kovacs, Z. Dobranyi, A. Barsi, Z. Megyesi, Z. Gaal, and G. Balogh, “The holovizio system–New opportunity offered by 3D displays,” Proc. TMCE, 1–11 (2008).

N. Y. Jo, D. Nam, S. Lee, J. Park, and J. H. Park, “Dual-layer three-dimensional display with enhanced resolution,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 513–516 (2014).

H. Y. Wu, C. T. Chang, and C. L. Lin, “Dead-Zone-Free 2D/3D switchable barrier type 3D display, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 675–677 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Suzuki, S. Hayashi, Y. Hyodo, S. Oka, T. Koito, and H. Sugiyama, “A wide view auto-stereoscopic 3D display with an eye-tracking system for enhanced horizontal viewing position and viewing distance,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers24, 657–668 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Koito, A. Higashi, T. Kasai, D. Suzuki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “High resolution glassless 3D with head-tracking system, ” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers45, 580–583 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “High Resolution Time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers43, 301–304 (2012).

J. Park, D. Nam, G. Sung, Y. Kim, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Active crosstalk reduction on multi-view displays using eye detection,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers2, 920–923 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Park and D. Nam, “Active light field rendering in multi-view display systems,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers1, 36–39 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Lee, J. Park, J. Heo, B. Kang, D. Kang, H. Hwang, J. H. Lee, Y. Choi, K. Choi, and D. Nam, “Eye tracking based glasses-free 3D display by dynamic light field rendering,” Proc. Imaging and Appl. Opt. Congress, DM3E.6 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Yanaka, T. Nomura, and T. Yamanouchi, “Extended Fractional View Integral Photography Using Slanted Orthogonal Lenticular Lenses,” in Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Electrical Engineering and Computer Systems and Science (EECSS’16)), 112 (2016.
[Crossref]

H. Hwang, J. Park, H. S. Chang, Y. J. Jeong, D. Nam, and I. S. Kweon, “Lenticular lens parameter estimation using single image for crosstalk reduction of three-dimensional multi-view display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46, 1417–1420 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Comparision of optical design scheme.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Subpixel structure and light ray distribution for proposed design (top) and multiview design (bottom).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Position margin simulation result for (a) 27view (b) 45view structure.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Overall process of directional subpixel rendering.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Pixel value determination procedure of DSR.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 3D rendering pipeline for GPU implementation.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Tablet prototype design and system components.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Camera-display calibration system and software.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Implemented prototypes (left: 31.5”, right: 10.1”).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Luminance profile and optical crosstalk result for 10.1” tablet ((a), (c)) and 31.5” monitor ((b), (d)).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Experimental setting for visual test.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Left (blue), right (red) view separation results of 10.1” tablet prototype for different viewing position.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Comparison of left (blue), right (red) view separation results for 31.5” monitor prototype and conventional eye tracking based 3D display (Toshiba Qosmio T851) at different viewing angles.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Photographs of stereo view separation results of 31.5” monitor prototype.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Position error margin for 27view structure

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Table 2 Position error margin for 45view structure

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Table 3 Specification of prototypes

Equations (9)

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x p =i π x +(k+0.5) π x /3,
y p =j π y +0.5 π y
sin( tan 1 ( r b /τ)) sin( tan 1 ( r e / z e )) = 1 n ,
r b =τtan( sin 1 ( sin( tan 1 ( r e / z e ) n ) )
x b = x p + r e r b ( x e x p ).
x o =round( x b δ λ )λ+δ,
δ=σ r b r e ( y e y p )tanθ,
Δ=| x b x o |.
I(i,j,k)={ I L (i,j,k) if Δ L < Δ R I R (i,j,k) otherwise

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