Abstract

An experimental investigation was carried out to evaluate the potential of few-layer Bi2Te3 topological insulator in use as a saturable absorber for passive Q-switching of compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm spectral region. By incorporating a sapphire-based few-layer Bi2Te3 sample into a Yb:LuPO4 laser that was formed with a 4-mm plane-parallel resonator, we realized efficient, high-power, high-repetition-rate pulsed laser operation. Depending on the output coupling utilized, single- or dual-wavelength laser action could be achieved. A maximum output power of 5.02 W at 1014.5 nm was produced at a pulse repetition rate of 1.67 MHz, with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 41% and a slope efficiency of 54%; while operating at 1004.9/1012.7 nm, the pulsed laser could produce an output power of 3.94 W at 1.38 MHz, with a pulse duration being as short as 34 ns. The largest pulse energy and highest peak power achieved were 3.0 μJ and 85.3 W. The results demonstrated in our experiment reveal the great potential of the few-layer Bi2Te3 topological insulator in the development of pulsed compact solid-state lasers in the 1-μm region.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  34. X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  36. X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (7)

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Gao, H. Huang, X. Wang, H. Liu, J. Huang, W. Weng, S. Dai, J. Li, and W. Lin, “Passively Q-switched solid-state Tm:YAG laser using topological insulator Bi2Te3 as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(9), 2020–2024 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. H. Song, W. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6(4), 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

Z. You, Y. Sun, D. Sun, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Tu, and J. Xu, “High performance of a passively Q-switched mid-infrared laser with Bi2Te3/graphene composite SA,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 871–874 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2 μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5(5), 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), A97–A101 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lu, C. Zhao, Y. Zou, S. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

J. E. Moore, “The birth of topological insulators,” Nature 464(7286), 194–198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 445–449 (2008).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bansil, A.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bian, J.

Cai, Z.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cava, R. J.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chou, C. M.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chou, M. M. C.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, Q.

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

Dai, S.

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Damzen, M. J.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 445–449 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dou, X.

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dou, X. D.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z. Y.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

Gao, S. F.

Grauer, D.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, W.

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, W. J.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hasan, M. Z.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, J.

Hor, Y. S.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, D.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. T.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Huang, J.

Jia, M.

Jiang, M.

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. K.

Lee, P.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, G.

Li, J.

Li, T.

Li, Y.

Lin, H.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Lin, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

Luo, Z.

Ma, Y.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y. J.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Minassian, A.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 445–449 (2008).
[Crossref]

Moore, J. E.

J. E. Moore, “The birth of topological insulators,” Nature 464(7286), 194–198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Omatsu, T.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 445–449 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pal, A.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, X. L.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qian, D.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qiao, J.

Qiao, W.

Shao, Z.

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, W. H.

Song, Y.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. R.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

Sun, D.

Sun, Y.

Sun, Y. J.

Tang, D.

Tang, P.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teng, B.

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. R.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tu, C.

Tu, C. Y.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), A97–A101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Z. You, Y. Sun, D. Sun, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Tu, and J. Xu, “High performance of a passively Q-switched mid-infrared laser with Bi2Te3/graphene composite SA,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 871–874 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Q.

Wang, Z.

Wei, J.

J. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, C. Wang, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Performance of CW NYAB laser at 1.06 μm end-pumped by a high-power diode-laser-array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 32(3), 183–186 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Lu, C. Zhao, Y. Zou, S. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, J.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, W.

Wray, L.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. L.

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. H. Song, W. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6(4), 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Xia, H. P.

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, L. Wray, A. Pal, H. Lin, A. Bansil, D. Grauer, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “Observation of a large-gap topological-insulator class with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 398–402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Han, Y. Ma, X. Dou, L. Wang, H. Xu, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser properties of Yb:Re3Ga5O12 (Re = Y, Lu, Gd) garnets with GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 423, 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 88, 275–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and J. Weng, “Topological insulator Bi2Se3 based Q-switched Nd:LiYF4 nanosecond laser at 1313 nm,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7674–7680 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H. H.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. L.

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), A97–A101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, R. Q.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, J. N.

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

You, Z.

You, Z. Y.

Yu, H.

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z. H.

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2 μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5(5), 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Guo, W. Han, H. Xu, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “High-power CW and passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 79, 74–78 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

X. Chen, L. Wang, W. Han, Y. Guo, H. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa4OBO3)3 laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30357–30363 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, W. Han, H. Xu, M. Jia, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 54(11), 3225–3230 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lu, C. Zhao, Y. Zou, S. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Lu, C. Zhao, Y. Zou, S. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S.

Zheng, L.

Zhong, D.

X. Dou, J. Yang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, W. Han, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Watt-level passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(11), 14232–14240 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dou, Y. Ma, M. Zhu, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Multi-watt sub-30 ns passively Q-switched Yb:LuPO4/WS2 miniature laser operating under high output couplings,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3666–3669 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Near-IR 1-μm high-repetition-rate pulsed radiation generated with an Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser,” Opt. Commun. 420, 90–94 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, and B. Teng, “Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Mater. 60, 114–118 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, M.

Zhu, Z.

Zhu, Z. J.

Zou, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 445–449 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, M. T. Hu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Song, “1.12-W Q-switched Yb:KGW laser based on transmission-type Bi2Se3 saturable absorber,” Chin. Phys. B 24(2), 024215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. D. Dou, J. N. Yang, Y. J. Ma, W. J. Han, H. H. Xu, and J. H. Liu, “Passive Q-switching of a Yb:LuVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG: approaching the intrinsic upper limit of repetition rate,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 064201 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, Q. Dai, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Continuous-wave and passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1600808 (2015).

IEEE Photonics J. (4)

X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Ma, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Generation of pulsed laser radiation at 1002 nm with a quantum defect of 2.6%,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1503208 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Lin, P. Lee, J. L. Xu, C. L. Wu, C. M. Chou, C. Y. Tu, M. M. C. Chou, and C. K. Lee, “High-pulse-energy topological insulator Bi2Te3-based passive Q-switched solid-state laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(4), 1502710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Hu, J. Liu, J. Tian, Z. Dou, and Y. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Han, H. Xu, D. Zhong, B. Teng, and J. Liu, “Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005−1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045807 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmission versus incident intensity, measured for the Bi2Te3/Sapphire sample by z-scan method. Open circles: measured data; solid line: fitting curve. Inset: Raman spectrum for the Bi2Te3/Sapphire sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Average output power versus Pabs, measured for T = 10%, 30%, 50%, 80%, and 90%. The slope efficiency, ηs, is given for each output coupling.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pulse repetition rate (a) and pulse energy (b) versus Pabs, measured (calculated) for T = 50%, 80%, and 90%.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Pulse duration (a) and peak power (b) versus Pabs, measured (calculated) for T = 50%, 80%, and 90%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Pulse train measured at Pabs = 12.2 W in the case of T = 50%. The temporal profile of an individual pulse is presented as an inset. (b) Temporal profile of the shortest laser pulse generated in the cases of T = 80% and T = 90%..
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Q-switched lasing spectra measured at Pabs = 7.8 W for T = 50%, 80%, and 90%.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Spot radius versus propagation distance, measured at Pabs = 5.9 W in the case of T = 80%. Inset: the beam pattern.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Primary Parameters Characterizing a Passively Q-switched Laser, Giving a Comparison of the Current Yb:LuPO4/Bi2Te3 Laser with Previously Reported Yb- or Nd-ion Lasers Passively Q-switched by Bi2Te3, Bi2Se3, or Cr4+:YAG Saturable Absorber

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