Abstract

With the three-dimensional (3D) classical ensemble method, we theoretically investigate the recollision dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of Ar by counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser fields. With the analysis of the NSDI trajectories, we find that not only multiple-recollision but also single-recollision processes occur in the double ionization events. Furthermore, the multiple-recollision and single-recollision processes both undergo the recollision-induced excitation with subsequent ionization (RESI) and recollision-induced ionization (RII). The angle between the momentum and the force of the laser field at the recollision moment can affect the times of the recollision.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (6)

K. Lin, X. Jia, Z. Yu, F. He, J. Ma, H. Li, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Li, P. Lu, H. Zeng, J. Chen, and J. Wu, “Comparison study of strong-Field ionization of molecules and atoms by bicircular two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 203202 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, X. F. Pan, T. T. Xu, K. L. Song, and X. S. Liu, “Recollision induced excitation-ionization with counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser field,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 679, 38–44 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, J. Zhang, and X. S. Liu, “Classical trajectory analysis of Mg in a circularly polarized laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50, 105401 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, T. T. Xu, W. W. Yu, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization of Mg from a doubly excited complex driven by circularly polarized laser field,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1288–1295 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Knee structure in double ionization of noble atoms in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 013402 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, J. Zhang, and X. S. Liu, “Temporal correlation and correlated momentum distribution in nonsequential double ionization of Mg by circularly polarized laser fields,” Laser Phys. 27, 075301 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (10)

Y. B. Li, X. Wang, B. H. Yu, Q. B. Tang, G. H. Wang, and J. G. Wan, “Nonsequential double ionization with mid-infrared laser fields,” Sci. Rep. 6, 37413 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Multiple recollisions in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, B. Yu, Q. Tang, X. Wang, D. Hua, A. Tong, C. Jiang, G. Ge, Y. Li, and J. Wan, “Transition of recollision trajectories from linear to elliptical polarization,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6469–6479 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Hasović, W. Becker, and D. B. Milošević, “Electron rescattering in a bicircular laser field,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6413–6424 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević and W. Becker, “Improved strong-field approximation and quantum-orbit theory: Application to ionization by a bicircular laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 93063418 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. M. Tong, D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053406 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Dong, Z. Zhang, L. Bai, and J. Zhang, “Scaling law of nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033409 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063423 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11382–11390 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Wu, Y. D. Yang, Y. Q. Liu, Q. H. Gong, M. Wu, X. Liu, X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, X. T. He, and J. Chen, “Characteristic spectrum of very low-energy photoelectron from above-threshold ionization in the tunneling regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Hao, G. Q. Wang, X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Nonsequential double ionization of Ne in an elliptically polarized intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80023408 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

H. Y. Li, B. B. Wang, J. Chen, H. B. Jiang, X. F. Li, J. Liu, Q. H. Gong, Z. C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Effects of a static electric field on nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033405 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. F. de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, “Generation of circularly polarized high-order harmonics by two-color coplanar field mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 61063403 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(22), 4707–4710 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “High-order harmonic generation in intense laser and magnetic fields,” J. Nonl. Opt. Phys. Mater. 04(3), 533–546 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, “Model calculations of polarization-dependent two-color high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2262–2278 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, and B. Wellegehausen, “Polarization-dependent high-order two-color mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3414–R3417 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K.C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, W. Nicklich, H. Xu, P. Lambropoulos, and H. Walther, “Plateau in above threshold ionization spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2851–2854 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13) 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of Helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

P. Kruit, J. Kimman, H. G. Muller, and M. J. van der Wiel, “Electron spectra from multiphoton ionization of xenon at 1064, 532, and 355 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 28(1), 248–255 (1983).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

P. Agostini, F. Fabre, G Mainfray, G. Petite, and N. K. Rahman, “Free-free transitions following six-photon ionization of Xenon atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(17), 1127–1130 (1979).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K.C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Agostini, F. Fabre, G Mainfray, G. Petite, and N. K. Rahman, “Free-free transitions following six-photon ionization of Xenon atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(17), 1127–1130 (1979).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, L.

S. Dong, Z. Zhang, L. Bai, and J. Zhang, “Scaling law of nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033409 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bandrauk, A. D.

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “High-order harmonic generation in intense laser and magnetic fields,” J. Nonl. Opt. Phys. Mater. 04(3), 533–546 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bardon, A. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudisch, M.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bauer, T.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. M. Tong, D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053406 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević and W. Becker, “Improved strong-field approximation and quantum-orbit theory: Application to ionization by a bicircular laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 93063418 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Hasović, W. Becker, and D. B. Milošević, “Electron rescattering in a bicircular laser field,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6413–6424 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, “Generation of circularly polarized high-order harmonics by two-color coplanar field mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 61063403 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, “Model calculations of polarization-dependent two-color high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2262–2278 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben, S.

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, X. F. Pan, T. T. Xu, K. L. Song, and X. S. Liu, “Recollision induced excitation-ionization with counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser field,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 679, 38–44 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, J. Zhang, and X. S. Liu, “Classical trajectory analysis of Mg in a circularly polarized laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50, 105401 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, J. Zhang, and X. S. Liu, “Temporal correlation and correlated momentum distribution in nonsequential double ionization of Mg by circularly polarized laser fields,” Laser Phys. 27, 075301 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, T. T. Xu, W. W. Yu, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization of Mg from a doubly excited complex driven by circularly polarized laser field,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1288–1295 (2017).
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T. T. Xu, S. Ben, T. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Guo, and X. S. Liu, “Exploration of the nonsequential double-ionization process of a Mg atom with different delay time in few-cycle circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033405 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blaga, C. I.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of Helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

Breen, L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnett, N. H.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camus, N.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catoire, F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chaloupka, J. L.

C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandre, C.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of Helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chelkowski, S.

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

K. Lin, X. Jia, Z. Yu, F. He, J. Ma, H. Li, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Li, P. Lu, H. Zeng, J. Chen, and J. Wu, “Comparison study of strong-Field ionization of molecules and atoms by bicircular two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 203202 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Hao, J. Chen, W. D. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Wu, Y. D. Yang, Y. Q. Liu, Q. H. Gong, M. Wu, X. Liu, X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, X. T. He, and J. Chen, “Characteristic spectrum of very low-energy photoelectron from above-threshold ionization in the tunneling regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Hao, G. Q. Wang, X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Nonsequential double ionization of Ne in an elliptically polarized intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 80023408 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Li, B. B. Wang, J. Chen, H. B. Jiang, X. F. Li, J. Liu, Q. H. Gong, Z. C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Effects of a static electric field on nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033405 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. G.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Knee structure in double ionization of noble atoms in circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 013402 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colosimo, P.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13) 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Morisson Faria, C. F.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, P.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimauro, L. F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K.C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
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Ding, C.

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M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 013003 (2014).
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N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
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B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
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Muller, H. G.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
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P. Kruit, J. Kimman, H. G. Muller, and M. J. van der Wiel, “Electron spectra from multiphoton ionization of xenon at 1064, 532, and 355 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 28(1), 248–255 (1983).
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Murnane, M. M.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. M. Tong, D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053406 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133201 (2016).
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C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
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G. G. Paulus, W. Nicklich, H. Xu, P. Lambropoulos, and H. Walther, “Plateau in above threshold ionization spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2851–2854 (1994).
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Nolte, S.

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, and B. Wellegehausen, “Polarization-dependent high-order two-color mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3414–R3417 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, X. F.

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, X. F. Pan, T. T. Xu, K. L. Song, and X. S. Liu, “Recollision induced excitation-ionization with counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser field,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 679, 38–44 (2017).
[Crossref]

Panfili, R.

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Paulus, G. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
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G. G. Paulus, W. Nicklich, H. Xu, P. Lambropoulos, and H. Walther, “Plateau in above threshold ionization spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2851–2854 (1994).
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Pérez-Hernández, J. A.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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Petite, G.

P. Agostini, F. Fabre, G Mainfray, G. Petite, and N. K. Rahman, “Free-free transitions following six-photon ionization of Xenon atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(17), 1127–1130 (1979).
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Pfeifer, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
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Plaja, L.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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Plantinga, P. W.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 211002 (2008).
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Popmintchev, T.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV X-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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Pullen, M. G.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
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W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
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Rahman, N. K.

P. Agostini, F. Fabre, G Mainfray, G. Petite, and N. K. Rahman, “Free-free transitions following six-photon ionization of Xenon atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(17), 1127–1130 (1979).
[Crossref]

Ranitovic, P.

D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rathje, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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Rayner, D. M.

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
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Richter, M.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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Rudenko, A.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
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A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
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Sann, H.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K.C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
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K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(11), 1599–1602 (1993).
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Schlott, N.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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Schmidt, L. Ph. H.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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Schöffler, M.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133202 (2016).
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Schomerus, H.

C. F. de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, “Electron-electron dynamics in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
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Schroeter, C. D.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schröter, C. D.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Senftleben, A.

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K.C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shomsky, K. N.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smith, Z. S.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smolarski, M.

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, K. L.

S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, X. F. Pan, T. T. Xu, K. L. Song, and X. S. Liu, “Recollision induced excitation-ionization with counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser field,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 679, 38–44 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. T. Xu, S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, J. Zhang, and X. S. Liu, “Temporal correlation and correlated momentum distribution in nonsequential double ionization of Mg by circularly polarized laser fields,” Laser Phys. 27, 075301 (2017).
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S. Ben, P. Y. Guo, K. L. Song, T. T. Xu, W. W. Yu, and X. S. Liu, “Nonsequential double ionization of Mg from a doubly excited complex driven by circularly polarized laser field,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1288–1295 (2017).
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Song, Q.

K. Lin, X. Jia, Z. Yu, F. He, J. Ma, H. Li, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Li, P. Lu, H. Zeng, J. Chen, and J. Wu, “Comparison study of strong-Field ionization of molecules and atoms by bicircular two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 203202 (2017).
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Staudte, A.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 123004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, Q.

Tang, Q. B.

Y. B. Li, X. Wang, B. H. Yu, Q. B. Tang, G. H. Wang, and J. G. Wan, “Nonsequential double ionization with mid-infrared laser fields,” Sci. Rep. 6, 37413 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thumm, U.

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063423 (2014).
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Tian, J.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 073001 (2013).
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Tong, A.

Tong, X. M.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. M. Tong, D. B. Milošević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053406 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toshima, N.

D. D. Hickstein, P. Ranitovic, S. Witte, X. M. Tong, Y. Huismans, P. Arpin, X. Zhou, K. E. Keister, C. W. Hogle, B. Zhang, C. Ding, P. Johnsson, N. Toshima, Marc J. J. Vrakking, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct visualization of laser-driven electron multiple scattering and tunneling distance in strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 073004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Pullen, J. Dura, B. Wolter, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, N. Camus, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schroeter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and J. Biegert, “Kinematically complete measurements of strong field ionization with mid-IR pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 204010 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. Max Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-Electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Uzer, T.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Wiel, M. J.

P. Kruit, J. Kimman, H. G. Muller, and M. J. van der Wiel, “Electron spectra from multiphoton ionization of xenon at 1064, 532, and 355 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 28(1), 248–255 (1983).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Total ion momentum distribution for NSDI of Ar by the field amplitude ratio γE = 2.0 with the combined laser intensity of 0.25 PW/cm2. (b) Ion momentum distribution for the NSDI but only the SR events occurred. (c) Ion momentum distribution for the NSDI but only the DR events occurred. The insets in (a)–(c) show the electric fields of the counter-rotating TCCP laser field.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Left column: The sample energy trajectories of the two electrons for four different NSDI processes. (a) The RESI mechanism for the SR event; (c) The RII mechanism for the SR event; (e) The RESI mechanism for DR event; (g) The RII mechanism for DR event. Right column: The sample distance trajectories between the nucleus and each electron, which corresponds to the electron energy trajectories in the left column. The pink arrows indicate the recollision occurred.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Ion momentum distributions for the NSDI processes with different mechanisms. (a) The RESI mechanism for the SR events; (b) The RII mechanism for the SR events. (c) The RESI mechanism for the DR events; (d) The RII mechanism for the DR events.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The probability of SR as a function of the traveling time. (b) The probability of the SR (red squares) and DR (blue dots) as a function of the delay time. (c) The probability of the first recollision (black squares) and second recollision (pink dots) in the double-recollision NSDI processes as a function of the interval between the first recollision time and the tunneling ionization time and the second recollision time and the tunneling ionization time. (d) The probability of double-recollision NSDI events as a function of the lag between the second and the first recollision time.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The probability distribution of the recollision energy for the SR (red squares) NSDI events and the probability distribution of the sum of the two recollision energy for the DR (blue dots) NSDI events. (b) The probability distribution of recollision energy of the first (black squares) and the second (pink dots) recollision for the double-recollision NSDI events.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The angle distribution between momentum and the force of the laser field at the recollision time for the single-recollision NSDI events (black line) and double-recollison NSDI events (red short-dashed line and blue dash-dotted line). (b) The probability distribution of the momentum at the recollision time for the single-recollison NSDI events (black square line) and the double-recollision NSDI events (red circle line and blue up triangle line).

Equations (5)

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d 2 r i d t 2 = [ V n e ( r i ) + V e e ( r 1 , r 2 ) ] E ( t ) .
E r ( t ) = E 0 1 + γ E f ( t ) [ cos ( ω r t + φ 0 ) x ^ + sin ( ω r t + φ 0 ) y ^ ] ,
E b ( t ) = γ E E 0 1 + γ E f ( t ) [ cos ( ω b t + 2 φ 0 ) x ^ sin ( ω b t + 2 φ 0 ) y ^ ] ,
V ne ( r i ) = 2 r i 2 + a 2 ,
V ee ( r 1 , r 2 ) = 1 ( r 1 r 2 ) 2 + b 2

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