Abstract

A noble transition metal dichalcogenide, bilayers platinum diselenide (PtSe2), has a narrow bandgap (0.21 eV) and high charge carrier mobility. This metal was manufactured for use as a saturable absorber via the chemical vapor deposition method. The saturable absorption properties of samples, at a wavelength of 2.0 μm, were characterized by the open aperture Z-scan method. An all-solid-state 2.0 μm passively Q-switched laser was achieved experimentally based on the as-prepared bilayers PtSe2 saturable absorber. The maximum average output power, shortest pulse width, highest single-pulse energy, and highest pulse peak power of this laser were 1.41 W, 244 ns, 24.3 μJ, and 99.6 W, respectively.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. Fan, Q. Peng, X. Guo, D. Jiang, X. Qian, and L. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm,Y:CaF 2 laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  34. H. Zhang, J. He, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Han, K. Yang, H. Nie, and X. Sun, “Dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2328 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. Song, W. Qiao, C. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C.-K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” PHOTONICS RES 6(4), 314 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  36. C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

M. Lin, Q. Peng, W. Hou, X. Fan, and J. Liu, “1.3 μm Q-switched solid-state laser based on few-layer ReS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 109, 90–93 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (15)

X. Su, B. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. He, G. Li, N. Lin, K. Yang, J. He, and S. Liu, “Broadband rhenium disulfide optical modulator for solid-state lasers,” PHOTONICS RES 6(6), 498 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, B. Zhang, H. Nie, H. Wang, G. Li, X. Sun, R. Wang, N. Lin, and J. He, “High-power passively Q-switched 2.0 μm all-solid-state laser based on a MoTe2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18505–18512 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, S. Liu, W. Liang, S. Luo, Z. He, Y. Ge, H. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Li, Q. Bao, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Ge, Z. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, S. Chen, Z. Liang, Y. Song, Y. Zou, H. Zeng, S. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics [Invited],” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16, 02004 (2018).

A. Krasnok, S. Lepeshov, and A. Alú, “Nanophotonics with 2D transition metal dichalcogenides [Invited],” Opt. Express 26(12), 15972–15994 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yang, M. Schmidt, V. Süss, M. Chan, F. F. Balakirev, R. D. McDonald, S. S. P. Parkin, C. Felser, B. Yan, and P. J. W. Moll, “Quantum oscillations in the type-II Dirac semi-metal candidate PtSe2,” New J. Phys. 20(4), 43008 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Ciarrocchi, A. Avsar, D. Ovchinnikov, and A. Kis, “Thickness-modulated metal-to-semiconductor transformation in a transition metal dichalcogenide,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 919 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yu, P. Yu, D. Wu, B. Singh, Q. Zeng, H. Lin, W. Zhou, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Z. Liu, and Q. J. Wang, “Atomically thin noble metal dichalcogenide: a broadband mid-infrared semiconductor,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 1545 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-layer platinum diselenide as a new saturable absorber for ultrafast fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, M. Feng, Y. Ren, F. Liu, X. Chen, J. Yang, X. Yan, F. Song, and J. Tian, “Q-switched and mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using PtSe2 as a saturable absorber,” PHOTONICS RES 6(9), 893 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, X. Huang, J. He, Y. Lou, L. Zeng, Y. Li, H. Long, J. Li, L. Zhang, and Y. H. Tsang, “Vertically standing PtSe2 film: a saturable absorber for a passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser,” PHOTONICS RES 6(7), 750 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. Fan, Q. Peng, X. Guo, D. Jiang, X. Qian, and L. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm,Y:CaF 2 laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. Song, W. Qiao, C. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C.-K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” PHOTONICS RES 6(4), 314 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

A. J. Mannix, B. Kiraly, M. C. Hersam, and N. P. Guisinger, “Synthesis and chemistry of elemental 2D materials,” Nat. Rev. Chem. 1(2), 14 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Manzeli, D. Ovchinnikov, D. Pasquier, O. V. Yazyev, and A. Kis, “2D transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(8), 17033 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

J. Mohanraj, V. Velmurugan, and S. Sivabalan, “Transition metal dichalcogenides based saturable absorbers for pulsed laser technology,” Opt. Mater. 60, 601–617 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wan, W. Cai, F. Wang, S. Jiang, S. Xu, and J. Liu, “High-quality monolayer graphene for bulk laser mode-locking near 2 μm,” OPT QUANT ELECTRON 48(1), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Huang, S. Zhou, and W. Duan, “Type-II Dirac fermions in the PtSe2 class of transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 94(12), 121117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, J. He, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Han, K. Yang, H. Nie, and X. Sun, “Dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2328 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

Y. Wang, L. Li, W. Yao, S. Song, J. T. Sun, J. Pan, X. Ren, C. Li, E. Okunishi, Y. Q. Wang, E. Wang, Y. Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, H. T. Yang, E. F. Schwier, H. Iwasawa, K. Shimada, M. Taniguchi, Z. Cheng, S. Zhou, S. Du, S. J. Pennycook, S. T. Pantelides, and H. J. Gao, “Monolayer PtSe2, a new semiconducting transition-metal-dichalcogenide, epitaxially grown by direct selenization of Pt,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4013–4018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 51108 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Lv, J. A. Robinson, R. E. Schaak, D. Sun, Y. Sun, T. E. Mallouk, and M. Terrones, “Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and Beyond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Single- and Few-Layer Nanosheets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 56–64 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Qiao, X. Kong, Z. X. Hu, F. Yang, and W. Ji, “High-mobility transport anisotropy and linear dichroism in few-layer black phosphorus,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

J. Xu, X. Li, J. He, X. Hao, Y. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 51108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alú, A.

Arita, M.

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Avsar, A.

A. Ciarrocchi, A. Avsar, D. Ovchinnikov, and A. Kis, “Thickness-modulated metal-to-semiconductor transformation in a transition metal dichalcogenide,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 919 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakirev, F. F.

H. Yang, M. Schmidt, V. Süss, M. Chan, F. F. Balakirev, R. D. McDonald, S. S. P. Parkin, C. Felser, B. Yan, and P. J. W. Moll, “Quantum oscillations in the type-II Dirac semi-metal candidate PtSe2,” New J. Phys. 20(4), 43008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-layer platinum diselenide as a new saturable absorber for ultrafast fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, S. Liu, W. Liang, S. Luo, Z. He, Y. Ge, H. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Li, Q. Bao, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bergin, S. D.

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bian, J.

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

H. Wan, W. Cai, F. Wang, S. Jiang, S. Xu, and J. Liu, “High-quality monolayer graphene for bulk laser mode-locking near 2 μm,” OPT QUANT ELECTRON 48(1), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

X. Jiang, S. Liu, W. Liang, S. Luo, Z. He, Y. Ge, H. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Li, Q. Bao, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
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K. Zhang, M. Feng, Y. Ren, F. Liu, X. Chen, J. Yang, X. Yan, F. Song, and J. Tian, “Q-switched and mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using PtSe2 as a saturable absorber,” PHOTONICS RES 6(9), 893 (2018).
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X. Su, B. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. He, G. Li, N. Lin, K. Yang, J. He, and S. Liu, “Broadband rhenium disulfide optical modulator for solid-state lasers,” PHOTONICS RES 6(6), 498 (2018).
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J. Xu, X. Li, J. He, X. Hao, Y. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
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S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
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J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-layer platinum diselenide as a new saturable absorber for ultrafast fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
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M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

Zhang, H.

X. Jiang, S. Liu, W. Liang, S. Luo, Z. He, Y. Ge, H. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Li, Q. Bao, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Ge, Z. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, S. Chen, Z. Liang, Y. Song, Y. Zou, H. Zeng, S. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, J. He, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Han, K. Yang, H. Nie, and X. Sun, “Dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2328 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-layer platinum diselenide as a new saturable absorber for ultrafast fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, M. Feng, Y. Ren, F. Liu, X. Chen, J. Yang, X. Yan, F. Song, and J. Tian, “Q-switched and mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using PtSe2 as a saturable absorber,” PHOTONICS RES 6(9), 893 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

Zhang, L.

L. Tao, X. Huang, J. He, Y. Lou, L. Zeng, Y. Li, H. Long, J. Li, L. Zhang, and Y. H. Tsang, “Vertically standing PtSe2 film: a saturable absorber for a passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser,” PHOTONICS RES 6(7), 750 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. Y.

Y. Wang, L. Li, W. Yao, S. Song, J. T. Sun, J. Pan, X. Ren, C. Li, E. Okunishi, Y. Q. Wang, E. Wang, Y. Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, H. T. Yang, E. F. Schwier, H. Iwasawa, K. Shimada, M. Taniguchi, Z. Cheng, S. Zhou, S. Du, S. J. Pennycook, S. T. Pantelides, and H. J. Gao, “Monolayer PtSe2, a new semiconducting transition-metal-dichalcogenide, epitaxially grown by direct selenization of Pt,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4013–4018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. Song, W. Qiao, C. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C.-K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” PHOTONICS RES 6(4), 314 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, R.

Zhao, S.

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. Song, W. Qiao, C. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C.-K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” PHOTONICS RES 6(4), 314 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, L.

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, S.

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Huang, S. Zhou, and W. Duan, “Type-II Dirac fermions in the PtSe2 class of transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 94(12), 121117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, L. Li, W. Yao, S. Song, J. T. Sun, J. Pan, X. Ren, C. Li, E. Okunishi, Y. Q. Wang, E. Wang, Y. Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, H. T. Yang, E. F. Schwier, H. Iwasawa, K. Shimada, M. Taniguchi, Z. Cheng, S. Zhou, S. Du, S. J. Pennycook, S. T. Pantelides, and H. J. Gao, “Monolayer PtSe2, a new semiconducting transition-metal-dichalcogenide, epitaxially grown by direct selenization of Pt,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4013–4018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, W.

X. Yu, P. Yu, D. Wu, B. Singh, Q. Zeng, H. Lin, W. Zhou, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Z. Liu, and Q. J. Wang, “Atomically thin noble metal dichalcogenide: a broadband mid-infrared semiconductor,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 1545 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

Zhu, Z.

Y. Ge, Z. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, S. Chen, Z. Liang, Y. Song, Y. Zou, H. Zeng, S. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Y. Ge, Z. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, S. Chen, Z. Liang, Y. Song, Y. Zou, H. Zeng, S. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166 (2018).
[Crossref]

2D MATER (1)

M. Yan, E. Wang, X. Zhou, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, K. Zhang, W. Yao, N. Lu, S. Yang, S. Wu, T. Yoshikawa, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, Y. Wu, P. Yu, W. Duan, and S. Zhou, “High quality atomically thin PtSe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” 2D MATER 4, 45015 (2017).

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

R. Lv, J. A. Robinson, R. E. Schaak, D. Sun, Y. Sun, T. E. Mallouk, and M. Terrones, “Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and Beyond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Single- and Few-Layer Nanosheets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 56–64 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. Yuan, H. Mu, L. Li, Y. Chen, W. Yu, K. Zhang, B. Sun, S. Lin, S. Li, and Q. Bao, “Few-layer platinum diselenide as a new saturable absorber for ultrafast fiber lasers,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(25), 21534–21540 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Ge, Z. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, S. Chen, Z. Liang, Y. Song, Y. Zou, H. Zeng, S. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Xu, X. Li, J. He, X. Hao, Y. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 51108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

C. Tan, X. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Zhao, S. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, “Recent Advances in Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials,” Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225–6331 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics [Invited],” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16, 02004 (2018).

IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT (1)

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, M. Li, W. Qiao, T. Li, S. Zhang, L. Zheng, L. Su, J. Xu, and J. Bian, “High Repetition Rate All-solid-state Pulsed 2 μm Laser Based on Selenide Molybdenum Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J SEL TOP QUANT 24(5), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

X. Jiang, S. Liu, W. Liang, S. Luo, Z. He, Y. Ge, H. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Li, Q. Bao, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Wang, L. Li, W. Yao, S. Song, J. T. Sun, J. Pan, X. Ren, C. Li, E. Okunishi, Y. Q. Wang, E. Wang, Y. Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, H. T. Yang, E. F. Schwier, H. Iwasawa, K. Shimada, M. Taniguchi, Z. Cheng, S. Zhou, S. Du, S. J. Pennycook, S. T. Pantelides, and H. J. Gao, “Monolayer PtSe2, a new semiconducting transition-metal-dichalcogenide, epitaxially grown by direct selenization of Pt,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 4013–4018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (3)

A. Ciarrocchi, A. Avsar, D. Ovchinnikov, and A. Kis, “Thickness-modulated metal-to-semiconductor transformation in a transition metal dichalcogenide,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 919 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yu, P. Yu, D. Wu, B. Singh, Q. Zeng, H. Lin, W. Zhou, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Z. Liu, and Q. J. Wang, “Atomically thin noble metal dichalcogenide: a broadband mid-infrared semiconductor,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 1545 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Qiao, X. Kong, Z. X. Hu, F. Yang, and W. Ji, “High-mobility transport anisotropy and linear dichroism in few-layer black phosphorus,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 4475 (2014).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Rev. Chem. (1)

A. J. Mannix, B. Kiraly, M. C. Hersam, and N. P. Guisinger, “Synthesis and chemistry of elemental 2D materials,” Nat. Rev. Chem. 1(2), 14 (2017).
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Nat. Rev. Mater. (1)

S. Manzeli, D. Ovchinnikov, D. Pasquier, O. V. Yazyev, and A. Kis, “2D transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(8), 17033 (2017).
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Nature (1)

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New J. Phys. (1)

H. Yang, M. Schmidt, V. Süss, M. Chan, F. F. Balakirev, R. D. McDonald, S. S. P. Parkin, C. Felser, B. Yan, and P. J. W. Moll, “Quantum oscillations in the type-II Dirac semi-metal candidate PtSe2,” New J. Phys. 20(4), 43008 (2018).
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OPT QUANT ELECTRON (1)

H. Wan, W. Cai, F. Wang, S. Jiang, S. Xu, and J. Liu, “High-quality monolayer graphene for bulk laser mode-locking near 2 μm,” OPT QUANT ELECTRON 48(1), 11 (2016).
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Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. Fan, Q. Peng, X. Guo, D. Jiang, X. Qian, and L. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm,Y:CaF 2 laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
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M. Lin, Q. Peng, W. Hou, X. Fan, and J. Liu, “1.3 μm Q-switched solid-state laser based on few-layer ReS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 109, 90–93 (2019).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. Mohanraj, V. Velmurugan, and S. Sivabalan, “Transition metal dichalcogenides based saturable absorbers for pulsed laser technology,” Opt. Mater. 60, 601–617 (2016).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

PHOTONICS RES (4)

J. Qiao, S. Zhao, K. Yang, W. Song, W. Qiao, C. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Li, D. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C.-K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” PHOTONICS RES 6(4), 314 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, M. Feng, Y. Ren, F. Liu, X. Chen, J. Yang, X. Yan, F. Song, and J. Tian, “Q-switched and mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using PtSe2 as a saturable absorber,” PHOTONICS RES 6(9), 893 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, X. Huang, J. He, Y. Lou, L. Zeng, Y. Li, H. Long, J. Li, L. Zhang, and Y. H. Tsang, “Vertically standing PtSe2 film: a saturable absorber for a passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser,” PHOTONICS RES 6(7), 750 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Su, B. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. He, G. Li, N. Lin, K. Yang, J. He, and S. Liu, “Broadband rhenium disulfide optical modulator for solid-state lasers,” PHOTONICS RES 6(6), 498 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Zhang, M. Yan, H. Zhang, H. Huang, M. Arita, Z. Sun, W. Duan, Y. Wu, and S. Zhou, “Experimental evidence of type-II Dirac fermions in PtSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 96(12), 125102 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Huang, S. Zhou, and W. Duan, “Type-II Dirac fermions in the PtSe2 class of transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 94(12), 121117 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Raman spectra and (b) absorption spectra of the bilayer PtSe2 SAs. (c) Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images and typical height profiles of the bilayer PtSe2 SAs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Open aperture Z-scan curves of different sections of the SA and (b) nonlinear transmittance curves for the bilayer PtSe2 SA at 2.0 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for the PQS laser based on the PtSe2 SA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Output power versus absorbed pump power during continuous wave (CW) and PQS operation. (b) Output spectra of the CW and PQS lasers.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Stable pulse train at the highest repetition rate and (b) the shortest pulse profile generated using the bilayer PtSe2 SA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Pulse width and repetition rate versus absorbed pump power, and (b) single pulse energy and pulse peak power versus absorbed pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of 2.0 μm PQS lasers with SAs based on different 2D materials.

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