Abstract

We propose orientation-insensitive azimuthally asymmetric mode rotators (OI-AAMR) using chirally-coupled-core fiber. The proposed mode rotator can convert azimuthally asymmetric mode to the orthogonal degenerate mode without the requirement for angle alignment. An LP11 mode rotator with a rotation efficiency and an extinction ratio as high as 97% and 17 dB over C-band respectively, has been successfully demonstrated for any incident lobe orientation for the first time to the best of our knowledge. Owing to its circular center core structure, low insertion loss and crosstalk at the connection with few-mode fibers (FMF) can be expected. The proposed OI-AAMR has good scalability to higher-order modes and a mode rotator for LP21 mode has been demonstrated as an example. The proposed mode rotators are promising for mode rotating applications in mode division multiplexing transmission.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Mode- and wavelength-division multiplexed transmission using all-fiber mode multiplexer based on mode selective couplers

Sun Hyok Chang, Hwan Seok Chung, Roland Ryf, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Changyo Han, Kyung Jun Park, Kwangjoon Kim, Jyung Chan Lee, Jong Hyun Lee, Byoung Yoon Kim, and Young Kie Kim
Opt. Express 23(6) 7164-7172 (2015)

Tunable mode rotator for space-division multiplexing based on a few mode-polarization maintaining fiber

Xiaobin Hong, Xinglin Zeng, Yan Li, Qi Mo, Yongjie Tian, Wei Li, Zhijian Liu, and Jian Wu
Appl. Opt. 55(33) 9360-9364 (2016)

Weakly-coupled 7-core-2-LP-mode transmission using commercial SFP + transceivers enabled by all-fiber spatial multiplexer and demultiplexer

Yuyang Gao, Jian Cui, Junchi Jia, Dawei Ge, Chunyan Du, Yichi Zhang, Huang Yu, Zhengbin Li, Yongqi He, Zhangyuan Chen, and Juhao Li
Opt. Express 27(11) 16271-16280 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. M. Kahn and K. P. Ho, “Communications technology: a bottleneck for optical fibres,” Nature 411(6841), 1007–1010 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. R. Kashyap, “The fiber fuse-from a curious effect to a critical issue: A 25th year retrospective,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6422–6441 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. J. Winzer, “Scaling optical fiber networks: challenges and solutions,” Opt. Photonics News 26(3), 28–35 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J. F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on multi-plane light conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. S. H. Chang, H. S. Chung, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. J. Park, K. Kim, J. C. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. Y. Kim, and Y. K. Kim, “Mode division multiplexed optical transmission enabled by all-fiber mode multiplexer,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14229–14236 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Saitoh, T. Uematsu, N. Hanzawa, Y. Ishizaka, K. Masumoto, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and F. Yamamoto, “PLC-based LP11 mode rotator for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19117–19130 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. X. Hong, X. Zeng, Y. Li, Q. Mo, Y. Tian, W. Li, Z. Liu, and J. Wu, “Tunable mode rotator for space-division multiplexing based on a few mode-polarization maintaining fiber,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9360–9364 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. C. H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.
    [Crossref]
  22. X. Ma, C. H. Liu, G. Chang, and A. Galvanauskas, “Angular-momentum coupled optical waves in chirally-coupled-core fibers,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26515–26528 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. Ma, “Understanding and controlling angular momentum coupled optical waves in chirally-coupled-core (CCC) fibers,” PhD Thesis, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.
  24. S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).
  25. A. W. Snyder, “Coupled-mode theory for optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62(11), 1267–1277 (1972).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7.
    [Crossref]
  27. K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and B. Y. Kim, “Broadband mode division multiplexer using all-fiber mode selective couplers,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3543–3549 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

2015 (1)

P. J. Winzer, “Scaling optical fiber networks: challenges and solutions,” Opt. Photonics News 26(3), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

2013 (4)

R. Kashyap, “The fiber fuse-from a curious effect to a critical issue: A 25th year retrospective,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6422–6441 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. M. Kahn and K. P. Ho, “Communications technology: a bottleneck for optical fibres,” Nature 411(6841), 1007–1010 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bolle, C.

Brambilla, G.

Burrows, E. C.

Chang, G.

Chang, S. H.

Chen, X.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chung, H. S.

Denolle, B.

Ercan, B.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R. J.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

Foschini, G. J.

Fu, S.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujisawa, T.

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

Genevaux, P.

Gnauck, A. H.

Goebel, B.

Gross, S.

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanzawa, N.

Ho, K. P.

J. M. Kahn and K. P. Ho, “Communications technology: a bottleneck for optical fibres,” Nature 411(6841), 1007–1010 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, X.

Hong, Z.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwang, I. K.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ishizaka, Y.

Ismaeel, R.

Jian, P.

Jung, Y.

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn and K. P. Ho, “Communications technology: a bottleneck for optical fibres,” Nature 411(6841), 1007–1010 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kashyap, R.

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, K.

Kim, Y. K.

Kramer, G.

Kristensen, P.

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

Labroille, G.

Lee, J. C.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, T.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, A.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

Li, Y.

Lingle, R.

Liu, C. H.

Liu, D.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Love, J. D.

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

Masumoto, K.

Matsui, T.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mo, Q.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hong, X. Zeng, Y. Li, Q. Mo, Y. Tian, W. Li, Z. Liu, and J. Wu, “Tunable mode rotator for space-division multiplexing based on a few mode-polarization maintaining fiber,” Appl. Opt. 55(33), 9360–9364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morizur, J. F.

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nishimoto, S.

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oduro, B.

Oh, K.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, K. J.

Peckham, D. W.

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

Randel, S.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Riesen, N.

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryf, R.

Saitoh, K.

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Saitoh, T. Uematsu, N. Hanzawa, Y. Ishizaka, K. Masumoto, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and F. Yamamoto, “PLC-based LP11 mode rotator for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19117–19130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakamoto, T.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Sasaki, Y.

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sierra, A.

Snyder, A. W.

Song, K. Y.

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and B. Y. Kim, “Broadband mode division multiplexer using all-fiber mode selective couplers,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3543–3549 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tang, M.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Y.

Treps, N.

Tsujikawa, K.

Uematsu, T.

Uemura, H.

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winzer, P. J.

Withford, M. J.

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Yamamoto, F.

Ye, J.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, D.

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yun, S. H.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nanophotonics (1)

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. M. Kahn and K. P. Ho, “Communications technology: a bottleneck for optical fibres,” Nature 411(6841), 1007–1010 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (9)

R. Kashyap, “The fiber fuse-from a curious effect to a critical issue: A 25th year retrospective,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6422–6441 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J. F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on multi-plane light conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Chang, H. S. Chung, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, K. J. Park, K. Kim, J. C. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. Y. Kim, and Y. K. Kim, “Mode division multiplexed optical transmission enabled by all-fiber mode multiplexer,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14229–14236 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond direct-written integrated mode couplers,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29855–29861 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, T. Uematsu, N. Hanzawa, Y. Ishizaka, K. Masumoto, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and F. Yamamoto, “PLC-based LP11 mode rotator for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19117–19130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, J. H. Lee, and B. Y. Kim, “Broadband mode division multiplexer using all-fiber mode selective couplers,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3543–3549 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, C. H. Liu, G. Chang, and A. Galvanauskas, “Angular-momentum coupled optical waves in chirally-coupled-core fibers,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26515–26528 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Photonics News (1)

P. J. Winzer, “Scaling optical fiber networks: challenges and solutions,” Opt. Photonics News 26(3), 28–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Photon. J. (1)

S. Nishimoto, T. Fujisawa, Y. Sasaki, H. Uemura, and K. Saitoh, “Theoretical Investigation of Six-Mode Multi/Demultiplexer Based on Fused-Type Multicore Fiber Coupler,” Photon. J. 8(3), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

N. Riesen, S. Gross, J. D. Love, Y. Sasaki, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic mode-selective few-mode multicore fiber multiplexers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 6971 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Mo, Z. Hong, D. Yu, S. Fu, L. Wang, K. Oh, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-fiber spatial rotation manipulation for radially asymmetric modes,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 2539 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

C. H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.
[Crossref]

X. Ma, “Understanding and controlling angular momentum coupled optical waves in chirally-coupled-core (CCC) fibers,” PhD Thesis, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of (a) the cross-section, and (b) 3-D structure of proposed mode rotator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of relative spatial-orientation of LP11a (central core) and LP01 mode (side core) (a) at the input port and (b) after a propagation distance of z.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The relative power of different modes as functions of z with (a) θ0 = 0 and (b) θ0 = π/2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The coupling coefficient and rotator length as functions of Λ.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The power evolution of different modes in the LP11 mode rotator at 1550 nm when (a) θ0 = 0 and (b) θ0 = π/2.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The rotation efficiency and extinction ratio as functions of θ0 at different wavelength.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The impacts of (a) helix pitch, (b) helix radius, and (c) rotator length on the rotation efficiency and extinction ratio.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The power evolution of different modes in the LP21 mode rotator at 1550 nm when (a) θ0 = 0 and (b) θ0 = π/4.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The rotation efficiency and extinction ratio as functions of θ0 at 1550 nm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the LP11 mode rotator.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Parameters of the LP21 mode rotator.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

C 11a01 = C 0 cos( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ),
C 11b01 = C 0 sin( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ).
d A 11a ( z ) dz =jβ A 11a ( z )j C 0 cos( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ) A 01 ( z ),
d A 01 ( z ) dz =jβ A 01 ( z )j C 0 cos( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ) A 11a ( z )j C 0 sin( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ) A 11b ( z ),
d A 11b ( z ) dz =jβ A 11b ( z )j C 0 sin( 2π Λ z+ θ 0 ) A 01 ( z ),

Metrics