Abstract

A photonic crystal slab (PCS) sensor is a universal refractive index sensor with possibilities and performance very similar to surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which represents the gold standard of biosensing. Cheap PCS sensors can be made vacuum-free entirely out of polymers, but come with additional challenges, besides those relating to temperature-variations, which must be considered in any refractive index based method: The polymeric waveguide core was found to swell by ∼0.3% as water absorbed into the waveguide core over ∼1.5 h. This was investigated by monitoring the wavelength of resonant reflection during absorption, by monitoring the release of water using ellipsometry, and by rigorous coupled-wave analysis (RCWA). The approach presented here enables monitoring of water uptake and thermal fluctuations, for drift-free, high-performance operation of a polymeric PCS sensor.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor

Pétur G. Hermannsson, Kristian T. Sørensen, Christoph Vannahme, Cameron L.C. Smith, Jan J. Klein, Maria-Melanie Russew, Gabi Grützner, and Anders Kristensen
Opt. Express 23(13) 16529-16539 (2015)

Optical resonant sensors: a method to reduce the effect of thermal drift

Thanh Le, Anatoliy Savchenkov, Nan Yu, Lute Maleki, and W. H. Steier
Appl. Opt. 48(3) 458-463 (2009)

Sensitivity enhancement in photonic crystal slab biosensors

Mohamed El Beheiry, Victor Liu, Shanhui Fan, and Ofer Levi
Opt. Express 18(22) 22702-22714 (2010)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Piliarik and J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors: approaching their limits?” Opt. Express 17, 16505 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. T. Cunningham, “Label-Free Assays on the BIND System,” J. Biomol. Screen. 9, 481–490 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Magnusson and M. Shokooh-Saremi, “Physical basis for wideband resonant reflectors,” Opt. express 16, 3456–3462 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Daimon and A. Masumura, “Measurement of the refractive index of distilled water from the near-infrared region to the ultraviolet region,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3811 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical electronics in modern communications (Oxford University Press, 2007), 6th ed.

2017 (1)

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. Piliarik and J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors: approaching their limits?” Opt. Express 17, 16505 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

M. Daimon and A. Masumura, “Measurement of the refractive index of distilled water from the near-infrared region to the ultraviolet region,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3811 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

B. T. Cunningham, “Label-Free Assays on the BIND System,” J. Biomol. Screen. 9, 481–490 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992).
[Crossref]

Behrends, V.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Benisty, H.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Block, I. D.

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bougot-Robin, K.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chan, L. L.

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chan, L. L.-Y.

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, G. E.

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chau, L. K.

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

Choi, C. J.

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

Clark, P. P.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunningham, B.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, B. T.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. T. Cunningham, “Label-Free Assays on the BIND System,” J. Biomol. Screen. 9, 481–490 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daimon, M.

Ding, Y.

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fang, Y.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ferrie, A. M.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gallegos, D.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, S.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerken, M.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grützner, G.

Hermannsson, P. G.

P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik and J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors: approaching their limits?” Opt. Express 17, 16505 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
[Crossref]

Horvath, R.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, W. H.

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hsing, I.-M.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hugh, B.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Klein, J. J.

Kristensen, A.

P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kuhlenschmidt, M.

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kuhlenschmidt, T.

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, P.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, B.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. C.

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

Long, K. D.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Magnusson and M. Shokooh-Saremi, “Physical basis for wideband resonant reflectors,” Opt. express 16, 3456–3462 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992).
[Crossref]

Masumura, A.

Nath, P.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nazirizadeh, Y.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nenninger, G. G.

G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
[Crossref]

Orgovan, N.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pepper, J.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik and J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors: approaching their limits?” Opt. Express 17, 16505 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pineda, M. F.

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

Prósz, A.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Russew, M.-M.

Selhuber-Unkel, C.

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

Smith, C. L.

Smith, C. L. C.

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sørensen, K. T.

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Threm, D.

D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vannahme, C.

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Hermannsson, K. T. Sørensen, C. Vannahme, C. L. Smith, J. J. Klein, M.-M. Russew, G. Grützner, and A. Kristensen, “All-polymer photonic crystal slab sensor,” Opt. Express 23, 16529–16539 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S. S.

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wawro, D.

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wen, W.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical electronics in modern communications (Oxford University Press, 2007), 6th ed.

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical electronics in modern communications (Oxford University Press, 2007), 6th ed.

Yu, H.

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zimmerman, S.

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. G. Hermannsson, C. Vannahme, C. L. C. Smith, K. T. Sørensen, and A. Kristensen, “Refractive index dispersion sensing using an array of photonic crystal resonant reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 061101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

M. F. Pineda, L. L.-Y. Chan, T. Kuhlenschmidt, C. J. Choi, M. Kuhlenschmidt, and B. T. Cunningham, “Rapid Specific and Label-Free Detection of Porcine Rotavirus Using Photonic Crystal Biosensors,” IEEE Sensors J. 9, 470–477 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Biomol. Screen. (1)

B. T. Cunningham, “Label-Free Assays on the BIND System,” J. Biomol. Screen. 9, 481–490 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biophotonics (1)

D. Threm, Y. Nazirizadeh, and M. Gerken, “Photonic crystal biosensors towards on-chip integration,” J. Biophotonics 5, 601–616 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lab on a Chip (1)

D. Gallegos, K. D. Long, H. Yu, P. P. Clark, Y. Lin, S. George, P. Nath, and B. T. Cunningham, “Label-free biodetection using a smartphone,” Lab on a Chip 13, 2124 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

G. G. Nenninger, M. Piliarik, and J. Homola, “Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 2038–2046 (2002).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 603–608 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. express (1)

Sci. Reports (1)

Y. Nazirizadeh, V. Behrends, A. Prósz, N. Orgovan, R. Horvath, A. M. Ferrie, Y. Fang, C. Selhuber-Unkel, and M. Gerken, “Intensity interrogation near cutoff resonance for label-free cellular profiling,” Sci. Reports 6, 24685 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. (2)

Y. C. Lin, W. H. Hsieh, L. K. Chau, and G. E. Chang, “Intensity-detection-based guided-mode-resonance optofluidic biosensing system for rapid, low-cost, label-free detection,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 250, 659–666 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, “A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions,” Sensors Actuators, B: Chem. 85, 219–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sensors. (1)

R. Magnusson, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, and Y. Ding, “Resonant photonic biosensors with polarization-based multiparametric discrimination in each channel,” Sensors. 11, 1476–1488 (2011).
[Crossref]

The Analyst (1)

K. Bougot-Robin, S. Li, Y. Zhang, I.-M. Hsing, H. Benisty, and W. Wen, ““Peak tracking chip” for label-free optical detection of bio-molecular interaction and bulk sensing,” The Analyst 137, 4785–4794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical electronics in modern communications (Oxford University Press, 2007), 6th ed.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup and operating principle of the PCS sensor, using a) an optical setup which ensures collimated, normal incidence illumination of the b) sensor, illustrated here in cross-section (not to scale). A reference material partially covers the sensor, increasing the c) resonance wavelength relative to the sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a) A deliberate temperature perturbation reveals b) the thermo-optic coefficient of the sensor in water, by correlating the resonance wavelength shift with temperature as measured by a pyrometer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temperature perturbations are effectively cancelled by thermal compensation, ensuring a stable and drift-free baseline. With thermal effects accounted for, the time for full mixing of the buffer becomes clearly visible at t = 4 min.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Resonance wavelength of the sample region (λS) versus the reference region (λR) over time. Following approx. 5 minutes of temperature equilibration, the blue-shifting of the sample resonance over the first ∼ 1.5 h may be due to water absorption into the exposed waveguide core. The shielded reference region is relatively stable during the period.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Water degassing investigated by a) ellipsometer, indicating concomitant core layer shrinking and refractive index increase, and by b) RCWA in response to the changes measured by ellipsometry, indicating c) 215 pm of simulated resonance shift. The result is consistent with the direct sensor readout data.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ λ Δ c = Δ λ S C Δ λ R
n core = n w F + n p ( 1 F )

Metrics