Abstract

We propose and implement a method to determine the absolute density profile of a gas jet producing high-order harmonics. By measuring the transverse profile of the fluorescence emitted by the plasma, we retrieve the local density in the gas jet. We use this technique during the optimization of the high-harmonics of 515 nm, 10 µJ, 130 fs pulses at 500 kHz and find that we can generate in absorption-limited conditions.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  9. J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
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  12. A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
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  18. C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Behjat, G. J. Tallents, and D. Neely, “The characterization of a high-density gas jet,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 30, 2872 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  20. V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  21. F. Brandi and F. Giammanco, “Temporal and spatial characterization of a pulsed gas jet by a compact high-speed high-sensitivity second-harmonic interferometer,” Opt. Express 19, 25479–25487 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  25. O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. Lavenu, M. Natile, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy few-cycle Yb-doped fiber amplifier source based on a single nonlinear compression stage,” Opt. Express 25, 7530 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  31. B. Henke, E. Gullikson, and J. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at e = 50–30,000 ev, z = 1–92,” Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. 54, 181–342 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2017 (4)

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 50, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lavenu, M. Natile, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy few-cycle Yb-doped fiber amplifier source based on a single nonlinear compression stage,” Opt. Express 25, 7530 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, H. Coudert-Alteirac, M. Miranda, M. Louisy, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, E. Balogh, K. Varjú, A. L’Huillier, A. Couairon, and C. L. Arnold, “Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases,” Optica 3, 75 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

F. Brandi and F. Giammanco, “Temporal and spatial characterization of a pulsed gas jet by a compact high-speed high-sensitivity second-harmonic interferometer,” Opt. Express 19, 25479–25487 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1489 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

P. Balcou, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Behjat, G. J. Tallents, and D. Neely, “The characterization of a high-density gas jet,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 30, 2872 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (3)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Henke, E. Gullikson, and J. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at e = 50–30,000 ev, z = 1–92,” Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. 54, 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

Adler, F.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Altucci, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Amiranoff, F.

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C. L.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 50, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, H. Coudert-Alteirac, M. Miranda, M. Louisy, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, E. Balogh, K. Varjú, A. L’Huillier, A. Couairon, and C. L. Arnold, “Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases,” Optica 3, 75 (2016).
[Crossref]

Balcou, P.

P. Balcou, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[Crossref]

Balogh, E.

Barreau, L.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bartnik, A.

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beaulieu, S.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Behjat, A.

A. Behjat, G. J. Tallents, and D. Neely, “The characterization of a high-density gas jet,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 30, 2872 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beneduce, C.

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bishop, A. I.

N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blanc, C. Le

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bloch, E.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boullet, J.

Boyer, K.

Brandi, F.

Breger, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bruzzese, R.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cabasse, A.

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Cabasse, G. Machinet, A. Dubrouil, E. Cormier, and E. Constant, “Optimization and phase matching of fiber-laser-driven high-order harmonic generation at high repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4618–4620 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlström, S.

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cassou, K.

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ceccherini, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chantrenne, S.

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

Christov, I.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coleman, P. L.

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

Comby, A.

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S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
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S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
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M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
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S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
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S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
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O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
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K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
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E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
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Fabre, B.

Failor, B. H.

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
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M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
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P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
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P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
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O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
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E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Geindre, J. P.

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

Géneaux, R.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
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Giammanco, F.

Gibson, E.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
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Guichard, F.

Guilbaud, O.

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

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B. Henke, E. Gullikson, and J. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at e = 50–30,000 ev, z = 1–92,” Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. 54, 181–342 (1993).
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S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Hazera, C.

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
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B. Henke, E. Gullikson, and J. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at e = 50–30,000 ev, z = 1–92,” Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. 54, 181–342 (1993).
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C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 50, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, H. Coudert-Alteirac, M. Miranda, M. Louisy, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, E. Balogh, K. Varjú, A. L’Huillier, A. Couairon, and C. L. Arnold, “Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases,” Optica 3, 75 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
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Hoffmann, A.

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
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Jarocki, R.

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Kapteyn, H.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
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S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
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Klenke, A.

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
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S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
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P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
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P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
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Krebs, M.

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
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S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
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K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 50, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, H. Coudert-Alteirac, M. Miranda, M. Louisy, K. Kovacs, V. Tosa, E. Balogh, K. Varjú, A. L’Huillier, A. Couairon, and C. L. Arnold, “Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases,” Optica 3, 75 (2016).
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E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
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Légaré, F.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
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B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
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P. Balcou, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204–3210 (1997).
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M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
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S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1489 (2009).
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M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
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Lopez, V.

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lorek, E.

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
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Louisy, M.

Luk, T. S.

Lytle, A.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
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Machinet, G.

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
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Mairesse, Y.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1489 (2009).
[Crossref]

Malka, V.

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

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M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mauritsson, J.

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maynard, G.

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

McIntyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Mével, E.

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1489 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
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Miranda, M.

Mottay, E.

Murnane, M.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

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V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
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Neely, D.

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
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O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Paganin, D. M.

N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Palecek, D.

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paul, A.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

Petit, S.

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1489 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, T.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

Priori, E.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Quintard, L.

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, C. K.

Ros, D.

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, J.

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, Jan

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Salières, P.

P. Balcou, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[Crossref]

Salin, F.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schofield, N. E.

N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shamir, Y.

Song, Y.

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sorrentino, G. S.

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Starczewski, T.

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Szczurek, M.

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sze, H. M.

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tallents, G. J.

A. Behjat, G. J. Tallents, and D. Neely, “The characterization of a high-density gas jet,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 30, 2872 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tchulov, O.

O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tosa, V.

Tschernajew, M.

Tünnermann, A.

R. Klas, S. Demmler, M. Tschernajew, S. Hädrich, Y. Shamir, A. Tünnermann, J. Rothhardt, and J. Limpert, “Table-Top Milliwatt-Class Extreme Ultraviolet High Harmonic Light Source,” Optica 3, 1167 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Varjú, K.

Vigilante, F.

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

Villoresi, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wachulak, P. W.

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wegrzynski, Z.

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zaouter, Y.

Zápražný, Z.

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zigmantas, D.

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. W. Wachulak, Z. Węgrzyński, Z. Zápražný, A. Bartnik, T. Fok, R. Jarocki, J. Kostecki, M. Szczurek, D. Korytár, and H. Fiedorowicz, “Extreme ultraviolet tomography of multi-jet gas puff target for high-order harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 253–263 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. (1)

B. Henke, E. Gullikson, and J. Davis, “X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at e = 50–30,000 ev, z = 1–92,” Atomic Data Nucl. Data Tab. 54, 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468, 1–8 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Paul, E. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. Murnane, I. Christov, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-Matching Techniques for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 14–26 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys B (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys B 21, L31 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (2)

C. M. Heyl, C. L. Arnold, A. Couairon, and A. L’Huillier, “Introduction to macroscopic power scaling principles for high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 50, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, Jan Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, A. Klenke, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert, “Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux,” J. Phys. B 49, 172002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. Cabasse, C. Hazera, L. Quintard, E. Cormier, S. Petit, and E. Constant, “Collection and spectral control of high-order harmonics generated with a 50 W high-repetition rate Ytterbium femtosecond laser system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 085601 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

C. Altucci, C. Beneduce, R. Bruzzese, C. d. Lisio, G. S. Sorrentino, T. Starczewski, and F. Vigilante, “Characterization of pulsed gas sources for intense laser field - atom interaction experiments,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 68–75 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Behjat, G. J. Tallents, and D. Neely, “The characterization of a high-density gas jet,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 30, 2872 (1997).
[Crossref]

Light Science Appl. (1)

S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Exploring new avenues in high repetition rate table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet sources,” Light Science Appl. 4, e320 (2015).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Absorption-limited and phase-matched high harmonic generation in the tight focusing regime,” New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

S. Beaulieu, E. Bloch, L. Barreau, A. Comby, D. Descamps, R. Géneaux, F. Légaré, S. Petit, and Y. Mairesse, “Phase-resolved two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic wave packets by laser-induced XUV free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 041401 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Kazamias, S. Daboussi, O. Guilbaud, K. Cassou, D. Ros, B. Cros, and G. Maynard, “Pressure-induced phase matching in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 063405 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and et al., “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Balcou, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing High Harmonic Generation in Absorbing Gases: Model and Experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (4)

E. Lorek, E. W. Larsen, C. M. Heyl, S. Carlström, D. Paleček, D. Zigmantas, and J. Mauritsson, “High-order harmonic generation using a high-repetition-rate turnkey laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(12), 123106 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. E. Schofield, D. M. Paganin, and A. I. Bishop, “Absolute density-profile tomography of molecular beams using multiphoton ionization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 123105 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Malka, C. Coulaud, J. P. Geindre, V. Lopez, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, and F. Amiranoff, “Characterization of neutral density profile in a wide range of pressure of cylindrical pulsed gas jets,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 2329–2333 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. H. Failor, S. Chantrenne, P. L. Coleman, J. S. Levine, Y. Song, and H. M. Sze, “Proof-of-principle laser-induced fluorescence measurements of gas distributions from supersonic nozzles,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1070–1076 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

O. Tchulov, M. Negro, S. Stagira, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, and E. Frumker, “Laser induced strong-field ionization gas jet tomography,” Sci. Rep. 7, 6905 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theor. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Y. Kuchiev, “Atomic antenna,” Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theor. Phys. Lett. 45, 404 (1987).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the experimental setup. The 130fs – 40 µJ – 500 kHz pulses @ 1030 nm are sent into a 1 mm thick BBO crystal to provide 10 µJ – 500 kHz pulses at 515 nm. The green beam is expanded in a 2.66 × telescope and focused by a 25 cm lens into a vacuum chamber, where it interacts with a gas jet. The laser is intense enough to create a plasma and generate HHG. The fluorescence of the plasma is imaged with a 20 cm magnifying lens and a set of camera lenses onto a CCD sensor. In the actual experimental setup, the nozzle is vertical and the imaging system is set on a horizontal plane, orthogonal to the gas jet direction. This imaging allows us to measure the distance d from the nozzle, the length l (FWHM) and the brightness B of the plasma. The HHG spectrum is measured simultaneously by a flat field XUV spectrometer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Plasma brightness as a function of the static Ar density in the closed vacuum chamber. Experimental points (blue) and linear fit (red). (b) Absolute density map of the gas jet produced by a 250 µm nozzle backed with 2 bars of Ar. (c) Peak pressure at different distance of the gas jet, with an exponential decay fit with a characteristic length of 260 µm. (d) Width of the density profile at different distance of the gas jet, with a linear fit with a slope of 0.22.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Harmonic flux as a function of density at different distances from the nozzle. (b) Harmonic flux as a function of length-density product. Circles are the measurements points and the lines a spline smoothing as a guide to the eyes.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Medium length, coherence length and absorption length measured at the optimum harmonic signal for each distance from the nozzle. (b) Evolution of the experimental and theoretical optimum harmonic signal as a function of distance.

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