Abstract

The design and dimensioning of a photonic-aided payload for a multi-beam high-throughput communications satellite is a complex problem in which the antenna, RF and photonic subsystems must be considered as a whole for achieving best performance with lowest mass and power consumption. In this paper, we propose and dimension the receiving stage of a communications satellite comprising a phased array antenna (PAA) feeding a multibeam photonic beamforming system (PBS). The PBS uses a single wavelength and resorts to heterodyne detection such that the retrieved beams are frequency downconverted. End-to-end system modeling shows that the complexity of the PAA and PBS can be traded-off for signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) or power consumption without compromising the beam width. The dimensioning of a realistic scenario is presented, showing that an SNR and beam crosstalk on the order of 20 dB are achievable with a total power consumption below 1 kW for a typical number of 100 antenna elements (AEs).

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Developing an integrated photonic system with a simple beamforming architecture for phased-array antennas

Weimin Zhou, Michael Stead, Steven Weiss, Olukayode Okusaga, Lingjun Jiang, Stephen Anderson, and Z. Rena Huang
Appl. Opt. 56(3) B5-B13 (2017)

System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications

Maurizio Burla, Chris G. H. Roeloffzen, Leimeng Zhuang, David Marpaung, Muhammad Rezaul Khan, Peter Maat, Klaas Dijkstra, Arne Leinse, Marcel Hoekman, and René Heideman
Appl. Opt. 51(7) 789-802 (2012)

Graphene-based fine-tunable optical delay line for optical beamforming in phased-array antennas

Teresa Tatoli, Donato Conteduca, Francesco Dell’Olio, Caterina Ciminelli, and Mario N. Armenise
Appl. Opt. 55(16) 4342-4349 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.
  2. F. Khan, “Mobile internet from the heavens,” arXiv:1508.02383, 2015.
  3. J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).
  4. E. Chen and A. Murphy, Broadband Optical Modulators: Science, Technology, and Applications (CRC, 2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).
  6. G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
    [Crossref]
  7. V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic True-Time-Delay Beamformer for a Phased Array Antenna Receiver based on Self-Heterodyne Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 5566–5575 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
    [Crossref]
  9. Maurizio Burla, David A.I. Marpaung, Leimeng Zhuang, Muhammad Rezaul Khan, Arne Leinse, Willem Beeker, Marcel Hoekman, René G. Heideman, and Chris G.H. Roeloffzen, “Multiwavelength-Integrated Optical Beamformer Based on Wavelength Division Multiplexing for 2-D Phased Array Antennas,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3509–3520 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas—Part I: Design and Performance Analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3–18 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas—Part II: Experimental Prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 19–31 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
    [Crossref]
  14. V.J. Urick, “Considerations and Application Opportunities for Integrated Microwave Photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2B.1.
  15. R. C. Hansen, Phased Array Antennas (John Wiley and Sons, 2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. J.J. Lee, “G/T and noise figure of active array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation 41(2), 241–244 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming system for a phased array antenna receiver,” 2015 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC, 2015), pp. 1–5.
  19. V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

2017 (1)

J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).

2016 (2)

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic True-Time-Delay Beamformer for a Phased Array Antenna Receiver based on Self-Heterodyne Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 5566–5575 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2010 (2)

1993 (1)

J.J. Lee, “G/T and noise figure of active array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation 41(2), 241–244 (1993).
[Crossref]

Adleman, J. R.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alberty, E.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Anzalchi, J.

J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Beeker, Willem

Bentum, M. J.

Burla, M.

Burla, Maurizio

Chen, E.

E. Chen and A. Murphy, Broadband Optical Modulators: Science, Technology, and Applications (CRC, 2011).
[Crossref]

Clements, S.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Crabb, J.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Dai, Y.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Drummond, M.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Drummond, M. V.

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic True-Time-Delay Beamformer for a Phased Array Antenna Receiver based on Self-Heterodyne Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 5566–5575 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming system for a phased array antenna receiver,” 2015 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC, 2015), pp. 1–5.

Duarte, V.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Duarte, V. C.

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic True-Time-Delay Beamformer for a Phased Array Antenna Receiver based on Self-Heterodyne Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 5566–5575 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming system for a phased array antenna receiver,” 2015 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC, 2015), pp. 1–5.

Evans, D. C.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Farzana, J.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

Filipowicz, M.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Galinier, D.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Hansen, R. C.

R. C. Hansen, Phased Array Antennas (John Wiley and Sons, 2009).
[Crossref]

Heideman, R. G.

Heideman, R.G.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Heideman, René G.

Hoekman, M.

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas—Part II: Experimental Prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 19–31 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Hoekman, Marcel

Huggins, G.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Hulzinga, A.

Inigo, P.

J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Jacobs, E. W.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jester, S. B.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jorna, P.

Kechagias, M.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

Kehayas, E.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

Khan, F.

F. Khan, “Mobile internet from the heavens,” arXiv:1508.02383, 2015.

Khan, Muhammad Rezaul

Knoll, D.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Kroh, M.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Lee, J.J.

J.J. Lee, “G/T and noise figure of active array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation 41(2), 241–244 (1993).
[Crossref]

Leinse, A.

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas—Part II: Experimental Prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 19–31 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Leinse, Arne

Lin, C. L.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lischke, S.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mai, C.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D. A. I.

Marpaung, David A.I.

Meijerink, A.

Meijerink, R.

Melvin Pascoguin, B.

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

Metzger, N.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Micusik, D.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Murawski, M.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

Murphy, A.

E. Chen and A. Murphy, Broadband Optical Modulators: Science, Technology, and Applications (CRC, 2011).
[Crossref]

Napierala, M.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Nasilowski, T.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Nogueira, R.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Nogueira, R. N.

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic True-Time-Delay Beamformer for a Phased Array Antenna Receiver based on Self-Heterodyne Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 5566–5575 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming system for a phased array antenna receiver,” 2015 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC, 2015), pp. 1–5.

Oldenbeuving, R.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Pan, S.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Petousi, D.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Prata, J.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Ribeiro, C.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Roeloffzen, C.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Roeloffzen, Chris G.H.

Roy, B.

J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Schneider, M.

H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
[Crossref]

Scouarnec, D.

H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
[Crossref]

Stampoulidis, L.

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Stirland, S.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
[Crossref]

Taddei, C.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Tian, H.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Tillack, B.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Timens, R.B.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

Urick, V.J.

V.J. Urick, “Considerations and Application Opportunities for Integrated Microwave Photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2B.1.

van Dijk, P.

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

van Etten, W.

Verpoorte, J.

Vidal, O.

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

Voigt, K.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

Walker, R.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Wang, T.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Winzer, G.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

Wolf, H.

H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xue, Y.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, N.

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, L.

Zhuang, Leimeng

Zimmermann, L.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation (1)

J.J. Lee, “G/T and noise figure of active array antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation 41(2), 241–244 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Microwave Magazine (1)

S. Pan, D. Zhu, S. Liu, K. Xu, Y. Dai, T. Wang, J. Liu, N. Zhu, Y. Xue, and N. Liu, “Satellite Payloads Pay Off,” Microwave Magazine 16(8), 61–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (3)

J. Anzalchi, P. Inigo, and B. Roy, “Application of photonics in next generation telecommunication satellites payloads,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 1056330 (2017).

J. R. Adleman, C. L. Lin, S. B. Jester, B. Melvin Pascoguin, D. C. Evans, and E. W. Jacobs, “Photonic RF-IF wideband down conversion using optical injection locking,” Proc. SPIE 9467, 946721 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Kechagias, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Farzana, E. Kehayas, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, M. Murawski, and T. Nasilowski, “Multi-core fiber amplifier array for intra-satellite links,” Proc. SPIE 10562, 1056258 (2016).

Other (10)

G. Winzer, M. Kroh, S. Lischke, D. Knoll, K. Voigt, H. Tian, C. Mai, D. Petousi, D. Micusik, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Monolithic photonic-electronic QPSK receiver for 28Gbaud,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M3C.4.
[Crossref]

C. Roeloffzen, R. Oldenbeuving, R.B. Timens, P. van Dijk, C. Taddei, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R.G. Heideman, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, and M. Burla, “Integrated Optical Beamformers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3F.4.
[Crossref]

V. C. Duarte, M. V. Drummond, and R. N. Nogueira, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming system for a phased array antenna receiver,” 2015 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC, 2015), pp. 1–5.

V. Duarte, J. Prata, C. Ribeiro, R. Nogueira, G. Winzer, L. Zimmermann, R. Walker, S. Clements, M. Filipowicz, M. Napierala, T. Nasilowski, J. Crabb, L. Stampoulidis, J. Anzalchi, and M. Drummond, “Integrated photonic true-time delay beamformer for a ka-band phased array antenna receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M2G.5.

E. Chen and A. Murphy, Broadband Optical Modulators: Science, Technology, and Applications (CRC, 2011).
[Crossref]

P. Inigo, O. Vidal, B. Roy, E. Alberty, N. Metzger, D. Galinier, J. Anzalchi, G. Huggins, and S. Stirland, “Review of terabit/s satellite, the next generation of HTS systems,” in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC) (2014), pp. 318–322.

F. Khan, “Mobile internet from the heavens,” arXiv:1508.02383, 2015.

H. Wolf, M. Schneider, S. Stirland, and D. Scouarnec, “Satellite multibeam antennas at airbus defence and space: State of the art and trends,” European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP, 2014), pp. 182–185.
[Crossref]

V.J. Urick, “Considerations and Application Opportunities for Integrated Microwave Photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper M2B.1.

R. C. Hansen, Phased Array Antennas (John Wiley and Sons, 2009).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 User beams with four different colors spread across center Europe.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) scheme of the proposed receiving stage. (b) detailed PBS with N feeds producing NB output beams, and tuned by N × NB phase shifters with a complex weight of wbn.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Horizontal (α) and vertical (β) HPBW as a function of the number of AEs. (b) – (d) top: spatial arrangement of the AEs for N = 61, N = 19927, and for a thinned array with N = 1116 AEs selected from the array at its left; bottom: corresponding array factors |Fb(α, 0)| and |Fb(0, β)|.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) top: beam squinting and HPBW as a function of δf; bottom: crosstalk from nearest beams with the same color as a function of δf. (b) and (c) top: Magnitude (in dB) of the array factor centered at the target angle. The markers identify the angles of the nearest beams with the same color as the target beam. Bottom: corresponding array factors |Fb(α, βT)| and |Fb(αT, β)|. (b) shows the results corresponding to δf = 0, whereas in (c) δf = 1.25 GHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) cutoff frequencies (in GHz) at −1 dB and −3 dB of |Fb(α, β)|. (b) percentage of beams with a cutoff frequency of at least f, which can be interpreted as the percentage of beams with spectral width of B = 2f that dispense TTD beamforming.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Scheme of the photonic payload architecture for one output beam including noise sources.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 SNR and Pout as a function of GLNA considering different noise contributions. GTIA is set to 50 V A−1 when output electrical amplification is not considered such that the TIA is equivalent to a load of 50 Ω. For the contribution of all noise sources (lines with circles) all parameters are quantified according to the described simulation scenario.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Power consumption of each kind of component. The percentage of total power consumption is displayed at the top of each bar. Total power consumption is of 9.7 kW.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 SNR, power consumption and maximum beam crosstalk as a function of N. The height of the error bars in the bottom plot is given by the standard deviation of the 100 realizations run for each value of N.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Y b ( θ , ϕ ) = R ( θ , ϕ ) F b ( θ , ϕ ) = R ( θ , ϕ ) n = 1 N w bn e j k r n ,
τ n ( α T , β T ) = k r n ω RF .
v out ( t ) = 2 P L R BPD G TIA G OBF G TOLO a ( t ) 2 sin ( Δ ω t + θ ( t ) ) n = 1 N w bn ,
P out = P L 2 R BPD 2 G TIA 2 R L G OBF G TOLO P s ( n = 1 N w bn ) 2 ,
P n , AE = P L 2 R BPD 2 G TIA 2 R L G OBF G TOLO ( P A + P F + P LNA ) n = 1 N w bn 2 ,
P n , OA = P L R BPD 2 G TIA 2 R L G TOLO 2 ( P ASE , OA G LOA α s 3 α s 4 n = 1 N w bn 2 + P ASE , LOA ) ,
P n , out = G TIA 2 R L ( P SN + P TIA ) G TIA 2 R L ( 4 q ( I OLO + I d ) + i TIA 2 ) B ,
SNR out = P out P n = P out P n , AE + P n , OA + P n , out .
SNR out P out max { P n , AE , P n , OA , P n , out } .

Metrics