Abstract

Progress towards far UV (FUV) coatings with enhanced reflectance is invaluable for future space missions, such as LUVOIR. This research starts with the procedure developed to enhance MgF2-protected Al reflectance through depositing MgF2 on a heated aluminized substrate [Quijada et al., Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012)] and it establishes the optimum deposition temperature of the MgF2 protective film for Al mirrors with a reflectance as high as ~90% at 121.6 nm. Al films were deposited at room temperature and protected with a MgF2 film deposited at various temperatures ranging from room temperature to 350°C. It has been found that mirror reflectance in the short FUV range continuously increases with MgF2 deposition temperature up to 250°C, whereas reflectance decreases at temperatures of 300°C and up. The short-FUV reflectance of mirrors deposited at 250°C only slightly decreased over time by less than 1%, compared to a larger decay for standard coatings prepared at room temperature. Al mirrors protected with MgF2 deposited at room temperature that were later annealed displayed a similar reflectance enhancement that mirrors protected at high temperatures. MgF2 and Al roughness as well as MgF2 density were analyzed by x-ray grazing incidence reflectometry. A noticeable reduction in both Al and MgF2 roughness, as well as an increase of MgF2 density, were measured for films deposited at high temperatures. On the other hand, it was found a strong correlation between the protective-layer deposition temperature (or post-deposition annealing temperature) and the pinhole open area in Al films, which could be prevented with a somewhat thicker Al film.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Vacuum ultraviolet coatings of Al protected with MgF2 prepared both by ion-beam sputtering and by evaporation

Mónica Fernández-Perea, Juan I. Larruquert, José A. Aznárez, Alicia Pons, and José A. Méndez
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References

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    [Crossref]

2017 (4)

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. R. Bolcar, “The Large UV/Optical/Infrared Surveyor (LUVOIR): Decadal mission concept technology development overview,” Proc. SPIE 10398, 103980A (2017).

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

B. Fleming, M. Quijada, J. Hennessy, A. Egan, J. del Hoyo, B. A. Hicks, J. Wiley, N. Kruczek, N. Erickson, and K. France, “Advanced environmentally resistant lithium fluoride mirror coatings for the next generation of broadband space observatories,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 9941–9950 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Wilbrandt, O. Stenzel, H. Nakamura, D. Wulff-Molder, A. Duparré, and N. Kaiser, “Protected and enhanced aluminum mirrors for the VUV,” Appl. Opt. 53(4), A125–A130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Quijada, J. del Hoyo, and S. Rice, “Enhanced far-ultraviolet reflectance of MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91444G (2014).

2012 (1)

M. A. Quijada, S. Rice, and E. Mentzell, “Enhanced MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors for FUV space astronomy,” Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

J. I. Larruquert and R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, “Far ultraviolet optical properties of MgF2 films deposited by ion-beam-sputtering and their application as protective coatings for Al,” Opt. Commun. 215(1-3), 93–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. Dumas, E. Quesnel, J.-Y. Robic, and Y. Pauleau, “Characterization of Magnesium Fluoride thin films deposited by direct electron beam evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(2), 465–469 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys. 12(4), 360–370 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Méndez, and J. A. Aznárez, “Life prolongation of far ultraviolet reflecting aluminum coatings by periodic recoating of the oxidized surface,” Opt. Commun. 135(1-3), 60–64 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

C. Ruppe and A. Duparré, “Roughness analysis of optical films and substrates by atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 288(1-2), 8–13 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1979 (1)

Y. I. Dymshits, V. A. Korobitsyn, and A. A. Metel’nikov, “Effect of heating on the reflectivity of Aluminum coatings in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46, 649–651 (1979).

1972 (1)

1971 (3)

1959 (1)

Adriaens, M. R.

Andersson, B.-G.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Apellániz, J. M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ardila, D.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aznárez, J. A.

M. Fernández-Perea, J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Aznárez, A. Pons, and J. A. Méndez, “Vacuum ultraviolet coatings of Al protected with MgF2 prepared both by ion-beam sputtering and by evaporation,” Appl. Opt. 46(22), 4871–4878 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Méndez, and J. A. Aznárez, “Life prolongation of far ultraviolet reflecting aluminum coatings by periodic recoating of the oxidized surface,” Opt. Commun. 135(1-3), 60–64 (1997).
[Crossref]

Balasubramanian, K.

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Barstow, M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Beasley, M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bianchi, L.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bolcar, M. R.

M. R. Bolcar, “The Large UV/Optical/Infrared Surveyor (LUVOIR): Decadal mission concept technology development overview,” Proc. SPIE 10398, 103980A (2017).

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Calzetti, D.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Clampin, M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cox, J. T.

Craighead, H. G.

del Hoyo, J.

Dumas, L.

L. Dumas, E. Quesnel, J.-Y. Robic, and Y. Pauleau, “Characterization of Magnesium Fluoride thin films deposited by direct electron beam evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(2), 465–469 (2000).
[Crossref]

Duparré, A.

S. Wilbrandt, O. Stenzel, H. Nakamura, D. Wulff-Molder, A. Duparré, and N. Kaiser, “Protected and enhanced aluminum mirrors for the VUV,” Appl. Opt. 53(4), A125–A130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ruppe and A. Duparré, “Roughness analysis of optical films and substrates by atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 288(1-2), 8–13 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dymshits, Y. I.

Y. I. Dymshits, V. A. Korobitsyn, and A. A. Metel’nikov, “Effect of heating on the reflectivity of Aluminum coatings in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46, 649–651 (1979).

Egan, A.

Endriz, J. G.

J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, “Study of Aluminum films. II. Photoemission studies of surface-plasmon oscillations on controlled-roughness Films,” Phys. Rev. B 4(12), 4159–4184 (1971).
[Crossref]

Erickson, N.

Evans, C. J.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fernández-Perea, M.

Feuerbacher, B.

Fleming, B.

B. Fleming, M. Quijada, J. Hennessy, A. Egan, J. del Hoyo, B. A. Hicks, J. Wiley, N. Kruczek, N. Erickson, and K. France, “Advanced environmentally resistant lithium fluoride mirror coatings for the next generation of broadband space observatories,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 9941–9950 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

France, K.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Fleming, M. Quijada, J. Hennessy, A. Egan, J. del Hoyo, B. A. Hicks, J. Wiley, N. Kruczek, N. Erickson, and K. France, “Advanced environmentally resistant lithium fluoride mirror coatings for the next generation of broadband space observatories,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 9941–9950 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

García García, M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gomez de Castro, A.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Harris, W.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Hartigan, P.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hass, G.

Hennessy, J.

B. Fleming, M. Quijada, J. Hennessy, A. Egan, J. del Hoyo, B. A. Hicks, J. Wiley, N. Kruczek, N. Erickson, and K. France, “Advanced environmentally resistant lithium fluoride mirror coatings for the next generation of broadband space observatories,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 9941–9950 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hicks, B. A.

Hofmann, T.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Howk, J. C.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hunter, W. R.

Hutcheson, E. T.

Hutchings, J.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jewell, A. D.

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, N.

Keski-Kuha, R. A. M.

J. I. Larruquert and R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, “Far ultraviolet optical properties of MgF2 films deposited by ion-beam-sputtering and their application as protective coatings for Al,” Opt. Commun. 215(1-3), 93–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kessler, H.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kolbe, J.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Korobitsyn, V. A.

Y. I. Dymshits, V. A. Korobitsyn, and A. A. Metel’nikov, “Effect of heating on the reflectivity of Aluminum coatings in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46, 649–651 (1979).

Kruczek, N.

Larruquert, J.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Larruquert, J. I.

M. Fernández-Perea, J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Aznárez, A. Pons, and J. A. Méndez, “Vacuum ultraviolet coatings of Al protected with MgF2 prepared both by ion-beam sputtering and by evaporation,” Appl. Opt. 46(22), 4871–4878 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. I. Larruquert and R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, “Far ultraviolet optical properties of MgF2 films deposited by ion-beam-sputtering and their application as protective coatings for Al,” Opt. Commun. 215(1-3), 93–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Méndez, and J. A. Aznárez, “Life prolongation of far ultraviolet reflecting aluminum coatings by periodic recoating of the oxidized surface,” Opt. Commun. 135(1-3), 60–64 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lillie, C. F.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Maloney, P. J.

Matthews, G.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

McCandliss, S.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

McCandliss, S. R.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Méndez, J. A.

M. Fernández-Perea, J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Aznárez, A. Pons, and J. A. Méndez, “Vacuum ultraviolet coatings of Al protected with MgF2 prepared both by ion-beam sputtering and by evaporation,” Appl. Opt. 46(22), 4871–4878 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. I. Larruquert, J. A. Méndez, and J. A. Aznárez, “Life prolongation of far ultraviolet reflecting aluminum coatings by periodic recoating of the oxidized surface,” Opt. Commun. 135(1-3), 60–64 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mentzell, E.

M. A. Quijada, S. Rice, and E. Mentzell, “Enhanced MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors for FUV space astronomy,” Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012).
[Crossref]

Metel’nikov, A. A.

Y. I. Dymshits, V. A. Korobitsyn, and A. A. Metel’nikov, “Effect of heating on the reflectivity of Aluminum coatings in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46, 649–651 (1979).

Meyer, F.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Moore, C. S.

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moustakas, L.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Nakamura, H.

Nikzad, S.

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Meara, J. M.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Osantowski, J. F.

Pascucci, I.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Pauleau, Y.

L. Dumas, E. Quesnel, J.-Y. Robic, and Y. Pauleau, “Characterization of Magnesium Fluoride thin films deposited by direct electron beam evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(2), 465–469 (2000).
[Crossref]

Perez, M. R.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Polidan, R.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pons, A.

Quesnel, E.

L. Dumas, E. Quesnel, J.-Y. Robic, and Y. Pauleau, “Characterization of Magnesium Fluoride thin films deposited by direct electron beam evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(2), 465–469 (2000).
[Crossref]

Quijada, M.

B. Fleming, M. Quijada, J. Hennessy, A. Egan, J. del Hoyo, B. A. Hicks, J. Wiley, N. Kruczek, N. Erickson, and K. France, “Advanced environmentally resistant lithium fluoride mirror coatings for the next generation of broadband space observatories,” Appl. Opt. 56(36), 9941–9950 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Quijada, M. A.

M. A. Quijada, J. del Hoyo, and S. Rice, “Enhanced far-ultraviolet reflectance of MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91444G (2014).

M. A. Quijada, S. Rice, and E. Mentzell, “Enhanced MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors for FUV space astronomy,” Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012).
[Crossref]

Rafelski, M.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rice, S.

M. A. Quijada, J. del Hoyo, and S. Rice, “Enhanced far-ultraviolet reflectance of MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9144, 91444G (2014).

M. A. Quijada, S. Rice, and E. Mentzell, “Enhanced MgF2 and LiF over-coated Al mirrors for FUV space astronomy,” Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012).
[Crossref]

Rigby, J.

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Ristau, D.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Robic, J.-Y.

L. Dumas, E. Quesnel, J.-Y. Robic, and Y. Pauleau, “Characterization of Magnesium Fluoride thin films deposited by direct electron beam evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(2), 465–469 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roederer, I. U.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ruppe, C.

C. Ruppe and A. Duparré, “Roughness analysis of optical films and substrates by atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 288(1-2), 8–13 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sana, H.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sanders, W. T.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schiminovich, D.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

Schink, H.

J. Kolbe, H. Kessler, T. Hofmann, F. Meyer, H. Schink, and D. Ristau, “Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS,” Proc. SPIE 1624, 221–235 (1992).
[Crossref]

Scowen, P. A.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Spicer, W. E.

J. G. Endriz and W. E. Spicer, “Study of Aluminum films. II. Photoemission studies of surface-plasmon oscillations on controlled-roughness Films,” Phys. Rev. B 4(12), 4159–4184 (1971).
[Crossref]

Stenzel, O.

Sweeney, J. E.

Thronson, H.

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Tripp, T.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
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P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
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Vallerga, J.

P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
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K. France, B. Fleming, G. West, S. R. McCandliss, M. R. Bolcar, W. Harris, L. Moustakas, J. M. O’Meara, I. Pascucci, J. Rigby, D. Schiminovich, and J. Tumlinson, “The LUVOIR ultraviolet multi-object spectrograph (LUMOS): instrument definition and design,” Proc. SPIE 10397, 1039713 (2017).

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Wiley, J.

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P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
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Wulff-Molder, D.

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Comput. Phys. (1)

D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys. 12(4), 360–370 (1998).
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J. Hennessy, K. Balasubramanian, C. S. Moore, A. D. Jewell, S. Nikzad, K. France, and M. Quijada, “Performance and prospects of far ultraviolet aluminum mirrors protected by atomic layer deposition,” J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 2(4), 041206 (2016).
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P. A. Scowen, T. Tripp, M. Beasley, D. Ardila, B.-G. Andersson, J. M. Apellániz, M. Barstow, L. Bianchi, D. Calzetti, M. Clampin, C. J. Evans, K. France, M. García García, A. Gomez de Castro, W. Harris, P. Hartigan, J. C. Howk, J. Hutchings, J. Larruquert, C. F. Lillie, G. Matthews, S. McCandliss, R. Polidan, M. R. Perez, M. Rafelski, I. U. Roederer, H. Sana, W. T. Sanders, D. Schiminovich, H. Thronson, J. Tumlinson, J. Vallerga, and A. Wofford, “Finding the UV–Visible path forward: Proceedings of the Community Workshop to plan the future of UV/Visible space astrophysics,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 129(977), 076001 (2017).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Reflectance as a function of wavelength of fresh Al/MgF2 mirrors for MgF2-film deposited or fresh sample post-annealed at different temperatures (in degrees Celsius). a: samples with deposition or annealing temperatures≤250°C. b: samples with MgF2 deposited at temperatures≥300°C compared to the one deposited at room temperature
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflectance of aged samples. a: FUV reflectance versus wavelength. b: Reflectance versus wavelength (log axis) extended to the near IR
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reflectance at 121.6 nm (a) and average FUV reflectance in the 115-185-nm range (b) of Al/MgF2 mirrors vs temperature. Reflectance is averaged among samples deposited/annealed with the same temperature. Labels of annealed samples are underlined
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Reflectance down to 97.2 nm of aged samples deposited at room temperature (DRT) and at 250°C (D250-2)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Roughness values of MgF2 and Al films (a) and MgF2 film density (b) as a function of deposition/annealing temperature. Labels of annealed samples are underlined. Measurements were performed on aged samples
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Average transmittance in the 350-400 nm spectral range as a function of MgF2 deposition/annealing temperature. Labels of annealed samples are underlined. Samples were measured after 4 to 8 months of storage in desiccator

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Deposition/annealing temperature and thickness of samples

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