Abstract

The smoke of burning mosquito-repellent incense was taken as an example for the local air pollution to be detected and analyzed in situ and in real time. And the spectra of the ambient air, human breathing, and smoke were detected in situ with the LIBS technique. There are some additional spectral lines being found in human breathing, such as the C, Hβ line, and the CN molecular bands. Some characteristic peaks of the elements Fe, Ca, Ti, Sr, and Cr have been observed in the smoke. Moreover, the vibrational and rotational temperature of the CN molecule were calculated. The mosquito-repellent incense was dipped into the solutions containing Mn and Pb to simulate heavy metal pollution in the atmosphere.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (9)

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Yu and Y. Z. Zhou, “High level of Mn in brain is a risk for Alzheimer disease,” Sheng Li Xue Bao 70(2), 193–200 (2018).
[PubMed]

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Direct analysis of aluminum alloys by CSigma laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1009, 12–19 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Cincinelli and A. Katsoyiannis, “Atmospheric pollution in city centres and urban environments. The impact of scientific, regulatory and industrial progress,” Sci. Total Environ. 579, 1057–1058 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. González, C. D. Gómez, N. Y. Rojas, H. Acevedo, and B. H. Aristizábal, “Relative impact of on-road vehicular and point-source industrial emissions of air pollutants in a medium-sized Andean city,” Atmos. Environ. 152, 279–289 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Nagli, M. Gaft, I. Gornushkin, and R. Glaus, “Stimulated emission and lasing in laser-induced plasma plume,” Opt. Commun. 378, 41–48 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and J. J. Yoh, “Standoff Detection of Geological Samples of Metal, Rock, and Soil at Low Pressures Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 70(9), 1411–1419 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

S. J. Mousavi, M. H. Farsani, S. M. R. Darbani, N. Asadorian, M. Soltanolkotabi, and A. E. Majd, “Identification of atomic lines and molecular bands of benzene and carbon disulfide liquids by using LIBS,” Appl. Opt. 54(7), 1713–1720 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

G. P. Christian, “Atomic and molecular emissions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 79–80, 4–16 (2013).

A. Fernández-Bravo, T. Delgado, P. Lucena, and J. J. Laserna, “Vibrational emission analysis of the CN molecules in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 89, 77–83 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Mansoori, B. Roshanzadeh, M. Khalaji, and S. H. Tavassoli, “Quantitative analysis of cement powder by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49(3), 318–323 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

J. C. Chow, “Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 56(6), 707–708 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. S. Lin and F. M. Shen, “Trace metals in mosquito coil smoke,” Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74(1), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Asimellis, S. Hamilton, A. Giannoudakos, and M. Kompitsas, “Controlled inert gas environment for enhanced chlorine and fluorine detection in the visible and near-infrared by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 1132–1139 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Cohen-Solal, “Strontium overload and toxicity: impact on renal osteodystrophy,” Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 17(2Suppl 2), 30–34 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

J. Luque and D. R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: database and spectral simulation program (Version 1.5),” SRI Int. Rep. M 99, 099 (1999).

Acevedo, H.

C. M. González, C. D. Gómez, N. Y. Rojas, H. Acevedo, and B. H. Aristizábal, “Relative impact of on-road vehicular and point-source industrial emissions of air pollutants in a medium-sized Andean city,” Atmos. Environ. 152, 279–289 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aguilera, J. A.

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Direct analysis of aluminum alloys by CSigma laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1009, 12–19 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ana, C. G.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Andersen, K. K.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersen, Z. J.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anna, S.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Aragón, C.

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Direct analysis of aluminum alloys by CSigma laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1009, 12–19 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aristizábal, B. H.

C. M. González, C. D. Gómez, N. Y. Rojas, H. Acevedo, and B. H. Aristizábal, “Relative impact of on-road vehicular and point-source industrial emissions of air pollutants in a medium-sized Andean city,” Atmos. Environ. 152, 279–289 (2017).
[Crossref]

Asadorian, N.

Asimellis, G.

G. Asimellis, S. Hamilton, A. Giannoudakos, and M. Kompitsas, “Controlled inert gas environment for enhanced chlorine and fluorine detection in the visible and near-infrared by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 1132–1139 (2005).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, T.

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beal, A.

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Becker, T.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benada, O.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brandt, J.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brauer, M.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bräuner, E. V.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campanella, B.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Carlos, R. H. R.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Chakroun, A.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Choi, J. J.

Choi, S. J.

Chow, J. C.

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A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
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Giannoudakos, A.

G. Asimellis, S. Hamilton, A. Giannoudakos, and M. Kompitsas, “Controlled inert gas environment for enhanced chlorine and fluorine detection in the visible and near-infrared by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 1132–1139 (2005).
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L. Nagli, M. Gaft, I. Gornushkin, and R. Glaus, “Stimulated emission and lasing in laser-induced plasma plume,” Opt. Commun. 378, 41–48 (2016).
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Grifoni, E.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
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Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
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G. Asimellis, S. Hamilton, A. Giannoudakos, and M. Kompitsas, “Controlled inert gas environment for enhanced chlorine and fluorine detection in the visible and near-infrared by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 1132–1139 (2005).
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Hammami, B.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
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Hamza-Chaffai, A.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
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Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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Hertel, O.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
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Hites, R. A.

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
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Hou, L.

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
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Huo, H.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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Huo, X.

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
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Irma, D.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

James, S. A.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Ji, J.

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
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Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
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Jiang, X.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
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J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
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Kan, H.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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Katsoyiannis, A.

A. Cincinelli and A. Katsoyiannis, “Atmospheric pollution in city centres and urban environments. The impact of scientific, regulatory and industrial progress,” Sci. Total Environ. 579, 1057–1058 (2017).
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Ketzel, M.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
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Khalaji, M.

A. Mansoori, B. Roshanzadeh, M. Khalaji, and S. H. Tavassoli, “Quantitative analysis of cement powder by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49(3), 318–323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Khlifi, R.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiang, C. S.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
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Kompitsas, M.

G. Asimellis, S. Hamilton, A. Giannoudakos, and M. Kompitsas, “Controlled inert gas environment for enhanced chlorine and fluorine detection in the visible and near-infrared by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 1132–1139 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kratzer, J.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
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M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
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Laserna, J. J.

A. Fernández-Bravo, T. Delgado, P. Lucena, and J. J. Laserna, “Vibrational emission analysis of the CN molecules in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 89, 77–83 (2013).
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Legnaioli, S.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
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Lents, J. M.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
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Lev-On, M.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
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Lezzerini, M.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
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Lilian, C. G.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Lin, J.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
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T. S. Lin and F. M. Shen, “Trace metals in mosquito coil smoke,” Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74(1), 184–189 (2005).
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Liu, J. G.

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. Q.

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loft, S.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, C.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorenzetti, G.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Z.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lucena, P.

A. Fernández-Bravo, T. Delgado, P. Lucena, and J. J. Laserna, “Vibrational emission analysis of the CN molecules in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 89, 77–83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luque, J.

J. Luque and D. R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: database and spectral simulation program (Version 1.5),” SRI Int. Rep. M 99, 099 (1999).

Majd, A. E.

Mansoori, A.

A. Mansoori, B. Roshanzadeh, M. Khalaji, and S. H. Tavassoli, “Quantitative analysis of cement powder by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49(3), 318–323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mariana, A. F.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Maricela, F. L.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Martin, R. V.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martins, L. D.

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Matoušek, T.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, D. S.

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mester, Z.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michael, C. A.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Molina, L. T.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Molina, M. J.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moreira, C. A. B.

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mousavi, S. J.

Muhammad, R.

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

Murari, V.

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Musil, S.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagli, L.

L. Nagli, M. Gaft, I. Gornushkin, and R. Glaus, “Stimulated emission and lasing in laser-induced plasma plume,” Opt. Commun. 378, 41–48 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ni, R.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olmedo, P.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pagnotta, S.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Palleschi, V.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pan, D.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poggialini, F.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Raneri, S.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ravnskjær, L.

J. T. Jørgensen, M. S. Johansen, L. Ravnskjær, K. K. Andersen, E. V. Bräuner, S. Loft, M. Ketzel, T. Becker, J. Brandt, O. Hertel, and Z. J. Andersen, “Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumours: The Danish Nurse Cohort,” Neurotoxicology 55, 122–130 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rebai, A.

R. Khlifi, P. Olmedo, F. Gil, B. Hammami, A. Chakroun, A. Rebai, and A. Hamza-Chaffai, “Arsenic, cadmium, chromium and nickel in cancerous and healthy tissues from patients with head and neck cancer,” Sci. Total Environ. 452-453, 58–67 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rehan, I.

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

Rehan, K.

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

Ricardo, D. C.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Ricardo, T. J.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Robert, M.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Rojas, N. Y.

C. M. González, C. D. Gómez, N. Y. Rojas, H. Acevedo, and B. H. Aristizábal, “Relative impact of on-road vehicular and point-source industrial emissions of air pollutants in a medium-sized Andean city,” Atmos. Environ. 152, 279–289 (2017).
[Crossref]

Roshanzadeh, B.

A. Mansoori, B. Roshanzadeh, M. Khalaji, and S. H. Tavassoli, “Quantitative analysis of cement powder by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49(3), 318–323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Safi, A.

S. Pagnotta, M. Lezzerini, B. Campanella, G. Gallello, E. Grifoni, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, F. Poggialini, S. Raneri, A. Safi, and V. Palleschi, “Fast quantitative elemental mapping of highly inhomogeneous materials by micro-Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 146, 9–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Salamova, A.

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, I. M.

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shah, J. J.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, F. M.

T. S. Lin and F. M. Shen, “Trace metals in mosquito coil smoke,” Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74(1), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, A. K.

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. K.

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. S.

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Smith, B. W.

Soltanolkotabi, M.

Streets, D. G.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sturgeon, R. E.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sultana, S.

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

Sun, Q.

Tarley, C. R. T.

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tavassoli, S. H.

A. Mansoori, B. Roshanzadeh, M. Khalaji, and S. H. Tavassoli, “Quantitative analysis of cement powder by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49(3), 318–323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thareja, R. K.

Tong, D.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tran, M.

van Donkelaar, A.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Venier, M.

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vyhnanovský, J.

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watson, J. G.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

William, R.

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Winefordner, J. D.

Xu, X.

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, B.

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, G. F.

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yoh, J. J.

Yu, Q.

Q. Yu and Y. Z. Zhou, “High level of Mn in brain is a risk for Alzheimer disease,” Sheng Li Xue Bao 70(2), 193–200 (2018).
[PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, N. J.

Y. Jia, N. J. Zhao, L. Fang, M. J. Fang, D. S. Meng, G. F. Yin, J. G. Liu, and W. Q. Liu, “Online calibration of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metals in water,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 20(9), 131–136 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, B.

Q. Zhang, X. Jiang, D. Tong, S. J. Davis, H. Zhao, G. Geng, T. Feng, B. Zheng, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, R. Ni, M. Brauer, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, H. Huo, Z. Liu, D. Pan, H. Kan, Y. Yan, J. Lin, K. He, and D. Guan, “Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade,” Nature 543(7647), 705–709 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y. Z.

Q. Yu and Y. Z. Zhou, “High level of Mn in brain is a risk for Alzheimer disease,” Sheng Li Xue Bao 70(2), 193–200 (2018).
[PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (2)

J. Vyhnanovský, J. Kratzer, O. Benada, T. Matoušek, Z. Mester, R. E. Sturgeon, J. Dědina, and S. Musil, “Diethyldithiocarbamate enhanced chemical generation of volatile palladium species, their characterization by AAS, ICP-MS, TEM and DART-MS and proposed mechanism of action,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1005, 16–26 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Direct analysis of aluminum alloys by CSigma laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 1009, 12–19 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Methods (1)

A. Beal, F. de Almeida, C. A. B. Moreira, I. M. Santos, S. M. M. Curti, L. D. Martins, and C. R. T. Tarley, “A new analytical method for lead determination in atmospheric particulate matter by a combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction and supramolecular solvent preconcentration,” Anal. Methods 10(30), 3745–3753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Atmos. Environ. (2)

C. M. González, C. D. Gómez, N. Y. Rojas, H. Acevedo, and B. H. Aristizábal, “Relative impact of on-road vehicular and point-source industrial emissions of air pollutants in a medium-sized Andean city,” Atmos. Environ. 152, 279–289 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Guan, G. Chen, Z. Cheng, B. Yan, and L. Hou, “Air pollutant emissions from straw open burning: A case study in Tianjin,” Atmos. Environ. 171, 155–164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Res. (1)

M. Kumar, R. K. Singh, V. Murari, A. K. Singh, R. S. Singh, and T. Banerjee, “Fireworks induced particle pollution: A spatio-temporal analysis,” Atmos. Res. 180, 78–91 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1)

T. S. Lin and F. M. Shen, “Trace metals in mosquito coil smoke,” Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74(1), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Circulation (1)

C. G. Lilian, R. William, M. Robert, R. H. R. Carlos, D. C. Ricardo, C. G. Ana, D. Irma, F. L. Maricela, A. F. Mariana, S. Anna, C. A. Michael, T. J. Ricardo, and S. A. James, “Brain Inflammation and Alzheimer’s-Like Pathology in Individuals Exposed to Severe Air Pollution,” Circulation 32(6), 650–658 (2015).

Environ. Earth Sci. (1)

C. Wang, J. Ji, Z. Yang, and L. Chen, “The contamination and transfer of potentially toxic elements and their relations with iron, vanadium and titanium in the soil-rice system from Suzhou region, China,” Environ. Earth Sci. 68(1), 13–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Environ. Pollut. (1)

X. Lu, X. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Wang, and X. Huo, “Elevated inflammatory Lp-PLA2 and IL-6 link e-waste Pb toxicity to cardiovascular risk factors in preschool children,” Environ. Pollut. 234, 601–609 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Wang, A. Salamova, R. A. Hites, and M. Venier, “Spatial and Seasonal Distributions of Current Use Pesticides (CUPs) in the Atmospheric Particulate Phase in the Great Lakes Region,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 52(11), 6177–6186 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi (1)

I. Rehan, K. Rehan, S. Sultana, and R. Muhammad, “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Comparative Quantitative Analysis of Betel Leaves from Pakistan,” Guangpuxue Yu Guangpu Fenxi 38(10), 3295–3302 (2018).

J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. (2)

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. J. Shah, C. S. Kiang, C. Loh, M. Lev-On, J. M. Lents, M. J. Molina, and L. T. Molina, “Megacities and atmospheric pollution,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 54(10), 1226–1235 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Chow, “Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 56(6), 707–708 (2006).
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Nature (1)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The spectrum of air ranged from 500nm to 780nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The spectra of air and human breathing.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The spectrum of human breathing ranged from 235 to 520nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The spectrum of the smoke.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The results of simulation and experiment about CN in the human breathing (a) and smoke (b).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The spectrum of two kinds of smoke and high-purity Mn (a), and the spectrum of two kinds of smoke and high-purity Pb (b).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The relative intensity of the characteristic spectral lines of Mn (a) and Pb (b) in the smoke.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The CN molecule vibrational level populations in X2Σ +state

Equations (2)

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C+N CN .
C+N 2 CN+N .

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