Abstract

A novel full-field X-ray fluorescence microscope based on total-reflection advanced Kirkpatrick–Baez mirror optics was developed. The total-reflection imaging mirror optics arrangement, with four reflections, has the advantage of being able to function both as a powerful low-pass energy filter, completely rejecting incident excitation X-rays, and as an achromatic optical imaging system. Isolated X-ray fluorescence signals can be imaged, avoiding imaging-detector saturation, with low background noise. A prototype fluorescence microscope constructed at SPring-8 demonstrated the capability to simultaneously image elemental distributions using various X-ray fluorescence signals (Ni, Cu, Zn, Ge, and Bi). A half-period spatial resolution of ~0.5–1 µm (1000–500 LP/mm) was achieved, owing to the achromaticity of the imaging mirrors and the photon-counting scheme of the CCD camera used for fluorescence detection.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors

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Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution

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  30. T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (1)

2018 (4)

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, and X. Llopart, “Asic developments for radiation imaging applications: The medipix and timepix family,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 10–23 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, and K. Yamauchi, “Simulation of concave-convex imaging mirror system for development of a compact and achromatic full-field x-ray microscope,” Appl. Opt. 56(4), 967–974 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

C. G. Ryan, “PIXE and the nuclear microprobe: Tools for quantitative imaging of complex natural materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 269(20), 2151–2162 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

V. N. Strocov, “Concept of a spectrometer for resonant inelastic X-ray scattering with parallel detection in incoming and outgoing photon energies,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 103–106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. H. Bilderback, P. Elleaume, and E. Weckert, “Review of third and next generation synchrotron light sources,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38(9), S773–S797 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1952 (1)

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken für röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. 445(1–2), 94–114 (1952).
[Crossref]

Ando, M.

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Aoki, S.

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ault, A. P.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ballabriga, R.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, and X. Llopart, “Asic developments for radiation imaging applications: The medipix and timepix family,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 10–23 (2018).
[Crossref]

Benichou, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergamaschi, A.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bilderback, D. H.

D. H. Bilderback, P. Elleaume, and E. Weckert, “Review of third and next generation synchrotron light sources,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38(9), S773–S797 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bonventre, J.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouet, N.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brückner, M.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, M.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, and X. Llopart, “Asic developments for radiation imaging applications: The medipix and timepix family,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 10–23 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cartier, S.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Casuccio, G. S.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, Y. S.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuang, Y. D.

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conley, R.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dinapoli, R.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Distel, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dreier, E. S.

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elleaume, P.

D. H. Bilderback, P. Elleaume, and E. Weckert, “Review of third and next generation synchrotron light sources,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38(9), S773–S797 (2005).
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Emi, Y.

Fröjdh, E.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

George, G. N.

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goto, S.

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
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Grassian, V. H.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
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Greiffenberg, D.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hackett, M. J.

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Handa, S.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hata, K.

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillion, F.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoshino, M.

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, X.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikeda, N.

Inoue, I.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, T.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inubushi, Y.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, T.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ishino, T.

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ito, S.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iwai, T.

Jakubek, J.

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kagias, M.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalbfleisch, S.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kampf, J. P.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katagishi, K.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kato, Y.

Katori, Y.

Kawamura, N.

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kehres, J.

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kidani, N.

Kim, J.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kino, H.

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kleinfeld, A. M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kodama, R.

Kohmura, Y.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korbas, M.

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koyama, T.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lauer, K.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Pape, A.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lechene, C.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Llopart, X.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, and X. Llopart, “Asic developments for radiation imaging applications: The medipix and timepix family,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 10–23 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lotte, S.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, D.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luyten, Y.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuyama, S.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, and K. Yamauchi, “Simulation of concave-convex imaging mirror system for development of a compact and achromatic full-field x-ray microscope,” Appl. Opt. 56(4), 967–974 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mayilyan, D.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McMahon, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mezza, D.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mimura, H.

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

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S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
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M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
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Nazaretski, E.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishino, Y.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

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A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohashi, H.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, H.

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
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S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
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M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
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Osaka, T.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
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Padmore, H. A.

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
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Park, K. M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peters, T. M.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
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Pickering, I. J.

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
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Pushie, M. J.

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
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Ramilli, M.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rau, C.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redford, S.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robinson, I.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruder, C.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
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Ryan, C. G.

C. G. Ryan, “PIXE and the nuclear microprobe: Tools for quantitative imaging of complex natural materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 269(20), 2151–2162 (2011).
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Sano, Y.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
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J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, and K. Yamauchi, “Simulation of concave-convex imaging mirror system for development of a compact and achromatic full-field x-ray microscope,” Appl. Opt. 56(4), 967–974 (2017).
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S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sawvel, E. J.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schädler, L.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitt, B.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwartz, M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
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Schyns, L. E. J. R.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
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Sefc, L.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimura, M.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

Slodzian, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stampanoni, M.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
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Strocov, V. N.

V. N. Strocov, “Concept of a spectrometer for resonant inelastic X-ray scattering with parallel detection in incoming and outgoing photon energies,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 103–106 (2010).
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Suzuki, M.

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sykora, V.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
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Takano, H.

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
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Takeshi, K.

Takeuchi, A.

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tamasaku, K.

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Thattil, D.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tinti, G.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tono, K.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trojanova, E.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Turecek, D.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Uher, J.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Verhaegen, F.

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

Voronov, D. L.

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, U.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warwick, T.

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, N.

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Weckert, E.

D. H. Bilderback, P. Elleaume, and E. Weckert, “Review of third and next generation synchrotron light sources,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38(9), S773–S797 (2005).
[Crossref]

Willis, R. D.

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolter, H.

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken für röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. 445(1–2), 94–114 (1952).
[Crossref]

Yabashi, M.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamada, J.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, and K. Yamauchi, “Simulation of concave-convex imaging mirror system for development of a compact and achromatic full-field x-ray microscope,” Appl. Opt. 56(4), 967–974 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, N.

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yamamura, K.

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamauchi, K.

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Compact reflective imaging optics in hard X-ray region based on concave and convex mirrors,” Opt. Express 27(3), 3429–3438 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yamada, S. Matsuyama, Y. Sano, and K. Yamauchi, “Simulation of concave-convex imaging mirror system for development of a compact and achromatic full-field x-ray microscope,” Appl. Opt. 56(4), 967–974 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, Y. Emi, H. Kino, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Achromatic and high-resolution full-field X-ray microscopy based on total-reflection mirrors,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9746–9752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, N. Kidani, H. Mimura, Y. Sano, Y. Kohmura, K. Tamasaku, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Hard-X-ray imaging optics based on four aspherical mirrors with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10310–10319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, H.

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yan, H.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yasuda, S.

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yumoto, H.

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yusuf, M.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Phys. (1)

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken für röntgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys. 445(1–2), 94–114 (1952).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50-30000 eV, Z=1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. J. Pushie, I. J. Pickering, M. Korbas, M. J. Hackett, and G. N. George, “Elemental and chemically specific X-ray fluorescence imaging of biological systems,” Chem. Rev. 114(17), 8499–8541 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. P. Ault, T. M. Peters, E. J. Sawvel, G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Willis, G. A. Norris, and V. H. Grassian, “Single-particle SEM-EDX analysis of iron-containing coarse particulate matter in an urban environment: sources and distribution of iron within Cleveland, Ohio,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(8), 4331–4339 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biol. (1)

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol. 5(6), 20 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Instrum. (1)

E. Trojanova, L. E. J. R. Schyns, D. Ludwig, J. Jakubek, A. Le Pape, L. Sefc, S. Lotte, V. Sykora, D. Turecek, J. Uher, and F. Verhaegen, “Tissue sensitive imaging and tomography without contrast agents for small animals with Timepix based detectors,” J. Instrum. 12(01), C01056 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

D. H. Bilderback, P. Elleaume, and E. Weckert, “Review of third and next generation synchrotron light sources,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38(9), S773–S797 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (5)

M. Yabashi, K. Tono, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, K. Tamasaku, H. Ohashi, S. Goto, and T. Ishikawa, “Optics for coherent X-ray applications,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 976–985 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Cartier, M. Kagias, A. Bergamaschi, Z. Wang, R. Dinapoli, A. Mozzanica, M. Ramilli, B. Schmitt, M. Brückner, E. Fröjdh, D. Greiffenberg, D. Mayilyan, D. Mezza, S. Redford, C. Ruder, L. Schädler, X. Shi, D. Thattil, G. Tinti, J. Zhang, and M. Stampanoni, “Micrometer-resolution imaging using MÖNCH: towards G2-less grating interferometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1462–1473 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, E. S. Dreier, J. Kehres, J. Jakubek, and U. L. Olsen, “Subpixel resolution in CdTe Timepix3 pixel detectors,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 25, 1650–1657 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. N. Strocov, “Concept of a spectrometer for resonant inelastic X-ray scattering with parallel detection in incoming and outgoing photon energies,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(1), 103–106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Warwick, Y. D. Chuang, D. L. Voronov, and H. A. Padmore, “A multiplexed high-resolution imaging spectrometer for resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 736–743 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Microsc. Microanal. (1)

S. Matsuyama, J. Yamada, K. Hata, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “High-resolution full-field X-ray microscope for 20-keV X-rays with multilayer imaging mirrors,” Microsc. Microanal. 24(S2), 284–285 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (2)

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, and X. Llopart, “Asic developments for radiation imaging applications: The medipix and timepix family,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 878, 10–23 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 686–689 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

C. G. Ryan, “PIXE and the nuclear microprobe: Tools for quantitative imaging of complex natural materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 269(20), 2151–2162 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Matsuyama, H. Kino, S. Yasuda, Y. Kohmura, H. Okada, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of achromatic full-field hard x-ray microscopy with two monolithic imaging mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 9592, 959208 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

M. Hoshino, T. Ishino, T. Namiki, N. Yamada, N. Watanabe, and S. Aoki, “Application of a charge-coupled device photon-counting technique to three-dimensional element analysis of a plant seed (alfalfa) using a full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(7), 073706 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Takeuchi, S. Aoki, K. Yamamoto, H. Takano, N. Watanabe, and M. Ando, “Full-field x-ray fluorescence imaging microscope with a Wolter mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(3), 1279–1285 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, Y. Sano, K. Yamamura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Development of scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope with spatial resolution of 30 nm using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(10), 103102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

H. Yan, E. Nazaretski, K. Lauer, X. Huang, U. Wagner, C. Rau, M. Yusuf, I. Robinson, S. Kalbfleisch, L. Li, N. Bouet, J. Zhou, R. Conley, and Y. S. Chu, “Multimodality hard-x-ray imaging of a chromosome with nanoscale spatial resolution,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20112 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, S. Yasuda, J. Yamada, H. Okada, Y. Kohmura, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “50-nm-resolution full-field X-ray microscope without chromatic aberration using total-reflection imaging mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 46358 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Matsuyama, T. Inoue, J. Yamada, J. Kim, H. Yumoto, Y. Inubushi, T. Osaka, I. Inoue, T. Koyama, K. Tono, H. Ohashi, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of X-ray free-electron laser using wavefront-corrected multilayer focusing mirrors,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 17440 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surf. Interface Anal. (1)

S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, K. Katagishi, H. Yumoto, S. Handa, M. Fujii, Y. Sano, M. Shimura, M. Yabashi, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Trace element mapping using a high-resolution scanning X-ray fluorescence microscope equipped with a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1042–1045 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

S. Manuel, A. Brunetti, B. Golosio, A. Somogyi, and A. Simionovici, “XRAYLIB tables (X-ray fluorescence cross-section),” (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 2003), http://ftp.esrf.fr/pub/scisoft/xraylib/xraylib_tables_v2.3.pdf

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Reflectivity vs X-ray energy for a Mo-coated mirror. Grazing-incidence angle = 5 mrad. Data calculated using X-ray reflectivity software [17].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Bright field X-ray image of Siemens star (minimum line width = 50 nm, thickness = 500 nm, material = Ta) obtained with the indirect camera (XSight Micron LC with a × 20 lens). Exposure = 30 s.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 X-ray fluorescence and bright-field images of Siemens star (minimum line width = 100 nm, thickness = 1000 nm, material = Ta). (a) Schematic of the Siemens star pattern. The values indicated by the overlaid red arrows are line widths at each of the innermost edges of the donut-like islands. (b) Fluorescence images constructed from the sum of the Ta Lα1,2 and Lβ1,2 line intensities. The grayscale indicates the number of detected photons during the total exposure for each pixel. (c) Bright-field images recorded with the CCD at 10 keV. The grayscale indicates the transmitted X-ray intensity (arb. units). The lower images in (b) and (c) are expanded views of the central portion of the upper images in each case. (d) X-ray spectrum (exposure = 1000 s). The spectrum was not corrected for the spectral dependence of the quantum efficiency of the CCD.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 X-ray fluorescence images, merged image of the fluorescence images, bright-field X-ray image, and SEM image of micron-sized particles on a Cu mesh. The color scale in the fluorescence images indicates the number of photons detected during the exposure time for each pixel. The bright-field image was recorded with the low-resolution indirect camera (AA20MOD) at 10 keV. The region of the sample displayed in the SEM image is not the same as that of the X-ray images, but the bright-field and fluorescence images capture the same sample area.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 X-ray fluorescence images, merged image of the fluorescence images, SEM image, and SEM-EDX image of micron-sized particles on a 270-nm-thick SiN membrane. The color scale in the fluorescence images indicates the number of photons detected during the exposure time for each pixel. The regions displayed in the SEM and SEM-EDX images are the same as that of the fluorescence images. The colors of the merged fluorescence and EDX images are consistent.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 X-ray spectrum for the sample imaged in Fig. 5. Exposure = 1000 s. The spectrum was not corrected for the spectral dependence of the quantum efficiency of the CCD.

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Table 1 Parameters of AKB mirror optics

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