Abstract

In this paper, we present a patterned graphene-hBN metamaterial structure and theoretically demonstrate the tunable multi-wavelength absorption within the hybrid structure. The simulation results show that the hybrid plasmon-phonon polariton modes originate from the coupling between plasmon polaritons in graphene and phonons in hBN, which are responsible for the triple-band absorption. By varying the Fermi level of graphene patterns, the absorption peaks can be tuned dynamically and continuously, and the surface plasmon-phonon polariton modes in the proposed structure enable high absorption and wideband tunability. In addition, how different structural parameters affect the absorption spectra is discussed. This work provides us a new method for the control and enhancement of plasmon-phonon polariton interactions.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. D. Caldwell, A. V. Kretinin, Y. Chen, V. Giannini, M. M. Fogler, Y. Francescato, C. T. Ellis, J. G. Tischler, C. R. Woods, A. J. Giles, M. Hong, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, S. A. Maier, and K. S. Novoselov, “Sub-diffractional volume-confined polaritons in the natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5221 (2014).
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  6. J. Wu, H. Wang, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Critical coupling using the hexagonal boron nitride crystals in the mid-infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(20), 203107 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Song, Z. Liu, J. Scheuer, Y. Xiang, and K. Aydin, “Tunable polaritonic metasurface absorbers in mid-IR based on hexagonal boron nitride and vanadium dioxide layers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(16), 164002 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
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  9. T. Low and P. Avouris, “Graphene plasmonics for terahertz to mid-infrared applications,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1086–1101 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. N. Grigorenko, M. Polini, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 749–758 (2012).
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  11. L. Wu, J. Guo, Q. Wang, S. Lu, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and D. Fan, “Sensitivity enhancement by using few-layer black phosphorus-graphene/TMDCs heterostructure in surface plasmon resonance biochemical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 249, 542–548 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Baher and Z. Lorestaniweiss, “Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in monolayer graphene surrounded by nonlinear dielectric media,” J. Appl. Phys. 124(7), 073103 (2018).
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  13. Z. Liu and K. Aydin, “Enhanced infrared transmission through gold nanoslit arrays via surface plasmons in continuous graphene,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27882–27889 (2016).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Ye, Z. Wang, C. Sun, C. Dong, B. Wei, B. Wu, and S. Jian, “Plasmon-phonon-polariton modes and field enhancement in graphene-coated hexagon boron nitride nanowire pairs,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23854–23867 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  18. J. Wu, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Turnable perfect absorption at infrared frequencies by a Graphene-hBN Hyper Crystal,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17103–17114 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Jia, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, X. Wang, H. Wang, and F. Xia, “Tunable Plasmon-Phonon Polaritons in Layered Graphene-Hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 907–912 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Shi, F. Bao, and S. He, “Enhanced Near-Field Thermal Radiation Based on Multilayer Graphene-hBN Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 971–978 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Dai, Q. Ma, M. K. Liu, T. Andersen, Z. Fei, M. D. Goldflam, M. Wagner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, F. Keilmann, G. C. Janssen, S. E. Zhu, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Graphene on hexagonal boron nitride as a tunable hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 682–686 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. X. G. Xu, J. H. Jiang, L. Gilburd, R. G. Rensing, K. S. Burch, C. Zhi, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and G. C. Walker, “Mid-infrared polaritonic coupling between boron nitride nanotubes and graphene,” ACS Nano 8(11), 11305–11312 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Hajati, Z. Zanbouri, and M. Sabaeian, “Optimizing encapsulated graphene in hexagonal boron nitride toward low propagation loss and enhanced field confinement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36(5), 1189–1199 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  25. Y. Hajati, Z. Zanbouri, and M. Sabaeian, “Low-loss and high-performance mid-infrared plasmon-phonon in graphene-hexagonal boron nitride waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2), 446–453 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. Q. Pan, G. Zhang, R. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Shuai, and H. Tan, “Tunable absorption as multi-wavelength at infrared on graphene/hBN/Al grating structure,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18230–18237 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. H. Hajian, A. Ghobadi, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Tunable, omnidirectional, and nearly perfect resonant absorptions by a graphene-hBN-based hole array metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(13), 16940–16954 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. R. Geick, C. H. Perry, and G. Rupprecht, “Normal modes in hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. 146(2), 543–547 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Y. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Edge and waveguide terahertz surface plasmon modes in graphene microribbons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 84(16), 161407 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. Z. Liu, Z. Li, and K. Aydin, “Time-Varying Metasurfaces Based on Graphene Microribbon Arrays,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2035–2039 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  31. W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (2)

X. Song, Z. Liu, J. Scheuer, Y. Xiang, and K. Aydin, “Tunable polaritonic metasurface absorbers in mid-IR based on hexagonal boron nitride and vanadium dioxide layers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(16), 164002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Hajati, Z. Zanbouri, and M. Sabaeian, “Optimizing encapsulated graphene in hexagonal boron nitride toward low propagation loss and enhanced field confinement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36(5), 1189–1199 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (7)

Y. Hajati, Z. Zanbouri, and M. Sabaeian, “Low-loss and high-performance mid-infrared plasmon-phonon in graphene-hexagonal boron nitride waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(2), 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Pan, G. Zhang, R. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Shuai, and H. Tan, “Tunable absorption as multi-wavelength at infrared on graphene/hBN/Al grating structure,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18230–18237 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hajian, A. Ghobadi, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Tunable, omnidirectional, and nearly perfect resonant absorptions by a graphene-hBN-based hole array metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(13), 16940–16954 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, Y. Liang, L. Wu, J. Guo, X. Dai, and Y. Xiang, “Multi-channel perfect absorber based on a one-dimensional topological photonic crystal heterostructure with graphene,” Opt. Lett. 43(17), 4256–4259 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Musa, M. Renuka, X. Lin, R. Li, H. Wang, E. Li, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Confined transverse electric phonon polaritons in hexagonal boron nitrides,” 2D Materials, 5(1), 015018 (2018).

S. Baher and Z. Lorestaniweiss, “Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in monolayer graphene surrounded by nonlinear dielectric media,” J. Appl. Phys. 124(7), 073103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Ye, Z. Wang, C. Sun, C. Dong, B. Wei, B. Wu, and S. Jian, “Plasmon-phonon-polariton modes and field enhancement in graphene-coated hexagon boron nitride nanowire pairs,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23854–23867 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

H. Hajian, A. Ghobadi, S. Dereshgi, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Hybrid plasmon-phonon polariton bands in graphene-hexagonal boron nitride metamaterials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(7), D29–D35 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, J. Guo, Q. Wang, S. Lu, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and D. Fan, “Sensitivity enhancement by using few-layer black phosphorus-graphene/TMDCs heterostructure in surface plasmon resonance biochemical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 249, 542–548 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, F. Bao, and S. He, “Enhanced Near-Field Thermal Radiation Based on Multilayer Graphene-hBN Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 971–978 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

Z. Liu, Z. Li, and K. Aydin, “Time-Varying Metasurfaces Based on Graphene Microribbon Arrays,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2035–2039 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Turnable perfect absorption at infrared frequencies by a Graphene-hBN Hyper Crystal,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17103–17114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu and K. Aydin, “Enhanced infrared transmission through gold nanoslit arrays via surface plasmons in continuous graphene,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27882–27889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wu, H. Wang, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Critical coupling using the hexagonal boron nitride crystals in the mid-infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(20), 203107 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

P. Li, M. Lewin, A. V. Kretinin, J. D. Caldwell, K. S. Novoselov, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, F. Gaussmann, and T. Taubner, “Hyperbolic phonon-polaritons in boron nitride for near-field optical imaging and focusing,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7507 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, X. Wang, H. Wang, and F. Xia, “Tunable Plasmon-Phonon Polaritons in Layered Graphene-Hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 907–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kumar, T. Low, K. H. Fung, P. Avouris, and N. X. Fang, “Tunable Light-Matter Interaction and the Role of Hyperbolicity in Graphene-hBN System,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3172–3180 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dai, Q. Ma, M. K. Liu, T. Andersen, Z. Fei, M. D. Goldflam, M. Wagner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, F. Keilmann, G. C. Janssen, S. E. Zhu, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Graphene on hexagonal boron nitride as a tunable hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 682–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

X. G. Xu, J. H. Jiang, L. Gilburd, R. G. Rensing, K. S. Burch, C. Zhi, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and G. C. Walker, “Mid-infrared polaritonic coupling between boron nitride nanotubes and graphene,” ACS Nano 8(11), 11305–11312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Low and P. Avouris, “Graphene plasmonics for terahertz to mid-infrared applications,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1086–1101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Caldwell, A. V. Kretinin, Y. Chen, V. Giannini, M. M. Fogler, Y. Francescato, C. T. Ellis, J. G. Tischler, C. R. Woods, A. J. Giles, M. Hong, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, S. A. Maier, and K. S. Novoselov, “Sub-diffractional volume-confined polaritons in the natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dai, Z. Fei, Q. Ma, A. S. Rodin, M. Wagner, A. S. McLeod, M. K. Liu, W. Gannett, W. Regan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, A. H. Castro Neto, A. Zettl, F. Keilmann, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Tunable phonon polaritons in atomically thin van der Waals crystals of boron nitride,” Science 343(6175), 1125–1129 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob, “Nanophotonics: Hyperbolic phonon-polaritons,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1081–1083 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

A. N. Grigorenko, M. Polini, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 749–758 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

A. Y. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Edge and waveguide terahertz surface plasmon modes in graphene microribbons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 84(16), 161407 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

R. Geick, C. H. Perry, and G. Rupprecht, “Normal modes in hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. 146(2), 543–547 (1966).
[Crossref]

Andersen, T.

S. Dai, Q. Ma, M. K. Liu, T. Andersen, Z. Fei, M. D. Goldflam, M. Wagner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, F. Keilmann, G. C. Janssen, S. E. Zhu, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Graphene on hexagonal boron nitride as a tunable hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 682–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H.

V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avouris, P.

A. Kumar, T. Low, K. H. Fung, P. Avouris, and N. X. Fang, “Tunable Light-Matter Interaction and the Role of Hyperbolicity in Graphene-hBN System,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3172–3180 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Low and P. Avouris, “Graphene plasmonics for terahertz to mid-infrared applications,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1086–1101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

X. Song, Z. Liu, J. Scheuer, Y. Xiang, and K. Aydin, “Tunable polaritonic metasurface absorbers in mid-IR based on hexagonal boron nitride and vanadium dioxide layers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(16), 164002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, and K. Aydin, “Time-Varying Metasurfaces Based on Graphene Microribbon Arrays,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2035–2039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu and K. Aydin, “Enhanced infrared transmission through gold nanoslit arrays via surface plasmons in continuous graphene,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27882–27889 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baher, S.

S. Baher and Z. Lorestaniweiss, “Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in monolayer graphene surrounded by nonlinear dielectric media,” J. Appl. Phys. 124(7), 073103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bando, Y.

X. G. Xu, J. H. Jiang, L. Gilburd, R. G. Rensing, K. S. Burch, C. Zhi, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and G. C. Walker, “Mid-infrared polaritonic coupling between boron nitride nanotubes and graphene,” ACS Nano 8(11), 11305–11312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, F.

K. Shi, F. Bao, and S. He, “Enhanced Near-Field Thermal Radiation Based on Multilayer Graphene-hBN Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 971–978 (2017).
[Crossref]

Basov, D. N.

S. Dai, Q. Ma, M. K. Liu, T. Andersen, Z. Fei, M. D. Goldflam, M. Wagner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, F. Keilmann, G. C. Janssen, S. E. Zhu, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Graphene on hexagonal boron nitride as a tunable hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 682–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dai, Z. Fei, Q. Ma, A. S. Rodin, M. Wagner, A. S. McLeod, M. K. Liu, W. Gannett, W. Regan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, A. H. Castro Neto, A. Zettl, F. Keilmann, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Tunable phonon polaritons in atomically thin van der Waals crystals of boron nitride,” Science 343(6175), 1125–1129 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brar, V. W.

V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burch, K. S.

X. G. Xu, J. H. Jiang, L. Gilburd, R. G. Rensing, K. S. Burch, C. Zhi, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and G. C. Walker, “Mid-infrared polaritonic coupling between boron nitride nanotubes and graphene,” ACS Nano 8(11), 11305–11312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butun, B.

Butun, S.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caldwell, J. D.

P. Li, M. Lewin, A. V. Kretinin, J. D. Caldwell, K. S. Novoselov, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, F. Gaussmann, and T. Taubner, “Hyperbolic phonon-polaritons in boron nitride for near-field optical imaging and focusing,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7507 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Caldwell, A. V. Kretinin, Y. Chen, V. Giannini, M. M. Fogler, Y. Francescato, C. T. Ellis, J. G. Tischler, C. R. Woods, A. J. Giles, M. Hong, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, S. A. Maier, and K. S. Novoselov, “Sub-diffractional volume-confined polaritons in the natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castro Neto, A. H.

S. Dai, Z. Fei, Q. Ma, A. S. Rodin, M. Wagner, A. S. McLeod, M. K. Liu, W. Gannett, W. Regan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, A. H. Castro Neto, A. Zettl, F. Keilmann, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Tunable phonon polaritons in atomically thin van der Waals crystals of boron nitride,” Science 343(6175), 1125–1129 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

M. Musa, M. Renuka, X. Lin, R. Li, H. Wang, E. Li, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Confined transverse electric phonon polaritons in hexagonal boron nitrides,” 2D Materials, 5(1), 015018 (2018).

Chen, Y.

J. D. Caldwell, A. V. Kretinin, Y. Chen, V. Giannini, M. M. Fogler, Y. Francescato, C. T. Ellis, J. G. Tischler, C. R. Woods, A. J. Giles, M. Hong, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, S. A. Maier, and K. S. Novoselov, “Sub-diffractional volume-confined polaritons in the natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, S.

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Zhang, J.

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Y. Jia, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, X. Wang, H. Wang, and F. Xia, “Tunable Plasmon-Phonon Polaritons in Layered Graphene-Hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 907–912 (2015).
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2D Materials (1)

M. Musa, M. Renuka, X. Lin, R. Li, H. Wang, E. Li, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Confined transverse electric phonon polaritons in hexagonal boron nitrides,” 2D Materials, 5(1), 015018 (2018).

ACS Nano (3)

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X. G. Xu, J. H. Jiang, L. Gilburd, R. G. Rensing, K. S. Burch, C. Zhi, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and G. C. Walker, “Mid-infrared polaritonic coupling between boron nitride nanotubes and graphene,” ACS Nano 8(11), 11305–11312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
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ACS Photonics (3)

Z. Liu, Z. Li, and K. Aydin, “Time-Varying Metasurfaces Based on Graphene Microribbon Arrays,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2035–2039 (2016).
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Y. Jia, H. Zhao, Q. Guo, X. Wang, H. Wang, and F. Xia, “Tunable Plasmon-Phonon Polaritons in Layered Graphene-Hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 907–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, F. Bao, and S. He, “Enhanced Near-Field Thermal Radiation Based on Multilayer Graphene-hBN Heterostructures,” ACS Photonics 4(4), 971–978 (2017).
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J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Baher and Z. Lorestaniweiss, “Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in monolayer graphene surrounded by nonlinear dielectric media,” J. Appl. Phys. 124(7), 073103 (2018).
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J. Wu, H. Wang, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Critical coupling using the hexagonal boron nitride crystals in the mid-infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(20), 203107 (2016).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

X. Song, Z. Liu, J. Scheuer, Y. Xiang, and K. Aydin, “Tunable polaritonic metasurface absorbers in mid-IR based on hexagonal boron nitride and vanadium dioxide layers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(16), 164002 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. Kumar, T. Low, K. H. Fung, P. Avouris, and N. X. Fang, “Tunable Light-Matter Interaction and the Role of Hyperbolicity in Graphene-hBN System,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3172–3180 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. W. Brar, M. S. Jang, M. Sherrott, S. Kim, J. J. Lopez, L. B. Kim, M. Choi, and H. Atwater, “Hybrid surface-phonon-plasmon polariton modes in graphene/monolayer h-BN heterostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3876–3880 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

P. Li, M. Lewin, A. V. Kretinin, J. D. Caldwell, K. S. Novoselov, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, F. Gaussmann, and T. Taubner, “Hyperbolic phonon-polaritons in boron nitride for near-field optical imaging and focusing,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7507 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Caldwell, A. V. Kretinin, Y. Chen, V. Giannini, M. M. Fogler, Y. Francescato, C. T. Ellis, J. G. Tischler, C. R. Woods, A. J. Giles, M. Hong, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, S. A. Maier, and K. S. Novoselov, “Sub-diffractional volume-confined polaritons in the natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

Z. Jacob, “Nanophotonics: Hyperbolic phonon-polaritons,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1081–1083 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Dai, Q. Ma, M. K. Liu, T. Andersen, Z. Fei, M. D. Goldflam, M. Wagner, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, F. Keilmann, G. C. Janssen, S. E. Zhu, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Graphene on hexagonal boron nitride as a tunable hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 682–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. N. Grigorenko, M. Polini, and K. S. Novoselov, “Graphene plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 749–758 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. Geick, C. H. Perry, and G. Rupprecht, “Normal modes in hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. 146(2), 543–547 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (1)

A. Y. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Edge and waveguide terahertz surface plasmon modes in graphene microribbons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 84(16), 161407 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

S. Dai, Z. Fei, Q. Ma, A. S. Rodin, M. Wagner, A. S. McLeod, M. K. Liu, W. Gannett, W. Regan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, A. H. Castro Neto, A. Zettl, F. Keilmann, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. M. Fogler, and D. N. Basov, “Tunable phonon polaritons in atomically thin van der Waals crystals of boron nitride,” Science 343(6175), 1125–1129 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuator B-Chem. (1)

L. Wu, J. Guo, Q. Wang, S. Lu, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and D. Fan, “Sensitivity enhancement by using few-layer black phosphorus-graphene/TMDCs heterostructure in surface plasmon resonance biochemical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 249, 542–548 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematics of the patterned graphene- hBN hybrid structure with structural parameters p = 240 nm, d = 100 nm, t = 20 nm and h = 1.6 μm. (b) Real part of the dielectric function of hBN with perpendicular (black line) and parallel (red line) components.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Absorption spectra of the structures in different cases and (b) contribution of the P abs of graphene and hBN layer within the patterned graphene/hBN heterostructure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field and P abs distribution in a cross-section of the hybrid structure. (a) and (b): mode 1; (c) and (d): mode 2; (e) and (f): mode 3.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra of the patterned graphene structures for various chemical potentials. (a) With hBN and (b) Without hBN.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption spectrum dependence on different structural parameters: (a) periodicity, p, (b) length of the pattern in graphene, d, (c) thickness of the hBN, t, and (d) thickness of the dielectric substrate, h.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters used in Eq. (2) to obtain the permittivity tensors of hBN

Equations (5)

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ε=( ε 0 0 0 ε 0 0 0 ε )
ε hBN,m = ε ,m + s 1,m 2 ω TO1,m · ω LO1,m ω 2 iω Γ 1,m + s 2,m 2 ω TO2,m · ω LO2,m ω 2 iω Γ 2,m
σ= e 2 E F π 2 j ω+j τ 1
τ= μ E F e v F 2
P abs = 1 2 ω ε 0 Im(ε) | E | 2

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