Abstract

Spatial-resolved photoelectron spectra have been observed from plasmonic metallic nanostructure and flat metal surface by a combination of time-of-flight photoemission electron microscope and femtosecond laser oscillator. The photoemission’s main contribution is at localized ‘hot spots,’ where the plasmonic effect dominates and multiphoton photoemission is confirmed as the responsible mechanism for emission in both samples. Photoelectron spectra from hot spots exponentially decay in high energy regimes, smearing out the Fermi edge in Au flat surface. This phenomenon is explained by the emergence of above threshold photoemission that is induced by plasmonic effect; other competing mechanisms are ruled out. It is the first time that we have observed the emergence of high kinetic energy photoelectron in weak field region around ‘hot spot.’ We attribute the emergence of high kinetic energy photoelectron to the drifting of the liberated electron from plasmonic hot spot and driven by the gradient of plasmonic field.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2018 (2)

2017 (2)

W. P. Putnam, R. G. Hobbs, P. D. Keathley, K. K. Berggren, and F. X. Kärtner, “Optical-field-controlled photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 13(4), 335–339 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Hommelhoff, “Coherence in laser-driven electrons at the surface and in the volume of solid matter,” Appl. Phys. B 123(1), 11 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

Q. Sun, H. Yu, K. Ueno, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Dissecting the few-femtosecond dephasing time of dipole and quadrupole modes in gold nanoparticles using polarized photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(3), 3835–3842 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, Q. Sun, K. Ueno, T. Oshikiri, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Exploring coupled plasmonic nanostructures in the near field by photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(11), 10373–10381 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Forati, T. J. Dill, A. R. Tao, and D. Sievenpiper, “Photoemission-based microelectronic devices,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 13399 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Echternkamp, G. Herink, S. Yalunin, K. Rademann, S. Schäfer, and C. Ropers, “Strong-field photoemission in nanotip near-fields: from quiver to sub-cycle electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 122(4), 80 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Ji, J. Qin, H. Tao, Z. Hao, and J. Lin, “Subwavelength imaging and control of ultrafast optical near-field under resonant-and off-resonant excitation of bowtie nanostructures,” New J. Phys. 18(9), 093046 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

J. Qin, B.-Y. Ji, Z.-Q. Hao, and J.-Q. Lin, “Probing of ultrafast plasmon dynamics on gold bowtie nanostructure using photoemission electron microscopy,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(6), 064202 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. M. Teichmann, P. Rácz, M. F. Ciappina, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, A. Thai, J. Fekete, A. Y. Elezzabi, L. Veisz, J. Biegert, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic photoemission in the mid-IR at <1 GW/cm2 intensity,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7584 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

F. Sirotti, N. Beaulieu, A. Bendounan, M. G. Silly, C. Chauvet, G. Malinowski, G. Fratesi, V. Véniard, and G. Onida, “Multiphoton k-resolved photoemission from gold surface states with 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 90(3), 035401 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Polyakov, C. Senft, K. F. Thompson, J. Feng, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, H. A. Padmore, S. J. Peppernick, and W. P. Hess, “Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 076802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Li, H. To, G. Andonian, J. Feng, A. Polyakov, C. M. Scoby, K. Thompson, W. Wan, H. A. Padmore, and P. Musumeci, “Surface-plasmon resonance-enhanced multiphoton emission of high-brightness electron beams from a nanostructured copper cathode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 074801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

F. Schertz, M. Schmelzeisen, M. Kreiter, H.-J. Elmers, and G. Schönhense, “Field emission of electrons generated by the near field of strongly coupled plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 237602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

P. Melchior, D. Bayer, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, M. Rohmer, W. Pfeiffer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Optical near-field interference in the excitation of a bowtie nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(23), 235407 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

M. Rohmer, M. Bauer, T. Leissner, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, G. Niedner‐Schatteburg, B. Issendorff, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time‐resolved photoelectron nano‐spectroscopy of individual silver particles: Perspectives and limitations,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 247, 1 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Schenk, M. Krüger, and P. Hommelhoff, “Strong-field above-threshold photoemission from sharp metal tips,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(25), 257601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Musumeci, L. Cultrera, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, G. Gatti, M. S. Gutierrez, J. T. Moody, N. Moore, J. B. Rosenzweig, C. M. Scoby, G. Travish, and C. Vicario, “Multiphoton photoemission from a copper cathode illuminated by ultrashort laser pulses in an RF photoinjector,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(8), 084801 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dowell, I. Bazarov, B. Dunham, K. Harkay, C. Hernandez-Garcia, R. Legg, H. Padmore, T. Rao, J. Smedley, and W. Wan, “Cathode R&D for future light sources,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 622(3), 685–697 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. M. Buckanie, J. Göhre, P. Zhou, D. von der Linde, M. Horn-von Hoegen, and F. J. Meyer Zu Heringdorf, “Space charge effects in photoemission electron microscopy using amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(31), 314003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

F. Bisio, M. Nývlt, J. Franta, H. Petek, and J. Kirschner, “Mechanisms of high-order perturbative photoemission from Cu(001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 87601 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hommelhoff, C. Kealhofer, and M. A. Kasevich, “Ultrafast electron pulses from a tungsten tip triggered by low-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 247402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

W. E. King, G. H. Campbell, A. Frank, B. Reed, J. F. Schmerge, B. J. Siwick, B. C. Stuart, and P. M. Weber, “Ultrafast electron microscopy in materials science, biology, and chemistry,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(11), 111101 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Kupersztych and M. Raynaud, “Anomalous multiphoton photoelectric effect in ultrashort time scales,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 147401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Banfi, C. Giannetti, G. Ferrini, G. Galimberti, S. Pagliara, D. Fausti, and F. Parmigiani, “Experimental evidence of above-threshold photoemission in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(3), 037601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, “Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance,” Adv. Mater. 16(19), 1685–1706 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. Aeschlimann, C. Schmuttenmaer, H. Elsayed‐Ali, R. Miller, J. Cao, Y. Gao, and D. Mantell, “Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 102(21), 8606–8613 (1995).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

S. Anisimov, B. Kapeliovich, and T. Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultrashort laser pulses,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz 66, 375–377 (1974).

1970 (1)

D. Eastman, “Photoelectric work functions of transition, rare-earth, and noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 2(1), 1–2 (1970).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

L. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

1905 (1)

A. Einstein, “Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt,” Ann. Phys. 322(6), 132–148 (1905).
[Crossref]

1887 (1)

H. Hertz, “Ueber einen Einfluss des ultravioletten Lichtes auf die electrische Entladung,” Ann. Phys. 267(8), 983–1000 (1887).
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Aeschlimann, M.

P. Melchior, D. Bayer, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, M. Rohmer, W. Pfeiffer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Optical near-field interference in the excitation of a bowtie nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(23), 235407 (2011).
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M. Rohmer, M. Bauer, T. Leissner, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, G. Niedner‐Schatteburg, B. Issendorff, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time‐resolved photoelectron nano‐spectroscopy of individual silver particles: Perspectives and limitations,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 247, 1 (2010).
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A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
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M. Aeschlimann, C. Schmuttenmaer, H. Elsayed‐Ali, R. Miller, J. Cao, Y. Gao, and D. Mantell, “Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 102(21), 8606–8613 (1995).
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Andonian, G.

R. K. Li, H. To, G. Andonian, J. Feng, A. Polyakov, C. M. Scoby, K. Thompson, W. Wan, H. A. Padmore, and P. Musumeci, “Surface-plasmon resonance-enhanced multiphoton emission of high-brightness electron beams from a nanostructured copper cathode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 074801 (2013).
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Anisimov, S.

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Arnold, C. L.

E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
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Ayvazyan, V.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baboi, N.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Banfi, F.

F. Banfi, C. Giannetti, G. Ferrini, G. Galimberti, S. Pagliara, D. Fausti, and F. Parmigiani, “Experimental evidence of above-threshold photoemission in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(3), 037601 (2005).
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Bauer, M.

M. Rohmer, M. Bauer, T. Leissner, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, G. Niedner‐Schatteburg, B. Issendorff, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time‐resolved photoelectron nano‐spectroscopy of individual silver particles: Perspectives and limitations,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 247, 1 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bayer, D.

P. Melchior, D. Bayer, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, M. Rohmer, W. Pfeiffer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Optical near-field interference in the excitation of a bowtie nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(23), 235407 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bazarov, I.

D. Dowell, I. Bazarov, B. Dunham, K. Harkay, C. Hernandez-Garcia, R. Legg, H. Padmore, T. Rao, J. Smedley, and W. Wan, “Cathode R&D for future light sources,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 622(3), 685–697 (2010).
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Beaulieu, N.

F. Sirotti, N. Beaulieu, A. Bendounan, M. G. Silly, C. Chauvet, G. Malinowski, G. Fratesi, V. Véniard, and G. Onida, “Multiphoton k-resolved photoemission from gold surface states with 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 90(3), 035401 (2014).
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Bendounan, A.

F. Sirotti, N. Beaulieu, A. Bendounan, M. G. Silly, C. Chauvet, G. Malinowski, G. Fratesi, V. Véniard, and G. Onida, “Multiphoton k-resolved photoemission from gold surface states with 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 90(3), 035401 (2014).
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Berggren, K. K.

W. P. Putnam, R. G. Hobbs, P. D. Keathley, K. K. Berggren, and F. X. Kärtner, “Optical-field-controlled photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 13(4), 335–339 (2017).
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Biegert, J.

S. M. Teichmann, P. Rácz, M. F. Ciappina, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, A. Thai, J. Fekete, A. Y. Elezzabi, L. Veisz, J. Biegert, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic photoemission in the mid-IR at <1 GW/cm2 intensity,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7584 (2015).
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Bisio, F.

F. Bisio, M. Nývlt, J. Franta, H. Petek, and J. Kirschner, “Mechanisms of high-order perturbative photoemission from Cu(001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 87601 (2006).
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Bohnet, I.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brinkmann, R.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, G.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buckanie, N. M.

N. M. Buckanie, J. Göhre, P. Zhou, D. von der Linde, M. Horn-von Hoegen, and F. J. Meyer Zu Heringdorf, “Space charge effects in photoemission electron microscopy using amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(31), 314003 (2009).
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Cabrini, S.

A. Polyakov, C. Senft, K. F. Thompson, J. Feng, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, H. A. Padmore, S. J. Peppernick, and W. P. Hess, “Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 076802 (2013).
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Campbell, G. H.

W. E. King, G. H. Campbell, A. Frank, B. Reed, J. F. Schmerge, B. J. Siwick, B. C. Stuart, and P. M. Weber, “Ultrafast electron microscopy in materials science, biology, and chemistry,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(11), 111101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

M. Aeschlimann, C. Schmuttenmaer, H. Elsayed‐Ali, R. Miller, J. Cao, Y. Gao, and D. Mantell, “Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 102(21), 8606–8613 (1995).
[Crossref]

Castellano, M.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castiglioni, L.

Castro, P.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catani, L.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Centurion, M.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chase, T. F.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chauvet, C.

F. Sirotti, N. Beaulieu, A. Bendounan, M. G. Silly, C. Chauvet, G. Malinowski, G. Fratesi, V. Véniard, and G. Onida, “Multiphoton k-resolved photoemission from gold surface states with 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 90(3), 035401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choroba, S.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cianchi, A.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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F. Banfi, C. Giannetti, G. Ferrini, G. Galimberti, S. Pagliara, D. Fausti, and F. Parmigiani, “Experimental evidence of above-threshold photoemission in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(3), 037601 (2005).
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N. M. Buckanie, J. Göhre, P. Zhou, D. von der Linde, M. Horn-von Hoegen, and F. J. Meyer Zu Heringdorf, “Space charge effects in photoemission electron microscopy using amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(31), 314003 (2009).
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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Guo, C.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
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Gutierrez, M. S.

P. Musumeci, L. Cultrera, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, G. Gatti, M. S. Gutierrez, J. T. Moody, N. Moore, J. B. Rosenzweig, C. M. Scoby, G. Travish, and C. Vicario, “Multiphoton photoemission from a copper cathode illuminated by ultrashort laser pulses in an RF photoinjector,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(8), 084801 (2010).
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Haase, J.

Hahn, U.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
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S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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H. Hertz, “Ueber einen Einfluss des ultravioletten Lichtes auf die electrische Entladung,” Ann. Phys. 267(8), 983–1000 (1887).
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E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
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E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
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E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
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E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
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M. Aeschlimann, C. Schmuttenmaer, H. Elsayed‐Ali, R. Miller, J. Cao, Y. Gao, and D. Mantell, “Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 102(21), 8606–8613 (1995).
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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
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Misawa, H.

Q. Sun, H. Yu, K. Ueno, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Dissecting the few-femtosecond dephasing time of dipole and quadrupole modes in gold nanoparticles using polarized photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(3), 3835–3842 (2016).
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H. Yu, Q. Sun, K. Ueno, T. Oshikiri, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Exploring coupled plasmonic nanostructures in the near field by photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(11), 10373–10381 (2016).
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S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Rohmer, M.

P. Melchior, D. Bayer, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, M. Rohmer, W. Pfeiffer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Optical near-field interference in the excitation of a bowtie nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(23), 235407 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Rohmer, M. Bauer, T. Leissner, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, G. Niedner‐Schatteburg, B. Issendorff, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time‐resolved photoelectron nano‐spectroscopy of individual silver particles: Perspectives and limitations,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 247, 1 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ropers, C.

K. Echternkamp, G. Herink, S. Yalunin, K. Rademann, S. Schäfer, and C. Ropers, “Strong-field photoemission in nanotip near-fields: from quiver to sub-cycle electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 122(4), 80 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rosenzweig, J. B.

P. Musumeci, L. Cultrera, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, G. Gatti, M. S. Gutierrez, J. T. Moody, N. Moore, J. B. Rosenzweig, C. M. Scoby, G. Travish, and C. Vicario, “Multiphoton photoemission from a copper cathode illuminated by ultrashort laser pulses in an RF photoinjector,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(8), 084801 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rossbach, J.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Saldin, E. L.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schäfer, S.

K. Echternkamp, G. Herink, S. Yalunin, K. Rademann, S. Schäfer, and C. Ropers, “Strong-field photoemission in nanotip near-fields: from quiver to sub-cycle electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 122(4), 80 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schenk, M.

M. Schenk, M. Krüger, and P. Hommelhoff, “Strong-field above-threshold photoemission from sharp metal tips,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(25), 257601 (2010).
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Schertz, F.

F. Schertz, M. Schmelzeisen, M. Kreiter, H.-J. Elmers, and G. Schönhense, “Field emission of electrons generated by the near field of strongly coupled plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 237602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlarb, H.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmelzeisen, M.

F. Schertz, M. Schmelzeisen, M. Kreiter, H.-J. Elmers, and G. Schönhense, “Field emission of electrons generated by the near field of strongly coupled plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 237602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmerge, J. F.

W. E. King, G. H. Campbell, A. Frank, B. Reed, J. F. Schmerge, B. J. Siwick, B. C. Stuart, and P. M. Weber, “Ultrafast electron microscopy in materials science, biology, and chemistry,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(11), 111101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, G.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmüser, P.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Schmuttenmaer, C.

M. Aeschlimann, C. Schmuttenmaer, H. Elsayed‐Ali, R. Miller, J. Cao, Y. Gao, and D. Mantell, “Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limit,” J. Chem. Phys. 102(21), 8606–8613 (1995).
[Crossref]

Schneider, C.

P. Melchior, D. Bayer, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, M. Rohmer, W. Pfeiffer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Optical near-field interference in the excitation of a bowtie nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(23), 235407 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Rohmer, M. Bauer, T. Leissner, C. Schneider, A. Fischer, G. Niedner‐Schatteburg, B. Issendorff, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time‐resolved photoelectron nano‐spectroscopy of individual silver particles: Perspectives and limitations,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 247, 1 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schneider, J. R.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneidmiller, E. A.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schönhense, G.

F. Schertz, M. Schmelzeisen, M. Kreiter, H.-J. Elmers, and G. Schönhense, “Field emission of electrons generated by the near field of strongly coupled plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 237602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Oelsner, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, D. Bayer, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-and energy resolved photoemission electron microscopy-imaging of photoelectron time-of-flight analysis by means of pulsed excitations,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 178-179, 317–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, H. J.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schreiber, S.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

A. Polyakov, C. Senft, K. F. Thompson, J. Feng, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, H. A. Padmore, S. J. Peppernick, and W. P. Hess, “Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 076802 (2013).
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Scoby, C. M.

R. K. Li, H. To, G. Andonian, J. Feng, A. Polyakov, C. M. Scoby, K. Thompson, W. Wan, H. A. Padmore, and P. Musumeci, “Surface-plasmon resonance-enhanced multiphoton emission of high-brightness electron beams from a nanostructured copper cathode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 074801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Musumeci, L. Cultrera, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, G. Gatti, M. S. Gutierrez, J. T. Moody, N. Moore, J. B. Rosenzweig, C. M. Scoby, G. Travish, and C. Vicario, “Multiphoton photoemission from a copper cathode illuminated by ultrashort laser pulses in an RF photoinjector,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(8), 084801 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senft, C.

A. Polyakov, C. Senft, K. F. Thompson, J. Feng, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, H. A. Padmore, S. J. Peppernick, and W. P. Hess, “Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 076802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sertore, D.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Setzer, S.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Shen, X.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Sievenpiper, D.

E. Forati, T. J. Dill, A. R. Tao, and D. Sievenpiper, “Photoemission-based microelectronic devices,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 13399 (2016).
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Silly, M. G.

F. Sirotti, N. Beaulieu, A. Bendounan, M. G. Silly, C. Chauvet, G. Malinowski, G. Fratesi, V. Véniard, and G. Onida, “Multiphoton k-resolved photoemission from gold surface states with 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 90(3), 035401 (2014).
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Simrock, S.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Sirotti, F.

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Siwick, B. J.

W. E. King, G. H. Campbell, A. Frank, B. Reed, J. F. Schmerge, B. J. Siwick, B. C. Stuart, and P. M. Weber, “Ultrafast electron microscopy in materials science, biology, and chemistry,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(11), 111101 (2005).
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Smedley, J.

D. Dowell, I. Bazarov, B. Dunham, K. Harkay, C. Hernandez-Garcia, R. Legg, H. Padmore, T. Rao, J. Smedley, and W. Wan, “Cathode R&D for future light sources,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 622(3), 685–697 (2010).
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Sobierajski, R.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Song, X.

Sonntag, B.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Steeg, B.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Stephan, F.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Stuart, B. C.

W. E. King, G. H. Campbell, A. Frank, B. Reed, J. F. Schmerge, B. J. Siwick, B. C. Stuart, and P. M. Weber, “Ultrafast electron microscopy in materials science, biology, and chemistry,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(11), 111101 (2005).
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Sun, Q.

H. Yu, Q. Sun, K. Ueno, T. Oshikiri, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Exploring coupled plasmonic nanostructures in the near field by photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(11), 10373–10381 (2016).
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Q. Sun, H. Yu, K. Ueno, A. Kubo, Y. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Dissecting the few-femtosecond dephasing time of dipole and quadrupole modes in gold nanoparticles using polarized photoemission electron microscopy,” ACS Nano 10(3), 3835–3842 (2016).
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Svärd, R.

E. Mårsell, A. Losquin, R. Svärd, M. Miranda, C. Guo, A. Harth, E. Lorek, J. Mauritsson, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, A. L’Huillier, and A. Mikkelsen, “Nanoscale imaging of local few-femtosecond near-field dynamics within a single plasmonic nanoantenna,” Nano Lett. 15(10), 6601–6608 (2015).
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Sytchev, K. P.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Tao, A. R.

E. Forati, T. J. Dill, A. R. Tao, and D. Sievenpiper, “Photoemission-based microelectronic devices,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 13399 (2016).
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Tao, H.

P. Lang, B. Ji, X. Song, Y. Dou, H. Tao, X. Gao, Z. Hao, and J. Lin, “Ultrafast switching of photoemission electron through quantum pathways interference in metallic nanostructure,” Opt. Lett. 43(23), 5721–5724 (2018).
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B. Ji, J. Qin, H. Tao, Z. Hao, and J. Lin, “Subwavelength imaging and control of ultrafast optical near-field under resonant-and off-resonant excitation of bowtie nanostructures,” New J. Phys. 18(9), 093046 (2016).
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Thai, A.

S. M. Teichmann, P. Rácz, M. F. Ciappina, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, A. Thai, J. Fekete, A. Y. Elezzabi, L. Veisz, J. Biegert, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic photoemission in the mid-IR at <1 GW/cm2 intensity,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7584 (2015).
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Thompson, K.

R. K. Li, H. To, G. Andonian, J. Feng, A. Polyakov, C. M. Scoby, K. Thompson, W. Wan, H. A. Padmore, and P. Musumeci, “Surface-plasmon resonance-enhanced multiphoton emission of high-brightness electron beams from a nanostructured copper cathode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 074801 (2013).
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Thompson, K. F.

A. Polyakov, C. Senft, K. F. Thompson, J. Feng, S. Cabrini, P. J. Schuck, H. A. Padmore, S. J. Peppernick, and W. P. Hess, “Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 076802 (2013).
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Tiedtke, K.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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To, H.

R. K. Li, H. To, G. Andonian, J. Feng, A. Polyakov, C. M. Scoby, K. Thompson, W. Wan, H. A. Padmore, and P. Musumeci, “Surface-plasmon resonance-enhanced multiphoton emission of high-brightness electron beams from a nanostructured copper cathode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 074801 (2013).
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Tonutti, M.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Treusch, R.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Trines, D.

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V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Waltar, K.

Wan, W.

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S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Wanzenberg, R.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Weiland, T.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Weise, H.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Wendt, M.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Will, I.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Wittenburg, K.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Wolff, S.

V. Ayvazyan, N. Baboi, I. Bohnet, R. Brinkmann, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, M. Dohlus, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, A. A. Fateev, J. Feldhaus, K. Flöttmann, A. Gamp, T. Garvey, H. Genz, Ch. Gerth, V. Gretchko, B. Grigoryan, U. Hahn, C. Hessler, K. Honkavaara, M. Hüning, R. Ischebeck, M. Jablonka, T. Kamps, M. Körfer, M. Krassilnikov, J. Krzywinski, M. Liepe, A. Liero, T. Limberg, H. Loos, M. Luong, C. Magne, J. Menzel, P. Michelato, M. Minty, U. C. Müller, D. Nölle, A. Novokhatski, C. Pagani, F. Peters, J. Pflüger, P. Piot, L. Plucinski, K. Rehlich, I. Reyzl, A. Richter, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, G. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, H. J. Schreiber, S. Schreiber, D. Sertore, S. Setzer, S. Simrock, R. Sobierajski, B. Sonntag, B. Steeg, F. Stephan, K. P. Sytchev, K. Tiedtke, M. Tonutti, R. Treusch, D. Trines, D. Türke, V. Verzilov, R. Wanzenberg, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wendt, I. Will, S. Wolff, K. Wittenburg, M. V. Yurkov, and K. Zapfe, “Generation of GW radiation pulses from a VUV free-electron laser operating in the femtosecond regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(10), 104802 (2002).
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Wu, J.

S. P. Weathersby, G. Brown, M. Centurion, T. F. Chase, R. Coffee, J. Corbett, J. P. Eichner, J. C. Frisch, A. R. Fry, M. Gühr, N. Hartmann, C. Hast, R. Hettel, R. K. Jobe, E. N. Jongewaard, J. R. Lewandowski, R. K. Li, A. M. Lindenberg, I. Makasyuk, J. E. May, D. McCormick, M. N. Nguyen, A. H. Reid, X. Shen, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, T. Vecchione, S. L. Vetter, J. Wu, J. Yang, H. A. Dürr, and X. J. Wang, “Mega-electron-volt ultrafast electron diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(7), 073702 (2015).
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Xu, H.

E. Mårsell, E. W. Larsen, C. L. Arnold, H. Xu, J. Mauritsson, and A. Mikkelsen, “Photoemission electron microscopy of localized surface plasmons in silver nanostructures at telecommunication wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(8), 083104 (2015).
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Yalunin, S.

K. Echternkamp, G. Herink, S. Yalunin, K. Rademann, S. Schäfer, and C. Ropers, “Strong-field photoemission in nanotip near-fields: from quiver to sub-cycle electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 122(4), 80 (2016).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of experimental setup (a) and oblique incidence illumination geometry (b), inset of (a) is the SEM image of Au bowtie.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 PEEM images of Au island and Au bowtie under the irradiation of Hg lamp (a, d) and with 850nm femtosecond laser oscillator (c, e). (b) Surface topography of the Au-film measured by AFM. The in plane polarization direction and wave vector are indicated by the red arrow marked by E and k in (e). Au film and bowtie are indicated by the green dash circle and square in (c) and (e), respectively. The contour of bowtie is indicated by blue dash line in (e). Note that (a, d) were taken with mercury lamp (CW source) in the imaging mode of PEEM, (c, e) were taken with femtosecond laser in the ToF mode of PEEM.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Photoelectron spectra of Au-film at excitation of 700nm (a), 750nm (b), 800nm (c), 850nm (d) and 900nm (e), respectively. The red dash lines are the fits of Fermi-Dirac distribution with the black bars indicating the Fermi levels at E-EF≈5.35eV (700nm), 4.99eV (750nm), 4.69eV (800nm), 4.36eV (850nm) and 4.14eV (900nm), respectively. The insets are the linear fits of log-log plots of photoemission yield versus laser power at respective wavelengths.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Localized photoelectron spectra from Au film. Spatial resolved MPPE image of Au film at 700nm(a) and 850nm(c), where hot spot and dark spot are marked by green circles and the overall photoelectron spectra of Au film is taken within the whole image. The spectra of Au film (black), hot spot (red) and dark point (magenta) are excited at power of 40mW by 700nm (b) and 850nm (d), respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Photoelectron spectra from Au Bowtie at the excitation wavelengths of 700nm (a), 750nm (b), 800nm (c), 850nm (d) and 900nm (e). (f) The 1/4th power of photoemission yield (black dots, right Y axis) from PEEM measurement and the simulating absorption spectrum (red line, left Y) of Au bowtie obtained by FDTD. The on-resonant plasmonic mode is around 850nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Photoelectron spectra as a function of laser intensity at excitation of 700nm (a), 750nm (b), 800nm (c), 850nm (d) and 900nm (e), respectively. Peak and maximum energies marked by black and red arrows are as following: (a) 0.42eV, 1.55eV; (b) 0.55eV, 2.13eV; (c) 0.55eV, 1.80eV; (d) 0.58eV, 1.60eV; (e) 0.67eV, 1.76eV.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Linear fits of log-log plots of photoemission yield of peak and high energy cutoff indicated in Fig. 6 versus laser power at 700nm (a), 750nm (b), 800nm (c), 850nm (d) and 900nm (e), respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Localized photoelectron spectra of Au Bowtie. (a) PEEM image of Au Bowtie at the illumination of mercury lamp with 850nm fs laser pulse. The entire bowtie, hot spot and dark spots close to and far from hot spot are marked, respectively. The localized spectra from Au Bowtie are measured at 30mW (b). The black, red, blue, cyan, green dot lines display the spectra of entire, hotspot, dark spots 1, 2, 3, respectively. (c) Field gradient of right nanoprism of Au bowtie obtained by FDTD simulation, the unit of color bar is the scale of V/m.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Slopes of linear fitting in Fig. 7.

Equations (4)

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γ = Φ 2 U P = 2 m Φ e × ω f E
Δ p / / , = e t 0 t 1 E n e a r ( r , t ) n / / , d t ,
E n e a r ( r , t ) = R ( r , t ) E i n c ( r , t ) ,
l d r i f t = t 2 Δ p / / m = e t 2 m 0 t 1 f E 0 , x exp [ ( t τ ) 2 ] cos ( ω t + φ ) d t ,

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