Abstract

This study develops a large-area pixelated filter that can achieve colors covering the entire visible range with a fixed period under normal incidence. Vivid colors as blue, green, and yellow (peak efficiency of ~60%) are experimentally achieved based on a Fano-resonance by altering the overlay’s refractive index, which is highly sensitive to the surrounding material. Furthermore, the feasibility of using this device in large-area color printing and index sensors is discussed in detail, wherein a large-area (3 cm × 3 cm) logo and a figure of merit of 254 are achieved. Therefore, this developed structure can be regarded as an alternative to traditional periodic-dependent structure colors, which can also be performed as index sensors with high sensitivity.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. L. Wu, Y. Ye, and L. S. Chen, “A broadband omnidirectional absorber incorporating plasmonic metasurfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(43), 11593–11597 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wu, Y. Gu, Y. Ye, H. Ye, and L. Chen, “Omnidirectional broadband metasurface absorber operating in visible to near-infrared regime,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21479–21489 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (7)

Y. Ye, F. Xu, G. Wei, Y. Xu, D. Pu, L. Chen, and Z. Huang, “Scalable fourier transform system for instantly structured illumination in lithography,” Opt. Lett. 42(10), 1978–1981 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (7)

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-color subwavelength printing with gap-plasmonic optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized gratings enable color effects and floating screen films by first-order diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1793–1799 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

A. F. Kaplan, T. Xu, and L. Jay Guo, “High efficiency resonance-based spectrum filters with tunable transmission bandwidth fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143111 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, “Nontrivial bloch oscillations in waveguide arrays with second-order coupling,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1908–1910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Vukusic and J. R. Sambles, “Photonic structures in biology,” Nature 424(6950), 852–855 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartoli, F. J.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, J.

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Burgos, S. P.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W. S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Chen, L. S.

S. L. Wu, Y. Ye, and L. S. Chen, “A broadband omnidirectional absorber incorporating plasmonic metasurfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(43), 11593–11597 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. J.

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, F.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D. Y.

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christiansen, A. B.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, A. W.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clausen, J. S.

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Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
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Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
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W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, X.

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duempelmann, L.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
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W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, J. R.

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fang, X.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrini, R.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

Foerster, B.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
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A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Galanty, M.

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Gallinet, B.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, L.

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
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Gao, Y.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
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Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goh, X. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grajower, M.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, Y.

Guo, J.

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatada, H.

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-color subwavelength printing with gap-plasmonic optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hegde, R. S.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
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Højlund-Nielsen, E.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. P.

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
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G. Wang, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, “Nontrivial bloch oscillations in waveguide arrays with second-order coupling,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1908–1910 (2010).
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Huang, Z.

Huard, C. M.

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jakab, A.

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
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Jay Guo, L.

A. F. Kaplan, T. Xu, and L. Jay Guo, “High efficiency resonance-based spectrum filters with tunable transmission bandwidth fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143111 (2011).
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Kaplan, A. F.

A. F. Kaplan, T. Xu, and L. Jay Guo, “High efficiency resonance-based spectrum filters with tunable transmission bandwidth fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, E. S.

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

King, N. S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, M. W.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, S. C.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koirala, I.

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laux, E.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. T.

K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. S.

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levy, U.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. Y.

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. M.

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lütolf, F.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized gratings enable color effects and floating screen films by first-order diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1793–1799 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luu-Dinh, A.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manjavacas, A.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, K.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, O. J. F.

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized gratings enable color effects and floating screen films by first-order diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1793–1799 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matuschek, M.

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyata, M.

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-color subwavelength printing with gap-plasmonic optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mortensen, A.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mortensen, N. A.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, J. A.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

Neubrech, F.

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

Olson, J.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, C. S.

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pu, D.

Qiu, C. W.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.-W.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Raj Shrestha, V.

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruan, Q.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Salomon, A.

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Sambles, J. R.

P. Vukusic and J. R. Sambles, “Photonic structures in biology,” Nature 424(6950), 852–855 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segal, E.

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Seo, K.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seo, S. Y.

K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shavit, O.

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Shen, W.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, Y. J.

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shrestha, V. R.

I. Koirala, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-controlled broad color palette based on an ultrathin one-dimensional resonant grating structure,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40073 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skauli, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sönnichsen, C.

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stalder, M.

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized gratings enable color effects and floating screen films by first-order diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1793–1799 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taha, H.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahara, J.

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-color subwavelength printing with gap-plasmonic optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, S. J.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trügler, A.

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vukusic, P.

P. Vukusic and J. R. Sambles, “Photonic structures in biology,” Nature 424(6950), 852–855 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, G.

Wei, J. N.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weissman, A.

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Wu, S.

Wu, S. L.

S. L. Wu, Y. Ye, and L. S. Chen, “A broadband omnidirectional absorber incorporating plasmonic metasurfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(43), 11593–11597 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, W. G.

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

Xu, T.

A. F. Kaplan, T. Xu, and L. Jay Guo, “High efficiency resonance-based spectrum filters with tunable transmission bandwidth fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yang, C.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K. W.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yazdi, S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, H.

Ye, Y.

Yee, K.

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[Crossref]

Yokogawa, S.

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, K. W.

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
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G. Wang, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, “Nontrivial bloch oscillations in waveguide arrays with second-order coupling,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1908–1910 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, W.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, W.

Zeng, B.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, M.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, “Four-fold color filter based on plasmonic phase retarder,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 190–196 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

A. Weissman, M. Galanty, D. Gachet, E. Segal, O. Shavit, and A. Salomon, “Spatial confinement of light onto a flat metallic surface using hybridization between two cavities,” Adv. Mater. 5(10), 1700097 (2017).

Adv. Opt. Mater. (5)

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic interference full-color printing using grayscale-patterned fabry-perot resonance cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Lütolf, M. Stalder, and O. J. F. Martin, “Metallized gratings enable color effects and floating screen films by first-order diffraction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1793–1799 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “High-color-purity subtractive color filters with a wide viewing angle based on plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(3), 347–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. T. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Duempelmann, J. A. Müller, F. Lütolf, B. Gallinet, R. Ferrini, and L. Novotny, “Controlling the color of plasmonic substrates with inkjet printing,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700153 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. F. Kaplan, T. Xu, and L. Jay Guo, “High efficiency resonance-based spectrum filters with tunable transmission bandwidth fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

J. R. Fan, Z. Y. Li, Z. J. Chen, and W. G. Wu, “Standing-wave resonances in plasmonic nanoumbrella cavities for color generation and colorimetric refractive index sensor,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 384(30), 534–538 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

S. L. Wu, Y. Ye, and L. S. Chen, “A broadband omnidirectional absorber incorporating plasmonic metasurfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(43), 11593–11597 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (7)

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu, “Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators,” Nano Lett. 17(9), 5555–5560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Aluminum plasmonics based highly transmissive polarization-independent subtractive color filters exploiting a nanopatch array,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6672–6678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Miyata, H. Hatada, and J. Takahara, “Full-color subwavelength printing with gap-plasmonic optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3166–3172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for CMOS image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Rev. Mater. (1)

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

P. Vukusic and J. R. Sambles, “Photonic structures in biology,” Nature 424(6950), 852–855 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
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W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Gao, J. P. Huang, Y. M. Liu, L. Gao, K. W. Yu, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in ferrofluids with magnetocontrollability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(3), 034501 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

J. Becker, A. Trügler, A. Jakab, U. Hohenester, and C. Sönnichsen, “The optimal aspect ratio of gold nanorods for plasmonic bio-sensing,” Plasmonics 5(2), 161–167 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W. S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(40), 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Research (1)

Y. Wang, M. Zheng, Q. Ruan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, P. Dai, Z. Yang, Z. Lin, Y. Long, Y. Li, N. Liu, C.-W. Qiu, J. K. W. Yang, and H. Duan, “Stepwise-nanocavity-assisted transmissive color filter array microprints,” Research 2018, 8109054 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (7)

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Raj Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Other (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the proposed plasmonic device.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fabrication scheme including: (a) the continuously variable spatial frequency photolithography process. (b) Scanning electron microscope image of pixeled gratings. (c) The plasma stripper process. (d) Evaporation of Al films. (e) Scheme of the pixelized color generation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Calculated transmission spectra as a function of ncoat at normal incidence. (b) Corresponding spectral position of the coupling between the SPR and GMR for different filling of the structures (see scheme), including the WRcoat and WRsub. (c)-(e) Magnetic field of the coupling between the SPR and GMR, WRcoat and WRsub.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Measured spectra under TM-polarized incident light with varied coating material. (b) CIE 1931 color plot with ncoat between 1.0 and 2.0 and the measured samples.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Images taken by a mobile phone under TM-polarized light. (a)-(c): Pixelated photoresist grating, Al coated pixelated photoresist grating, and SiNx—Al coated pixelated photoresist grating, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Measured spectra under TM-polarized light with SiO2 and SiNx overlays. (b) Experimental FOM* as a function of wavelength. (c) Simulated transmission spectra of this device for glucose solutions. (d) Calculated FOM* as a function of wavelength.

Equations (1)

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FO M * =max| dI( λ )/ dn( λ ) I( λ ) |

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