Abstract

We report on a wavelength-tunable optical parametric amplifier (OPA) from 2.7 to 3.8 μm seeded with carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stabilized pulses generated by intra-pulse difference frequency generation (DFG) using a commercial Yb:KGW chirped-pulse amplifier. The Yb:KGW laser’s output pulses are spectrally broadened in two-stage multi-plate pulse compression from 0.8 to 1.25 μm, which are compressed down to a sub-two-cycle duration of 6.5 fs using chirp mirrors. CEP-stabilized mid-infrared pulses are produced in intra-pulse DFG of the spectrally broaden pulses around 1.03 μm and parametrically amplified in KTiOAsO 4 crystals. The output energy and temporal duration of the OPA output pulses range from 31 to 56 μJ and from 102 to 203 fs, respectively. The root mean square value of their CEP errors is measured to be 101 mrad.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (8)

F. Lu, P. Xia, Y. Matsumoto, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle CEP-stable optical pulses at 3.5 μm from a KTA-based optical parametric amplifier with multiple-plate compression,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2720–2723 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mero, Z. Heiner, V. Petrov, H. Rottke, F. Branchi, G. M. Thomas, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “43 W, 1.55 μm and 12.5 W, 3.1 μm dual-beam, sub-10 cycle, 100 kHz optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 43, 5246–5249 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Lu, T. Witting, A. Husakou, M. J. Vrakking, A. H. Kung, and F. J. Furch, “Sub-4 fs laser pulses at high average power and high repetition rate from an all-solid-state setup,” Opt. Express 26, 8941–8956 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Beetar, S. Gholam-Mirzaei, and M. Chini, “Spectral broadening and pulse compression of a 400 μJ, 20 W Yb:KGW laser using a multi-plate medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 051102 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Tamošauskas, G. Beresnevičius, D. Gadonas, and A. Dubietis, “Transmittance and phase matching of BBO crystal in the 3–5 μm range and its application for the characterization of mid-infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1410–1418 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. B. Penwell, L. Whaley-Mayda, and A. Tokmakoff, “Single-stage MHz mid-IR OPA using LiGaS 2 and a fiber laser pump source,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1363–1366 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-H. Chen, T. Nagy, and P. Baum, “Efficient middle-infrared generation in LiGaS 2 by simultaneous spectral broadening and difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1742–1745 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (6)

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Lu, Y.-J. Tsou, H.-Y. Chen, B.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Cheng, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, C.-C. Hsu, and A. H. Kung, “Generation of intense supercontinuum in condensed media,” Optica 1, 400–406 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

F. Junginger, A. Sell, O. Schubert, B. Mayer, D. Brida, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Single-cycle multiterahertz transients with peak fields above 10 MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2645–2647 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Agostini, P.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allerbeck, J.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartelt, H.

Baum, P.

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beetar, J. E.

J. E. Beetar, S. Gholam-Mirzaei, and M. Chini, “Spectral broadening and pulse compression of a 400 μJ, 20 W Yb:KGW laser using a multi-plate medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 051102 (2018).
[Crossref]

Beresnevicius, G.

Berghoff, D.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bizouard, P.

Blanchard, F.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO 3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bock, M.

Brabec, T.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradler, M.

Branchi, F.

Brida, D.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Junginger, A. Sell, O. Schubert, B. Mayer, D. Brida, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Single-cycle multiterahertz transients with peak fields above 10 MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2645–2647 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bühler, J.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Chang, Z.

Chen, B.-H.

Chen, H.-Y.

Chen, M.-C.

C.-H. Lu, Y.-J. Tsou, H.-Y. Chen, B.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Cheng, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, C.-C. Hsu, and A. H. Kung, “Generation of intense supercontinuum in condensed media,” Optica 1, 400–406 (2014).
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G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
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C.-H. Lu, W.-H. Wu, S.-H. Kuo, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, and A. H. Kung, “Greater than 50x solid-state compression of 1030 nm Yb:based laser pulses to single-cycle duration,” CLEO 2018 (2018), p. SW3N.5.

Cheng, Y.-C.

Chew, A.

Chini, M.

J. E. Beetar, S. Gholam-Mirzaei, and M. Chini, “Spectral broadening and pulse compression of a 400 μJ, 20 W Yb:KGW laser using a multi-plate medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 051102 (2018).
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Corkum, P. B.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
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DiChiara, A. D.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
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DiMauro, L. F.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
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Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO 3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
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Elsaesser, T.

Fang, S.

Ferchaud, C.

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I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Furch, F. J.

Gadonas, D.

Gaeta, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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Garg, M.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
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S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
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Gholam-Mirzaei, S.

J. E. Beetar, S. Gholam-Mirzaei, and M. Chini, “Spectral broadening and pulse compression of a 400 μJ, 20 W Yb:KGW laser using a multi-plate medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 051102 (2018).
[Crossref]

Golde, D.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Goulielmakis, E.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
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Griebner, U.

Hammond, T. J.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hassan, M. T.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
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He, P.

He, X.

Heiner, Z.

Heinrich, A.-C.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO 3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hohenleutner, M.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Hou, X.

Hsu, C.-C.

Huang, H.

Huang, P.

Huber, R.

Husakou, A.

Huttner, U.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Isaenko, L.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Ishii, N.

Itatani, J.

Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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Jiang, Y.

Junginger, F.

Kanai, T.

Kaneshima, K.

Kapteyn, H. C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karpowicz, N.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Kida, N.

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
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Killi, A.

Kira, M.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Knorr, M.

Kobelke, J.

Koch, S. W.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Krausz, F.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Kruchinin, S. Y.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kung, A. H.

Kuo, S.-H.

C.-H. Lu, W.-H. Wu, S.-H. Kuo, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, and A. H. Kung, “Greater than 50x solid-state compression of 1030 nm Yb:based laser pulses to single-cycle duration,” CLEO 2018 (2018), p. SW3N.5.

Lange, C.

M. Knorr, J. Raab, M. Tauer, P. Merkl, D. Peller, E. Wittmann, E. Riedle, C. Lange, and R. Huber, “Phase-locked multi-terahertz electric fields exceeding 13 MV/cm at a 190 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 4367–4370 (2017).
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O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Langer, F.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Légaré, F.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
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Leitenstorfer, A.

Li, J.

Lilienfein, N.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Liu, Y.

Lobanov, S.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Lu, C.-H.

Lu, F.

Luu, T. T.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maksimenka, R.

Marangoni, M.

Matsumoto, Y.

Mayer, B.

McDonald, C. R.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meier, T.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
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Merkl, P.

Mero, M.

Miyamoto, T.

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
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Morgner, U.

Morimoto, T.

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
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Moulet, A.

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mücke, O. D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagy, T.

Okamoto, H.

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
[Crossref]

Osvay, K.

Paasch-Colberg, T.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Palmer, G.

Peller, D.

Penwell, S. B.

Pervak, V.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Pescher, M.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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Petrov, V.

M. Mero, Z. Heiner, V. Petrov, H. Rottke, F. Branchi, G. M. Thomas, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “43 W, 1.55 μm and 12.5 W, 3.1 μm dual-beam, sub-10 cycle, 100 kHz optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 43, 5246–5249 (2018).
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V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podzimski, R.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pronin, O.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pugžlys, A.

Pupeza, I.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Raab, J.

Reichl, C.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reis, D. A.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.

Riedle, E.

Rottke, H.

Sánchez, D.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. E.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, C.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, W. G.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schubert, O.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Junginger, A. Sell, O. Schubert, B. Mayer, D. Brida, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Single-cycle multiterahertz transients with peak fields above 10 MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2645–2647 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schunemann, P.

Schweinberger, W.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Seidel, M.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sell, A.

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sistrunk, E.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sono, N.

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
[Crossref]

Steinmann, A.

Takeuchi, K.

Tamaya, T.

N. Yoshikawa, T. Tamaya, and K. Tanaka, “High-harmonic generation in graphene enhanced by elliptically polarized light excitation,” Science 356, 736–738 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamošauskas, G.

Tanaka, K.

N. Yoshikawa, T. Tamaya, and K. Tanaka, “High-harmonic generation in graphene enhanced by elliptically polarized light excitation,” Science 356, 736–738 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO 3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tauer, M.

Teng, H.

Thiré, N.

N. Thiré, R. Maksimenka, B. Kiss, C. Ferchaud, P. Bizouard, E. Cormier, K. Osvay, and N. Forget, “4-W, 100-kHz, few-cycle mid-infrared source with sub-100-mrad carrier-envelope phase noise,” Opt. Express 25, 1505–1514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, G. M.

Titov, A.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Tokmakoff, A.

Tsou, Y.-J.

Ueberschaer, D.

Urbanek, B.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vampa, G.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Grafenstein, L.

Vrakking, M. J.

Vrakking, M. J. J.

Wang, Y.

Wegscheider, W.

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

P. He, Y. Liu, K. Zhao, H. Teng, X. He, P. Huang, H. Huang, S. Zhong, Y. Jiang, S. Fang, X. Hou, and Z. Wei, “High-efficiency supercontinuum generation in solid thin plates at 0.1 TW level,” Opt. Lett. 42, 474–477 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Whaley-Mayda, L.

Witting, T.

Wittmann, E.

Wu, W.-H.

C.-H. Lu, W.-H. Wu, S.-H. Kuo, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, and A. H. Kung, “Greater than 50x solid-state compression of 1030 nm Yb:based laser pulses to single-cycle duration,” CLEO 2018 (2018), p. SW3N.5.

Xia, P.

Yang, S.-D.

C.-H. Lu, Y.-J. Tsou, H.-Y. Chen, B.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Cheng, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, C.-C. Hsu, and A. H. Kung, “Generation of intense supercontinuum in condensed media,” Optica 1, 400–406 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Lu, W.-H. Wu, S.-H. Kuo, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, and A. H. Kung, “Greater than 50x solid-state compression of 1030 nm Yb:based laser pulses to single-cycle duration,” CLEO 2018 (2018), p. SW3N.5.

Yelisseyev, A.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Yin, Y.

Yoshikawa, N.

N. Yoshikawa, T. Tamaya, and K. Tanaka, “High-harmonic generation in graphene enhanced by elliptically polarized light excitation,” Science 356, 736–738 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zawilski, K.

Zhang, J.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, K.

Zhong, S.

Znakovskaya, I.

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zondy, J.-J.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS 2 and LiGaSe 2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Morimoto, N. Sono, T. Miyamoto, N. Kida, and H. Okamoto, “Generation of a carrier-envelope-phase-stable femtosecond pulse at 10 μm by direct down-conversion from a Ti:sapphire laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 122701 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. E. Beetar, S. Gholam-Mirzaei, and M. Chini, “Spectral broadening and pulse compression of a 400 μJ, 20 W Yb:KGW laser using a multi-plate medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 051102 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO 3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A.-C. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W. G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Signatures of transient wannier-stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2890 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521, 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, N. Thiré, B. E. Schmidt, F. Légaré, C. R. McDonald, T. Brabec, and P. B. Corkum, “Linking high harmonics from gases and solids,” Nature 522, 462–464 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (12)

P. He, Y. Liu, K. Zhao, H. Teng, X. He, P. Huang, H. Huang, S. Zhong, Y. Jiang, S. Fang, X. Hou, and Z. Wei, “High-efficiency supercontinuum generation in solid thin plates at 0.1 TW level,” Opt. Lett. 42, 474–477 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Killi, A. Steinmann, G. Palmer, U. Morgner, H. Bartelt, and J. Kobelke, “Megahertz optical parametric amplifier pumped by a femtosecond oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 125–127 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Knorr, J. Raab, M. Tauer, P. Merkl, D. Peller, E. Wittmann, E. Riedle, C. Lange, and R. Huber, “Phase-locked multi-terahertz electric fields exceeding 13 MV/cm at a 190 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 4367–4370 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Penwell, L. Whaley-Mayda, and A. Tokmakoff, “Single-stage MHz mid-IR OPA using LiGaS 2 and a fiber laser pump source,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1363–1366 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-H. Chen, T. Nagy, and P. Baum, “Efficient middle-infrared generation in LiGaS 2 by simultaneous spectral broadening and difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1742–1745 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, D. Ueberschaer, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “5 μm few-cycle pulses with multi-gigawatt peak power at a 1 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3796–3799 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lu, P. Xia, Y. Matsumoto, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle CEP-stable optical pulses at 3.5 μm from a KTA-based optical parametric amplifier with multiple-plate compression,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2720–2723 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mero, Z. Heiner, V. Petrov, H. Rottke, F. Branchi, G. M. Thomas, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “43 W, 1.55 μm and 12.5 W, 3.1 μm dual-beam, sub-10 cycle, 100 kHz optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 43, 5246–5249 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sell, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Phase-locked generation and field-resolved detection of widely tunable terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 100 MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2767–2769 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Junginger, A. Sell, O. Schubert, B. Mayer, D. Brida, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Single-cycle multiterahertz transients with peak fields above 10 MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2645–2647 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiūnas, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Mid-IR femtosecond pulse generation on the microjoule level up to 5 μm at high repetition rates,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4212–4214 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

Science (2)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yoshikawa, T. Tamaya, and K. Tanaka, “High-harmonic generation in graphene enhanced by elliptically polarized light excitation,” Science 356, 736–738 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C.-H. Lu, W.-H. Wu, S.-H. Kuo, S.-D. Yang, M.-C. Chen, and A. H. Kung, “Greater than 50x solid-state compression of 1030 nm Yb:based laser pulses to single-cycle duration,” CLEO 2018 (2018), p. SW3N.5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Two-stage MPC of the 160-fs, 120-μJ pulses around 1030 nm down to 6.5 fs. FS1, 1-mm-thick fused silica plates; FS2, 0.5-mm-thick fused silica plates; FS3, 0.7-mm-thick fused silica plates; GTI, Gires-Tournois-interferometer mirror; AU, gold mirror; DFG, difference frequency generation crystal; CM1, 2, chirp-mirror pair; FROG, second-harmonic generation-based frequency-resolved optical gating apparatus.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Characterization of the compressed pulses with the two-stage MPC. The SHG FROG error is 1.1 %. (a) Retrieved spectral intensity (black solid curve) and phase (black dashed curve) and the spectrum measured by spectrometers (USB2000, NIRQuest512-2.5, Ocean Optics) (blue curve). Note that the FROG measurement and the spectral measurement by the spectrometers are not performed in the identical condition, but, in a similar condition.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 MIR-OPA. MPC, two-stage multi-plate pulse compressor; DFG, difference frequency generation crystal; OPA1, first optical parametric amplifier stage; OPA2, second optical parametric amplifier stage.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Wavelength tunability of the MIR OPA. We characterize the wavelength-dependent output energy plotted by the black curve in the upper panel. SHG-FROG measurement is performed to obtain the pulse duration (pink curve in the upper panel) and the spectrum (lower panel) at each center wavelength.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 CEP stability characterization by a single-shot f-to-2f interferometer. A CaF   2 wedge pair is used to shift the interference fringe, verifying that the fringe pattern originates in the f-to-2f signal. This verification is performed in acquisition times of less than 50 seconds. The RMS value of the CEP errors is 101 mrad for 2000 seconds.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Distance between a fused silica plate and the focus position. The first MPC stage (FS1) consists of four 1-mm-thick fused silica plates. The second MPC stage consists of four 0.5-mm-thick (FS2) and four 0.7-mm-thick (FS3) fused silica plates.

Metrics