Abstract

We demonstrate the nondestructive measurement of the effective refractive index difference of two arbitrary modes within a multimode optical fiber by utilizing a tunable fiber grating. We use a mechanical grating of variable period to couple the respective modes and measure the mode content at the fiber output based on the correlation filter technique. From the dependence of the coupling efficiency on the grating period, the effective index difference of the modes can be extracted with high accuracy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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