Abstract

The laser damage resistance of coatings in high-power laser systems depends significantly on the surface quality of the substrate. In our experiment, pits were precisely fabricated on the surface of fused silica substrate using a femtosecond laser processing bench. The HfO2/SiO2 high-reflective coatings at 1064 nm were deposited by conventional e-beam evaporation onto fused silica substrates with and without pits, respectively. The internal crack that was induced by the substrate geometrical structure was first observed in our experiment. The laser-induced damage threshold test showed negative effects of the substrate pits on the laser resistance of high-reflective coatings. Simulations by the finite element method were carried out, and results demonstrated that the modulation of a high reflector multilayer geometry could lead to electrical-field amplification and reduce laser damage resistance. Combined with its poor mechanical properties, the pits on substrate could contribute to the occurrence of damages.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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