Abstract

A complementary structure based on coplanar waveguides (CPWs) with periodical etching slots is proposed to support spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs). In contrast to the traditional slotline-based complementary SSPP structure, a dispersion curve of the second mode by the proposed structure has a much lower starting point from the origin which exhibits greatly improved operating bandwidth. Moreover, tighter confinements of SSPPs in the region of small wave vectors corresponding to lower frequencies can be predicted from the dispersion analysis, which means enhancement of transmission efficiency. Then a simple and efficient transition structure with tapered CPWs and gradient slots is proposed to realize high-efficiency and broadband excitation of the second mode of SSPPs for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Based on the proposed structure, a seamless connection between CPWs and the SSPP structure can be achieved. The measured insertion loss and return loss below 6.6 GHz is better than 0.86 and 13.62  dB, respectively. Furthermore, it can be seen from the measurement results that a 3 dB bandwidth ranges from 0 to 10.57 GHz, and the return loss is better than 10  dB from 0 to 8.96 GHz. The proposed structure can promote the development of plasmonic integrate circuits and functional devices at microwave frequencies.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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