Abstract

Field conjugation arrays use adaptive combining techniques on multi-aperture receivers to improve the performance of coherent laser communication links by mitigating the consequences of atmospheric turbulence on the down-converted coherent power. However, this motivates the use of complex receivers as optical signals collected by different apertures need to be adaptively processed, co-phased, and scaled before they are combined. Here, we show that multiple apertures, coupled with optical delay lines, combine retarded versions of a signal at a single coherent receiver, which uses digital equalization to obtain diversity gain against atmospheric fading. We found in our analysis that, instead of field conjugation arrays, digital equalization of time-delay multi-aperture receivers is a simpler and more versatile approach to accomplish reduction of atmospheric fading.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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