Abstract

Quantitative measurement of Jones matrix elements is crucial for the study of light polarization with the wide range of applications. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel method of Fourier space sharing to determine spatially resolved all four elements of the Jones matrix from a single-intensity frame. This is achieved by applying a holographic approach and making use of two triangular polarization Sagnac interferometers in the sample and reference arms. The proposed technique is flexible to adjust carrier frequencies in order to meet the varying demand of different anisotropic samples. A Jones matrix microscopy system is developed and applied to transparent samples. Experimental implementation of the proposed technique is demonstrated by determining the Jones matrix elements of commercially available known samples and liquid crystal droplets.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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