Abstract

Spatiotemporal coupling (STC) of femtosecond pulsed beams could significantly reduce the focal-spot intensity of ultra-intense lasers. We theoretically present a very simple method for single-shot real-time detecting pulse-front tilt, curvature, or tilt and curvature (PFT, PFC or PFT&PFC) by using multiple-slit spatiotemporal interferometry (MSTI). An unknown input pulsed beam is spatially cut by a high-density multiple-slit and changed into a series of spatially separated sub-pulses. By only measuring the spatial distribution of the interference pattern in the far-field, PFT, PFC, or PFT&PFC can be detected. Comparing with recent methods, no reference pulses or beams, no temporal or spatial scanning, and no temporal or spectral measurement is required. The single-shot and spatial-only measurement will greatly simplify the real-time detection of PFT and PFC.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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