Abstract

Ambiguity caused by a wrapped phase is an intrinsic problem in fringe projection-based 3D shape measurement. Among traditional methods for avoiding phase ambiguity, spatial phase unwrapping is sensitive to sensor noise and depth discontinuity, and temporal phase unwrapping requires additional encoding information that leads to an increase of image sequence acquisition time or a reduction of fringe contrast. Here, to the best of our knowledge, we report a novel method of absolute phase unwrapping based on light field imaging. In a recorded light field under structured illumination, i.e., a structured light field, a wrapped phase-encoded field can be retrieved and resampled in diverse image planes associated with several possible fringe orders in a measurement volume. Then, by leveraging phase consistency constraint in the resampled wrapped phase-encoded field, correct fringe orders can be determined to unwrap the wrapped phase without any additional encoding information. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method was suitable for accurate and robust absolute phase unwrapping.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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