Abstract

Random media introduce large degrees of freedom in device design and can thus address challenges in manipulating optical waves. Wave shaping with metasurfaces has mainly utilized periodic or quasi-periodic grids, and the potential of random arrangement of particles for devices has only come under investigation recently. The main difficulty in pursuing random metasurfaces is the identification of the degrees of freedom that optimize their efficiencies and functions. They can also encode information using the statistics of particle distribution. We propose a phase-map that accounts for the statistical nature of random media. The method takes into account effects of random near-field couplings that introduce phase errors by affecting the phase shift of elements. The proposed approach increases the efficiency of our random metasurface devices by up to 20%. This work paves the way toward the efficient design of random metasurfaces with potential applications in highly secure optical cryptography and information encoding.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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