Abstract

We report on a monolithic, all-metallic, and flexible metasurface perfect absorber [black nickel (Ni)] based on coupled Mie resonances originated from vertically stepped Ni nanopillars homoepitaxially grown on an Ni substrate. Coupled Mie resonances are generated from Ni nanopillars with different sizes such that Mie resonances of the stepped two sets of Ni nanopillars occur complementarily at different wavelengths to realize polarization-independent broadband absorption over the entire visible wavelength band (400–760 nm) within an ultra-thin surface layer of only 162 nm thick in total. Two-step double-beam interference lithography and electroplating are utilized to fabricate the proposed monolithic metasurface that can be arbitrarily bent and pressed. A black nickel metasurface is experimentally demonstrated in which an average polarization-independent absorption of 0.972 (0.961, experiment) in the entire visible band is achieved and remains 0.838 (0.815, experiment) when the incident angle increases to 70°.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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