Abstract

A high-sensitivity and low-temperature fiber-optic magnetic field sensor based on a tapered two-mode fiber (TTMF) sandwiched between two single-mode fibers has been proposed and demonstrated. The section of TTMF has a specifically designed transition region as an efficient tool to filter higher-order modes, where the uniform modal interferometer just involved with LP01 and LP11 modes is achieved. The transmission spectral characteristics and the magnetic response of the proposed sensors have been investigated. The experimental results show that a maximum sensitivity of 98.2  pm/Oe within a linear magnetic field intensity ranging from 0 to 140 Oe can be achieved. Significantly, the temperature cross-sensitivity problem can be resolved owing to the lower thermal expansion coefficient of the TTMF. Finally, with its low insertion loss, compactness, and ease of fabrication, the proposed sensor would find potential applications in the measurement of a magnetic field.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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