Abstract

Optical microcavities have been widely applied as sensitive detectors due to ultrahigh quality factors and small mode volumes. Besides considering the optical mode as the sensing signal, the optomechanical oscillations induced by the optical spring effect also perform as an elegant sensing signal. However, the minimal size of a detectable analyte is limited by the relatively weak light–matter interaction compared to the experimental noises. To improve the detection limit, many methods have been developed to either enhance device sensitivities or suppress experimental noises. In this work, we present a way to lower the detection limit by suppressing experimental noises of the mechanical frequency by 3 orders of magnitude. Utilizing a fiber tip as a benchmark analyte attaching onto the cavity, the mechanical frequency shift reflects the changes of the optical mode detuning of the cavity, predicting an effective tool for ultrasensitive detection.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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