Abstract

We report the emission of localized orbital angular momentum (OAM) crystals in a millimeter-size monolithic Nd:YAG nonplanar ring laser. Narrow-linewidth single-frequency lasing in the kilohertz level featuring crystal-like vortices is obtained via phase locking of Laguerre-Gaussian modes in the cavity. It is found that the spatially degenerate OAM of high-order LG modes can be easily broken by superimposing a low-order mode, leading to crystal-like vortices. Our theoretical analysis is found to be in agreement with the experimental results for both intensity and interference patterns.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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