Abstract

Generally, the pulse duration of a coherent Doppler wind lidar (CDWL) is shortened to minimize the spatial resolution at the sacrifice of carrier-to-noise ratio, since the peak power of a laser source is limited by the stimulated Brillouin scattering or other nonlinear optical phenomena. To solve this problem, an all-fiber CDWL incorporating Golay coding is proposed and demonstrated. Given the peak power of the laser pulse, the Golay coding method can improve the measuring precision by improving the pulse repetition frequency of the outgoing laser. In the experiment, the Golay coding implementation is optimized by normalizing the intensity of every single pulse of the outgoing laser with a closed-loop feedback, achieving a spatial resolution of 6 m and a temporal resolution of 2 s with a maximum detection range of 552 m. The wind profile in line of sight and the result derived from another noncoding CDWL show good agreement.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
1.5 μm polarization coherent lidar incorporating time-division multiplexing

Chong Wang, Haiyun Xia, Mingjia Shangguan, Yunbin Wu, Lu Wang, Lijie Zhao, Jiawei Qiu, and Renjun Zhang
Opt. Express 25(17) 20663-20674 (2017)

Mid-altitude wind measurements with mobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar incorporating system-level optical frequency control method

Haiyun Xia, Xiankang Dou, Dongsong Sun, Zhifeng Shu, Xianghui Xue, Yan Han, Dongdong Hu, Yuli Han, and Tingdi Cheng
Opt. Express 20(14) 15286-15300 (2012)

Fabry-Perot interferometer based Mie Doppler lidar for low tropospheric wind observation

Haiyun Xia, Dongsong Sun, Yuanhong Yang, Fahua Shen, Jingjing Dong, and Takao Kobayashi
Appl. Opt. 46(29) 7120-7131 (2007)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Proctor and D. Hamilton, in 47th AIAA (2009), paper 344.
  2. N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, in Proceedings of 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (2014).
  4. A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).
  6. D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Shangguan, H. Xia, C. Wang, J. Qiu, S. Lin, X. Dou, Q. Zhang, and J. Pan, Opt. Lett. 42, 3541 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. J. OConnor and D. K. Rutishauser, “Enhanced airport capacity through safe, dynamic reductions in aircraft separation: NASA’s Aircraft Vortex Spacing System (AVOSS),” NASA technical report, 2001.
  9. R. G. Frehlich and M. J. Kavaya, Appl. Opt. 30, 5325 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. A. AI-Asadi, M. H. AI-Mansoori, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, Opt. Express 19, 1842 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. G. Smith, Appl. Opt. 11, 2489 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Levin, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 11, 100 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. S. Prasad, in Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference (2018), paper 2863.
  17. J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  19. F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. Seleym, in ICNS 4C3 (2016).
  21. Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. Wang, C. Zhu, C. Cao, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 25, 3504 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. A. Soto, G. Bolognini, and F. Di Pasquale, Opt. Lett. 36, 232 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. Wang, H. Xia, M. Shangguan, Y. Wu, L. Wang, L. Zhao, J. Qiu, and R. Zhang, Opt. Express 25, 20663 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

2016 (1)

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

1965 (1)

M. Levin, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 11, 100 (1965).
[Crossref]

AI-Asadi, H. A.

AI-Mansoori, M. H.

Augere, B.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Augère, B.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Besson, C.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bolognini, G.

Bourdon, P.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Bricteux, L.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brousmiche, S.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Canat, G.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, C.

Cariou, J.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cariou, J. P.

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Cézard, N.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coffey, A. S.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Danielian, R.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Di Pasquale, F.

Dolfi-Bouteyre, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Dou, X.

Durecu, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Durécu, A.

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Epworth, R.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fleury, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Foster, S.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Frehlich, R. G.

Furuta, M.

H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, in Proceedings of 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (2014).

Giffard, R. P.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Goular, D.

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, N.

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hallermeyer, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, D.

F. Proctor and D. Hamilton, in 47th AIAA (2009), paper 344.

Harris, M.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

Higgins, R.

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

Hitam, S.

Inagaki, T.

H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, in Proceedings of 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (2014).

Inokuchi, H.

H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, in Proceedings of 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (2014).

Jørgensen, H. E.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kavaya, M. J.

King, J.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Krishnamurthy, R.

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Le Gouët, J.

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Levin, M.

M. Levin, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 11, 100 (1965).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.

Loaec, S.

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Lombarb, L.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lombard, L.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lugan, S.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Macq, B.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mann, J.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mao, Y.

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, T.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Moberly, D. S.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nazarathy, M.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Newton, S. A.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

OConnor, C. J.

C. J. OConnor and D. K. Rutishauser, “Enhanced airport capacity through safe, dynamic reductions in aircraft separation: NASA’s Aircraft Vortex Spacing System (AVOSS),” NASA technical report, 2001.

Pan, J.

Planchat, C.

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Prasad, N. S.

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

N. S. Prasad, in Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference (2018), paper 2863.

Proctor, F.

F. Proctor and D. Hamilton, in 47th AIAA (2009), paper 344.

Qiu, J.

Renard, W.

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Richards, K.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Rutishauser, D. K.

C. J. OConnor and D. K. Rutishauser, “Enhanced airport capacity through safe, dynamic reductions in aircraft separation: NASA’s Aircraft Vortex Spacing System (AVOSS),” NASA technical report, 2001.

Saripan, M. I.

Seleym, A.

A. Seleym, in ICNS 4C3 (2016).

Shangguan, M.

Sibell, R.

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

Sischka, F.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Smith, D.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. A.

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Smith, R. G.

Soto, M. A.

Tam, H. Y.

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thobois, L. P.

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Timson, P.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Tracy, A.

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

Trutna, W. R.

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Valla, M.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, M. Valla, C. Planchat, D. Goular, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, and G. Canat, Opt. Lett. 40, 1030 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

Vetorino, S.

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, F.

Wang, L.

Wright, S.

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Xia, H.

Yang, F.

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, K. L.

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Y.

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, R.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, L.

Zhu, C.

Aerosp. Lab (1)

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Y. Mao, N. Guo, K. L. Yu, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2243 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Yang, Y. He, W. Chen, and Y. Zhan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2337 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

M. Levin, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 11, 100 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. King, D. Smith, K. Richards, P. Timson, R. Epworth, and S. Wright, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 616 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Nazarathy, S. A. Newton, R. P. Giffard, D. S. Moberly, F. Sischka, W. R. Trutna, and S. Foster, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 24 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. S. Prasad, R. Sibell, S. Vetorino, R. Higgins, and A. Tracy, Proc. SPIE 9465, 94650C (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lombard, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, C. Besson, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, A. Durécu, D. Goular, J. Le Gouët, C. Planchat, W. Renard, M. Valla, and G. Canat, Proc. SPIE 9645, 96450B (2015).
[Crossref]

Wind Energy (1)

D. A. Smith, M. Harris, A. S. Coffey, T. Mikkelsen, H. E. Jørgensen, J. Mann, and R. Danielian, Wind Energy 9, 87 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

F. Proctor and D. Hamilton, in 47th AIAA (2009), paper 344.

C. J. OConnor and D. K. Rutishauser, “Enhanced airport capacity through safe, dynamic reductions in aircraft separation: NASA’s Aircraft Vortex Spacing System (AVOSS),” NASA technical report, 2001.

H. Inokuchi, M. Furuta, and T. Inagaki, in Proceedings of 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (2014).

L. P. Thobois, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Loaec, J. P. Cariou, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, and M. Valla, in 7th AIAA (2015).

N. S. Prasad, in Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference (2018), paper 2863.

A. Seleym, in ICNS 4C3 (2016).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Optical layout of the Golay coding CDWL. CW, continuous-wave laser; AOM, acoustic–optic modulator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; AWG, arbitrary pulse generator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; BS, beam splitter; BD, balanced detector; ADC, analog-to-digital converter.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Decoding process of the Golay coding CDWL, where “ ” represents the correlation operator.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Laser pulse sequence. (a) Golay coding seed laser and (b) amplified laser sequence without feedback control; (c) Golay coding seed laser; (d) amplified laser sequence with feedback control; (e) enlarged waveform of (d).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Power spectra of backscatter signals from atmosphere and a building; (b) the peak of the power spectrum around the hard target; (c) the raw power spectrum of the hard target (blue circle) and its Gaussian fitting curve (black line); the peak of the Gaussian curve is 80.03 MHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Power spectra of Golay coding CDWL and noncoding CDWL. (a) Power spectra distribution of noncoding CDWL; (b) power spectra distribution Golay coding CDWL; (c) raw power spectra at around 100 m; the circle is the power spectra of noncoding CDWL, and the line is that of coding CDWL. (d) Raw power spectra at around 300 m; (e) raw power spectra at around 500 m.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Radial wind velocity profiles and corresponding CNR of the Golay coding CDWL and noncoding CDWL. (a) The radial wind velocity profiles; blue line is the result of the Golay coding CDWL while the rad point is that of the noncoding CDWL; (b) corresponding CNR distributions of Fig. 6(a).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Key Parameters of the Golay Coding CDWL and Noncoding CDWL

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P s ( R ) = η R η T T 2 E T β c 2 A r R 2 ,
CNR ( R ) = η h η R η T λ E T β T 2 A r Δ T 2 h R 2 ,
P th = G th A eff / g B L eff ,
U k ( t ) = [ 1 + A k ( t ) ] / 2 , U ¯ k ( t ) = [ 1 A k ( t ) ] / 2 , W k ( t ) = [ 1 + B k ( t ) ] / 2 , W ¯ k ( t ) = [ 1 B k ( t ) ] / 2 ,
PSD ( f , t ) = corr [ S U k ( f , t ) S U ¯ k ( f , t ) ] , A k ( t ) + corr [ S W k ( f , t ) S W ¯ k ( f , t ) ] , B k ( t ) ,
PSD ( f , t ) = corr [ S P * ( U k · β U k ) S P * ( U ¯ k · β U ¯ k ) ] , A k ( t ) + corr [ S P * ( W k · β W k ) S P * ( W ¯ k · β W ¯ k ) ] , B k ( t ) ,

Metrics