Abstract

We produce subcycle mid-infrared (MIR) pulses at a 4 MHz repetition rate via the optical rectification (OR) of sub-10 fs near-infrared pulses delivered by an optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier. The coherent MIR pulses generated in a GaSe crystal under an ultrabroadband phase-matching condition contain only 0.58–0.85 oscillation cycles within the full width at half-maximum of the intensity envelope. The use of OR enables excellent phase stability of 56 mrad over 5.6 h, which is confirmed by field-resolved detection using electro-optic sampling. An electromagnetic simulation using a finite integration technique reveals that the peak field strength can easily exceed 10 V/nm owing to the field enhancement resulting from focusing MIR pulses onto a tunnel junction.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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