Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a microwave photonic (MWP) notch filter based on a silica microsphere cavity. By using a high-Q-factor (1e7) cavity with a diameter of 132 um, the filter bandwidth can be easily decreased to 15 MHz in terms of simple fabrication and flexible coupling. Then we use the advanced modulation technique based on a dual parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator to further improve peak rejection (PR). The experimental results show that the MWP notch filter with its PR beyond 55 dB and frequency tunability range over 8 GHz has been achieved in combination with double-sideband modulation. To the best of our knowledge, this is a record for PR and bandwidth considered simultaneously for an MWP filter based on silica microcavities. Thus, the proposed MWP filter will be useful in the fields of microwave photonic signal processing, radar systems, etc.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

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Aryanfar, I.

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Bogoni, A.

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[Crossref]

Bourderionnet, J.

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[Crossref]

Capmany, J.

J. S. Fandiño, P. Muñoz, D. Doménech, and J. Capmany, Nat. Photonics 11, 124 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[Crossref]

Capria, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Casas-Bedoya, A.

Chan, E.

Choi, D. Y.

Choudhary, A.

Combrié, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Deng, H.

Dolfi, D.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Doménech, D.

J. S. Fandiño, P. Muñoz, D. Doménech, and J. Capmany, Nat. Photonics 11, 124 (2017).
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Dong, J.

Eggleton, B. J.

Falconi, M. C.

Fandiño, J. S.

J. S. Fandiño, P. Muñoz, D. Doménech, and J. Capmany, Nat. Photonics 11, 124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, D.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3704 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gasulla, I.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ghelfi, P.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, S. K.

C. H. Kim, S. Y. Jung, and S. K. Han, IEEE Photon. J. 10, 8170302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Heideman, R.

Hoekman, M.

Jung, S. Y.

C. H. Kim, S. Y. Jung, and S. K. Han, IEEE Photon. J. 10, 8170302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kabakova, I. V.

R. Pant, D. Marpaung, I. V. Kabakova, B. Morrison, C. G. Poulton, and B. J. Eggleton, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 653 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. H.

C. H. Kim, S. Y. Jung, and S. K. Han, IEEE Photon. J. 10, 8170302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kishi, T.

Kumagai, T.

Laghezza, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lazzeri, E.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lehoucq, G.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leinse, A.

Liu, J.

Liu, L.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3704 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Lloret, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

LutherDavies, B.

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

Malacarne, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D.

Minasian, R.

Morrison, B.

Muñoz, P.

J. S. Fandiño, P. Muñoz, D. Doménech, and J. Capmany, Nat. Photonics 11, 124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nazabal, V.

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[Crossref]

Onori, D.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ortega, B.

Pagani, M.

Palma, G.

Pant, R.

Pastor, D.

Pinna, S.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Porzi, C.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poulton, C. G.

R. Pant, D. Marpaung, I. V. Kabakova, B. Morrison, C. G. Poulton, and B. J. Eggleton, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 653 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prudenzano, F.

Roeloffzen, C.

Sales, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sancho, J.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scaffardi, M.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Scotti, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A. J.

Serafino, G.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shahnia, S.

Starecki, F.

Tang, H.

Vercesi, V.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vu, K.

Williams, K. J.

Xavier, S.

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, X.

Yang, T.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3704 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yano, T.

Yao, J.

Yu, Y.

Yuan, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Zheng, A.

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3704 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

C. H. Kim, S. Y. Jung, and S. K. Han, IEEE Photon. J. 10, 8170302 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, L. Liu, D. Gao, Y. Yu, A. Zheng, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, IEEE Photon. J. 5, 5500307 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

R. Pant, D. Marpaung, I. V. Kabakova, B. Morrison, C. G. Poulton, and B. J. Eggleton, Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 653 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, G. Lehoucq, and D. Dolfi, Nat. Commun. 3, 1075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photonics 1, 319 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. S. Fandiño, P. Muñoz, D. Doménech, and J. Capmany, Nat. Photonics 11, 124 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, Nature 507, 341 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (1)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic illustration of the MWP notch filter based on a resonator using SSB modulation method. SSB, single sideband.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic illustration of the MWP filter based on a resonator using the double-sideband modulation method.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental setup for characterizing the silica microsphere cavity. Insets: (a) optical fiber coupling and (b) fabricated microsphere with a radius of 132 um.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Optical spectrum of the fabricated microsphere cavity. The inset shows a zoomed-in spectrum of a resonant mode.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Configuration of the experimental setup for the MWP notch filter.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Spectrum of optical SSB signal generated from the DP-MZM. (b) Measured filter response with a PR of about 18 dB.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Spectrum of the monitored optical DSB signal at the optimal condition and (b) measured filter response with PR of 56 dB.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Experiment results of frequency tuning of the MWP notch filter range from 1.5 GHz to 9.5 GHz.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Performance Comparison of MWP Notch Filters

Equations (2)

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E out ( t ) = E in ( t ) [ cos ( π V RF V π sin ω RF t + π V b 1 V π ) + e j ( π V b 3 V π ) · cos ( π V RF V π cos ω RF t + π V b 2 V π ) ] .
E out ( t ) = E in ( t ) · J 1 ( β RF ) { e j ω RF t [ j ( sin ϕ b 1 sin ϕ b 2 sin ϕ b 3 ) sin ϕ b 2 cos ϕ b 3 ] + e j ω RF t [ j ( sin ϕ b 1 + sin ϕ b 2 sin ϕ b 3 ) sin ϕ b 2 cos ϕ b 3 ] } ,

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