Abstract

The direct Zakharov–Shabat scattering problem has recently gained significant attention in various applications of fiber optics. The development of accurate and fast algorithms with low computational complexity to solve the Zakharov–Shabat problem (ZSP) remains an urgent problem in optics. In this Letter, a fourth-order multi-exponential scheme is proposed for the Zakharov–Shabat system. The construction of the scheme is based on a fourth-order three-exponential scheme and Suzuki factorization. This allows one to apply the fast algorithms with low complexity to calculate the ZSP for a large number of spectral parameters. The scheme conserves the quadratic invariant for real spectral parameters, which is important for various telecommunication problems related to information coding.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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