Abstract

The tunable photocatalytic activity of LN nanoparticles is a useful integratable function of LN-based lab-on-chip platform for unraveling the biological complexity in population. In this paper, Fe-Mn-codoped LiNbO3 nanoparticles were prepared by a soft-chemistry route. The nanoparticle absorption in UV-Vis range was modified through photochromic effect, and their influence on the photocatalytic activity of the nanoparticls was evaluated by the degradation of Rhodamine B under xenon lamp illumination. It was found that Fe-Mn-codoped LiNbO3 nanocrystals with less Vis absorption exhibited higher photocatalytic efficiency for photocatalytic dye solution. The mechanism of tuning the photocatalytic activity through photochromic effect was proposed for Fe-Mn-codoped LiNbO3 nanocrystals and the holes released through charge transfer from Mn3+ are emphasized for the explanation of the photocatalytic behavior.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Souza, “Single-cell methods,” Nat. Methods 9(1), 35 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Liu and D. Xue, “Amine-assisted route to fabricate LiNbO3 particles with a tunable shape,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(16), 6346–6351 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Stock and S. Dunn, “Influence of the ferroelectric nature of lithium niobate to drive photocatalytic dye decolorization under artificial solar light,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(39), 20854–20859 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  11. K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. Yan, Y. Li, L. Shi, H. Chen, S. Liu, L. Zhang, Z. Huang, S. Chen, and Y. Kong, “Photochromic effect in LiNbO3: Fe :Co,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17010–17018 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).
  14. D. L. Staebler and W. Phillips, “Hologram storage in photochromic LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(6), 268–270 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  15. U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Stock and S. Dunn, “Influence of the ferroelectric nature of lithium niobate to drive photocatalytic dye decolorization under artificial solar light,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(39), 20854–20859 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Souza, “Single-cell methods,” Nat. Methods 9(1), 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

2008 (2)

M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Liu and D. Xue, “Amine-assisted route to fabricate LiNbO3 particles with a tunable shape,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(16), 6346–6351 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Yan, Y. Li, L. Shi, H. Chen, S. Liu, L. Zhang, Z. Huang, S. Chen, and Y. Kong, “Photochromic effect in LiNbO3: Fe :Co,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17010–17018 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

D. L. Staebler and W. Phillips, “Hologram storage in photochromic LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(6), 268–270 (1974).
[Crossref]

Adibi, A.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[Crossref]

Assenmacher, W.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benke, A.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bergmann, U.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bonacina, L.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bottcher, H.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buse, K.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

Chen, H.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

W. Yan, Y. Li, L. Shi, H. Chen, S. Liu, L. Zhang, Z. Huang, S. Chen, and Y. Kong, “Photochromic effect in LiNbO3: Fe :Co,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17010–17018 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

Ciepielewski, D.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clarke, G.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Denz, C.

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dunn, S.

M. Stock and S. Dunn, “Influence of the ferroelectric nature of lithium niobate to drive photocatalytic dye decolorization under artificial solar light,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(39), 20854–20859 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eggert, H. A.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Esseling, M.

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Extermann, J.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galez, C.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerber-Lemaire, S.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerrmann, M.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerth, K.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gutmann, E.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hadji, R.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartwig, U.

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horn, W.

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

Joulaud, C.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juillerat-Jeanneret, L.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaiser, M.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, C.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khalil, S.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klein, C.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Knabe, B.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kong, Y.

Krause-Buchholz, U.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Le Dantec, R.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

W. Yan, Y. Li, L. Shi, H. Chen, S. Liu, L. Zhang, Z. Huang, S. Chen, and Y. Kong, “Photochromic effect in LiNbO3: Fe :Co,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17010–17018 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

M. Liu and D. Xue, “Amine-assisted route to fabricate LiNbO3 particles with a tunable shape,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(16), 6346–6351 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Mader, W.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

Magouroux, T.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meerholz, K.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mehner, E.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meyer, D. C.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mugnier, Y.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Passemard, S.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peithmann, K.

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, W.

D. L. Staebler and W. Phillips, “Hologram storage in photochromic LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(6), 268–270 (1974).
[Crossref]

Pompe, W.

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Psaltis, D.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rytz, D.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schirmer, O. F.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schwesyg, J. R.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schwung, S.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, J.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

Shen, X.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

Shi, L.

Sliwinska, E.

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Souza, N.

N. Souza, “Single-cell methods,” Nat. Methods 9(1), 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler and W. Phillips, “Hologram storage in photochromic LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(6), 268–270 (1974).
[Crossref]

Staedler, D.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stock, M.

M. Stock and S. Dunn, “Influence of the ferroelectric nature of lithium niobate to drive photocatalytic dye decolorization under artificial solar light,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(39), 20854–20859 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thiemann, O.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
[Crossref]

Wöhlecke, M.

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
[Crossref]

Woike, T.

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, J. P.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, D.

M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Liu and D. Xue, “Amine-assisted route to fabricate LiNbO3 particles with a tunable shape,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(16), 6346–6351 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yan, L. W.

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

Yan, W.

Zaltron, A.

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

ACS Nano (1)

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, D. Rytz, D. Ciepielewski, C. Galez, S. Gerber-Lemaire, L. Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. R. Schwesyg, H. A. Eggert, K. Buse, E. Śliwińska, S. Khalil, M. Kaiser, and K. Meerholz, “Fabrication and optical characterization of stable suspensions of iron-or copper-doped lithium niobate nanocrystals in heptane,” Appl. Phys. B 89(1), 15–17 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. L. Staebler and W. Phillips, “Hologram storage in photochromic LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24(6), 268–270 (1974).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

H. Chen, L. W. Yan, G. Chen, J. Shen, X. Shen, and Y. Li, “Study on UV-light-induced absorption in LiNbO3: Fe, Co crystal,” Chin. Phys. B 19(8), 084203 (2010).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

M. Liu, D. Xue, and K. Li, “Soft-chemistry synthesis of LiNbO3 crystallites,” J. Alloys Compd. 449(1-2), 28–31 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (3)

M. Liu and D. Xue, “Amine-assisted route to fabricate LiNbO3 particles with a tunable shape,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(16), 6346–6351 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Stock and S. Dunn, “Influence of the ferroelectric nature of lithium niobate to drive photocatalytic dye decolorization under artificial solar light,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(39), 20854–20859 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Gutmann, A. Benke, K. Gerth, H. Bottcher, E. Mehner, C. Klein, U. Krause-Buchholz, U. Bergmann, W. Pompe, and D. C. Meyer, “Pyroelectrocatalytic Disinfection Using the Pyroelectric Effect of Nano-and Microcrystalline LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Particles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(9), 5383–5393 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

O. F. Schirmer, O. Thiemann, and M. Wöhlecke, “Defects in LiNbO3—I. experimental aspects,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52(1), 185–200 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

U. Hartwig, K. Peithmann, T. Woike, and K. Buse, “Determination of the absorption cross section of dopants in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(37), L447–L450 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

M. Esseling, A. Zaltron, W. Horn, and C. Denz, “Optofluidic droplet router,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(1), 98–104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Methods (1)

N. Souza, “Single-cell methods,” Nat. Methods 9(1), 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals,” Nature 393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD pattern of Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps (0.5mol%).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The typical morphology for the as-prepared Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps: (a) Lower magnification (10.0 k) and (b) Higher magnification (50.0 k). Nps are close packed with a round shape and size ranging from tens to hundreds of nanometers.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectra of original, 365nm-irradiated and 532nm-irradiated Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Normalized absorption spectra of the solution samples at 1h interval for a) original, b) 365nm-irradiated and c) 532nm-irradiated Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps, repectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The temporal curves of the degradation rate of dye for a) original, b) 365nm-irradiated and c) 532nm-irradiated Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps, repectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The mechanism of tuning the photocatalytic activity through photochromic effect for Fe-Mn-codoped LN Nps.

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