Abstract

In this paper, free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes are transferred onto ITO/PET substrates using binder-free TiO2 pastes. Followed by laser sintering, the electrical contacts between the TiO2 nanotube membrane, nanoparticles and substrate can be efficiently promoted, which prevents from damaging to the plastic conductive substrate. The efficiency of 4.65% is achieved without traditional high temperature sintering and mechanical compression, which shows great potential application in TiO2 nanotube based flexible dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  13. M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  21. X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  27. H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).
  28. P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-Y. Kuo and C.-H. Chien, “Sinter-free transferring of anodized TiO2 nanotube-array onto a flexible and transparent sheet for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 91, 337–343 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Grätzel, “Recent advances in sensitized mesoscopic solar cells,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(11), 1788–1798 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yum, and Y.-E. Sung, “Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using ZnO coated TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 171(3), 269–273 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Grätzel, “Solar energy conversion by dye-sensitized photovoltaic cells,” Inorg. Chem. 44(20), 6841–6851 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

M. H. Huesemann, “The limits of technological solutions to sustainable development,” Clean Technol. Envir. 5, 21–34 (2003).

C. Longo, J. Freitas, and M.-A. De Paoli, “Performance and stability of TiO2 dye solar cells assembled with flexible electrodes and a polymer electrolyte,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 159(1), 33–39 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

I. Dincer, “Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 4(2), 157–175 (2000).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

B. O’Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 thin film,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[Crossref]

Armandi, M.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bianco, S.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brillet, J.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burschka, J.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, S.

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, P.-J.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Cheng, Y.-B.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chien, C.-H.

Y.-Y. Kuo and C.-H. Chien, “Sinter-free transferring of anodized TiO2 nanotube-array onto a flexible and transparent sheet for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 91, 337–343 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiranjeevi, B.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Comte, P.

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Paoli, M.-A.

C. Longo, J. Freitas, and M.-A. De Paoli, “Performance and stability of TiO2 dye solar cells assembled with flexible electrodes and a polymer electrolyte,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 159(1), 33–39 (2003).
[Crossref]

Diau, E. W.-G.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Dincer, I.

I. Dincer, “Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 4(2), 157–175 (2000).
[Crossref]

Duan, J.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dürr, M.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freitas, J.

C. Longo, J. Freitas, and M.-A. De Paoli, “Performance and stability of TiO2 dye solar cells assembled with flexible electrodes and a polymer electrolyte,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 159(1), 33–39 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
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Grätzel, M.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
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S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
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B. O’Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 thin film,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
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J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
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K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
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Guan, D.

X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
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Guo, W.

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ha, N. L.

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
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L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
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P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
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Huang, M.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
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Huang, W.-K.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

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M. H. Huesemann, “The limits of technological solutions to sustainable development,” Clean Technol. Envir. 5, 21–34 (2003).

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J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
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Islam, A.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
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S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
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H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Kang, M. G.

J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
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N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
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Kawashima, N.

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
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Kijitori, Y.

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
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Kim, D.

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
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Kim, K. M.

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
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Kim, K.-J.

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
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Kim, S.-S.

S.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yum, and Y.-E. Sung, “Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using ZnO coated TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 171(3), 269–273 (2005).
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D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
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Y.-Y. Kuo and C.-H. Chien, “Sinter-free transferring of anodized TiO2 nanotube-array onto a flexible and transparent sheet for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 91, 337–343 (2013).
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A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
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Lan, Z.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T. W.

J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.-L.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Li, Q.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
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J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
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J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
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Lin, M.-H.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Lin, Y.

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
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P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liska, P.

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
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C. Longo, J. Freitas, and M.-A. De Paoli, “Performance and stability of TiO2 dye solar cells assembled with flexible electrodes and a polymer electrolyte,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 159(1), 33–39 (2003).
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Luan, X.

X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malapaka, C.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Manfredi, D.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
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Ming, L.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
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Miura, H.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyasaka, T.

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.-J.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mor, G. K.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murakami, T. N.

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nazeeruddin, M. K.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelles, G.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Regan, B.

B. O’Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 thin film,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[Crossref]

Obermaier, M.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. H.

J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, N. G.

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, N.-G.

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paulose, M.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Péchy, P.

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pellet, N.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, F.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pirri, C. F.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Prakasam, H. E.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

Quaglio, M.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rosselli, S.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rothenberger, G.

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roy, P.

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryu, K.

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ryu, K. S.

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sacco, A.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schmid, A.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmuki, P.

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shankar, K.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, Y. J.

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

Solarska, R.

J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Spiecker, E.

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sumioka, K.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sung, Y.-E.

S.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yum, and Y.-E. Sung, “Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using ZnO coated TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 171(3), 269–273 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takata, M.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, W.

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tinguely, J.-C.

J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tresso, E.

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Varghese, O. K.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. L.

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.-P.

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

Wu, J.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiong, D.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xue, X.

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yanagida, M.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yasuda, A.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yoriya, S.

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yum, J.-H.

S.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yum, and Y.-E. Sung, “Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using ZnO coated TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 171(3), 269–273 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

M. Grätzel, “Recent advances in sensitized mesoscopic solar cells,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(11), 1788–1798 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

D. Kuang, J. Brillet, P. Chen, M. Takata, S. Uchida, H. Miura, K. Sumioka, S. M. Zakeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 2(6), 1113–1116 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

N. G. Park, K. M. Kim, M. G. Kang, K. Ryu, S. Chang, and Y. J. Shin, “Chemical sintering of nanoparticles: a methodology for low‐temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized TiO2 films,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2349–2353 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (2)

S. Ito, N. L. Ha, G. Rothenberger, P. Liska, P. Comte, S. M. Zakeeruddin, P. Péchy, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “High-efficiency (7.2%) flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with Ti-metal substrate for nanocrystalline-TiO2 photoanode,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 38(38), 4004–4006 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Park, T. W. Lee, and M. G. Kang, “Growth, detachment and transfer of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays: use in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 25(25), 2867–2869 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin. Sci. Bull. (1)

Y. Wang, J. Wu, Z. Lan, Y. Xiao, Q. Li, F. Peng, J. Lin, and M. Huang, “Preparation of porous nanoparticle TiO2 films for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 56(24), 2649–2653 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clean Technol. Envir. (1)

M. H. Huesemann, “The limits of technological solutions to sustainable development,” Clean Technol. Envir. 5, 21–34 (2003).

Electrochem. Commun. (1)

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Facile fabrication of free-standing TiO2 nanotube membranes with both ends open via self-detaching anodization,” Electrochem. Commun. 12(8), 1062–1065 (2010).
[Crossref]

Electrochim. Acta (2)

W. Tan, X. Yin, X. Zhou, J. Zhang, X. Xiao, and Y. Lin, “Electrophoretic deposition of nanocrystalline TiO2 films on Ti substrates for use in flexible dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 54(19), 4467–4472 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y.-Y. Kuo and C.-H. Chien, “Sinter-free transferring of anodized TiO2 nanotube-array onto a flexible and transparent sheet for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Electrochim. Acta 91, 337–343 (2013).
[Crossref]

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

L. Han, A. Islam, H. Chen, C. Malapaka, B. Chiranjeevi, S. Zhang, X. Yang, and M. Yanagida, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell with a novel co-adsorbent,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(3), 6057–6060 (2012).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

M. Grätzel, “Solar energy conversion by dye-sensitized photovoltaic cells,” Inorg. Chem. 44(20), 6841–6851 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. (1)

L. Ming, H. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, D. Xiong, Z. Xu, H. Wang, W. Chen, X. Xu, M. Wang, J. Duan, Y.-B. Cheng, J. Zhang, Q. Bao, Z. Wei, and S. Yang, “Selective laser sintering of TiO2 nanoparticle film on plastic conductive substrate for highly efficient flexible dye-sensitized solar cell application,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(13), 4566–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. (3)

S.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yum, and Y.-E. Sung, “Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using ZnO coated TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 171(3), 269–273 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. N. Murakami, Y. Kijitori, N. Kawashima, and T. Miyasaka, “Low temperature preparation of mesoporous TiO2 films for efficient dye-sensitized photoelectrode by chemical vapor deposition combined with UV light irradiation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 164(1-3), 187–191 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Longo, J. Freitas, and M.-A. De Paoli, “Performance and stability of TiO2 dye solar cells assembled with flexible electrodes and a polymer electrolyte,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. 159(1), 33–39 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

X. Luan, D. Guan, and Y. Wang, “Facile synthesis and morphology control of bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube arrays for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(27), 14257–14263 (2012).
[Crossref]

P.-T. Hsiao, Y.-J. Liou, and H. Teng, “Electron transport patterns in TiO2 nanotube arrays based dye-sensitized solar cells under frontside and backside illuminations,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(30), 15018–15024 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

W. Guo, X. Xue, S. Wang, C. Lin, and Z. L. Wang, “An integrated power pack of dye-sensitized solar cell and Li battery based on double-sided TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2520–2523 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. Mor, K. Shankar, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Use of highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett. 6(2), 215–218 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanoscale 2(1), 45–59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

J. Lin, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on robust and both-end-open TiO2 nanotube membranes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

K. Shankar, G. K. Mor, H. E. Prakasam, S. Yoriya, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, and C. A. Grimes, “Highly-ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays up to 220 µm in length: use in water photoelectrolysis and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 18(6), 065707 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, S. Rosselli, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Low-temperature fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells by transfer of composite porous layers,” Nat. Mater. 4(8), 607–611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
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B. O’Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 thin film,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
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Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. (1)

I. Dincer, “Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 4(2), 157–175 (2000).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J.-C. Tinguely, R. Solarska, A. Braun, and T. Graule, “Low-temperature roll-to-roll coating procedure of dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes on flexible polymer-based substrates,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(4), 045007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy (1)

A. Lamberti, A. Sacco, S. Bianco, D. Manfredi, M. Armandi, M. Quaglio, E. Tresso, and C. F. Pirri, “An easy approach for the fabrication of TiO2 nanotube-based transparent photoanodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy 95, 90–98 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (2)

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. G. Kang, N.-G. Park, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, and K.-J. Kim, “A 4.2% efficient flexible dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells using stainless steel substrate,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90(5), 574–581 (2006).
[Crossref]

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D. L. Klass, Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals (Academic Press, 1998).

H.-P. Jen, M.-H. Lin, L.-L. Li, H.-P. Wu, W.-K. Huang, P.-J. Cheng, and E. W.-G. Diau, “High-performance large-scale flexible dye-sensitized solar cells based on anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 10104 (2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of laser sintering process. Laser is focused by a convex lens and the red arrows represent the laser sintering scanning path. In the experiment, the focus of the laser was set 1 mm over the TNT membranes, with the ~200 μm diameter circular spot on the surface. (b) The scanning trace of laser. The scanning speed was set at 1mm/s.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images showing free-standing nanotube layers. (a) The top view of the nanotube. (b) The cross section of nanotube and nanoparticles. (c) The top view of the nanotube after laser sintering.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) XRD patterns of sample with laser sintering and sample with 100 °C annealing in traditional furnace. (b) XRD patterns of sample with 450 °C in traditional furnace and samples with laser sintering at different position to the focus of laser beam from 1 to 30 millimeters.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 J-V curves of solar cells based on A-TiO2 paste-LS, NA-TiO2 paste-LS and NA-TiO2 paste-100 °C. The inset present the picture of the free-standing membrane attached with PET substrate.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The values of Jsc, Voc, FF, and η for the three types of DSSCs.

Metrics