Abstract

Containerless processing has been used to prepare Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 (LTZ) glasses with intense blue emission. The effects of Yb3+ ions on the thermal stability and upconversion luminescence of as-prepared LTZ glasses and glass-ceramics have been studied. Yb3+ ions perform negative effect on the thermal stability of glasses. As Yb3+ increases, the emissions can be enhanced by improving energy transfer from Yb3+ to Tm3+ and reducing energy loss. A model is proposed to discuss the effects of active ions, sensitizers, and hosts on the upconversion luminescence process. Moreover, the refractive index value and Abbe number of glasses are 2.261 and 20.7, indicating excellent optical properties.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  3. E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Hayashi, S. Tanabe, and N. Sugimoto, “Quantitative analysis of optical power budget of bismuth oxide-based erbium-doped fiber,” J. Lumin. 128(3), 333–340 (2008).
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  6. C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
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  8. A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).
  25. J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  31. R. Praveena, K. H. Jang, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Tm3+-doped K-Mg-Al phosphate glasses for laser applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 496(1–2), 335–340 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  32. X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  33. H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  35. Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

S. Jiang, H. Guo, X. T. Wei, C. K. Duan, and M. Yin, “Enhanced upconversion in Ho3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing BaYbF5 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 152, 195–198 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

2013 (4)

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Meza, L. A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, E. De la Rosa, and D. Solis, “Color tunability of the upconversion emission in Er-Yb doped the wide band gap nanophosphors ZrO2 and Y2O3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 174(1–3), 177–181 (2010).

R. Praveena, K. H. Jang, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Tm3+-doped K-Mg-Al phosphate glasses for laser applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 496(1–2), 335–340 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

H. Hayashi, S. Tanabe, and N. Sugimoto, “Quantitative analysis of optical power budget of bismuth oxide-based erbium-doped fiber,” J. Lumin. 128(3), 333–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Energy transfer and upconversion in erbium-ytterbium-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O 74(3), 233–236 (2002).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

P. F. Paradis, F. Babin, and J. M. Gagne, “Study of the aerodynamic trap for containerless laser materials processing in microgravity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67(1), 262–270 (1996).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
[Crossref]

Adam, J. L.

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ai, F.

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

An, L. Q.

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

Arai, Y.

A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Babin, F.

P. F. Paradis, F. Babin, and J. M. Gagne, “Study of the aerodynamic trap for containerless laser materials processing in microgravity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67(1), 262–270 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y. F.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
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H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
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M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
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M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
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C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
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H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

Fu, Y.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
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J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
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Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
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E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
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Hu, L. L.

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
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Huang, L. H.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
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Huang, Y.

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
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Itoh, K.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
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Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
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Itoh, M.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
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Jang, K. H.

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Ji, X. H.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jia, G. H.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, H. Guo, X. T. Wei, C. K. Duan, and M. Yin, “Enhanced upconversion in Ho3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing BaYbF5 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 152, 195–198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. F.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. H.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jin, F.

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jin, W. Q.

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jinsheng Liao, L. N.

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

Kohara, S.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Koshihara, S.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kuroiwa, Y.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, X. P.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. J.

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. X.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, L. Y.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, M. S.

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. C.

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

Liu, M.

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

Liu, X. Y.

Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, X. A.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, X. X.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Masaki, T.

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Masuno, A.

A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Meza, O.

O. Meza, L. A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, E. De la Rosa, and D. Solis, “Color tunability of the upconversion emission in Er-Yb doped the wide band gap nanophosphors ZrO2 and Y2O3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 174(1–3), 177–181 (2010).

Millar, C. A.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

Miyoshi, S.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moine, B.

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
[Crossref]

Nozawa, S.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, X. H.

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pang, T.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paradis, P. F.

P. F. Paradis, F. Babin, and J. M. Gagne, “Study of the aerodynamic trap for containerless laser materials processing in microgravity,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67(1), 262–270 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pedrini, C.

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
[Crossref]

Peng, G. Y.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Philipps, J. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Energy transfer and upconversion in erbium-ytterbium-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O 74(3), 233–236 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pledel, C.

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
[Crossref]

Praveena, R.

R. Praveena, K. H. Jang, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Tm3+-doped K-Mg-Al phosphate glasses for laser applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 496(1–2), 335–340 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y. B.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Salas, P.

O. Meza, L. A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, E. De la Rosa, and D. Solis, “Color tunability of the upconversion emission in Er-Yb doped the wide band gap nanophosphors ZrO2 and Y2O3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 174(1–3), 177–181 (2010).

Sauerbrey, R.

J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Energy transfer and upconversion in erbium-ytterbium-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O 74(3), 233–236 (2002).
[Crossref]

Seo, H. J.

R. Praveena, K. H. Jang, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Tm3+-doped K-Mg-Al phosphate glasses for laser applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 496(1–2), 335–340 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, R. S.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Solis, D.

O. Meza, L. A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, E. De la Rosa, and D. Solis, “Color tunability of the upconversion emission in Er-Yb doped the wide band gap nanophosphors ZrO2 and Y2O3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 174(1–3), 177–181 (2010).

Song, Y. L.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, N.

H. Hayashi, S. Tanabe, and N. Sugimoto, “Quantitative analysis of optical power budget of bismuth oxide-based erbium-doped fiber,” J. Lumin. 128(3), 333–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, H. T.

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, J. S.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. D.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szebesta, D.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

Takata, M.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

H. Hayashi, S. Tanabe, and N. Sugimoto, “Quantitative analysis of optical power budget of bismuth oxide-based erbium-doped fiber,” J. Lumin. 128(3), 333–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, H.

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Topfer, T.

J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Energy transfer and upconversion in erbium-ytterbium-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O 74(3), 233–236 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tu, C. Y.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. N.

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. W.

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. K.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. X.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wei, R. F.

Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wei, X. T.

S. Jiang, H. Guo, X. T. Wei, C. K. Duan, and M. Yin, “Enhanced upconversion in Ho3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing BaYbF5 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 152, 195–198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y. L.

Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, H.

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

Wen, L.

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Whitley, T. J.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

Wu, B. C.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

Xing, M. M.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, C. H.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S. Q.

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yagi, T.

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

Yan, C. H.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, D. L.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, X. F.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. M.

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yin, M.

S. Jiang, H. Guo, X. T. Wei, C. K. Duan, and M. Yin, “Enhanced upconversion in Ho3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing BaYbF5 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 152, 195–198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoda, S.

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

You, Z. Y.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. M.

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. D.

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. J.

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. S.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M. H.

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. R.

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. H.

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. W.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H. Y.

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H. Y.

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H. P.

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. J.

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. (1)

H. M. Yu, X. H. Pan, M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, and J. D. Yu, “Thermal and mechanical properties of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass with upconversion emissions,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 30(2), 227–231 (2014).

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. Zhang, H. P. Zhou, L. Y. Liao, W. Feng, W. Sun, Z. X. Li, C. H. Xu, C. J. Fang, L. D. Sun, Y. W. Zhang, and C. H. Yan, “Luminescence modulation of ordered upconversion nanopatterns by a photochromic diarylethene: rewritable optical storage with nondestructive readout,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 633–637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O (1)

J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Energy transfer and upconversion in erbium-ytterbium-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers O 74(3), 233–236 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, Z. H. Jiang, X. H. Ji, and S. Buddhudu, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate-bismuth-lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(17), 171911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ceram. Int. (1)

Y. F. Jiang, R. S. Shen, X. P. Li, J. S. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. S. Sun, L. H. Cheng, H. Y. Zhong, and B. J. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (2)

J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, T. Masaki, T. Ishikawa, S. Yoda, S. Kohara, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, and Y. Kuroiwa, “Fabrication of BaTi2O5 glass-ceramics with unusual dielectric properties during crystallization,” Chem. Mater. 18(8), 2169–2173 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, S. Kohara, K. Itoh, S. Nozawa, S. Miyoshi, Y. Arai, A. Masuno, H. Taniguchi, M. Itoh, M. Takata, T. Fukunaga, S. Koshihara, Y. Kuroiwa, and S. Yoda, “Comprehensive structural study of glassy and metastable crystalline BaTi2O5,” Chem. Mater. 21(2), 259–263 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Q. Xu, J. J. Zhang, G. N. Wang, S. X. Dai, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Blue upconversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped lead chloride tellurite glass,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(5), 927–929 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, and D. Szebesta, “Upconversion pumped green lasing in erbium doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Electron. Lett. 27(20), 1785–1786 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Alloy. Comp. (5)

M. M. Xing, W. H. Cao, H. Y. Zhong, Y. H. Zhang, X. X. Luo, Y. Fu, W. Feng, T. Pang, and X. F. Yang, “Synthesis and upconversion luminescence properties of monodisperse Y2O3:Yb, Ho spherical particles,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(19), 5725–5730 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Wei, X. Y. Liu, X. N. Chi, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Intense upconversion in novel transparent NaLuF4:Tb3+, Yb3+ glass-ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 578, 385–388 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, H. M. Yu, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, and W. Q. Jin, “Thermal, mechanical, and upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass prepared by levitation method,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(27), 7504–7507 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Praveena, K. H. Jang, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Tm3+-doped K-Mg-Al phosphate glasses for laser applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 496(1–2), 335–340 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. A. Lu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, G. H. Jia, B. C. Wu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical absorption and spectroscopic characteristics of Tm3+ ions doped NaY(MoO4)(2) crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp. 458(1–2), 462–466 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Y. Arai, K. Itoh, S. Kohara, and J. D. Yu, “Refractive index calculation using the structural properties of La(4)Ti(9)O(24) glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 094905 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Masuno, H. Inoue, J. Yu, and Y. Arai, “Refractive index dispersion, optical transmittance, and Raman scattering of BaTi2O5 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 063520 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, “Judd-Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103105 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Inorg. Mater. (1)

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Preparation and upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Inorg. Mater. 28(8), 896–900 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (3)

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, S. Yoda, M. H. Zhang, F. Ai, F. Jin, H. M. Yu, and W. Q. Jin, “Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ doped titanate glass prepared by containerless processing,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 1025–1029 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Jiang, H. Guo, X. T. Wei, C. K. Duan, and M. Yin, “Enhanced upconversion in Ho3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing BaYbF5 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 152, 195–198 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Hayashi, S. Tanabe, and N. Sugimoto, “Quantitative analysis of optical power budget of bismuth oxide-based erbium-doped fiber,” J. Lumin. 128(3), 333–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

X. H. Pan, J. D. Yu, Y. Liu, and M. H. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence in Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glasses prepared by containerless method,” J. Mater. Res. 26(23), 2907–2911 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

L. N. Jinsheng Liao, S. Liu, B. Liu, and H. Wen, “Yb3+ concentration dependence of upconversion luminescence in Y2Sn2O7: Yb3+/Er3+ nanophosphors,” J. Mater. Sci. 49(17), 6081–6086 (2014).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Increase of the blue upconversion emission in Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped titanate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 378, 106–109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (3)

M. H. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, and S. Yoda, “A novel upconversion TiO2-La2O3-Ta2O5 bulk glass co-doped with Er3+/Yb3+ fabricated by containerless processing,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 367–369 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. S. Liao, L. Wen, H. Y. Zhao, Y. Z. Fang, H. T. Sun, and L. L. Hu, “Mechanisms of Yb3+ sensitization to Tm3+ for blue upconversion luminescence in fluorophosphate glass,” Mater. Lett. 61(2), 470–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Xu, Z. M. Yang, S. X. Dai, G. N. Wang, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion fluorescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped lead oxyfluoride germanate glass,” Mater. Lett. 58(6), 1026–1029 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

M. H. Zhang, J. D. Yu, X. H. Pan, Y. X. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Bifunction in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped BaTi2O5-Gd2O3 glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(11), 4729–4732 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. (2)

O. Meza, L. A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, E. De la Rosa, and D. Solis, “Color tunability of the upconversion emission in Er-Yb doped the wide band gap nanophosphors ZrO2 and Y2O3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 174(1–3), 177–181 (2010).

H. Taniguchi, J. D. Yu, Y. Arai, D. S. Fu, T. Yagi, and M. Itoh, “Successive crystallization of ferroelectric-based BaTi2O5 bulk glass studied by Raman scattering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 148(1–3), 48–52 (2008).

Nanoscale (1)

H. Zhang, Y. J. Li, Y. C. Lin, Y. Huang, and X. F. Duan, “Composition tuning the upconversion emission in NaYF4:Yb/Tm hexaplate nanocrystals,” Nanoscale 3(3), 963–966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. F. Bai, Y. X. Wang, G. Y. Peng, W. Zhang, Y. K. Wang, K. Yang, X. R. Zhang, and Y. L. Song, “Enhanced white light emission in Er/Tm/Yb/Li codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1922–1924 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Liu, S. W. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Q. An, and L. D. Chen, “Upconversion luminescence of Y3Al5O12 (YAG): Yb3+, Tm3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 30(3), 370–374 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Brenier, C. Pedrini, B. Moine, J. L. Adam, and C. Pledel, “Fluorescence mechanisms in Tm-3+ singly doped and Tm-3+, Ho-3+ doubly doped indium-based fluoride glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 41(8), 5364–5371 (1990).
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E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
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J. D. Yu, P. F. Paradis, T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, “Microstructure and dielectric constant of BaTiO3 synthesized by roller quenching,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 1-Regular Papers Short Notes & Review Papers. 43(12), 8135–8138 (2004).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The dependence of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped LTZ glass’s refractive index value measured and fitted by spectroscopic ellipsometry on the incident wavelength.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) DTA curves of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped LTZ glasses, (b) the dependence of peak temperature Tp on the concentration of Yb3+.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Absorption spectrum of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped LTZ glass, (b) upconversion luminescence spectra of 27.95LaO1.5-0.15TmO1.5-yYbO1.5-55TiO2-14ZrO2 glasses at 980 nm excitation, the dependence of emission intensity of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped LTZ (c) glasses and (d) glass-ceramics on the concentration of Yb3+.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The diagram of Upconversion Luminescence Unit.

Equations (1)

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v d =( n d 1 )/( n f n c )

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