Abstract

Transparent and colorless Ce3+-activated borogermanate glasses, with the nominal molar composition of 25B2O3-40GeO2-34Gd2O3-1CeO2-0.31Si3N4, were synthesized by melt-quenching method at different melting temperature in 1350-1450 °C region. Both the optical transmittance and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) results confirm that Ce4+ can be effectively reduced to Ce3+ ions assisted with 0.31 mol% Si3N4 in air. The luminescence behaviour of Ce3+-activated borogermanate glasses excited by ultraviolet and X-ray light and to be dependent on the melting temperature, i.e. the luminescence intensity of Ce3+ ions in borogermante glass increases remarkably with an increasing in melting temperature. The possible enhanced mechanism is discussed by glass density and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) results.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Alombert-Goget, G.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baccaro, S.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bettinelli, M.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bhargavi, K.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bianconi, A.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brik, M. G.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chaussedent, S.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiasera, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dall’Igna, R.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Das, S.

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, P.

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dexpert, H.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fabeni, P.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Flower, P. S.

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fu, J.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gan, F.

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gandhi, Y.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gaumer, N.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hauptman, J.

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hobson, P. R.

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, B.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jo, T.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, Z.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karnatak, R.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, M.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kotani, A.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Lee, G.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.-C.

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

Locardi, B.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.-H.

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mao, R.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marcelli, A.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mares, J. A.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Marigo, A.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Martin, S. W.

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

McKinlay, K. J.

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Menkara, H.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messaddeq, Y.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mihokova, E.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Monteil, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nageswara Rao, P.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nikl, M.

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nitsch, K.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Obriot, J.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ohishi, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Parker, J. M.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pazzi, G. P.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petiau, J.

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polato, P.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ren, G.

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

Savage, N.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwellenbach, D.

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shaukat, S. F.

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Solovieva, N.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sudarsan, V.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, S.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Summers, C.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sundara Rao, M.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Veeraiah, N.

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wagner, B.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.-Y.

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ye, Z.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zanella, G.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zannoni, R.

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, T.

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

APL Mater. (1)

Y. Wu, J. Luo, M. Nikl, and G. Ren, “Origin of improved scintillation efficiency in (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce multimcomponentgarnets: An X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study,” APL Mater. 2(1), 012101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, G. P. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Q. Wang, B. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Xia, T. Zhao, and H. Jiang, “High light yield Ce3+-doped dense scintillating glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 581, 801–804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (5)

X. Sun, Z. Ye, Y. Wu, P. Gao, R. Mao, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “A simple and highly efficient method for synthesis of Ce3+-activated borogermante scintillating glasses in air,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(11), 3388–3391 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation form Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-Doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S. Das, and C.-H. Lu, “Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable Ca3La6(SiO4)6:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(6), 1866–1872 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, D. Jiang, S. Chen, S. Huang, M. Gu, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Eu3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glass with a high Gd2O3 content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(5), 1483–1489 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of transparent nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147(3), 363–366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (5)

W. Zhou, S. W. Martin, D. Schwellenbach, and J. Hauptman, “New high-density fluroride glasses doped with CeF3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184(1–2), 84–92 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. F. Shaukat, K. J. McKinlay, P. S. Flower, P. R. Hobson, and J. M. Parker, “Optical and physical characteristics of HBLAN fluoride glasses containing cerium,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244(2–3), 197–204 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 44–50 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Bhargavi, V. Sudarsan, M. G. Brik, M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, P. Nageswara Rao, and N. Veeraiah, “Influence of Al declustering on the photoluminescent properties of Pr3+ ions in PbO–SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362, 201–206 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. Yu, W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instru. Meth. A (1)

G. Zanella, R. Zannoni, R. Dall’Igna, B. Locardi, P. Polato, M. Bettinelli, and A. Marigo, “A new cerium scintillating glass for X-ray detection,” Nucl. Instru. Meth. A 345(1), 198–201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

C. Jiang, P. Deng, J. Zhang, and F. Gan, “Radioluminescence of Ce3+-doped B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass,” Phys. Lett. A 323(3–4), 323–328 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

A. Bianconi, A. Marcelli, H. Dexpert, R. Karnatak, A. Kotani, T. Jo, and J. Petiau, “Specific intermediate-valence state of insulating 4f compounds detected by L3 x-ray absorption,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 35(2), 806–812 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmittance spectra (a), Ce LIII-edge XANES spectra of Ce3+-activated borogermanate scintillating glasses (b) and XANES spectra of Ce4+ and Ce3+ reference samples (c). Inset shows the digital photographs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Excitation (a), emission (b) spectra, luminescence decay curves (c) and XEL spectra (d). Inset shows the normalized emission spectra in 412.5-462.5 nm region.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 EDS spectra of the T = 1350 (a), T = 1400 (b) and T = 1450 °C (c) glasses

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