Abstract

Transmission volume phase holographic gratings were fabricated in bulk photo-thermo-refractive glass using zero-order femtosecond laser Bessel beams and subsequent thermal treatment. Microstructures composed of nano-sized crystals were observed in the exposed regions. The concentration of nano-crystals depended on the writing power, but the size of the nano-crystals was found to be quasi power-independent. Low writing power led to sparse nano-crystals, while optimized writing power achieved dense nano-crystals distribution and high refractive index change. Effects of the gratings thickness, writing laser power and thermal treatment on the diffraction efficiency were investigated. A maximum diffraction efficiency of 94.73% was achieved (at 532 nm testing wavelength) with 1 mm grating thickness at period of 5 μm.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (2)

V. D. Dubrovin, A. I. Ignatiev, and N. V. Nikonorov, “Chloride photo-thermo-refractive glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1701–1713 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

F. Chen and J. R. V. D. Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers-reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(4), e149 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, L. Canioni, and L. B. Glebov, “Ultrashort laser pulse diffraction by transmitting volume Bragg gratings in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2572–2574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, N. V. Kuleshov, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Ultrafast laser inscribed Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:KY(WO4)2 channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22417–22422 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “Modeling of phase volume diffractive gratings, part 1: transmitting sinusoidal uniform gratings,” Opt. Eng. 45(1), 015802 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. Yiou, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and J. P. Huignard, “Improvement of the spatial beam quality of laser sources with an intracavity Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 28(4), 242–244 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

S. D. Stookey, G. H. Beall, and J. E. Pierson, “Full-color photosensitive glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5114–5123 (1978).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48(9), 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

1960 (1)

Aldana, J. R. V. D.

F. Chen and J. R. V. D. Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Audouard, E.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bain, F. M.

Balembois, F.

Beall, G. H.

S. D. Stookey, G. H. Beall, and J. E. Pierson, “Full-color photosensitive glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5114–5123 (1978).
[Crossref]

Bergé, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhuyan, M. K.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bonse, J.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. T. A.

Buividas, R.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bulgakova, N. M.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Canioni, L.

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, L. Canioni, and L. B. Glebov, “Ultrashort laser pulse diffraction by transmitting volume Bragg gratings in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2572–2574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

F. Chen and J. R. V. D. Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers-reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(4), e149 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ciapurin, I. V.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “Modeling of phase volume diffractive gratings, part 1: transmitting sinusoidal uniform gratings,” Opt. Eng. 45(1), 015802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Colombier, J. P.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courvoisier, F.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Di Trapani, P.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dubrovin, V. D.

Dudley, J. M.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Efimov, O. M.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Faccio, D.

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Faure, N.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Francois-Saint-Cyr, H. G.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gao, X.

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Glebov, L. B.

J. Lumeau and L. B. Glebov, “Modeling of the induced refractive index kinetics in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(1), 95–104 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, L. Canioni, and L. B. Glebov, “Ultrashort laser pulse diffraction by transmitting volume Bragg gratings in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2572–2574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “Modeling of phase volume diffractive gratings, part 1: transmitting sinusoidal uniform gratings,” Opt. Eng. 45(1), 015802 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Glebova, L.

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

Glebova, L. N.

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Golubkov, V.

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, S.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Herman, R. M.

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hertel, I. V.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J. P.

Ignatiev, A. I.

Jedrkiewicz, O.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Juodkazis, S.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kan, H.

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48(9), 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lumeau, J.

Malinauskas, M.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martinez-Rosas, M.

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

McLeod, J. H.

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Meshcheryakov, Y. P.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miceli, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyajima, H.

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mizeikis, V.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikonorov, N. V.

Olivier, T.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phing, H. S.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pierson, J. E.

S. D. Stookey, G. H. Beall, and J. E. Pierson, “Full-color photosensitive glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5114–5123 (1978).
[Crossref]

Polesana, P.

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Psaila, N. D.

Recchia, S.

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rosenfeld, A.

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santran, S.

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sarger, L.

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Siiman, L. A.

Smirnov, V. I.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “Modeling of phase volume diffractive gratings, part 1: transmitting sinusoidal uniform gratings,” Opt. Eng. 45(1), 015802 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stoian, R.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stookey, S. D.

S. D. Stookey, G. H. Beall, and J. E. Pierson, “Full-color photosensitive glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5114–5123 (1978).
[Crossref]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sudrie, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugioka, K.

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers-reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(4), e149 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thomson, R. R.

Tirpak, A.

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

Trapani, P. D.

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Velpula, P. K.

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wiggins, T. A.

Yiou, S.

Zanotto, E. D.

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Žukauskas, A.

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. K. Bhuyan, P. K. Velpula, J. P. Colombier, T. Olivier, N. Faure, and R. Stoian, “Single-shot high aspect ratio bulk nanostructuring of fused silica using chirp-controlled ultrafast laser Bessel beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021107 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Mermillod-Blondin, J. Bonse, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, Y. P. Meshcheryakov, N. M. Bulgakova, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser induced voidlike structures in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(4), 041911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48(9), 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (1)

M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. S. Phing, O. Jedrkiewicz, S. Recchia, P. Di Trapani, and J. M. Dudley, “Laser micro- and nanostructuring using femtosecond Bessel beams,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 101–110 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. D. Stookey, G. H. Beall, and J. E. Pierson, “Full-color photosensitive glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5114–5123 (1978).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Comparative study of photo-induced variations of X-ray diffraction and refractive index in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 275–281 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Zheng, X. Gao, H. Miyajima, and H. Kan, “High-brightness narrow-bandwidth high-power laser-diode array based on an externalcavity technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(10A), L1299–L1301 (2004).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

F. Chen and J. R. V. D. Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers-reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(4), e149 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Malinauskas, A. Žukauskas, S. Hasegawa, Y. Hayasaki, V. Mizeikis, R. Buividas, and S. Juodkazis, “Ultrafast laser processing of materials: from science to industry,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(8), e16133 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “Modeling of phase volume diffractive gratings, part 1: transmitting sinusoidal uniform gratings,” Opt. Eng. 45(1), 015802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

S. Santran, M. Martinez-Rosas, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, L. N. Glebova, A. Tirpak, and L. B. Glebov, “Nonlinear refractive index of hoto-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 28(4), 401–407 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lumeau, L. Glebova, V. Golubkov, E. D. Zanotto, and L. B. Glebov, “Origin of crystallization-induced refractive index changes in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 139–146 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Polesana, M. Franco, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. D. Trapani, “Filamentation in Kerr media from pulsed Bessel beams,” Phys. Rev. A 77(4), 140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

N. F. Borrelli, Photosensitive Glass and Glass-Ceramics (CRC Press, 2016), Chap. 3.

L. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, “Sensitivity of photo-thermo-refractive glass to IR femtosecond pulses: application for the recording of phase elements,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, paper CE4_5.
[Crossref]

G. Venus, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, and M. Kanskar, “Spectral stabilization of laser diodes by external Bragg resonator,” in 17th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Rev. (SSDLTR, 2004) Technical Digest, pp. 14.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic drawing of the experimental setup for the fabrication of grating.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The phase contrast images of VHGs under different writing power: (a) 40 mW, (b) 100 mW, (c) 200 mW and (d) 300 mW.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The PCM images of VHGs under different writing power: (a) 40 mW, (b) 100 mW, (c) 200 mW and (d) 300 mW after thermal annealing.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM images of nano-crystal formation in PTR glass under different writing power: (a) 40 mW, (b) 100 mW, (c) 300 mW, (d) Magnified view of (b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 DE contrasts for (a) Bessel beams, (b) before and after heat treatment and (c) under different test wavelengths.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D E = sin 2 ( ξ 2 + Φ 2 ) 1 / 2 1 + ξ 2 / Φ 2
Φ = π t δ n λ 0 F φ
F φ = [ c o s ( φ θ m * ) c o s ( φ + θ m * ) ] 1 / 2
F π / 2 = sin θ m * = [ 1 ( λ 0 2 Λ n a v ) 2 ] 1 / 2
D E = sin 2 ( π t δ n λ 0 [ 1 ( λ 0 2 Λ n a v ) 2 ] 1 / 2 )

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