Abstract

Amorphous chalcogenide thin films of Ge25S75 composition have been deposited by spin-coating technique. Optical properties of thin films were investigated by spectroscopic ellipsometry in UV-MIR spectral range. Obtained results prove increase of thin films refractive index in the transparent region and decrease of their thickness with increasing annealing temperature implying densification of the glass structure. Short wavelength absorption edge is shifting to lower energies (red shift) with increasing annealing temperature. Decreasing organic molecules content with increasing temperature of annealing was observed in MIR part of extinction coefficient and verified by Raman spectroscopy and EDS. Raman spectra also gave evidence of thermo-induced structural polymerization and decomposition of organic salts molecules yielding thin films with structure similar to the structure of the source bulk glass.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  3. S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
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  4. G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  39. T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).
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    [Crossref]
  41. Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

2016 (1)

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

H. Behniafar, M. Alimohammadi, and K. Malekshahinezhad, “Transparent and flexible films of new segmented polyurethane nanocomposites incorporated by NH2-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles,” Prog. Org. Coat. 88, 150–154 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Taheri, H. Terryn, and J. Mol, “An in situ study of amine and amide molecular interaction on Fe surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 354, 242–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Mikami, “Photoinduced vector deformations of semi-freely ixed glassy As-S(Se),” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 8(9), 2756–2760 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, “Influence of annealing conditions on the optical and structural properties of spin-coated As(2)S(3) chalcogenide glass thin films,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5472–5480 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

T. Haizheng, Z. Xiujiang, and J. Chengbin, “Raman spectroscopic study on the microstructure of GeS2–Ga2S3–KCl glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 697(1-3), 23–27 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Zoubir, M. Richardson, C. Rivero, A. Schulte, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, N. Hô, and R. Vallée, “Direct femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in As2S3 thin films,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 748–750 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Shustak, A. J. Domb, and D. Mandler, “Preparation and characterization of n-alkanoic acid self-assembled monolayers adsorbed on 316L stainless steel,” Langmuir 20(18), 7499–7506 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

1998 (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Yamaguchi, “Resonant Raman scattering in GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 227–230, 757–760 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Z. Cernosek, E. Cernoskova, and L. Benes, “Raman scattering in GeS2 glass and its crystalline polymorphs compared,” J. Mol. Struct. 435(2), 193–198 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

1996 (1)

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Erratum: Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(14), 2137–2139 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Y. T. Tao, “Structural comparison of self-assembled monolayers of n-alkanoic acids on the surfaces of silver, copper, and aluminum,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115(10), 4350–4358 (1993).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Pisarcik and L. Koudelka, “Raman Spectra and Structure of Germanium-Arsenic-Sulfur Glasses in the Sulfur-Rich Region,” Mater. Chem. 7, 499–507 (1982).
[Crossref]

1935 (1)

D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
[Crossref]

Abrutis, A.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Alimohammadi, M.

H. Behniafar, M. Alimohammadi, and K. Malekshahinezhad, “Transparent and flexible films of new segmented polyurethane nanocomposites incorporated by NH2-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles,” Prog. Org. Coat. 88, 150–154 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C. B.

Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, “Influence of annealing conditions on the optical and structural properties of spin-coated As(2)S(3) chalcogenide glass thin films,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5472–5480 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Beatty, R.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Behniafar, H.

H. Behniafar, M. Alimohammadi, and K. Malekshahinezhad, “Transparent and flexible films of new segmented polyurethane nanocomposites incorporated by NH2-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles,” Prog. Org. Coat. 88, 150–154 (2015).
[Crossref]

Benes, L.

Z. Cernosek, E. Cernoskova, and L. Benes, “Raman scattering in GeS2 glass and its crystalline polymorphs compared,” J. Mol. Struct. 435(2), 193–198 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bereznyova, O. V.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boundies, J.

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brückner, S.

Bruggeman, D. A. G.

D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
[Crossref]

Buzek, J.

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Carlie, N.

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cernosek, Z.

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

Z. Cernosek, E. Cernoskova, and L. Benes, “Raman scattering in GeS2 glass and its crystalline polymorphs compared,” J. Mol. Struct. 435(2), 193–198 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cernoskova, E.

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

Z. Cernosek, E. Cernoskova, and L. Benes, “Raman scattering in GeS2 glass and its crystalline polymorphs compared,” J. Mol. Struct. 435(2), 193–198 (1997).
[Crossref]

Charters, R. P.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. D.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chengbin, J.

T. Haizheng, Z. Xiujiang, and J. Chengbin, “Raman spectroscopic study on the microstructure of GeS2–Ga2S3–KCl glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 697(1-3), 23–27 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chern, G. C.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

Choong, Y. K.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, J.

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dan’ko, V. A.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

Deng, W.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dirisu, A. O.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Domb, A. J.

G. Shustak, A. J. Domb, and D. Mandler, “Preparation and characterization of n-alkanoic acid self-assembled monolayers adsorbed on 316L stainless steel,” Langmuir 20(18), 7499–7506 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dua, J.

Gamaly, E. G.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gawelda, W.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giesen, C.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gmachl, C. F.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Golovchak, R.

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haizheng, T.

T. Haizheng, Z. Xiujiang, and J. Chengbin, “Raman spectroscopic study on the microstructure of GeS2–Ga2S3–KCl glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 697(1-3), 23–27 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hô, N.

Holubova, J.

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

Howard, S. S.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

Indutnyi, I. Z.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jain, H.

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Erratum: Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(14), 2137–2139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Johnston, D. E.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kanamori, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

Koudelka, L.

M. Pisarcik and L. Koudelka, “Raman Spectra and Structure of Germanium-Arsenic-Sulfur Glasses in the Sulfur-Rich Region,” Mater. Chem. 7, 499–507 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kovalskiy, A.

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lan, J.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lauks, I.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

Le Foulgoc, K.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Lee, H. L.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Ch.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Lin, H.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Loghina, L.

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

Longo, M.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lopez, C.

Lucovsky, G.

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lytvyn, O. S.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malekshahinezhad, K.

H. Behniafar, M. Alimohammadi, and K. Malekshahinezhad, “Transparent and flexible films of new segmented polyurethane nanocomposites incorporated by NH2-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles,” Prog. Org. Coat. 88, 150–154 (2015).
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Mamedov, S. B.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Mandler, D.

G. Shustak, A. J. Domb, and D. Mandler, “Preparation and characterization of n-alkanoic acid self-assembled monolayers adsorbed on 316L stainless steel,” Langmuir 20(18), 7499–7506 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, S.

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGhie, A. R.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

Meneghini, C.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Mikami, M.

K. Tanaka and M. Mikami, “Photoinduced vector deformations of semi-freely ixed glassy As-S(Se),” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 8(9), 2756–2760 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, M. D.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Min’ko, V. I.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miyashita, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

Modine, F. A.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Erratum: Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(14), 2137–2139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mol, J.

P. Taheri, H. Terryn, and J. Mol, “An in situ study of amine and amide molecular interaction on Fe surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 354, 242–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Musgraves, J. D.

Nie, Q.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Noda, I.

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novak, J.

Novak, S.

Ogbuu, O.

Palka, K.

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröter, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vlcek, “Preparation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).
[Crossref]

Petit, L.

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

Philips, J.

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pirovano, A.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pisarcik, M.

M. Pisarcik and L. Koudelka, “Raman Spectra and Structure of Germanium-Arsenic-Sulfur Glasses in the Sulfur-Rich Region,” Mater. Chem. 7, 499–507 (1982).
[Crossref]

Plausinaitiene, V.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Zoubir, M. Richardson, C. Rivero, A. Schulte, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, N. Hô, and R. Vallée, “Direct femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in As2S3 thin films,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 748–750 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, K. A.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Richardson, M.

Rivero, C.

Rode, A. V.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, M.

Rushworth, S.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruzicka, A.

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

Salicio, O.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Samoc, M.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schröter, S.

Schulte, A.

A. Zoubir, M. Richardson, C. Rivero, A. Schulte, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, N. Hô, and R. Vallée, “Direct femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in As2S3 thin films,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 748–750 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Shen, X.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shepelyavyi, P. E.

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shim, H.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Shustak, G.

G. Shustak, A. J. Domb, and D. Mandler, “Preparation and characterization of n-alkanoic acid self-assembled monolayers adsorbed on 316L stainless steel,” Langmuir 20(18), 7499–7506 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegel, J.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Skapas, M.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sklenar, A.

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Slang, S.

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, “Influence of annealing conditions on the optical and structural properties of spin-coated As(2)S(3) chalcogenide glass thin films,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5472–5480 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stronski, A.

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Sun, S. Q.

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Syrovy, T.

Taheri, P.

P. Taheri, H. Terryn, and J. Mol, “An in situ study of amine and amide molecular interaction on Fe surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 354, 242–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, S.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka and M. Mikami, “Photoinduced vector deformations of semi-freely ixed glassy As-S(Se),” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 8(9), 2756–2760 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka and M. Yamaguchi, “Resonant Raman scattering in GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 227–230, 757–760 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, Y. T.

Y. T. Tao, “Structural comparison of self-assembled monolayers of n-alkanoic acids on the surfaces of silver, copper, and aluminum,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115(10), 4350–4358 (1993).
[Crossref]

Terryn, H.

P. Taheri, H. Terryn, and J. Mol, “An in situ study of amine and amide molecular interaction on Fe surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 354, 242–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Terunuma, Y.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

Turkina, E. Yu.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Vallée, R.

Viens, J. F.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Villeniuve, A.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

Vlcek, M.

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröter, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vlcek, “Preparation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Waldmann, M.

Wang, G.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. G.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiemer, C.

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiujiang, Z.

T. Haizheng, Z. Xiujiang, and J. Chengbin, “Raman spectroscopic study on the microstructure of GeS2–Ga2S3–KCl glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 697(1-3), 23–27 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, M.

K. Tanaka and M. Yamaguchi, “Resonant Raman scattering in GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 227–230, 757–760 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. P.

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yusupov, I. Yu.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Zakery, A.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zenkin, S. A.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Zha, Y.

Zhai, Y.

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, G. J.

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, Y.

Zoubir, A.

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Erratum: Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(14), 2137–2139 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Taheri, H. Terryn, and J. Mol, “An in situ study of amine and amide molecular interaction on Fe surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 354, 242–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Glass Phys. Chem. (1)

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

Y. T. Tao, “Structural comparison of self-assembled monolayers of n-alkanoic acids on the surfaces of silver, copper, and aluminum,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115(10), 4350–4358 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, “Chalcogenide glass fibers for midinfrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2(5), 607–613 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Struct. (2)

T. Haizheng, Z. Xiujiang, and J. Chengbin, “Raman spectroscopic study on the microstructure of GeS2–Ga2S3–KCl glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 697(1-3), 23–27 (2004).
[Crossref]

Z. Cernosek, E. Cernoskova, and L. Benes, “Raman scattering in GeS2 glass and its crystalline polymorphs compared,” J. Mol. Struct. 435(2), 193–198 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (7)

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeniuve, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256-257, 353–360 (1999).

K. Tanaka and M. Yamaguchi, “Resonant Raman scattering in GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 227–230, 757–760 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Song, N. Carlie, J. Boundies, L. Petit, K. Richardson, and C. B. Arnold, “Spin-coating of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(45-47), 2272–2278 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Loghina, K. Palka, J. Buzek, S. Slang, and M. Vlcek, “Selective wet etching of amorphous As2Se3 thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 430, 21–24 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As–S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Non-oxide Glas. (1)

Z. Cernosek, J. Holubova, E. Cernoskova, and A. Ruzicka, “Sulfur – a new information on this seemingly well-known element,” J. Non-oxide Glas. 1(1), 38–42 (2009).

J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. (1)

Y. Liu, G. J. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, and I. Noda, “Study on similar traditional Chinese medicines cornu Cervi pantotrichum, cornu Cervi and cornu Cervi degelatinatum by FT-IR and 2D-IR correlation spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 52(4), 631–635 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langmuir (1)

G. Shustak, A. J. Domb, and D. Mandler, “Preparation and characterization of n-alkanoic acid self-assembled monolayers adsorbed on 316L stainless steel,” Langmuir 20(18), 7499–7506 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Chem. (1)

M. Pisarcik and L. Koudelka, “Raman Spectra and Structure of Germanium-Arsenic-Sulfur Glasses in the Sulfur-Rich Region,” Mater. Chem. 7, 499–507 (1982).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

A. Abrutis, V. Plausinaitiene, M. Skapas, C. Wiemer, O. Salicio, M. Longo, A. Pirovano, J. Siegel, W. Gawelda, S. Rushworth, and C. Giesen, “Chemical vapor deposition of chalcogenide materials for phase-change memories,” Microelectron. Eng. 85(12), 2338–2341 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Mikami, “Photoinduced vector deformations of semi-freely ixed glassy As-S(Se),” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 8(9), 2756–2760 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Org. Coat. (1)

H. Behniafar, M. Alimohammadi, and K. Malekshahinezhad, “Transparent and flexible films of new segmented polyurethane nanocomposites incorporated by NH2-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles,” Prog. Org. Coat. 88, 150–154 (2015).
[Crossref]

Quant. Electron. Optoelectron (1)

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Semiconductors (1)

V. A. Dan’ko, I. Z. Indutnyi, V. I. Min’ko, P. E. Shepelyavyi, O. V. Bereznyova, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Photoinduced etching of thin films of chalcogenide glassy semiconductors,” Semiconductors 46(4), 504–508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (2)

Y. K. Choong, J. Lan, H. L. Lee, X. D. Chen, X. G. Wang, and Y. P. Yang, “Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 152, 34–42 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Guo, H. Tao, Y. Zhai, S. Mao, and X. Zhao, “Raman spectroscopic analysis of GeS2-Ga2S3-PbI2 chalcohalide glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 67(5), 1351–1356 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thin Solid Films (2)

J. Cook, S. Slang, R. Golovchak, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Kovalskiy, “Structural features of spin-coated thin films of binary AsxS100 – x chalcogenide glass system,” Thin Solid Films 589, 642–648 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

T. S. Moss, Photoconductivity in the Elements (Butterworths Science Publishers, 1952).

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors (Butterworths Science Publishers, 1959).

L. J. Bellamy, The Infrared Spectra of Complex Molecules (John Wiley & Sons, 1975).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Measured values of ψ (circles) and Δ (triangles) for UV-VIS part of spectra of as-prepared thin film together with the best fit (solid line) for the angle of incidence 60°.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Thickness (A) and surface roughness (B) of studied thin films obtained from spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) in dependence on the annealing temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Calculated refractive index of spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films annealed at various temperatures as a function of photon energy in UV-VIS-NIR.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated extinction coefficient of spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films annealed at various temperatures as a function of photon energy in the vicinity of short wavelength absorption edge.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured transmission spectra for spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films annealed at different temperatures.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Calculated extinction coefficient of studied spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films annealed at different temperatures as a function of wavelength in MIR part of spectra.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Dependence of GexS100-x ratio on annealing temperature measured by EDS technique.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Dependence of the nitrogen/germanium ratio measured by EDS and the amplitude of 2900 cm−1 absorption band in SE data on the temperature of annealing for spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The annealing temperature dependence of calculated etching rates of studied thin films in 0,1% vol. BA based etching solution. Inset shows the etching curves of Ge25S75 spin-coated samples.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 The Raman spectra of pure BA solvent, source bulk glass and annealed spin-coated Ge25S75 thin film samples. 1 – pure BA solvent, 2 – as-prepared thin film, 3 – annealed at 90 °C, 4 – annealed at 120 °C, 5 – annealed at 150 °C, 6 – annealed at 180 °C, 7 – annealed at 210 °C, 8 – source bulk glass.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Values of thin film’s thickness, surface roughness (spectroscopic ellipsometry – SE, atomic force microscopy – AFM), optical bandgap (Egopt) and refractive index values (n1550) for 1550 nm determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r p r s =tan(ψ) e (iΔ) .
MSE= 1 2NM i=1 N [ ( ψ i mod ψ i exp σ ψ,i exp ) 2 + ( Δ i mod Δ i exp σ Δ,i exp ) 2 ] ,
ε 2 = A E 0 C (E E g opt ) 2 ( E 2 E 0 2 ) 2 + C 2 E 2 1 E forE> E g opt ε 2 =0forE E g opt ε 1 = 2 π P E g ξ ε 2 (ξ) ξ 2 E 2 dξ.

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